Your program reads from standard input and prints to standard output.
The first thing you'll be receiving on stdinput will be the ruleset for your firewall (until you encounter a double newline).
We'll start explaining the ruleset itself with some sample input:
/* header abbreviations added for demonstration purposes only */ /> Allow (A) or Block (B) | | /> Source (incl. mask) | | | | /> Destination (incl. mask) | | | | | | /> Source port(s) | | | | | | | | /> Destination port(s) | | | | | A 192.168.1.0/24 0.0.0.0/0 1024:65536 80 A 0.0.0.0/0 192.168.1.0/24 80 1024:65536 A 192.168.1.1/32 0.0.0.0/0 80 1024:65536 A 0.0.0.0/0 192.168.1.1/32 1024:65536 80 B 0.0.0.0/0 0.0.0.0/0 * *
- Rules are processed in cascading order. Once you find a matching rule, determine the outcome and stop processing.
- If a packet does not match any given rule, block it (sane defaults).
- Elements of a rule are single-space delimited.
- Source and destination adresses will provide a netmask. Be sure to filter accordingly.
- The specification of the source and destinations ports must support the following syntax:
- Single ports: e.g. "80"
- Inclusive port ranges: e.g. "1024:65536"
- All ports: e.g. "*"
- You may assume input to be well-formed.
After the double newline, you'll receive (one or more) newline seperated input packets to test according to the ruleset you've now acquired.
Some sample input for the packets to clarify:
/* header abbreviations added for demonstration purposes only */ /> Source | | /> Source port | | | | /> Destination | | | | | | /> Destination port | | | | 192.168.1.18 1036 220.127.116.11 22 18.104.22.168 2400 192.168.1.1 80
You'll examine these input packets and determine the outcome of filtering according to the rules.
The above sample input (ruleset + packets) should thus yield the following output:
BLOCK 192.168.1.18 1036 22.214.171.124 22 ALLOW 126.96.36.199 2400 192.168.1.1 80
The output is basically no more than 'BLOCK' or 'ALLOW' followed by a space and the verbatim input line.
- This is code golf, the shortest (source code, by byte count) solution wins. Have fun!
- You are not allowed to use specific IP address handling features of your language.
- Specialized languages for routing or firewalling will be excluded from contending for first place (if they exist).
- If any part of the question is ambiguous or in need of further clarification, feel free to comment.