# Scream very loudly

Write a script that outputs A to stdout infinitely.

There shold be no newlines or seperators between the characters

Standard loopholes apply

This is . The shortest solution in each language wins.

• @FryAmTheEggman I respectfully disagree with this being marked as duplicate. This has a few almost (but not quite!) trivial distinctions from the other questions. For example, printing to stdout without printing a new line, and in the other challenge, looping without output – Tornado547 Feb 29 '20 at 1:41
• @FryAmTheEggman The other challenge clearly states "producing no output". This is not "producing no output". – S.S. Anne Feb 29 '20 at 1:46
• @FryAm In Brainfuck, the size is more than 5 times that of the original program. In some languages, output without newlines is hard, especially with sed. I had to use the -z flag just to even remove one. – S.S. Anne Feb 29 '20 at 15:36
• "Infinite output" is significantly different from "a specific char infinitely many times without new lines". I don't think this is a duplicate. Let's reopen it if this comment gets four upvotes – Luis Mendo Feb 29 '20 at 22:00
• @Tornado547 If you update the requirement, you need to notify current answers. Alternatively, you can keep the infinite output requirement, and include a sentence saying something like "The code should theoretically produce infinite output, given enough time and memory, and disregarding any data-type limitations. It is acceptable if in practice the output stops due to some of those limitations" – Luis Mendo Mar 1 '20 at 20:56

# x86-16, IBM PC DOS, 7 6 bytes

00000000: b041 cd29 ebfc                           .A.)..


Unassembled listing:

B0 41   MOV  AL, 'A'    ; put 'A' into AL
PRINT:
CD 29   INT  29H        ; DOS fast console output char in AL
EB FC   JMP  PRINT      ; loop infinitely


As a bonus, if you run this on your IBM 5151 monitor for a few hours this will actually produce infinite output on that screen until the end of time.

• I'd hate to be the idiot that didn't put a screensaver on after running this for even a single minute. – S.S. Anne Feb 29 '20 at 1:05
• Nice use of an undocumented interrups. – S.S. Anne Mar 1 '20 at 20:58
• @S.S.Anne funny to read today that int 29h is undocumented... when virtually every resource on DOS programming tells about it. – Ruslan Mar 4 '20 at 9:22
• Actually, this doesn't print to STDOUT as required in the OP. It prints directly to the screen, so you won't be able to e.g. redirect the output to a file as SCREAM > OUT.TXT. – Ruslan Mar 4 '20 at 9:53
• So, this program is not valid? – pavi2410 Oct 15 '20 at 6:18

# Turing Machine Code, 9 bytes

0 * A r 0


Try it online!

One of the very few times that Turing Machine Code can compete overall.

• indeed! +1 for spotting this really nice use case :D – RGS Mar 1 '20 at 19:45

# brainfuck, 16 bytes

+[+[<]>>+<+]>[.]


Credit to the Brainfuck constants page for 65!

Try it online!

# Bash + core utilities, 16 14 13 bytes

Saved 2 3 bytes thanks to Mitchell Spector!!!

yes|tr \\ny A


Try it online!

Also for 13 bytes (written by Mitchell Spector):

printf A;./$0  Try it online! Yet another 13 byter, this one written by pxeger: # Bash, 13 bytes yes|tr -c A A  Try it online! • You could also do printf A;./$0 -- this avoids both the filename and PATH issues, but is 3 bytes longer. – Mitchell Spector Feb 29 '20 at 17:36
• @MitchellSpector That's pretty cool! :-) – Noodle9 Feb 29 '20 at 18:17
• @MitchellSpector That's a (linear instead of exponential) fork bomb. – S.S. Anne Mar 1 '20 at 21:00
• Yes, it's a fork bomb, so it's going to fail at some point.... But so are all the other solutions here; they'll just last a bit longer! @S.S.Anne – Mitchell Spector Mar 1 '20 at 21:10
• @JDL Because you have to get rid of the newlines. You've got to generate a continuous stream of As, not one of A\ns that yes A will generate. They're actually \nAs which is what this post uses. – Noodle9 Mar 2 '20 at 12:38

# Python 3, 25 22 bytes

while 1:print(end='A')


Saved 3 bytes thanks to xnor

Try it online!

