# How many integers contain a number in a specific range

The program should take input the number, the start of the range and the end of the range, and output how many integers the number appears between the start and end of the range, inclusive. Both programs and functions are allowed.

## Example Inputs

For example:

//Input example 1
3,1,100
//Input example 2
3
1
100
//Input example 3
3 1 100
//Input example 4
a(3, 1, 100);


All the above four input examples are valid and all of them mean that 3 is the number in question, 1 is the beginning of the range and 100 the the end of the range.

And then the program should output how many times 3 appears in the range from 1 to 100 inclusive. 3 appears in the integers 3, 13, 23, 30, 31, 32, 33, ..., 93 at a total of 19 times. So the program should output 19 as the output because that is how many times 3 appears in the range from 1 to 100.

## Rules

• Both programs and functions are allowed.
• All numbers will be integers, meaning that there will not be any floats or doubles.
• Note: the sought number will always be in the range 0≤x≤127. There will be no cases where it will be outside this 0≤x≤127 range.
• As in the first example, with the case as 33, the number 3 will be counted as appearing only once, not twice.
• The values of the start and end of the range will be between -65536 and 65535 inclusive.
• The value of range's start will never exceed or equal to range's end. start < end
• Also the range is inclusive. For example if the input was 8 8 10, the range would be 8≤x≤10 and hence the output will be 1.
• Input can be taken in any of the ways shown in the examples. Input can be taken as a string or as a number, any way you wish.

## Test Cases

3 1 100
19

3 3 93
19

12,-200,200
24          //This is because 12 appears in -129, -128, ..., -112, -12, 12, 112, 120, 121, 122, ...

123,1,3
0           //This is because all of 123's digits have to appear in the same order

