3 of 3 added 614 characters in body

JavaScript ES6, 87 82 79 74 70 bytes


Don't like using an object but it seems to be the shortest way to keep track of dupes


(a,b={})=>          `a` is input
                    `b` stores the occurrences of each number
  a.map(l =>        Loop over the array, `l` is item
  [...a]            Copy `a`
    .sort(...)       Sort in ascending numerical order
    .indexOf(l)      Index of input in that array
  +                 Add the following to account for dupes
   (b[l]=            set and return the item `l` in hashmap `b` to...
     b[l]+1           Increase the counter by one if it exists yet
     |0               default is zero