• Traditionally, you don't answer your own question for a couple of days. However, that's usually for more complex challenges. This one is quite trivial, so I suppose it's OK. – S.S. Anne Feb 29 '20 at 0:22
• You can actually do print(end="A"). – xnor Feb 29 '20 at 0:24
• Why not just Print('A')? – BruceWayne Mar 1 '20 at 23:34
• @BruceWayne, print('A') includes the newline – PenumbraBrah Mar 2 '20 at 1:45

# Vim, 14 7 10 bytes

qqiA^[@qq@q


Added 3 bytes to fx a bug kindly pointed out by David.

If you fire up vim (with no command line options) and type in these key strokes (^[ is the esc key) then the screen will fill up with A's.

Explanation:

qqiA^[@qq@q
qq          Start recording macro-q
i         Enter insert mode
A        Insert A
^[      Exit insert mode
@q    Call macro-q from within macro-q
q   Stop recording macro-q
@q Call macro-q


### Note: You'll probably have to kill that session of vim to stop it!

You can try to stopping the macro with ctrl-c, if that works you can exit with :q!<Enter>.

• The trick being that you call the macro while still creating it. Nice! – Jonta Mar 2 '20 at 15:24

## Apple II 6502 Assembly code, 7 bytes

L1: A9 C1      LDA #'A'
20 ED FD   JSR COUT
50 F9      BVC L1

# Taxi, 279 bytes

Go to Post Office:w 1 l 1 r 1 l.[A]A is waiting at Writer's Depot.A is waiting at Writer's Depot.Go to Writer's Depot:w 1 r 1 l 2 l.Pickup a passenger going to Post Office.Pickup a passenger going to Post Office.Go to Zoom Zoom:n.Go to Post Office:w 3 l 2 r 1 l.Switch to plan A.


Try it online!

This is an interesting challenge because it requires both refueling infinitely for gas and getting enough passengers to pay for the gas. If passengers paid enough to pay for the gas used to transport them, the following would be enough:

Go to the Post Office: west 1st left, 1st right, 1st left.
[loop]
"A" is waiting at the Writer's Depot.
Go to Go More: west 1st right, 1st left, 1st left, 2nd right.
Go to the Writer's Depot: west 1st right.
Pickup a passenger going to the Post Office.
Go to the Post Office: north 1st right, 2nd right, 1st left.
Switch to plan "loop".


However, because passengers do not pay enough this results in only 54 * A, crashing the program once we are out of fuel. We can also go to Zoom Zoom to buy fuel, it's way cheaper to buy here allowing us to get 79 * A. Luckily, picking up two passengers at a time solves this problem of not earning enough per iteration. The code can be golfed further by removing quotes for strings that don't contain whitespace and minimising the directions. Ungolfed it looks like this:

Go to the Post Office: west 1st left, 1st right, 1st left.
[loop]
"A" is waiting at the Writer's Depot.
"A" is waiting at the Writer's Depot.
Go to the Writer's Depot: west 1st right, 1st left, 2nd left.
Pickup a passenger going to the Post Office.
Pickup another passenger going to the Post Office.
Go to Zoom Zoom: north.
Go to the Post Office: west 3rd left, 2nd right, 1st left.
Switch to plan "loop".


Before I realised I could go to Zoom Zoom with two passengers I found the following solutions of 321 bytes which have some interesting tricks not used in the shorter solution…

Go to Post Office:w 1 l 1 r 1 l.[A]"A"is waiting at Writer's Depot."A"is waiting at Writer's Depot."A"is waiting at Writer's Depot.Go to Writer's Depot:w 1 r 1 l 2 l.[B]Switch to plan C i.Pickup a passenger going to Post Office.Switch to plan B.[C]Go to Go More:s 1 l.Go to Post Office:e 1 l 1 r 1 r 1 l.Switch to plan A.


Try it online!

or

Go to Post Office:w 1 l 1 r 1 l.[A]"AAA"is waiting at Writer's Depot.Go to Writer's Depot:w 1 r 1 l 2 l.Pickup a passenger going to Chop Suey.Go to Zoom Zoom:n.Go to Chop Suey:w 1 l 3 r.[B]Switch to plan C i.Pickup a passenger going to Post Office.Switch to plan B.[C]Go to Post Office:s 1 r 1 l 2 r 1 l.Switch to plan A.


