# Make an error quine!

Your challenge: write a "program", for a language of your choice, that causes the compiler/interpreter/runtime to produce error output when compiling/running your program which is identical to your program's source code.

Rules:

• Your program may be specific to a particular version or implementation of your language's compiler/interpreter/runtime environment. If so, please specify the particulars.
• Only standard compiler/interpreter/runtime options are permitted. You cannot pass some weird flag to your compiler to get a specific result.
• The program does not need to be syntactically or semantically valid, but I may give a bounty to the best syntactically valid submission.
• The program must not produce any output of its own (e.g. by calling a print or output function). All output generated upon attempting to compile/run the program must originate from the compiler/interpreter/runtime.
• The complete output of the compiler/interpreter/runtime must be exactly identical to your program source code.
• The compiler/interpreter/runtime must generate at least one error message when invoked with your program.

This is a popularity contest. Most creative answer, as determined by upvotes, wins. If you can give a good case for using a standard loophole, you may do so.

• What is "error output"? And what does it mean to "generate an error message"? More specifically: 1) Does the output have to be to stderr? 2) If the runtime logs an error to syslog and doesn't write anything to stderr, what should be compared to the source of the program? 3) If the runtime throws an exception internally when given an empty program, but requires a flag to actually print the exception and so ends up exiting with a non-zero exit code but no output, has an error message been generated? – Peter Taylor Aug 16 '14 at 9:24
• I tried doing this in java and got a p3 oscilator. This was the shortest phase: (Compile from q.java): Error: Could not find or load main class Q – SuperJedi224 Jun 1 '15 at 12:57
• Ha, because of a syntactic ambiguity in the first sentence, I thought the challenge here was to produce a program which normally produces no output, but if you pass its own code to it as input, it produces an error. – Steve Bennett Apr 10 '17 at 6:32
• When reporting an error, APL always prints a customizable error name, optionally an error message, the name of the program that caused the error, the (bracketed) line number where the error occurred, the line of code that caused the error, and a line with a caret indicating where parsing stopped. Any hope for participation here? – Adám May 7 '17 at 21:50
• @SteveBennett Why haven't you made that challenge yet? – CalculatorFeline May 28 '17 at 1:53

# Ed (1 byte)

All the other solutions thus far are long and ugly. I suppose that is because of the nature of most error messages. But a good error message is elegant in its simplicity. For that, look no further than ed.

?


Save this to a file called edscript and run with ed < edscript, or run ed<<<?. The result:

?


The question mark is written to stderr and ed returns 1, so this actually is an error message. I wonder why ed isn't very popular?

# False (0 bytes)

Run with false filename. It writes the program's source code (i.e. nothing) to stderr and returns 1. Of course, calling false a programming language is questionable, and the zero byte quine is unoriginal, but I thought I might as well add it. There is probably some interpreter for a language that prints no error messages, and could replace false.

Now I wish this was code golf.

• I was looking through the (long) list of esolangs to find a language like this. This is the weakness of this challenge. It's not about writing a clever program, it's about cleverly choosing the language. :/ – Ingo Bürk Aug 16 '14 at 16:24
• @IngoBürk Fortunately this is a popularity contest, not a golf. – fluffy Aug 16 '14 at 20:11
• The 0-byte False is also the same code that at one time won the "Worst Abuse of the Rules" award by the IOCCC for making the theoretically shortest quinine. It had plenty of compiler errors, though, and it was written in K&R C, not ISO C (which is stricter). – Isiah Meadows Aug 17 '14 at 8:28
• @IngoBürk Many real-life problems are about cleverly choosing the language, too. :P – Sarge Borsch Aug 18 '14 at 14:32
• @Mendeleev *Quine (Until somewhat recently, I've constantly misread "quine" as "quinine" for some reason...) – Isiah Meadows Jun 20 '17 at 12:47

## Windows Command Prompt

& was unexpected at this time.


• Note that this works with | also. – MD XF May 7 '17 at 21:01
• & was unexpected at this time. +1 – workoverflow Dec 11 '17 at 10:44

## CoffeeScript, syntactically valid

As tested on their website using Chrome or Firefox.

