# Golf you a quine for great good!

Using your language of choice, golf a quine.

A quine is a non-empty computer program which takes no input and produces a copy of its own source code as its only output.

No cheating -- that means that you can't just read the source file and print it. Also, in many languages, an empty file is also a quine: that isn't considered a legit quine either.

No error quines -- there is already a separate challenge for error quines.

Points for:

• Smallest code (in bytes)
• Most obfuscated/obscure solution
• Using esoteric/obscure languages
• Successfully using languages that are difficult to golf in

The following Stack Snippet can be used to get a quick view of the current score in each language, and thus to know which languages have existing answers and what sort of target you have to beat:

var QUESTION_ID=69;
var OVERRIDE_USER=98;

getAnswers();var SCORE_REG=(function(){var headerTag=String.raw h\d
var score=String.raw \-?\d+\.?\d*
var normalText=String.raw [^\n<>]*
var strikethrough=String.raw <s>${normalText}</s>|<strike>${normalText}</strike>|<del>${normalText}</del> var noDigitText=String.raw [^\n\d<>]* var htmlTag=String.raw <[^\n<>]+> return new RegExp(String.raw <${headerTag}>+String.raw \s*([^\n,]*[^\s,]),.*?+String.raw (${score})+String.raw (?=+String.raw ${noDigitText}+String.raw (?:(?:${strikethrough}|${htmlTag})${noDigitText})*+String.raw </${headerTag}>+String.raw ))})();var OVERRIDE_REG=/^Override\s*header:\s*/i;function getAuthorName(a){return a.owner.display_name}
body='<h1>'+c.body.replace(OVERRIDE_REG,'')+'</h1>'});var match=body.match(SCORE_REG);if(match)
if(languages.hasOwnProperty(lang))
langs.push(languages[lang]);langs.sort(function(a,b){if(a.uniq>b.uniq)return 1;if(a.uniq<b.uniq)return-1;return 0});for(var i=0;i<langs.length;++i)
{var language=jQuery("#language-template").html();var lang=langs[i];language=language.replace("{{LANGUAGE}}",lang.lang).replace("{{NAME}}",lang.user).replace("{{SIZE}}",lang.size).replace("{{LINK}}",lang.link);language=jQuery(language);jQuery("#languages").append(language)}}
body{text-align:left!important}#answer-list{padding:10px;float:left}#language-list{padding:10px;float:left}table thead{font-weight:700}table td{padding:5px}
 <script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/2.1.1/jquery.min.js"></script> <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="https://cdn.sstatic.net/Sites/codegolf/primary.css?v=f52df912b654"> <div id="language-list"> <h2>Winners by Language</h2> <table class="language-list"> <thead> <tr><td>Language</td><td>User</td><td>Score</td></tr></thead> <tbody id="languages"> </tbody> </table> </div><div id="answer-list"> <h2>Leaderboard</h2> <table class="answer-list"> <thead> <tr><td></td><td>Author</td><td>Language</td><td>Size</td></tr></thead> <tbody id="answers"> </tbody> </table> </div><table style="display: none"> <tbody id="answer-template"> <tr><td>{{PLACE}}</td><td>{{NAME}}</td><td>{{LANGUAGE}}</td><td><a href="{{LINK}}">{{SIZE}}</a></td></tr></tbody> </table> <table style="display: none"> <tbody id="language-template"> <tr><td>{{LANGUAGE}}</td><td>{{NAME}}</td><td><a href="{{LINK}}">{{SIZE}}</a></td></tr></tbody> </table> 

• Do you not mean, "Golf you a quine for greater good!"? – Mateen Ulhaq May 3 '11 at 2:49
• @muntoo it's a play on "Learn you a Haskell for Great Good". – Rafe Kettler May 3 '11 at 2:52
• Did anybody notice that this is question 69? – aidan0626 Oct 24 '20 at 22:47

# Javascript REPL, 21 bytes

(_=$=>(_=${_})())()


# Foo, 136111 96 bytes

I'm surprised to see that there's no Foo quine here yet!

>&41>&60>&99>&36>&40>&60>&41>&62>&105>&36>&34>&38>&62>&34>&40>&62>&41>&60>&40(<)>(">&"$i>)<($c<)


Try it online!

## Explanation

This is pretty simple as far as quines go. There are two sections: the data and the decoder. The data is encoded on the array, and is decoded as such:

(<)>(">&"$i>)<($c<)


Which basically iterates once over the tape, outputting >& and the integer value of the cell, then iterating once again over the tape, outputting each character. The tape, then, is just the character codes of this decoder.