Try it online!

Using Go More to get Fuel, even picking up the maximum of three passengers does not give enough money to loop infinitely, so I had to think about it smarter. If we pick up passengers sooner and take them on a longer route through the city they will pay more for the ride. Going to Writer's Depot before getting fuel results in 70 * A. If we pick up three passengers using this route, we can loop infinitely.

Picking up three passengers going to the same destination can be done more byte-efficient than using the same code thrice. Using Switch to plan "name" if noone is waiting we can pick up a single pasenger until all three are picked up. The quotes around the plan name are optional and it any word after it get's interpreted as if noone is waiting. Using this we get our first 321 byte solution, the code below is the ungolfed version:

Go to Post Office: west 1st left, 1st right, 1st left.
[loop]
[Setup 3 * "A"]
"A" is waiting at Writer's Depot.
"A" is waiting at Writer's Depot.
"A" is waiting at Writer's Depot.
Go to Writer's Depot: west 1st right, 1st left, 2nd left.
[Pickup 3 * "A"]
[before pickup]
Switch to plan "after pickup" if noone is waiting.
Pickup a passenger going to Post Office.
Switch to plan "before pickup".
[after pickup]
[Get Gas]
Go to Go More: south 1st left.
[Print 3 * "A"]
Go to Post Office: east 1st left, 1st right, 1st right, 1st left.
Switch to plan "loop".


But there's more! Setting up three different passengers to pick up costs quite a few of bytes. If we instead split up the string "AAA" we can eliminate two lines setting up passengers, at the cost of going past Chop Suey. With this we don't need to go out of our way to visit the Go More gas station anymore, Fueler Up is on our route and Zoom Zoom is very easily accessible too. Looking into Fueler Up, it's the most expensive, in fact, it's so expensive that you don't get enough money even taking three passengers! We can only print 561 * A, 187 loops of three passengers, but not infinite as we are trying. Luckily, Zoom Zoom the cheapest gas station does not require much extra routing at all and taking this route does allows us to enter another infinite loop.

Go to Post Office: west 1st left, 1st right, 1st left.
[loop]
[Setup 3 * "A"]
"AAA" is waiting at Writer's Depot.
Go to Writer's Depot: west 1st right, 1st left, 2nd left.
Pickup a passenger going to Chop Suey.
[Get gas]
Go to Zoom Zoom: north.
Go to Chop Suey: west 1st left, 3th right.
[Pickup 3 * "A"]
[before pickup]
Switch to plan "after pickup" if noone is waiting.
Pickup a passenger going to Post Office.
Switch to plan "before pickup".
[after pickup]
[Print 3 * "A"]
Go to Post Office: south 1st right, 1st left, 2nd right, 1st left.
Switch to plan "loop".


It's sad that this does not safe any bytes, but it's the second time I got two answers with the same number of bytes which I think is cool! (See this DDoouubbllee  ssppeeaakk challenge.)

I also realised when I was about to publish that all strings without whitespace can be written without quotes. That golved my actual solution a bit more and does not leave the 321 byte solutions the same length anymore. Even so I still publish this explanation too, because the repeat to pickup three passengers is useful and using Chop Suey was fun :)

# ><>, 4 bytes

'A'o


Try it online!

### How it works

The instruction pointer begins at left, and its initial direction is to the right.

' starts string parsing mode. Everything until the next ' will be interpreted as individual characters, that will get pushed onto the stack. So A pushes that character, and then the second ' ends string parsing mode.

o pops the character from the stack and outputs it to STDOUT.

The instruction pointer has now reached the end of the code, so it wraps around to the initial position and keeps moving to the right, causing an infinite loop.

# Burlesque, 3 bytes

@'A


Try it online!

@ is an odd operator.

