This tag describes challenges related to factoring numbers and polynomials. Not related to the Factor esoteric programming language.
Factoring a number refers to finding integers that the number is divisible by. Similarly a prime factorization is a list of prime numbers that can be multiplied together to make the number.
Factoring can also refer to do similar processes on other other non-numeric objects that can be multiplied. For example both Polynomials and Matrices can be factored.