# Yabasic, 103 bytes

An anonymous Yabasic quine

c$=Chr$(34):q$="c$=Chr$(34):q$=:?Left$(q$,15)+c$+q$+c$+Mid$(q$,16)":?Left$(q$,15)+c$+q$+c$+Mid$(q$,16)



Includes a trailing newline

Try it online!

# Pascal (FPC), 103 bytes

const s=#39'const s=#39;begin write(s[2..12],s,s[10..50])end.'#39;begin write(s[2..12],s,s[10..50])end.


Try it online!

s is the string that the output is generated from. In Pascal, subtrings can be easily extracted with [from..to] syntax. #39 is replacement for ' using its ASCII codepoint. As seen in this program, sequences of character codepoints can be glued together with the rest of the string delimited with 's at any time. s consists of characters before and after 's concatenated together. #39 occurs immediately before first ' and after second ' so it can be put in s only once and used in both substrings in the output.

The version that may be more suitable in modified, quine-like programs is at 106 bytes:

const s='const s=;begin write(s[1..8],#39,s,#39,s[9..52])end.';begin write(s[1..8],#39,s,#39,s[9..52])end.


Try it online!

# !@#$%^&*()_+, 76 bytes 40Kjiiiiiiiiiiij,306j,6641,iK31,i,6j,,!!_+!^!&(@^!&)++!_+%(!_^^^^^^^^^^^_@%)  Try it online! The code can be decomposed into two sections: the data and the decoder. The data is this: 40Kjiiiiiiiiiiij,306j,6641,iK31,i,6j,,  Each character pushes itself, and corresponds to a command (shifted up by 11). The decoder is this: !!_+!^!&(@^!&)++!_+%(!_^^^^^^^^^^^_@%)  This can also be divided into two parts, one which prints the data raw, and one which decodes the data. This part prints the initial data segment: !!_+!^!&(@^!&)++!_+% !!_+ push 0 (duplicate twice then subtract) this is our delineator !^ push 1 (duplicate and increment) this is our pointer !& push the entry at that index in the stack ( ) until the dilineator is found: @ output the stack entry ^ increment pointer !& refresh entry at index ++!_+ pop top two (add twice, duplicate, subtract) % push 0 underneath stack  Then the decoder: (!_^^^^^^^^^^^_@%) ( %) For each character: !_ _ subtract ^^^^^^^^^^^ 11 @ and output it  # Muriel, 36 bytes A:"\";.\"A:\\\"\"+|A+A";."A:\""+|A+A  Try it online! Since Muriel isn't on TIO (yet!), I've included the interpreter in the link. Thanks Dennis! Quines are the base component of any complex Muriel program, since they're a requirement for any sort of loop. ### Explanation: A: Assign to A " ... "; An escaped version of ";."A:\""+|A+A . Print "A:\"" A:" +|A Escaped version of A +A Then A itself  # Aubergine, 16 bytes -a1+a1=oA:bA=iB  Try it online! The program has a trailing null byte. Works similarly to my hello world. ## Perl 6, 36 printf |(q<printf |(q<%s>xx 2)>xx 2)  Based on the Perl 5 quine. # Brachylog v2, 12 bytes "~k;?w₁";?w₁  Try it online! Full program. Essentially a translation of Fatalize's (non-builtin) Brachylog v1 answer, although it also uses different SWI-Prolog formatting sequences, or rather, a single different one, which saves about 20 bytes (both [34:s, both :34]s, and both ~cs). It seems to have existed back in 2016, but it was probably bugged or something. The last two bytes saved come from using the implicit input, which Brachylog being Brachylog is useful even when the program receives no input, because it's a variable (so instead of explicitly unifying the string with S, we just let it be implicitly unified with ?).  w Print "~k;?w₁" "~k;?w₁" which is the input ₁ formatted with ;? the input. ~k (so that the ~k is replaced with the input's canonical representation, i.e. in quotes)  We don't actually need to use implicit input--"~kgjw₁"gjw₁ works just as well (and might even translate back to v1)--but doing so regardless manages to both more closely mirror the structure of the original and feel cleverer. # C (gcc), 85 bytes #define q(k)main(){puts(#k"\nq("#k")");} q(#define q(k)main(){puts(#k"\nq("#k")");})  Try it online! The q() macro expands into a program that prints out its argument on the first line, and prints out the argument called by q() itself in the second line. So: #define q(k)main(){puts(#k"\nq("#k")");} q(foo)  would expand into: main(){puts("foo""\nq(""foo"")");}  and after string literal concatenation, becomes: main(){puts("foo\nq(foo)");}  And executing and running the program would produce: foo q(foo)  Replacing foo with the macro definition itself results in the quine. ## C, 353 bytes char q[]={125,59,109,97,105,110,40,41,123,112,114,105,110,116,102,40,34,99,104,97,114,32,113,91,93,61,123,34,41,59,99,104,97,114,42,112,61,113,59,119,104,105,108,101,40,42,112,41,112,114,105,110,116,102,40,34,37,100,44,34,44,42,112,43,43,41,59,112,117,116,115,40,113,41,59,125,};main(){printf("char q[]={");char*p=q;while(*p)printf("%d,",*p++);puts(q);}  • With some golfing, including changing it from hexadecimal to decimal, this can be 354 bytes – Jo King Aug 2 '19 at 2:04 • The link itself is a gcc compiler and it works fine. Are you sure they aren't just warnings? – Jo King Aug 2 '19 at 2:51 • If only the output is erroring, then what is the difference between the two programs? What version of gcc are you using? – Jo King Aug 2 '19 at 3:15 • ... What is the difference between the code of the two programs, not their behaviour. I already know that the second one fails. The version TIO uses is 8.3, and that works fine. – Jo King Aug 2 '19 at 3:32 • I don't care about the output of the second generation quine. I would like to know the output of the first program, the one that didn't fail and produced something that did. I don't want to know about the errors that you have commented about several times already. I would like to know the difference between the program I have given you and its output. You can put the program in an online compiler like I have and link it in a comment below. – Jo King Aug 2 '19 at 3:49 # Javascript (REPL), 2322 21 bytes someone else posted this first (_=x=>(_=${_})())()