• For integers, it converts to double (@1 => 1.0)
• For two letters, it pushes both to the stack individually (@az => 'a, 'z)
• For characters it prints the character infinitely as a string (@'a => "aaaaaaaaaa....")
• For anything else, it does nothing and just remains on the stack (@1.0 => @, 1.0).
@   # A symbol which does odd things. For a char, it repeats infinitely.
'A  # Literal A

• Is it useful for the "anything else" scenario? – S.S. Anne Mar 5 '20 at 18:28
• @S.S.Anne Not really, I suspect you could push it into a block and eval it. But I've never found cause to. – DeathIncarnate Mar 6 '20 at 10:10

# C (gcc), 20 bytes

A(){A(putchar(65));}


-4 bytes thanks to ceilingcat!

How could I have forgotten recursion...

Try it online!

# Hexagony, 3 bytes

A.;


Try it online!

 A .
; . .
. .


A sets the value of the current memory edge to A (ASCII 65).

. is a no-op that places the next command on a new row.

; prints the value of the current memory edge to stdout.

The no-op is required because the instruction pointer never returns to the top row after executing A. It only loops over the second and third rows.

• .A; also works. – user92069 Mar 2 '20 at 5:34

# Pyramid Scheme, 111 98 bytes

     ^
/ \
/do \
^-----^
/1\   / \
---  /out\
^-----
/ \
/chr\
^-----
/ \
/65 \
-----


Try it online!

# Edit:

98 bytes thanks to @Jo King and height-0 pyramids. Also, chr 65 is truthy.

   ^
/ \
/do \
^-----^
-^   / \
-^ /out\
-^-----
/ \
/chr\
^-----
-^
-^
/ \
/65 \
-----


Try it online!

• O! Thanks! I must admit that I did not know about the height-0 pyramids. – MarcinKonowalczyk Jul 26 '20 at 8:33

# Malbolge, 2163 2069 1881 1787 bytes

b'a;$9"~}HG{iyxwuu?O=pL:]mHj5!3DCezRQ=+^:('&Y$#m!1So.QOO=v('98$65a!}^{@hyf<WV9sr%4#I20FEJVBfw)btOr@#!7~|4{y1xv.us+rp(om%lj"ig}fd"cxuz]rwvYnslkTonPfOjiKgJeG]\EC_X]@[Z<R;VU7S6QP2N1LK-I,GF(D'BA#?>7~;:9y16w43s10)p-,l*#(i&%e#d!~{tyxZpuXsrTTongOkdMhgHd]ba_^W@[ZYXW9UNSRQPOHMLKJ-++FE''<A$?>=<;:387xw43s10/(-&m*)('&}${d!~}|^zyxwvutmVqpiRQlkjiKafedc\E_^@\[ZYX;V9NMRQ42NGLK.IH*F?DCBA$#>7~;{{8xx5uu2rr/oo,ll)ii&f|e"!aw{z\r[vXnmVTpongPkNihgJ_dcFaB^]\UZ=RWV8TSLQ4ON0LE.IHA)E>'BA:?!7~5|38y6/v321q).-&m*)i'&%|{d!~}_{zs\wvutsUqTonPlOjiKgJedFbE_A]@[Z<X;VU7S6QP22GL/JIB+FEDC%;@?>7~;:987w5v32r0)p-,+k)('~g$#"b~w|uz]xwvutsrqTinQlOjLhgfeH]bECB]\>ZSXWVUTSRQPON1LE.I,+*((&&$$""~~||zzxxv4u210/(-n+l)(i&gddy~}u^]\ZZotsrTjShQOOMMKgfeG]F[DB^]?[T=R;9UTS5K4I200..,,*F)DC&A:#>=~;|9yyx/vutrrp.-,lk"i~ge#"!awu^\\ZZXXVrqpRhQfOMMKKIeHcbECC^W\?>=;W:UT7R5PIN1L/.,,*FED&<%:#!!}}{987w/v-trrppnnllj(i&%ee"!xa|_^\x[vutWrqjSnQPNNLLJJHHFFDDB^A\[==XWVOT7R542N1LKJ-HGF?D'B%""~<;:z2y0wu321q)p'nl*)(h~g|eccaa__]][[YuXsrTTonmleNiLgfeG]F[C^]\?ZYXWP9T76442NML.D-B+)EDC%;9"~<;:z2y0wuussqqoommk)j'&ff#"!~}v{^y\wvXtmVkpSnmlOjihgf_dGbEDBB@\?==R;PUTS5K4I200..,,**(DCB:#8!}}{{yyw5v321r/.-,+*#j'h%#cybw^^s\ZvuWslUjSQQOOMMKgJedc\E_B]@[==<QV9T76KPON0F/D-++))'CBA#9"7~||z87w5.u,sqqoommkki'h%#d!xa{^\\qZotsUqjShmPkjMhKfe^cFEDYB@@>>S<:VU7SL5J311//--++))'C&A@#>!<;49z76w4u2rr).-n%lkjhhffddb~}|^t]rwZXXmrUpoRmfONihgI_H]FD_^@V?T=;;9977553311/K.IH+))>C&%@?>~6}49z76w4u,1rq.o,+l)j'~g#d!b}__^yr[ZuXsrUSSnmfkjiLKfedFbaDY^A\[>Y<WVOTSRQ43H1FKJI+A*?(&BA@"8!6}{987w/v-trrppn,mkk"'&%e{dyb^^\\ZZXXW22}Rn-O>Nvu(IeH6F[~1A@hZSRuc9rrqK4\lMkK-CHAS(ubBN:L!J6}kXW1wfv3Prr;o,%IH(4~}|d/@Q>v{;(\wZW4V1}/R-PxjvuKf_G#nZ}B|z>-xwQc88qR^nO1GL|JVyGeEca&$$?8[6|GjWxg/AR2POq(o,JH6j4&C$0@@-a^:y[q6H54rq0BR--N*chJ&_%cF!CY}Ai.-wwWV(s6%4o\lZkKDz,fdRQ


