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Fairly obviously, you have to print the Greek alphabet. But I thought I'd make it slightly more interesting, so there's a twist: when your program is ran with an argument (anything), it should output the Greek alphabet in lowercase.

Information

  1. Greek alphabet (Capitals): ΑΒΓΔΕΖΗΘΙΚΛΜΝΞΟΠΡΣΤΥΦΧΨΩ
  2. Greek alphabet (Lowercase): αβγδεζηθικλμνξοπρστυφχψω

Rules/Requirements

  • Each submission must be a full program.
  • Builtins to print the Greek alphabet are not permitted
  • Standard loopholes apply
  • You must print exactly what is shown.

Scoring

Programs are scored according to bytes. If you are using a character set different to UTF-8 please specify. Try to get the least bytes out of everyone, this is !

Test cases

./program
==> ΑΒΓΔΕΖΗΘΙΚΛΜΝΞΟΠΡΣΤΥΦΧΨΩ

./program 1
==> αβγδεζηθικλμνξοπρστυφχψω

./program 'lower'
==> αβγδεζηθικλμνξοπρστυφχψω

./program 123897883421
==> αβγδεζηθικλμνξοπρστυφχψω

./program ""
==> αβγδεζηθικλμνξοπρστυφχψω

greek();
==> ΑΒΓΔΕΖΗΘΙΚΛΜΝΞΟΠΡΣΤΥΦΧΨΩ

greek("blah");
==> αβγδεζηθικλμνξοπρστυφχψω

greek(123);
==> αβγδεζηθικλμνξοπρστυφχψω

Submissions

To make sure that your answer shows up, please start your answer with a headline, using the following Markdown template:

# Language Name, N bytes

where N is the size of your submission. If you improve your score, you can keep old scores in the headline, by striking them through. For instance:

# Ruby, <s>104</s> <s>101</s> 96 bytes

If there you want to include multiple numbers in your header (e.g. because your score is the sum of two files or you want to list interpreter flag penalties separately), make sure that the actual score is the last number in the header:

# Perl, 43 + 2 (-p flag) = 45 bytes

You can also make the language name a link which will then show up in the leaderboard snippet:

# [><>](http://esolangs.org/wiki/Fish), 121 bytes

Leaderboard

Here is a Stack Snippet to generate both a regular leaderboard and an overview of winners by language.

/* Configuration */

var QUESTION_ID = 97049; // Obtain this from the url
// It will be like https://XYZ.stackexchange.com/questions/QUESTION_ID/... on any question page
var ANSWER_FILTER = "!t)IWYnsLAZle2tQ3KqrVveCRJfxcRLe";
var COMMENT_FILTER = "!)Q2B_A2kjfAiU78X(md6BoYk";
var OVERRIDE_USER = 53406; // This should be the user ID of the challenge author.

/* App */

var answers = [], answers_hash, answer_ids, answer_page = 1, more_answers = true, comment_page;

function answersUrl(index) {
  return "https://api.stackexchange.com/2.2/questions/" +  QUESTION_ID + "/answers?page=" + index + "&pagesize=100&order=desc&sort=creation&site=codegolf&filter=" + ANSWER_FILTER;
}

function commentUrl(index, answers) {
  return "https://api.stackexchange.com/2.2/answers/" + answers.join(';') + "/comments?page=" + index + "&pagesize=100&order=desc&sort=creation&site=codegolf&filter=" + COMMENT_FILTER;
}

function getAnswers() {
  jQuery.ajax({
    url: answersUrl(answer_page++),
    method: "get",
    dataType: "jsonp",
    crossDomain: true,
    success: function (data) {
      answers.push.apply(answers, data.items);
      answers_hash = [];
      answer_ids = [];
      data.items.forEach(function(a) {
        a.comments = [];
        var id = +a.share_link.match(/\d+/);
        answer_ids.push(id);
        answers_hash[id] = a;
      });
      if (!data.has_more) more_answers = false;
      comment_page = 1;
      getComments();
    }
  });
}

