# Questions tagged [restricted-time]

For challenges with a restriction on the amount of time a submission is allowed to use.

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### Find the best character arrangement

You want to write your English essay. However, all characters on your keyboard broke other than the arrow keys and the enter key. You want to find out how to place the characters so you can write your ...
1k views

### Solve Rubik's Clock

Rubik's Clock is a round(ish) puzzle with two flat sides. On each side, front and back, there are 9 clock faces, arranged on a 3x3 grid. In addition, there are 4 pegs (switches) in between the clock ...
191 views

### Is this a Hamiltonian cycle?

There is a 3x3 square block made of 1x1 square blocks, with coins in each 1x1 block, starting from top left block you want to collect all the coins and return to top left block again, if possible ...
500 views

### Code golf edit distance up to 3 [duplicate]

The edit distance between two strings is the minimum number of single character insertions, deletions and substitutions needed to transform one string into the other. This task is simply to write code ... 3k views

### Fastest draw in the west! [closed]

We're going rootin' tootin' cow-poke shootin! This is a simple contest, first program to draw their pistol wins. How it works: I require 2 things from you, an executable, and a command to be run from ...
1k views

### Can this pattern be made with dominoes?

Given a pattern of squares on a grid, determine if it is possible to create that pattern with non-overlapping dominoes. In case you are not familiar, a domino is a rectangular shape created by joining ...
611 views

### Zeroes at end of $n!$ in base $m$

Related: Zeroes at the end of a factorial Today, we are going to calculate how many zeroes are there at the end of $n!$ (the factorial of $n$) in base $m$. Or in other words: For given integers \...
796 views

### Find the number of ways to climb a stairway

Challenge: Find the number of ways to climb some stairs with n steps and with some limitations. You should be able to run the tests below on TIO https://tio.run/ without timing out. – 60 seconds. (...
902 views

### Animal-Alphabetical Sequence

The Animal-Alphabetical Sequence is an infinite string of letters built accordingly to the following procedure: Start with the letter A; Replace each letter with ...
688 views

### Iterate over the neighborhood of a string

Input A string S of length between 2 and 30. The only letters in the string will be a or b. Output All strings within ... 2k views

### When does hh:mm = mm.ss?

Let's begin with a thought experiment. You have a clock and a timer, in which you start the timer when the clock shows exactly hh:mm.00. Clock: The clock employs ... 374 views

### Holey Knight's Tour

Given a rectangular board of cells with some number of holes in it, determine whether it is possible to complete a "holey knight's tour" (That is, a path that visits every non-hole cell exactly once ...
368 views

### Exactly N in a line

Given a number N from 2 to 8, place any nonzero number of queens on a grid of any size so that every queen has exactly N queens (counting itself) in each of its row, column, and each diagonal. This ...
561 views

### Are these two DFAs equivalent?

Two Deterministic Finite Automata or DFAs can be checked to see if they accept same set of strings in polynomial time. See section 3.3 of this for a long list of methods and this SO question/answer ... 185 views

### Shift the digits [closed]

Here, x (supplied as input) and n (the result of your computation) are both positive integers. n * x = n shifted. Find n. Here's an example of shifting: ... 352 views

### Choose 3 strings and output the exact minimum Hamming distance between any pair

Consider $3$ binary strings of length $n$ chosen independently and uniformly at random. We are interested in computing the exact expected minimum Hamming distance between any pair. The Hamming ... 668 views

### Counting creatures on a hexagonal tiling

This challenge will have you count "creatures" in the tile game Palago. A creature is any closed shape that can be formed by Palago tiles of matching colour in a hexagonal grid. The game Palago ...
573 views

### Find X,Y,Z coordinates from index

Introduction I began studying the Collatz Conjecture And noticed these patterns; 0,1,2,2,3,3...A055086, and 0,1,2,0,3,1...A082375, in the numbers that go to 1 in one odd step, 5,10,20,21,40,42......
140 views

### Report divisibility with arithmetic integer operations only [closed]

Given two numbers, the first is greater than the second, check whether the first number is divisible by the second without a remainder. If divisible, answer "yes"(...
1k views

### Output first $n$ digits of $\pi^{1/\pi}$

This challenge is to produce the shortest code for the constant $\pi^{1/\pi}$. Your code must output the first $n$ consecutive digits of $\pi^{1/\pi}$, where $n$ is given in the input. ... 1k views

### Which really big number is bigger?

This question is tricky (and in particular harder than Which big number is bigger?), for those who like more challenging puzzles. Input Integers a1, a2, a3, a4, a5, b1, b2, b3, b4, b5 each in the ... 875 views

### Next number with k fives

Challenge: Your program will take two integers n and k as input, and output the smallest integer greater than (but not equal to)...
994 views

### Plight of the Concorde

Background The traveling salesman problem (TSP) asks for the shortest circuit that visits a given collection of cities. For the purposes of this question, the cities will be points in the plane and ...
2k views