ReferenceError: defined is not defined


You can replace defined with anything that's not a built-in variable, but I thought this version was fun. Unfortunately, undefined is not defined in particular doesn't work as a quine.

In CoffeeScript this isn't even a syntax error, because it compiles. This is technically a runtime error in JavaScript, albeit a boring one. CoffeeScript is a likely candidate to produce some more interesting runtime error quines because a lot of funny sentences are valid code. E.g. the above example compiles to

({
ReferenceError: defined === !defined
});

• defined is by definedition defined. Wha...how...? – CalculatorFeline Feb 24 '17 at 3:18
• Undefined is not defined (with a capital U) seems to work lol – Shieru Asakoto Oct 11 '18 at 1:49

# Python

## Spyder

Well, a rather trivial solution for the Spyder IDE is to raise a SyntaxError.

Code and identical output:

Traceback (most recent call last):
File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module>
File "/Applications/Spyder.app/Contents/Resources/lib/python2.7/spyderlib/widgets/externalshell/sitecustomize.py", line 540, in runfile
execfile(filename, namespace)
File "/Users/falko/golf.py", line 1
Traceback (most recent call last):
^
SyntaxError: invalid syntax


(Python 2.7.8 with Spyder 2.2.5)

## Terminal

An alternative solution for Python started from command line struggles with an unexpected indent.

Command:

python golf.py


Code and identical output:

  File "golf.py", line 1
File "golf.py", line 1
^
IndentationError: unexpected indent


## ideone.com

On ideone.com a solution might be as follows. (Try it!)

Code and identical output:

Traceback (most recent call last):

File "<string>", line 1, in <module>
File "/usr/lib/python2.7/py_compile.py", line 117, in compile
raise py_exc
py_compile.PyCompileError: SyntaxError: ('invalid syntax', ('prog.py', 1, 22, 'Traceback (most recent call last):\n'))


(This is for Python 2. An example for Python 3 is trivial but with 15 lines of "code" rather lengthy.)

# General approach:

## How to create your own solution in 2 minutes?

1. Open a new file in an IDE of your choice.
3. Compile.
4. Replace the code with the compiler error message.
5. Repeat steps 3 and 4 until the code converges.

I bet such a procedure terminates pretty quickly in most cases!

• As you can probably tell, I'm using that general approach. It doesn't work when the copied code progressively increases the amount of compiler errors. :-) – rink.attendant.6 Aug 16 '14 at 9:30
• @rink.attendant.6: That's when our much-valued expert knowledge about software engineering is required. ;) – Falko Aug 16 '14 at 9:33
• @rink.attendant.6 Or when you are sent off running in circles. Try it in the Excel-VBA immediate window. – Dennis Jaheruddin Aug 18 '14 at 13:14
• I did step 1, 2, and 3, but I couldn't do step 4, the perl code was perfectly valid! – rodolphito Nov 20 '14 at 4:48
• Hey how about this in the python stock IDE, SyntaxError: invalid syntax produces the same thing too :) – Gurupad Mamadapur Oct 11 '16 at 7:37

## ><> - 25 Bytes

something smells fishy...


In Fish, any bad instruction outputs the error: "something smells fishy...". Since s is not a valid command, it errors immediately.

• Please note that the language name is ><>, which is usually pronounced "fish". – Aaron Aug 31 '15 at 12:54
• And it's really "Something smells fishy..." – Conor O'Brien Oct 15 '15 at 2:31
• @CᴏɴᴏʀO'Bʀɪᴇɴ On the python interpreter, it is indeed something smells fishy..., but it is Something smells fishy... on the online interpreter. It's dependent on the interpreter. – Addison Crump Oct 17 '15 at 21:47
• @VTCAKAVSMoACE Ah, thanks. – Conor O'Brien Oct 18 '15 at 1:31
• Cuz 'fish' is the name of the shell program/language for the 90s! – Nick T Oct 11 '16 at 19:01

# Windows .EXE, 248 bytes

The version of this file is not compatible with the version of Windows you're running. Check your computer's system information to see whether you need an x86 (32-bit) or x64 (64-bit) version of the program, and then contact the software publisher.


No, really. Save as quine.txt, then rename to quine.exe (or download it here):

# Whitespace

First I thought this is clearly impossible. But actually it is trivial as well. -.-

Fail: Input.hs:108: Non-exhaustive patterns in function parseNum'


Try it.