Try it online!

This was built with Prof. Masahiko Sakai's LAL toolchain from the following source code.

PROGRAM_START_TO ENTRY@Argh
ROUTINE Argh {
ENTRY:
ROT A
A: 0000021020t
JMP REV_JMP
REV_JMP:REV JMP
OUTPUT
DUP
JMP REV_JMP
}


Online LAL assembler

'"""""'"""'"'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'""'"""

Try it online!

Explanation (A has codepoint 65):

'"""""'""" while(1≠0)
'"         print unicode character number
'"" (×64)  1+1+1+… (64 times)
'"""       1


# Poetic, 73 bytes

why cant i cease,i say
i scream"A"out loud in agony
i cry,as i shouted on


Try it online!

• i scream"A"out loud in agony is the mood of current times. – Razetime Sep 30 '20 at 9:46
• Using the right tool for the job, I see. – xigoi Nov 7 '20 at 17:56

# APL (Dyalog Extended), 11 9 7 bytes

⍞←⍣≠'A'


Try it online!

-2 bytes from Bubbler.

-2 bytes from Adàm using forbidden hacky APL magic.

{⍞←'A'⋄∇⍵}0


### Explanation

{⍞←'A'⋄∇⍵}0
⋄     separator (arguments will be evaluated left to right)
⍞←'A'      Print 'A' without newline
∇⍵   Call function again with the same right argument
{        }0 Call first time with 0(any number works)


Try it online!

• 9 bytes, and you don't need Extended. – Bubbler Sep 13 '20 at 23:33
• Totally a hack, and completely unsupported, but ⍞←⍣≠'A' seems to work. Try it online! – Adám Nov 10 '20 at 17:43
• Well, it mostly makes sense. – Razetime Nov 10 '20 at 17:46
• "forbidden hacky APL magic" :) – Andrew Ogden Apr 14 at 19:08
• linking to the APL cultivation session(and continuing the discussion in chat) would be good. – Razetime Apr 15 at 14:39

# Keg, 3 bytes

{A,


Try it online!

