Calculate the first n perfect numbers [closed]

Write a program that calculates the first n perfect numbers. A perfect number is one where the sum of the factors is the original number. For example, 6 is a perfect number because 1+2+3=6. No non standard libraries.The standard loopholes are forbidden.

closed as unclear what you're asking by Calvin's Hobbies, es1024, xnor, NinjaBearMonkey, Kyle KanosMay 7 '15 at 13:18

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• Please clarify: What is a non-standard library? Also, how should output be given? – isaacg May 7 '15 at 6:09
• Related. – Martin Ender May 7 '15 at 7:25

CJam, 24 bytes

1{{2*_(mp!}g__(*2/p}ri*;

Try it online.

Makes use of the Euclid–Euler theorem:

An even number P is perfect iff P = 2 ** (N - 1) * (2 ** N - 1) where 2 ** N - 1 is prime.

Disclaimer

If there are odd perfect numbers, this code will fail to generate them. However, there are no known odd perfect numbers.

How it works

1                        e# A := 1
{                 }ri*  e# do int(input()) times:
{       }g             e#   do:
2*                    e#     A *= 2
_(                  e#     M := A - 1
mp!               e#   while(prime(P))
__(2/        e#   P := A * (A - 1) / 2
p       e#   print(P)

Pyth, 25 bytes

J1W<lYQy=JI!tPKtyJaY*JK;Y

Tests whether Mersenne numbers are prime. If so, it generates the corresponding perfect number. Can find the first 8 perfect numbers in under a second.

Note: Only generates even perfect numbers. However, since it has been proven that any odd perfect number is greater than 10^1500, this algorithm is correct on inputs up to 14.

Demonstration.

• This answer will skip odd perfect numbers. – orlp May 7 '15 at 5:38

Pyth - 27 25 bytes

Extremely super slow brute force approach.

K2W<ZQ~K1IqKsf!%KTr1KK~Z1

Trial division to factor, then while loop till length of perfect numbers is enough.

• Does prime factorization using P speed anything up? – orlp May 7 '15 at 3:41
• @orlp possibly, but we want all factors, not primes. – Maltysen May 7 '15 at 20:37
• I'm aware, but you can compute the sigma function from the factorization. – orlp May 8 '15 at 3:54