Yeah, my first whitespace program! ;)

• Can we even call this a whitespace program? – V. Courtois Jul 26 '18 at 6:42
• Is this an interpreter bug? – immibis Aug 27 at 1:34

# Chicken

Error on line 1: expected 'chicken'

• What a peculiar language – Albert Renshaw Apr 13 '17 at 8:36
• Link to language is dead. – pppery Aug 23 at 3:26
• @pppery Fixed. I should probably get this on TIO. – Dennis Aug 23 at 12:00

# JavaScript

Since different browsers use different JavaScript compilers, they produce different messages. These are, however, rather trivial solutions.

## V8 (Chrome 36 / Node.js)

SyntaxError: Unexpected identifier


## SpiderMonkey (Firefox 31)

SyntaxError: missing ; before statement


## Chakra (Internet Explorer 11)

Expected ';'


• In jsc: Exception: SyntaxError: Unexpected identifier 'identifier' :D – clap Nov 2 '15 at 6:59
• @ConfusedMr_C That's a wierd token to choke on. – SuperJedi224 Nov 2 '15 at 13:59
• @SuperJedi224 Yes. At least it works :P – clap Nov 2 '15 at 15:24

## Commodore 64 Basic

?SYNTAX  ERROR


When run on the emulator of your choice (or an actual Commodore 64), produces

?SYNTAX  ERROR


This is, in fact, a syntactically-valid one-line program. The question mark is a shortcut for PRINT, and SYNTAX and ERROR are valid variable names. The error occurs because the parser gets confused by the substring OR in ERROR.

• If the parser gets confused and throws a syntax error, doesn't that make it not syntactically valid? – Martin Ender Aug 16 '14 at 10:16
• @MartinBüttner, that really depends on which you consider the authority for "valid syntax": the language description, or the language implementation. – Mark Aug 16 '14 at 10:18
• I see, so technically is syntactically valid but it's tripping up the parser due to a bug of a particular implementation? – Martin Ender Aug 16 '14 at 10:22
• More or less, confounded by the fact that there is only one implementation. – Mark Aug 18 '14 at 19:16
• Nitpick: CBM BASIC actually prints two spaces, not one, between "SYNTAX" and "ERROR". Unfortunately I can't edit this answer to correct it, as Stack Exchange imposes a silly 6-character minimum for edits. – Psychonaut Oct 16 '15 at 14:53

## Microsoft Excel

Formula: #DIV/0!

Error Message: #DIV/0!

In order to enter a formula without using an equals sign, go into Excel Options/Advanced/Lotus Compatibility Settings and enable Transition Formula Entry.

# Bash (32)

Save as file named x:

x: line 1: x:: command not found


When run:

>> bash x


## Java 8 compilation error quine (12203 bytes)

Generated on windows + mingw with java 1.8.0_11 jdk, using this command:

echo a > Q.java; while true; do javac Q.java 2> Q.err; if [ $(diff Q.err Q.java | wc -c) -eq 0 ]; then break; fi; cat Q.err > Q.java; done  May not be the shortest one, may not be the longest one either, more a proof of concept. Works because error output shows at most 100 errors. Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ Q.java:1: error: <identifier> expected Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ Q.java:1: error: <identifier> expected Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ Q.java:1: error: as of release 5, 'enum' is a keyword, and may not be used as an identifier Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ (use -source 1.4 or lower to use 'enum' as an identifier) Q.java:1: error: = expected Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ Q.java:2: error: <identifier> expected Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ Q.java:2: error: ';' expected Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ Q.java:2: error: illegal start of type Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ Q.java:2: error: = expected Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ Q.java:2: error: <identifier> expected Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ Q.java:2: error: <identifier> expected Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ Q.java:2: error: as of release 5, 'enum' is a keyword, and may not be used as an identifier Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ (use -source 1.4 or lower to use 'enum' as an identifier) Q.java:2: error: = expected Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ Q.java:3: error: illegal start of type ^ ^ Q.java:4: error: = expected Q.java:1: error: <identifier> expected ^ Q.java:4: error: <identifier> expected Q.java:1: error: <identifier> expected ^ Q.java:4: error: ';' expected Q.java:1: error: <identifier> expected ^ Q.java:4: error: illegal start of type Q.java:1: error: <identifier> expected ^ Q.java:4: error: = expected Q.java:1: error: <identifier> expected ^ Q.java:5: error: '(' expected Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ Q.java:5: error: <identifier> expected Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ Q.java:5: error: ';' expected Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ Q.java:5: error: illegal start of type Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ Q.java:5: error: = expected Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ Q.java:5: error: <identifier> expected Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ Q.java:5: error: <identifier> expected Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ Q.java:5: error: as of release 5, 'enum' is a keyword, and may not be used as an identifier Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ (use -source 1.4 or lower to use 'enum' as an identifier) Q.java:5: error: = expected Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ Q.java:6: error: illegal start of type ^ ^ Q.java:7: error: = expected Q.java:1: error: <identifier> expected ^ Q.java:7: error: <identifier> expected Q.java:1: error: <identifier> expected ^ Q.java:7: error: ';' expected Q.java:1: error: <identifier> expected ^ Q.java:7: error: illegal start of type Q.java:1: error: <identifier> expected ^ Q.java:7: error: = expected Q.java:1: error: <identifier> expected ^ Q.java:8: error: '(' expected Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ Q.java:8: error: <identifier> expected Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ Q.java:8: error: ';' expected Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ Q.java:8: error: illegal start of type Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ Q.java:8: error: = expected Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ Q.java:8: error: <identifier> expected Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ Q.java:8: error: <identifier> expected Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ Q.java:8: error: as of release 5, 'enum' is a keyword, and may not be used as an identifier Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ (use -source 1.4 or lower to use 'enum' as an identifier) Q.java:8: error: = expected Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ Q.java:9: error: illegal start of type ^ ^ Q.java:10: error: = expected Q.java:1: error: as of release 5, 'enum' is a keyword, and may not be used as an identifier ^ Q.java:10: error: <identifier> expected Q.java:1: error: as of release 5, 'enum' is a keyword, and may not be used as an identifier ^ Q.java:10: error: ';' expected Q.java:1: error: as of release 5, 'enum' is a keyword, and may not be used as an identifier ^ Q.java:10: error: illegal start of type Q.java:1: error: as of release 5, 'enum' is a keyword, and may not be used as an identifier ^ Q.java:10: error: = expected Q.java:1: error: as of release 5, 'enum' is a keyword, and may not be used as an identifier ^ Q.java:10: error: = expected Q.java:1: error: as of release 5, 'enum' is a keyword, and may not be used as an identifier ^ Q.java:10: error: illegal start of type Q.java:1: error: as of release 5, 'enum' is a keyword, and may not be used as an identifier ^ Q.java:10: error: <identifier> expected Q.java:1: error: as of release 5, 'enum' is a keyword, and may not be used as an identifier ^ Q.java:10: error: unclosed character literal Q.java:1: error: as of release 5, 'enum' is a keyword, and may not be used as an identifier ^ Q.java:10: error: ';' expected Q.java:1: error: as of release 5, 'enum' is a keyword, and may not be used as an identifier ^ Q.java:10: error: unclosed character literal Q.java:1: error: as of release 5, 'enum' is a keyword, and may not be used as an identifier ^ Q.java:10: error: = expected Q.java:1: error: as of release 5, 'enum' is a keyword, and may not be used as an identifier ^ Q.java:10: error: = expected Q.java:1: error: as of release 5, 'enum' is a keyword, and may not be used as an identifier ^ Q.java:10: error: = expected Q.java:1: error: as of release 5, 'enum' is a keyword, and may not be used as an identifier ^ Q.java:10: error: = expected Q.java:1: error: as of release 5, 'enum' is a keyword, and may not be used as an identifier ^ Q.java:11: error: <identifier> expected Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ Q.java:11: error: ';' expected Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ Q.java:11: error: illegal start of type Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ Q.java:11: error: = expected Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ Q.java:11: error: <identifier> expected Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ Q.java:11: error: <identifier> expected Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ Q.java:11: error: as of release 5, 'enum' is a keyword, and may not be used as an identifier Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ (use -source 1.4 or lower to use 'enum' as an identifier) Q.java:11: error: = expected Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ Q.java:12: error: illegal start of type ^ ^ Q.java:12: error: <identifier> expected ^ ^ Q.java:13: error: = expected (use -source 1.4 or lower to use 'enum' as an identifier) ^ Q.java:13: error: ';' expected (use -source 1.4 or lower to use 'enum' as an identifier) ^ Q.java:13: error: <identifier> expected (use -source 1.4 or lower to use 'enum' as an identifier) ^ Q.java:13: error: = expected (use -source 1.4 or lower to use 'enum' as an identifier) ^ Q.java:13: error: ';' expected (use -source 1.4 or lower to use 'enum' as an identifier) ^ Q.java:13: error: = expected (use -source 1.4 or lower to use 'enum' as an identifier) ^ Q.java:13: error: unclosed character literal (use -source 1.4 or lower to use 'enum' as an identifier) ^ Q.java:13: error: unclosed character literal (use -source 1.4 or lower to use 'enum' as an identifier) ^ Q.java:13: error: = expected (use -source 1.4 or lower to use 'enum' as an identifier) ^ Q.java:14: error: <identifier> expected Q.java:1: error: = expected ^ Q.java:14: error: ';' expected Q.java:1: error: = expected ^ Q.java:14: error: illegal start of type Q.java:1: error: = expected ^ Q.java:14: error: = expected Q.java:1: error: = expected ^ Q.java:14: error: illegal start of type Q.java:1: error: = expected ^ Q.java:15: error: = expected Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ Q.java:15: error: illegal start of type Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ Q.java:15: error: = expected Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ Q.java:15: error: illegal start of type Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ Q.java:15: error: <identifier> expected Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ Q.java:15: error: = expected Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ Q.java:15: error: ';' expected Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ Q.java:15: error: <identifier> expected Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ Q.java:15: error: <identifier> expected Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ Q.java:15: error: as of release 5, 'enum' is a keyword, and may not be used as an identifier Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ (use -source 1.4 or lower to use 'enum' as an identifier) Q.java:15: error: = expected Q.java:1: error: class, interface, or enum expected ^ Q.java:16: error: illegal start of type ^ ^ Q.java:17: error: = expected Q.java:2: error: <identifier> expected ^ Q.java:17: error: <identifier> expected Q.java:2: error: <identifier> expected ^ Q.java:17: error: ';' expected Q.java:2: error: <identifier> expected ^ Q.java:17: error: illegal start of type Q.java:2: error: <identifier> expected ^ Q.java:17: error: = expected Q.java:2: error: <identifier> expected ^ 100 errors  # ArnoldC missing IT'S SHOWTIME on first line  Paste the code into this compiler. • What's funny is that IT'S SHOWTIME is in fact on the first line – Cyoce Sep 27 '16 at 22:36 • Should make a PR to fix that :P – Nick T Oct 11 '16 at 19:11 # TrumpScript - Making PPCG Great Again (TrumpScript) When trying to run this language on a windows PC, the output is always: Make sure the currently-running OS is not Windows, because we're not PC  So when running this program: Make sure the currently-running OS is not Windows, because we're not PC  It won't even parse it because the OS check fails, and you get the error message. Examples can be given for Mac as well if anyone wants them haha. God I've wanted to use this in PPCG for awhile now, good that I finally get to. Full list of errors that can be triggered using environmental specifics: https://github.com/samshadwell/TrumpScript/blob/master/src/trumpscript/utils.py # Bonus Answer: ArnoldC (ArnoldC) ArnoldC requires root declaration of IT'S SHOWTIME, meaning main(), so: WHAT THE FUCK DID I DO WRONG  Results in the only error message in ArnoldC... WHAT THE FUCK DID I DO WRONG  Which, is actually... hilarious. You have to run it non-verbose though w/o stack traces. • These should be two separate answers. – mbomb007 Dec 22 '16 at 14:49 # Z-machine interpreter I don't know the word "know".  Test against this popular interpreter. Also there's some sort of mostly harmless game hosted there. ## Julia 0.2.0 Another syntax error found iteratively until a fixed point was reached: ERROR: syntax: extra token "token" after end of expression  # Mathematica Syntax: "needed." is incomplete; more input is needed.  A . in Mathematica means either a decimal point or function Dot. In this case, the . appears at the end of an expression and cannot be interpreted. • I didn't think it was possible. – ngenisis Jan 6 '17 at 1:47 # INTERCALL, 90 bytes Fatal error: A INTERCALL program must start with the mandatory header to prevent golfing.\n  Includes a trailing newline at the end. Note that this isn't STDERR, but it was considered to be error output by many, so I posted it here. This is the "mandatory header": INTERCALL IS A ANTIGOLFING LANGUAGE SO THIS HEADER IS HERE TO PREVENT GOLFING IN INTERCALL THE PROGRAM STARTS HERE:  • The link to the repo is broken. – connectyourcharger Sep 4 at 23:20 • @connectyourcharger Hm, looks like there's no repo anymore. – Erik the Outgolfer Sep 5 at 12:37 • Yeah, Google searches yield nothing except for repos for Intercal. – connectyourcharger Sep 5 at 23:54 • @connectyourcharger No need to; there are only 8 repos called "intercall" (case-insensitive), and none of them are about the language, so it's safe to say it's gone for good (no, there's nothing in the Wayback Machine either). – Erik the Outgolfer Sep 6 at 10:40 # C I applied the method of repeatedly copying the error messages to the source. It converged in 2 cycles. Compiled on OSX 10.9 with 'cc -c error.c'. error.c:1:1: error: unknown type name 'error' error.c:1:1: error: unknown type name 'error' ^ error.c:1:6: error: expected identifier or '(' error.c:1:1: error: unknown type name 'error' ^ 2 errors generated.  Note: This is not so much an answer as it is a methodology to get one. The result might change depending on your OS or the version of cc you are using. The exact method to get the result is to execute the instructions $ cc -c error.c 2>out ; mv out error.c ; cat error.c