### Reciprocal copycats

Let $A$ be a positive integer consisting of $n$ decimal digits $d_1,d_2,...,d_n$. Let $B$ be another positive integer. For the purpose of this challenge, we call $A$ a copycat of $B$ if ...
4k views

### Encode - Shuffle - Decode

Challenge Your task is to encode an integer as a string of ASCII characters, then successfully decode it after said string has been randomly shuffled. You will write two programs/functions, which ...
408 views

### The N Queens Problem, but with Fairy Chess Pieces

Fairy Chess is a sort of generalized chess that allows unconventional pieces. The eight queens puzzle is a classic problem where you have to put 8 queens on a chess board such that no two queens ...
2k views

### Fruit bagging factory

Your mission is to build an algorithm (program or function) that can optimize packing fruit from a conveyor belt into bags to be sent off to retailers, optimizing for a largest number of bags. Each ...
456 views

### Cutpoints in a maze

A maze is given as a matrix of 0s (walls) and 1s (walkable space) in any convenient format. Each cell is considered connected to its 4 (or fewer) orthogonal neighbours. A connected component is a set ...
2k views

### Solve a Rubik's Cube

Your challenge is to write a program to solve a 3x3x3 Rubik's Cube. This challenge is based on this one from 2013, rewritten to adhere to current community standards, and reposted with the original ...
772 views

### Output all distinct permutations of a vector

Challenge: Output all distinct permutations of a, potentially long, list of positive integers. You may assume that the vector has less than 1,000 numbers when testing, but the process should in ...
2k views

### Number of distinct non-empty subsequences of binary expansion

A subsequence is any sequence that you can get from another by deleting any amount of characters. The distinct non-empty subsequences of 100 are ...
3k views

### Finding Snakes in a Matrix

Challenge Given a binary matrix and a binary string, determine if that binary string can be found starting at any point in the matrix and moving in any direction at any subsequent point to form the ...
2k views

### Count forth and back then double up

Let's count... Count up to 2 and back to 1 Count up to 4 and back to 1 Count up to 6 and back to 1 ... ok you got it... put all these together and you'll get the following sequence ... 8k views

### Extreme Fibonacci

There have been a billion iterations of Fibonacci challenges on this website, so lets spice things up with a Fibonacci challenge of a billion iterations! Your challenge is to output the first 1000 ...
1k views

### Fastest tweetable integer factorizer

The task is to find a non-trivial factor of a composite number. Write code that finds a non-trivial factor of a composite number as quickly as possible subject to your code being no more than 140 ... 1k views

### Square root a number

The task is as follows: Given a positive integer x and a prime n > x, output the smallest positive integer ... 4k views

### Compute the inverse of an integer modulo 100000000003

The task is the following. Given an integer x (such that x modulo 100000000003 is not equal ... 543 views

### Find a number which generates all the integers mod q

Consider the integers modulo q where q is prime, a generator is any integer 1 < x < q ... 367 views

### Output a primitive element for each field size

A primitive element of a finite field is a generator of the multiplicative group of the field. In other words, alpha in F(q) is ... 7k views

### 11 = (1+2+3+4+5) - (1+2+3) + (6) - (4)

Given a positive integer N, your task is to return the number of steps required by the following algorithm to reach N: Find the smallest triangular number Ti such that Ti ≥ N. Build the ...
955 views

### Optimize sorting, using "Sub-vector reversals"

This is a fewest-operations challenge where the objective is to sort a vector into ascending order using the fewest reversals. Your algorithm can only sort the vector using "sub-vector reversals"1, ...
2k views

### Find the sortable years

The year 2013 had an interesting property: the digits are consecutive when sorted (0123). Let's call this type of number a sortable number: a non-negative integer whose base-10 digits are consecutive ...
1k views

### Fraction to exact decimal

Write a program or function that given two integers a, b outputs a string containing a decimal number representing the fraction a/b exactly. If a/b is integer, simply output the value, without a ...
4k views

### Fibonacci-orial

Definition Fibonacci sequence F(n), on the positive integers, are defined as such: ...
5k views

Gaussian integers are complex numbers of the form a+bi where a and b are both integers. In ...
499 views

### Output the smallest powers of 2 with two identical sub-strings of digits n long

For each integer n, 0 or higher, output the lowest power of 2 that has two identical sub-strings of n digits in decimal, and the two indices where the digit sub-strings start (0-based). n      ...
3k views

### Compute the multinomial coefficient

Time for another easy challenge in which all can participate! The multinomial theorem states: The expression in parentheses is the multinomial coefficient, defined as: Allowing the terms ki to ...
544 views

### Counting Fountains

A fountain is arrangement of coins in rows so that each coin touches two coins in the row below it, or is in the bottom row, and the bottom row is connected. Here's a 21 coin fountain: Your challenge ...