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Questions tagged [number]

This challenge is intended to be solved by using, manipulating, accepting as input, or outputting numeric values.

22
votes
19answers
1k views

Maximum summed subsequences with non-adjacent items

Introduction: Inspired by these two SO questions (no doubt from the same class): print the elements in the subarray of maximum sum without adjacent elements java and Maximum sum of non adjacent ...
29
votes
20answers
4k views

Amount of permutations on an NxNxN Rubik's Cube

Introduction: A 3x3x3 Rubik's Cube has \$43,252,003,274,489,856,000\$ possible permutations, which is approximately 43 quintillion. You may have heard about this number before, but how is it actually ...
33
votes
6answers
2k views

List of Python versions

Python is the fastest-growing major programming language today. It is the most wanted language for the third year in a row, meaning that developers who do not yet use it say they want to learn it. [1]....
8
votes
6answers
1k views

Area of a 2D convex hull [on hold]

You are given an array/list/vector of pairs of integers representing cartesian coordinates (x, y) of points on a 2D Euclidean plane; all coordinates are between −104 and 104, duplicates are allowed. ...
19
votes
15answers
2k views

Match Roman Numerals

Challenge Given some input string, return a truthy value if it represents a correct roman numeral between 1 (=I) and 3999 (=...
42
votes
40answers
9k views

Patience, young “Padovan”

Everyone knows the Fibonacci sequence: You take a square, attach an equal square to it, then repeatedly attach a square whose side length is equal to the largest side length of the resulting rectangle....
10
votes
3answers
640 views

How long does it take to type this?

Introduction I can type at a moderate pace, using the QWERTY keyboard layout. But if a word like yellowwooddoor has a ton of repeated letters, it takes a bit longer to type it. Even worse is when a ...
10
votes
5answers
466 views

Valid term from quadratic sequence?

You are given four numbers. The first three are \$a\$, \$b\$, and \$c\$ respectively, for the sequence: $$T_n=an^2+bn+c$$ You may take input of these four numbers in any way. The output should be ...
19
votes
15answers
1k views

Expand and Contract

Take a positive integer \$k\$ as input. Start with \$n := 1\$ and repeatedly increase \$n\$ by the largest integer power of ten \$i\$ such that \$i \le n\$ and \$i + n \le k\$. Repeat until \$n = k\$ ...
27
votes
13answers
3k views

Valid Badminton Score?

Introduction: I saw there was only one other badminton related challenge right now. Since I play badminton myself (for the past 13 years now), I figured I'd add some badminton-related challenges. ...
16
votes
26answers
821 views

Calculating total slots

Given a list of jobs, which must be done in order, with each taking a slot to do, how long will it take to perform them all if after doing a job the same job cannot be done for the next two slots (...
26
votes
22answers
2k views

The Digit Triangles

Challenge: Input: A positive integer \$n\$ Output: Create a list in the range \$[1,n]\$, and join it together to a string (i.e. \$n=13\$ would be the string ...
-1
votes
1answer
104 views

Sort a list of Numbers as letters [closed]

So, you have a random list (random meaning it doesn't matter what order it is in) of numbers with a length of n, where n is a positive integer smaller than 1000 and ...
28
votes
45answers
8k views

Am I not good enough for you?

Background: The current Perfect Numbers challenge is rather flawed and complicated, since it asks you to output in a complex format involving the factors of the number. This is a purely decision-...
30
votes
23answers
7k views

Could you please stop shuffling the deck and play already?

Challenge: Input: A list of distinct positive integers within the range \$[1, \text{list-size}]\$. Output: An integer: the amount of times the list is riffle-shuffled. For a list, this means the ...
11
votes
10answers
552 views

New Order #1: How does this feel?

Introduction Putting all positive numbers in its regular order (1, 2, 3, ...) is a bit boring, isn't it? So here is a series of challenges around permutations (reshuffelings) of all positive numbers. ...
62
votes
45answers
6k views

Is it a Cyclops number? “Nobody” knows!

Task: Given an integer input, figure out whether or not it is a Cyclops Number. What is a Cyclops number, you may ask? Well, it's a number whose binary representation only has one ...
30
votes
24answers
5k views

The (Easy) Road to Code

Input: An integer \$n\$, which is guaranteed to be \$\ge3\$. An integer \$d\$, which is one of \$[-1,0,1]\$. Output: A road of size \$n\$, which will be in a north-west direction if \$d=-1\$; a ...
11
votes
31answers
725 views

Sum integers in a string

Input A string. Output The sum of all integers in the line. Constraints 1≤Length of line≤500 Sample test Case Input the 5is 108 seCONd4 a Output ...
12
votes
18answers
924 views

Jumping Numbers

A jumping number is defined as a positive number n which all pairs of consecutive decimal digits differ by 1. Also, all single digit numbers are considered jumping numbers. eg. 3, 45676, 212 are ...
33
votes
5answers
8k views

Historical difference between `/` and `÷` in mathematical expressions

Introduction: Inspired by a discussion that is already going on for many years regarding the expression \$6÷2(1+2)\$. With the expression \$6÷2(1+2)\$, mathematicians will quickly see that ...
69
votes
37answers
12k views

Am I a Rude Number?