That was fun! This is literally an infinite loop that prints As over and over

# x86-16 machine code (DOS 1+), 8 bytes

Disassembled listing (objdump -D -bbinary -mi8086 scream.com):

   0:   b4 02                   mov    $0x2,%ah 2: b2 41 mov$0x41,%dl
4:   cd 21                   int    $0x21 6: eb f8 jmp 0x0  Output (DOSBox 0.74, and a lot faster than it looks): Here's my ldscript and command-line options for anyone interested: OUTPUT_ARCH(i8086) SECTIONS { . = 0; } ENTRY(_start) OUTPUT_FORMAT(binary)  commands: as --32 scream.s -o scream.o ld scream.o -Tldscript.lds -o scream.com dosbox ./scream.com  and unmolested scream.s file: _start: mov$0x02, %ah
mov $0x41, %dl int$0x21
jmp _start

• Tested and works just fine as advertised on DOS 1.0! – 640KB Feb 29 '20 at 2:05
• @640KB I guess I should give credit to Ralf Brown's Interrupt List while I'm at it. – S.S. Anne Feb 29 '20 at 2:08
• @640KB I was into this a while back but I stopped. It was fun writing low-level code and learning about all the stuff you could and couldn't do. – S.S. Anne Feb 29 '20 at 2:16
• @640KB Roll 'em once and use 'em everywhere. – S.S. Anne Feb 29 '20 at 2:33

# Common Lisp, 15 bytes

(loop(princ'a))


Try it online!

• This is so... English. – Wezl Jun 29 '20 at 18:27

# Python 2, 19 bytes

This might be cheating as it can only work on a terminal, since each space added in between "A" is removed with a backspace char.

while 1:print'\bA',


# Piet, 30 26 Codels

It's a .png 13x2 codels, a few are technically not used (4 white unused, 1 white as transition and 1 black to change direction). But since I don't know how to compress it further, I still count them.

Original file (codel size 1):

With codel size 10:

For some reason, the codel size 10 looks disproportional. Maybe it's an issue with the IDE

Pseudo code (incl. stack):

push 2    | Stack: 2
push 4    | Stack: 2, 4
push 2    | Stack: 2, 4, 2
push 4    | Stack: 2, 4, 2, 4
*         | Stack: 2, 4, 8
*         | Stack: 2, 32
*         | Stack: 64
push 1    | Stack: 64, 1
+         | Stack: 65
dup       | Stack: 65, 65
out(char) | Stack: 65 | Output: A


dup and out(char) are repeated indefinitely.

Try it online!

This is my first submission here and my first "real" program in Piet. I'm sure it still has some room for improvement, but I just wanted to share (what I think of as) a lovely language :D

Edit: Compressed down from 15x2 to 13x2.

## Lua, 22 bytes

::a::io.write"A"goto a

• I do think this is strictly suppossed to be an uppercase "A". Doesn't change your byte count though. – ouflak Mar 3 '20 at 8:24
• Dang it, completely forgot about goto! Fun fact: solutions with while and recursion both use 25 bytes. – val is still with Monica Mar 4 '20 at 10:57

# PowerShell25 23 bytes

for(1){Write-Host -n A}


Try it online!

A works same as "A" and saves 2 bytes.

# Pyth, 4 bytes

#p\A


Explanation:

#p\A
#    While 1:
p   Print without newline
\A Character A


Try it online!

# 05AB1E, 4 bytes

['A?


Try it online!

[         # infinite loop
'A       # "A"
?      # print without a trailing newline


main=putStr$cycle"A"  Try it online! • Also 20 bytes: main=putStr"A">>main – cole Mar 1 '20 at 18:45 • 19 bytes: m@main=putStr"A">>m – Lynn Sep 30 '20 at 10:34 # Ruby, 12 bytes loop{$><<?A}


Try it online!

# Jelly, 4 bytes

”AȮß


Try it online!, or check how it works below. If the "A" could be program input, we could get away with only two bytes: Ȯß

”A   The character literal "A"
Ȯ  Print it and return it,
ß and recursively call this same link.

• How long does it take for the stack to overflow? – TheOnlyMrCat Mar 2 '20 at 20:49
• I didn't run it locally, only on TIO... And it seems TIO stops the execution because of the output size. So maybe the implementation of the recursive call is actually a loop? Because in Python the usual recursion depth is 1000 or 1024 and I manage to output way more than 1024 "A"s..? Just check the TIO link. – RGS Mar 2 '20 at 22:01
• Here. The interpreter sets the recursion limit to 1 << 30. – user92069 Mar 3 '20 at 10:56

# Ruby, 12 bytes

1while\$><<?A
`

Try it online!