paste into chrome console or equivalent to test

# JavaScript (V8), 4948 47 bytes

@NieDzejkob saved 1 byte on both versions

console.log((_=x=>console.log((_=${_})()))())  Try it online! # Wren, 287 bytes var a="[118,97,114,32,97,61,34].each{|m|System.write(String.fromCodePoint(m))} System.write(a+String.fromCodePoint(34)+String.fromCodePoint(10)+a)" [118,97,114,32,97,61,34].each{|m|System.write(String.fromCodePoint(m))} System.write(a+String.fromCodePoint(34)+String.fromCodePoint(10)+a)  Try it online! ## Explanation var a= // Define the variable a "[118,97,114,32,97,61,34].each{|m|System.write(String.fromCodePoint(m))} System.write(a+String.fromCodePoint(34)+String.fromCodePoint(10)+a)" // As the string that processes the variable // A literal newline is inserted and can be decoded literally. [118,97,114,32,97,61,34].each{|m|System.write(String.fromCodePoint(m))} // Output the string "var a=" to the console System.write( // Output without a newline: a // The string a +String.fromCodePoint(34) // Plus a quote +String.fromCodePoint(10) // Plus a newline +a) // Plus the string again $$$$  • Why doesn't fromByte work in place of fromCodePoint? – Jo King Oct 29 '19 at 23:28 • I have absolutely no idea. – user85052 Oct 30 '19 at 3:57 # Symbolic Raku, 36 bytes $_={$_~"<$_>)"}(<$_={$_~"<$_>)"}(>)  Try it online! ### Explanation: $_=                                   # Set the output to
{          }(                  )   # The result of the code block
<                >    # With this string:
$_={$_~"<$_>)"}( # The first half of the program$_~                               # Concatenate this string with

# 33, 24 bytes

"34cke12ketp"34cke12ketp


Try it online!

### Explanation:

"34cke12ketp"               Push the string 34c0ke13ketp to the source string
34c            Put 34 in the accumulator
k           Push a " to the destination string
e          Append the source string to the destination string
12k       Push a " to the end of the destination string
e      Append the source string to the destination string
t     Swap the source and the destination string
p    And print the source string