For a while now, I've been running into a problem when counting on my fingers, specifically, that I can only count to ten. My solution to that problem has been to count in binary on my fingers, ...
20
votes
15answers
2k views

Square Root Distance from Integers

Given a decimal number k, find the smallest integer n such that the square root of n is ...
19
votes
25answers
2k views

The Highest Dice

Challenge: Here we have the first 100 items of a sequence: ...
23
votes
17answers
4k views

The real treasure was the numbers we made along the way

Your task is to write a program, function or snippet (yes, snippets are allowed) that simply outputs an integer. However, you must be able to separate your submission into prefixes that also produce ...
43
votes
23answers
4k views

Covering a Skyline with brush strokes

Given a non-negative integer skyline height list, answer how many uninterrupted 1-unit-high horizontal brush strokes are needed to cover it. [1,3,2,1,2,1,5,3,3,4,2]...
2
votes
7answers
335 views

Countries by Area

Challenge Given two non negative integers a < b, output all countries, from the below Top 100 Countries, where area is between ...
5
votes
3answers
497 views

A Multipurpose Quine

I personally love quines, but they all seem to be so... static. So why not create a quine that can do more. Challenge The challenge here is to create a quine that without any sort of input is a ...
10
votes
3answers
461 views

Trapped Knight Sequence

Introduction Inspired by the very recent video The Trapped Knight - Numberphile, I came up with a challenge. The trapped knight sequence is a finite integer sequence of length 2016, starting from 1, ...
17
votes
14answers
1k views

Spot all (anti)diagonals with duplicated values

Challenge: Given a matrix input, determine the amount of diagonals and anti-diagonals with duplicated numbers. So if we have a matrix like this: ...
10
votes
14answers
480 views

Prime Difference [duplicate]

Given an integer n, output the smallest prime such that the difference between it and the next prime is at least n. For example, if n=5, you would output ...
1
vote
2answers
198 views

Work out \$x^y\$ using only addition and subtraction [duplicate]

The challenge is to implement a function or program that takes two numbers, \$x\$ and \$y\$ and return the result of \$x^y\$. The program cannot use any other mathematical operation other than \$+\$ ...
24
votes
15answers
3k views

Matrix Jigsaw Puzzles

Input: An integer n Two equal-sized square matrices (with their width/height being a multiple of n) Output: One of two ...
24
votes
38answers
2k views

Enumerate each series of identical numbers in-place

Given a list of strictly positive integers, go through each distinct number and replace all occurrences of it with successive indices (zero or one based) of a new series. Examples ...
7
votes
11answers
419 views

Mis-decode a date

Background Inspired by a now deleted question by John Burger from which I quote: Now obviously no human made this mistake. It's a mis-decode of something - perhaps the ISBN? My question is: ...
5
votes
1answer
293 views

Surreal Numbers

Surreal Numbers Surreal numbers are one way of describing numbers using sets. In this challenge you will determine the value of a surreal number. Intro A surreal number consists of two sets: a left ...
11
votes
7answers
331 views

Approximate the proportion of integers with neighboring factors

If 1 is not counted as a factor, then 40 has two neighboring factors (4 and 5) 1092 has two neighboring factors (13 and 14) 350 does not have two neighboring factors (out of its factors 2, 5, 7, 10, ...
1
vote
0answers
70 views

Sino-Korean numerals [duplicate]

The Korean language has two sets of numerals, a native Korean numerals and Sino-Korean numerals. The native Korean numerals are mostly used for numbers under 100, such as age and time. The Sino-...
27
votes
20answers
2k views

Convert to Suzhou numerals

Suzhou numerals (蘇州碼子; also 花碼) are Chinese decimal numerals: 0 〇 1 〡 一 2 〢 二 3 〣 三 4 〤 5 〥 6 〦 7 〧 8 〨 9 〩 They pretty much work like Arabic numerals, except ...
1
vote
4answers
199 views

Round the digits last digit, over and over

Challenge: Given two inputs, x and y, round x to one less significant figure, then repeat until it has y number of unrounded digits left. (the decimal point does not count as a digit) Input & ...
16
votes
7answers
578 views

Satisfying Rounding

Satisfying Rounding You know when you're in science class, and asked to round to 2 sig figs, but your answer is 5.2501...? You should round to ...
11
votes
1answer
769 views

Golf a number bigger than Loader's number

As a follow up to Shortest terminating program whose output size exceeds Graham's number and Golf a number bigger than TREE(3), I present a new challenge. Loader's number is a very large number, ...
13
votes
26answers
1k views

Self-contained powers

Given integer n, output the smallest exponent e greater than 1 such that n^e contains ...
32
votes
46answers
5k views

Print all lexicographically increasing numbers under 10000

A lexicographically increasing number is an integer whose digits are in strictly increasing order. Print all lexicographically increasing numbers under 10000. Here are lines of the expected output: ...
0
votes
2answers
153 views

Number letter counts [closed]

If the numbers 1 to 5 are written out in words: one, two, three, four, five, then there are 3 + 3 + 5 + 4 + 4 = 19 letters used in total. Output how many letters would be used if all the numbers from ...
7
votes
3answers
879 views

Largest Number in Brainfuck BigInt for each program length up to 50 instructions

This challenge is for the largest finite number you can get BrainFuck programs of given lengths to contain in memory. We must use one of the BF versions that uses big integers for the cells rather ...
23
votes
25answers
2k views

Sort by Largest Digit(s)

Challenge: Given a list of integer, sort descending by their single largest digit(s). The order for numbers with the same largest digit are then sorted by second largest digit, etc. We ignore ...
15
votes
30answers
2k views

Upward and onward to greater glory!

May this challenge serve as (another) tribute to Stan Lee, who passed away aged 95. Stan Lee has left us an invaluable legacy and a peculiar catch word: Excelsior. So here's a small challenge based ...
10
votes
9answers
1k views

Through Space and Time

Introduction: In general we usually speak of four dimensions: three space dimensions for x, y, and ...
15
votes
45answers
2k views

Print the Lost numbers

As a big fan of the Lost TV series, I always got intrigued by the sequence of numbers that repetitively appears on the episodes. These numbers are: \$ 4, 8, 15, 16, 23, 42\$ (A104101) Using any ...