function getComments() {
  jQuery.ajax({
    url: commentUrl(comment_page++, answer_ids),
    method: "get",
    dataType: "jsonp",
    crossDomain: true,
    success: function (data) {
      data.items.forEach(function(c) {
        if (c.owner.user_id === OVERRIDE_USER)
          answers_hash[c.post_id].comments.push(c);
      });
      if (data.has_more) getComments();
      else if (more_answers) getAnswers();
      else process();
    }
  });  
}

getAnswers();

var SCORE_REG = /<h\d>\s*([^\n,]*[^\s,]),.*?(\d+)(?=[^\n\d<>]*(?:<(?:s>[^\n<>]*<\/s>|[^\n<>]+>)[^\n\d<>]*)*<\/h\d>)/;

var OVERRIDE_REG = /^Override\s*header:\s*/i;

function getAuthorName(a) {
  return a.owner.display_name;
}

function process() {
  var valid = [];
  
  answers.forEach(function(a) {
    var body = a.body;
    a.comments.forEach(function(c) {
      if(OVERRIDE_REG.test(c.body))
        body = '<h1>' + c.body.replace(OVERRIDE_REG, '') + '</h1>';
    });
    
    var match = body.match(SCORE_REG);
    if (match)
      valid.push({
        user: getAuthorName(a),
        size: +match[2],
        language: match[1],
        link: a.share_link,
      });
    
  });
  
  valid.sort(function (a, b) {
    var aB = a.size,
        bB = b.size;
    return aB - bB
  });

  var languages = {};
  var place = 1;
  var lastSize = null;
  var lastPlace = 1;
  valid.forEach(function (a) {
    if (a.size != lastSize)
      lastPlace = place;
    lastSize = a.size;
    ++place;
    
    var answer = jQuery("#answer-template").html();
    answer = answer.replace("{{PLACE}}", lastPlace + ".")
                   .replace("{{NAME}}", a.user)
                   .replace("{{LANGUAGE}}", a.language)
                   .replace("{{SIZE}}", a.size)
                   .replace("{{LINK}}", a.link);
    answer = jQuery(answer);
    jQuery("#answers").append(answer);

    var lang = a.language;
    if (/<a/.test(lang)) lang = jQuery(lang).text();
    
    languages[lang] = languages[lang] || {lang: a.language, user: a.user, size: a.size, link: a.link};
  });

  var langs = [];
  for (var lang in languages)
    if (languages.hasOwnProperty(lang))
      langs.push(languages[lang]);

  langs.sort(function (a, b) {
    if (a.lang > b.lang) return 1;
    if (a.lang < b.lang) return -1;
    return 0;
  });

  for (var i = 0; i < langs.length; ++i)
  {
    var language = jQuery("#language-template").html();
    var lang = langs[i];
    language = language.replace("{{LANGUAGE}}", lang.lang)
                       .replace("{{NAME}}", lang.user)
                       .replace("{{SIZE}}", lang.size)
                       .replace("{{LINK}}", lang.link);
    language = jQuery(language);
    jQuery("#languages").append(language);
  }

}
body { text-align: left !important}

#answer-list {
  padding: 10px;
  width: 290px;
  float: left;
}

#language-list {
  padding: 10px;
  width: 290px;
  float: left;
}

table thead {
  font-weight: bold;
}

table td {
  padding: 5px;
}
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/2.1.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="//cdn.sstatic.net/codegolf/all.css?v=83c949450c8b">
<div id="answer-list">
  <h2>Leaderboard</h2>
  <table class="answer-list">
    <thead>
      <tr><td></td><td>Author</td><td>Language</td><td>Size</td></tr>
    </thead>
    <tbody id="answers">

    </tbody>
  </table>
</div>
<div id="language-list">
  <h2>Winners by Language</h2>
  <table class="language-list">
    <thead>
      <tr><td>Language</td><td>User</td><td>Score</td></tr>
    </thead>
    <tbody id="languages">

