# Find every digit from the largest column

Here's a relatively simple challenge for you:

Given a list of positive integers:

• Line them up in a grid, and sum each column. For example, if the input was [123, 7, 49, 681], the grid would look like this:

 1  2  3
7
4  9
6  8  1


And the sum of each column would be [18, 19, 4]:

 1  2  3
7
4  9
6  8  1
--------
18 19 4

• Find the maximum of these sums, which in this case would be 19, and then

• Output every digit that is at the same index as this maximum column. In this case, that would be

2
9
8


You do not have to output these numbers in any particular order. Note that there are only three outputs, even though we had 4 inputs. In the case of a tie, pick the earliest index. For example, if the input was [25, 223, 302], your grid is:

2  5
2  2  3
3  0  2
-------
7  7  5


You should output

2
2
3


You can print these numbers in any format you like. List format, newline separated, space separated, etc. You may not take the input as a 2D array of digits, e.g.

[[1, 2, 3],
,
[4, 9],
[6, 8, 1]


But other than that, you can take input as a list of strings, a list of digits, or any other reasonable format.

You may also assume that all inputs will be valid and contain at least two numbers.

As usual, the shortest answer in bytes wins!

# Test IO:

#Input                      #Output
[1, 11, 111, 1111]      --> [1, 1, 1, 1]
[1, 12, 123]            --> [2, 2]
[987654321, 111]        --> [9, 1]
[111, 123456789]        --> 
[4, 8, 15, 16, 23, 42]  --> [4, 8, 1, 1, 2, 4]
[4, 8, 12, 26, 27, 38]  --> [2, 6, 7, 8]
[24, 53]                --> [2, 5]
[12, 304, 506]          --> [4, 6]
[30, 285, 121]          --> [0, 8, 2]

• The title is difficult to understand. The problem seems to lie with the expression, "largest column". Perhaps something like, "Find the column with the greatest total" or "Column addition: find the maximum sum". – DavidC Sep 3 '16 at 20:52
• The problem statement says "given a list of positive integers", but one of the examples has a 0. Zero is usually not considered positive in english. – Ton Hospel Sep 5 '16 at 5:51
• @tonhospel Which one? The one with 302? That only has a zero after you split up the columns. – DJMcMayhem Sep 5 '16 at 5:53
• Right, I misintereted the input format. Fixing my submission.. – Ton Hospel Sep 5 '16 at 6:26

import Data.Lists


Usage example: argmax sum.transpose.map(map(read.pure).show) $[12,304,506] -> [4,6]. How it works:  map -- for each number map(read.pure).show -- turn into list of digits transpose -- transpose the list of list argmax sum -- find the element with the -- largest sum  ## Jelly, 6 bytes DZṚSÞṪ  Try it online!. This is a relatively straightforward implementation of the question. D Convert each number in the input to a list of digits, e.g. [353, 2247] -> [[3, 5, 3], [2, 2, 4, 7]] Z Zip the lists together, e.g. [[3, 2], [5, 2], [3, 4], ] Ṛ Reverse the list of lists so that first occurrences are now at the end, e.g. [, [3, 4], [5, 2], [3, 2]] SÞ Sort by sum - this uses Python's sorted function, which is stable so equal elements end up in order of appearance, e.g. [[3, 2], , [3, 4], [5, 2]] Ṫ Tail - get the last element, e.g. [5, 2]  • Not to detract from your solution, but isn't this actually 11 bytes, given it contains some UTF-8 multi-byte characters. – Joshua Sep 4 '16 at 3:58 • @Joshua It's a bit weird, but Jelly uses its own custom code page that encodes each of the 256 characters it understands in a single byte. It's not usually scored in UTF-8, much the same way APL wouldn't be. – Sp3000 Sep 4 '16 at 4:15 • Ahh, ok. Thanks for the explanation. – Joshua Sep 5 '16 at 4:09 ## Ruby, 100 97 bytes a=$<.map &:chomp
puts a.map(&:size).max.times.map{|i|a.map{|e|e[i]}.compact}.max_by{|e|eval e*?+}

• eval e*?+ is great! Also you can just do $<.map; no need to splat it into an array. – Jordan Sep 3 '16 at 16:41 • @Jordan Thank you for your advice! – cia_rana Sep 3 '16 at 17:18 # Mathematica 82 bytes This pads the digits of each number with x's to the right, transposes the matrix, removes the dummy x's, orders by sum of the digits and takes the greatest. SortBy[#~Select~NumberQ&/@Transpose[PadRight[#,30,x]&/@IntegerDigits@#],Tr][[-1]]&  There ought to be some way to use the superscript-T form of Transpose to save a few bytes. # Perl, 49 48 bytes Includes +1 for -p Run with the input on STDIN, prints to STDOUT the column numbers prefixed by + lcolumn.pl 123 7 49 681  lcolumn.pl: #!/usr/bin/perl -p s/./@;[@-].="+$&"/eg}{($_)=sort{eval"$b<=>\$a"}@


## Javascript (ES6), 108103 100 bytes

It's a bit verbose and could probably be golfed some more with a different approach. I wish I could get rid of this .filter(n=>n).