# 4, 3101 bytes

3.611102101111601492000010000000160111200001000000016010020000100000001601002000010000000160139200001000000016019520000100000001601842000010000000160199200001000000016019920000100000001601092000010000000160190200001000000016010920000100000001601912000010000000160111200001000000016019920000100000001601992000010000000160121200001000000016011020000100000001601092000010000000160193200001000000016010020000100000001601892000010000000160101200001000000016011020000100000001601102000010000000160130200001000000016013020000100000001601002000010000000160100200001000000016019920000100000001601002000010000000160100200001000000016010920000100000001601202000010000000160100200001000000016010220000100000001601312000010000000160199200001000000016019920000100000001601282000010000000160199200001000000016019920000100000001601902000010000000160111200001000000016019920000100000001601992000010000000160127200001000000016019920000100000001601992000010000000160191200001000000016011120000100000001601892000010000000160179200001000000016012120000100000001601192000010000000160198200001000000016019320000100000001601992000010000000160110200001000000016019920000100000001601102000010000000160119200001000000016019920000100000001601922000010000000160101200001000000016011020000100000001601992000010000000160131200001000000016010820000100000001601042000010000000160100200001000000016011020000100000001601092000010000000160190200001000000016013020000100000001601302000010000000160160200001000000016019920000100000001601602000010000000160110200001000000016013020000100000001601302000010000000160151200001000000016010320000100000001601032000010000000160105200001000000016011020000100000001601302000010000000160130200001000000016010220000100000001601822000010000000160103200001000000016010120000100000001601182000010000000160129200001000000016012220000100000001601312000010000000160152200001000000016018220000100000001601252000010000000160110200001000000016012520000100000001601222000010000000160151200001000000016015120000100000001601022000010000000160120200001000000016011320000100000001601152000010000000160112200001000000016011120000100000001601012000010000000160131200001000000016012920000100000001601452000010000000160194200001000000016015920000100000001601452000010000000160194200001000000016015820000100000001601452000010000000160194200001000000016015020000100000001601552000010000000160184200001000000016015920000100000001601452000010000000160194200001000000016015920000100000001601452000010000000160145200001000000016015120000100000001601052000010000000160115200001000000016015420000100000001601542000010000000160156200001000000016011520000100000001601152000010000000160160200001000000016015020000100000001601562000010000000160194200001000000016019420000100000001601682000010000000160148200001000000016014620000100000001648486494965050651516545455150155454954954954855054954854954954954921310112151310220151522520152282513229281103028200303015030301503030106990603030990010040801399011029999101990199398991129798111999997299991109999982999913200002900000990000030301011098003990011299991119900990999948599300001194


Try it online!

### Explanation

3.           Required boilerplate
6 11 10      Set cell 11 to 10
2 10 11 11   Set cell 10 to cell 11*cell 11 (10*10=100)

-- Data Section --
Every pair of digits in the program are represented by
6 01 49      Set cell 01 to the two digits joined together
2 00 00 10   Multiply cell 00 by 100
0 00 00 01   Add cell 01 to 00

This essentially makes cell 00 the rest of the program after the data section

6 48 48      Set each of the cells 48,49,50,51,54 to their respective values
6 49 49
6 50 50
6 51 51
6 54 54

551501554549549549548550549548549549549549  Print the initial section ('3.611102101111')

2 13 10 11   Initialise various powers of 10
2 15 13 10
2 20 15 15
2 25 20 15
2 28 25 13
2 29 28 11

0 30 28 20   Create the number '1000000010000200106', which is each data part backwards
0 30 30 15
0 30 30 15
0 30 30 10
6 99 06
0 30 30 99

0 01 00 40   Copy cell 00 to cell 01

8 01         Loop while cell 01 is not zero

3 99 01 10    Integer divide cell 01 by 100 and store in cell 99
2 99 99 10    Multiply cell 99 by 100
1 99 01 99    Subtract cell 99 from cell 01 to get cell 01 modulo 100

3 98 99 11
2 97 98 11
1 99 99 97
2 99 99 11
0 99 99 98    Swap the two digits of the modulo result
2 99 99 13    Multiply it by 1000

2 00 00 29    Multiply cell 00 by 10**19
0 00 00 30    And append a copy of a data part
0 00 00 99    And insert the modulo result in the correct place

3 01 01 10    And divide cell 01 by 100
9            End loop

Now we print the number in cell 00 in reverse

8 00         Loop while cell 00 is non-zero
3 99 00 11    Get the last digit of cell 00
2 99 99 11
1 99 00 99

0 99 99 48    Add the digit to '0'
5 99          And print

3 00 00 11    Divide cell 00 by 10
9            End loop

• I should write a SEDE query to see how many of the 362 quines you've written. – Razetime Sep 19 '20 at 17:00
• @Razetime A search for inquestion:69 user:76162 currently puts it at 32 – Jo King Sep 19 '20 at 21:44
• 8% of all the answers. I'm waiting for the day 50% comes. – Razetime Sep 20 '20 at 3:35

# pl – Perl One-Liner Magic Wand, 22 bytes

Very late to the party, just for fun. This decades old Perl wrapper, was only released into the wild, when Corona went viral.