3 33 34
2           //Because 3 appears in 2 numbers: 33 and 34

a(0,-1,1);
1

java NotVerbose 127 -12 27 0  # Snack Snippet To make sure that your answer shows up, please start your answer with a headline, using the following Markdown template: # Language Name, N bytes  where N is the size of your submission. If you improve your score, you can keep old scores in the headline, by striking them through. For instance: # Ruby, <s>104</s> <s>101</s> 96 bytes  If there you want to include multiple numbers in your header (e.g. because your score is the sum of two files or you want to list interpreter flag penalties separately), make sure that the actual score is the last number in the header: # Perl, 43 + 2 (-p flag) = 45 bytes  You can also make the language name a link which will then show up in the leaderboard snippet: # [><>](http://esolangs.org/wiki/Fish), 121 bytes  /* Configuration */ var QUESTION_ID = 98470; // Obtain this from the url // It will be like https://XYZ.stackexchange.com/questions/QUESTION_ID/... on any question page var ANSWER_FILTER = "!t)IWYnsLAZle2tQ3KqrVveCRJfxcRLe"; var COMMENT_FILTER = "!)Q2B_A2kjfAiU78X(md6BoYk"; var OVERRIDE_USER = 41805; // This should be the user ID of the challenge author. /* App */ var answers = [], answers_hash, answer_ids, answer_page = 1, more_answers = true, comment_page; function answersUrl(index) { return "https://api.stackexchange.com/2.2/questions/" + QUESTION_ID + "/answers?page=" + index + "&pagesize=100&order=desc&sort=creation&site=codegolf&filter=" + ANSWER_FILTER; } function commentUrl(index, answers) { return "https://api.stackexchange.com/2.2/answers/" + answers.join(';') + "/comments?page=" + index + "&pagesize=100&order=desc&sort=creation&site=codegolf&filter=" + COMMENT_FILTER; } function getAnswers() { jQuery.ajax({ url: answersUrl(answer_page++), method: "get", dataType: "jsonp", crossDomain: true, success: function (data) { answers.push.apply(answers, data.items); answers_hash = []; answer_ids = []; data.items.forEach(function(a) { a.comments = []; var id = +a.share_link.match(/\d+/); answer_ids.push(id); answers_hash[id] = a; }); if (!data.has_more) more_answers = false; comment_page = 1; getComments(); } }); } function getComments() { jQuery.ajax({ url: commentUrl(comment_page++, answer_ids), method: "get", dataType: "jsonp", crossDomain: true, success: function (data) { data.items.forEach(function(c) { if (c.owner.user_id === OVERRIDE_USER) answers_hash[c.post_id].comments.push(c); }); if (data.has_more) getComments(); else if (more_answers) getAnswers(); else process(); } }); } getAnswers(); var SCORE_REG = /<h\d>\s*([^\n,]*[^\s,]),.*?(\d+)(?=[^\n\d<>]*(?:<(?:s>[^\n<>]*<\/s>|[^\n<>]+>)[^\n\d<>]*)*<\/h\d>)/; var OVERRIDE_REG = /^Override\s*header:\s*/i; function getAuthorName(a) { return a.owner.display_name; } function process() { var valid = []; answers.forEach(function(a) { var body = a.body; a.comments.forEach(function(c) { if(OVERRIDE_REG.test(c.body)) body = '<h1>' + c.body.replace(OVERRIDE_REG, '') + '</h1>'; }); var match = body.match(SCORE_REG); if (match) valid.push({ user: getAuthorName(a), size: +match[2], language: match[1], link: a.share_link, }); }); valid.sort(function (a, b) { var aB = a.size, bB = b.size; return aB - bB }); var languages = {}; var place = 1; var lastSize = null; var lastPlace = 1; valid.forEach(function (a) { if (a.size != lastSize) lastPlace = place; lastSize = a.size; ++place; var answer = jQuery("#answer-template").html(); answer = answer.replace("{{PLACE}}", lastPlace + ".") .replace("{{NAME}}", a.user) .replace("{{LANGUAGE}}", a.language) .replace("{{SIZE}}", a.size) .replace("{{LINK}}", a.link); answer = jQuery(answer); jQuery("#answers").append(answer); var lang = a.language; if (/<a/.test(lang)) lang = jQuery(lang).text(); languages[lang] = languages[lang] || {lang: a.language, user: a.user, size: a.size, link: a.link}; }); var langs = []; for (var lang in languages) if (languages.hasOwnProperty(lang)) langs.push(languages[lang]); langs.sort(function (a, b) { if (a.lang > b.lang) return 1; if (a.lang < b.lang) return -1; return 0; }); for (var i = 0; i < langs.length; ++i) { var language = jQuery("#language-template").html(); var lang = langs[i]; language = language.replace("{{LANGUAGE}}", lang.lang) .replace("{{NAME}}", lang.user) .replace("{{SIZE}}", lang.size) .replace("{{LINK}}", lang.link); language = jQuery(language); jQuery("#languages").append(language); } } body { text-align: left !important} #answer-list { padding: 10px; width: 290px; float: left; } #language-list { padding: 10px; width: 290px; float: left; } table thead { font-weight: bold; } table td { padding: 5px; } <script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/2.1.1/jquery.min.js"></script> <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="//cdn.sstatic.net/codegolf/all.css?v=83c949450c8b"> <div id="answer-list"> <h2>Leaderboard</h2> <table class="answer-list"> <thead> <tr><td></td><td>Author</td><td>Language</td><td>Size</td></tr> </thead> <tbody id="answers"> </tbody> </table> </div> <div id="language-list"> <h2>Winners by Language</h2> <table class="language-list"> <thead> <tr><td>Language</td><td>User</td><td>Score</td></tr> </thead> <tbody id="languages"> </tbody> </table> </div> <table style="display: none"> <tbody id="answer-template"> <tr><td>{{PLACE}}</td><td>{{NAME}}</td><td>{{LANGUAGE}}</td><td>{{SIZE}}</td><td><a href="{{LINK}}">Link</a></td></tr> </tbody> </table> <table style="display: none"> <tbody id="language-template"> <tr><td>{{LANGUAGE}}</td><td>{{NAME}}</td><td>{{SIZE}}</td><td><a href="{{LINK}}">Link</a></td></tr> </tbody> </table> ## 32 Answers # Perl 6, 32 bytes {+grep *.contains(^a),$^b..$^c}


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# Vyxalrs, 5 bytes

_ṡ?vc  # main program

_      # discard the initial number
ṡ     # inclusive range over implicit inputs
?    # number to be checked
vc  # vectorized contains, sum the list


I had to use -r because v vectorizes the first part of the stack otherwise (?)

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