    </tbody>
  </table>
</div>
<table style="display: none">
  <tbody id="answer-template">
    <tr><td>{{PLACE}}</td><td>{{NAME}}</td><td>{{LANGUAGE}}</td><td>{{SIZE}}</td><td><a href="{{LINK}}">Link</a></td></tr>
  </tbody>
</table>
<table style="display: none">
  <tbody id="language-template">
    <tr><td>{{LANGUAGE}}</td><td>{{NAME}}</td><td>{{SIZE}}</td><td><a href="{{LINK}}">Link</a></td></tr>
  </tbody>
</table>

\$\endgroup\$
  • 5
    \$\begingroup\$ Does an empty string count as having an argument or having no argument? Please use the Sandbox to get feedback before posting a challenge on the main site. \$\endgroup\$ – Mego Oct 22 '16 at 6:37
  • 2
    \$\begingroup\$ Related. \$\endgroup\$ – Erik the Outgolfer Oct 22 '16 at 8:36
  • 2
    \$\begingroup\$ Will the argument be always one argument, or can there be two or more arguments? \$\endgroup\$ – Erik the Outgolfer Oct 22 '16 at 8:40
  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ Kritixi approves the challenge. \$\endgroup\$ – user41805 Oct 22 '16 at 18:11
  • 4
    \$\begingroup\$ I'm a bit confused by your last three test cases; they look like function calls, yet the rules specifically ask for a full program. \$\endgroup\$ – Dennis Oct 31 '16 at 14:11

34 Answers 34

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MATLAB, 35 bytes

@(x)disp(char((913:937)+32*nargin))

Pretty self-explainatory, I think.

| improve this answer | |
New contributor
elementiro is a new contributor to this site. Take care in asking for clarification, commenting, and answering. Check out our Code of Conduct.
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0
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Python 3, 73 bytes

import sys
x=25
while x:print(end=chr(906-x+32*len(sys.argv))[:x^8]);x-=1

Try it online!

This still may not be as low as it can go!

| improve this answer | |
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-1
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Groovy Script, 54 51 bytes

((913..937)-930).each{print((char)(args?it+32:it))}

Edit

Switched from 913..937 and it==930?: to (913..937)-930

| improve this answer | |
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  • \$\begingroup\$ Can someone explain me, why my answer was downvoted? Did it broke any rules? \$\endgroup\$ – Victor A. Oct 26 '16 at 7:51
-1
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Perl under Windows -- console has no Unicode support -- (42 bytes, including spaces)

This is not my solution, I am just merely adapting the Perl solution of Denis Ibaev above, to Windows console Perl.

perl -E"say map{chr$_+151-!@ARGV*24}1..24"
ΑΒΓΔΕΖΗΘΙΚΛΜΝΞΟΠΡΣΤΥΦΧΨΩ
$ perl -E"say map{chr$_+151-!@ARGV*24}1..24" with one or many arguments
αβγδεζηθικλμνξοπρσςτυφχψ

The console page code must be Greek of course:

chcp 737

NOTE: Just a small idea. On this page I can see that some of the answers use CHARACTERS that seem to been Unicode above 255. Therefore those characters take at least 2 bytes to code (perhaps 4 if one is using a console using 32bits Unicode chars?). Would not it be better if the contest measure was the CHARACTER unit (being Unicode or ASCII or EBCDIC ou whatever) rather than just BYTES? Would not it be simpler and more unifying (wonder if this adjectif exists in English, "unificateur" in French)?


Previous code in error: Does not print lowercase omega.

Corrected code (70 chars) :

perl -E"$i=!@ARGV+0;@a=73;pop@a if$i;say map{chr$_+151-$i*24}1..24,@a"
ΑΒΓΔΕΖΗΘΙΚΛΜΝΞΟΠΡΣΤΥΦΧΨΩ
perl -E"$i=!@ARGV+0;@a=73;pop@a if$i;say map{chr$_+151-$i*24}1..24,@a" foo
αβγδεζηθικλμνξοπρσςτυφχψω

I know we are not supposed to print the 'end-of-word' sigma form ('ς') but as it is a mispelling error in ancient Greek to use regular sigma ('σ') at the end of a lowercase word, I choose to print it, as the tittle of this puzzle is "Print the Greek alphabet" and that this character is part of it...

| improve this answer | |
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