There are 3 quines in the examples page. The one of interest here is the last, and of that the 2nd 1-letter alias variant. It's essentially the same as the Perl one, which it beats by 6 bytes. As on many examples on that page, hover the ▶ button, or the blue code box, to see the result.

&f(qw(&f(qw(%s)x2))x2)

• Welcome to the site and nice first answer! The "default" online interpreter we use on this site, Try It Online!, has pl listed, so I've edited your answer slightly so it's closer to our standard format. Please, feel free to check out our main questions page for more challenges you can attempt! – caird coinheringaahing Oct 15 '20 at 21:00
• @caird-coinheringaahing Thanks, but that's a different pl. It implements some weird undocumented highly specialized language. It has nothing to do with Perl, other than being implemented in it. It's a total coincidence that it spews out my quine ;-) – Daniel Oct 15 '20 at 21:09
• Huh, a very weird coincidence. My mistake, I've rolled back my edit – caird coinheringaahing Oct 15 '20 at 21:10
• @caird-coinheringaahing Actually not such a weird coincidence. Apart from the few (code golf only?) tasks that other pl language is capable of performing, everything you throw at it seems to be a quine. Like calling cat a language. – Daniel Oct 16 '20 at 21:49

# C (gcc), 70 bytes

#define a(b)*s=#b;b
a(main(){printf("#define a(b)*s=#b;b\na(%s)",s);})


Try it online!

# Groovy, 90 bytes

s='s=\\\';s[0..1]+s[3]+s[0..1]+s[2]*6+s[3..-1]*2';s[0..1]+s[3]+s[0..1]+s[2]*6+s[3..-1]*2


Edit

Works in GroovyConsole

# Perl 5, 24 bytes

print<<""x2
print<<""x2



24 bytes without any options.

Try it online!

# Jq -rn, 18 bytes

"|@json+."|@json+.

"|@json+."         # the string
|        # through the filter
@json   # json encoded
+  # concatenated with
. # itself


with Text_IO;use Text_IO;procedure Q is M:Character:='"';T:String:="with Text_IO;use Text_IO;procedure Q is M:Character:=';T:String:=;begin Put_Line(T(1..54)&M&T(54..65)&M&T&M&T(66..126));end Q;";begin Put_Line(T(1..54)&M&T(54..65)&M&T&M&T(66..126));end Q;


pretty printed:

with Text_IO;
use Text_IO;
procedure Quine is
M : Character := '"';
T : String := "with Text_IO;use Text_IO;" &
"procedure Q is M:Character:=';T:String:=;" &
"begin Put_Line(T(1..54)&M&T(54..65)&M&T&M&T(66..126));end Q;";
begin
Put_Line(T(1..54)&M&T(54..65)&M&T&M&T(66..126));
end Quine;


this program actually produces the short version (output can be redirected to q.adb).

Pretty certain you can't get shorter than this with Common Lisp. The first one I managed to figure out myself; all credit to http://rosettacode.org/wiki/Quine#Common_Lisp for the second one.

# Common Lisp - 9 (With REPL)

(write -)


In Common Lisp, - is a special variable that holds the expression currently being evaluated but only during a read-eval-print loop. If you're running from a script or you've disabled the REPL though...

# Common Lisp - 25 (No REPL)

#1=(write '#1# :circle t)


This references itself and then prints itself out. :circle t makes it detect the infinite recursion cycle and exit early.

# CJam, 1 byte

Note: CJam was made after this challenge was posted, I am posting this answer as documentation as opposed to a serious entry.

0


Pushes a 0 to the stack, and CJam automatically outputs the stack after program execution.

• Don't forget newlines. – CalculatorFeline May 28 '17 at 1:39
• One part of the program does not encode another, so this program is invalid – MilkyWay90 Feb 5 '19 at 18:04
• @MilkyWay90 Am I missing something about the definition of a quine? The challenge simply states "A quine is a non-empty computer program which takes no input and produces a copy of its own source code as its only output." This seems to do that. – Ethan Chapman Mar 31 at 18:15

# ForceLang with this module, 87 bytes

Noncompeting, language postdates the challenge

set j require njs
j var f=function(){print("set j require njs\nj var f="+f+";f()")};f()