Saved 5 bytes thanks to Neil
Saved 3 bytes thanks to edc65

l=>l.map(n=>[...n].map((d,x)=>(m=(s[x]=(s[x]|0)-d)<m?s[c=x]:m,d)),s=[m=0]).map(n=>n[c]).filter(n=>n)


### Demo

let f =
l=>l.map(n=>[...n].map((d,x)=>(m=(s[x]=(s[x]|0)-d)<m?s[c=x]:m,d)),s=[m=0]).map(n=>n[c]).filter(n=>n)

console.log(f(["1", "11", "111", "1111"]).join,);          // --> [1, 1, 1, 1]
console.log(f(["1", "12", "123"]).join,);                  // --> [2, 2]
console.log(f(["987654321", "111"]).join,);                // --> [9, 1]
console.log(f(["111", "123456789"]).join,);                // --> 
console.log(f(["4", "8", "15", "16", "23", "42"]).join,);  // --> [4, 8, 1, 1, 2, 4]
console.log(f(["4", "8", "12", "26", "27", "38"]).join,);  // --> [2, 6, 7, 8]
console.log(f(["24", "53"]).join,);                        // --> [2, 5]
console.log(f(["12", "304", "506"]).join,);                // --> [4, 6]
console.log(f(["30", "285", "121"]).join,);                // --> [0, 8, 2]

• If you use (d,x)=>(...,d) then the inner map returns a copy of k, thus saving you having to assign k, which saves you 4 bytes. – Neil Sep 3 '16 at 16:22
• I think negating m, i.e. (s[x]=(s[x]|0)-d)<m, saves you a byte. – Neil Sep 3 '16 at 16:24
• @Neil - Good eye, as usual ;) – Arnauld Sep 3 '16 at 16:30
• I tried a filter-less approach. It turned out to be... 103 bytes! a=>a.map(n=>[...n+''].map((d,i)=>(t=s[i]=s[i]||,t.push(d),(t-=d)<m?r=t:0)),s=[],m=0)&&r.slice(1) – Neil Sep 4 '16 at 9:58
• You can get the input as a list of string and not numbers. That way you can cut the +'' – edc65 Sep 5 '16 at 8:19

# Pyth, 5 8 bytes

esDsMM.T


Takes in input as a list of strings, outputs as a nothing-separated list of digits.

Try it online!

Explanation:

      .T  Transpose input to zip together corresponding columns
sMM    Cast to digit lists
sD       sort(D) by (s)um
e         take last element, implicitly print

• Hmm, this doesn't seem to work for all testcases? I've tried the last one, and it gives a different output than in OP's question. – Kevin Cruijssen Sep 5 '16 at 8:43
• @KevinCruijssen Yeah, I messed up. It was sorting by integer value instead because of the strings messing with Pyth's overloading. – Steven H. Sep 5 '16 at 20:09

# Pyth, 11 bytes

h.MsZ.TmjdT


A program that takes input of a list of integers on STDIN and prints a list.

Try it online

How it works

h.MsZ.TmjdT  Program. Input: Q
j T   Yield the base-10 representation, giving a list of digits
m d   Map that over Q (implicit input fill)
.T      Justified transpose, giving each column as a list
.MsZ        Filter the above by maximum sum
h            First element of above
Implicitly print


# JavaScript (ES6), 90

(l,x)=>[...l+0].map((t,i)=>l.map(n=>(n=n[i])&&(v-=n,t.push(n)),v=t=[])|v>=x||(x=v,r=t))&&r


f=(l,x)=>[...l+0].map((t,i)=>l.map(n=>(n=n[i])&&(v-=n,t.push(n)),v=t=[])|v>=x||(x=v,r=t))&&r

;[
[[123, 7, 49, 681]       , [2,9,8]]
,[[25, 223, 302]          , [2, 2, 3]]
,[[1, 11, 111, 1111]      , [1, 1, 1, 1]]
,[[1, 12, 123]            , [2, 2]]
,[[987654321, 111]        , [9, 1]]
,[[111, 123456789]        , ]
,[[4, 8, 15, 16, 23, 42]  , [4, 8, 1, 1, 2, 4]]
,[[4, 8, 12, 26, 27, 38]  , [2, 6, 7, 8]]
,[[24, 53]                , [2, 5]]
,[[12, 304, 506]          , [4, 6]]
,[[30, 285, 121]          , [0, 8, 2]]]
.forEach(t=>{
var i=t, o=t, r, ok
i=i.map(x=>x+'') // convert i to a string list
r=f(i)
ok = (r+'')==(o+'') // compare r and o as comma separated strings
console.log(ok?'OK':'KO', i+' -> '+ r)

})

# Pyth - 9 bytes

esD_.TjRT