repeatedly until the output stops changing.

• I retried. It didn't work at first. To make it work you have to execute cc -c error.c 2>out and then mv out error.c. And with the version of cc I have today it takes a few more iterations. – Florian F May 6 '17 at 23:53
• You may want to note that in your answer, that it requires a specific version of OSX cc; otherwise it is invalid and must be deleted per community guidelines. – MD XF Dec 7 '17 at 4:11
• @MDXF: It works with clang. Here is a link to tio.run, 122 bytes: tio.run/##S9ZNzknMS///Xy85PyVVryQzXy/… – G. Sliepen Aug 23 at 19:06

Code.hs:1:1: Parse error: naked expression at top level


### Usage:

Write the code in a file named Code and load with GHCi.

A nice fact is that, if the words were actual identifiers, this would be a legal expression (as long as it would typecheck). This is basically due to the fact that : is a built in operator, . is used for module-qualified names, and whitespace is used to denote function application.

• . isn't an operator here. It's part of a qualified name. What version of GHCi is this for? – dfeuer Mar 19 at 4:10
• @dfeuer yeah, my bad. Feel free to fix it. The ghci version is probably around whatever was out at the time. – proud haskeller Mar 19 at 5:42

### Ruby 2 on Windows

Code:

error.rb:1: syntax error, unexpected tINTEGER, expecting tSTRING_CONTENT or tSTRING_DBEG or tSTRING_DVAR or tSTRING_END
error.rb:1: syntax error, unexpected tI...
^


The code was found by testing and iterating the process over and over until a fix-point was reached. The code must be inside the file "error.rb".

Demo:

C:\>type error.rb
error.rb:1: syntax error, unexpected tINTEGER, expecting tSTRING_CONTENT or tSTR
ING_DBEG or tSTRING_DVAR or tSTRING_END
error.rb:1: syntax error, unexpected tI...
^

C:\>ruby.exe error.rb
error.rb:1: syntax error, unexpected tINTEGER, expecting tSTRING_CONTENT or tSTR
ING_DBEG or tSTRING_DVAR or tSTRING_END
error.rb:1: syntax error, unexpected tI...
^


# Applescript (in Script Editor)

Syntax Error
A "error" can't go after this identifier.


• it's an error? – cat May 18 '16 at 0:32
• The article "A" appears before words which start with a consonant or a consonant sound. For words which begin with a vowel or a vowel sound, the correct article is "an". I'm just being nitpicky :) – cat May 18 '16 at 0:44
• @cat I see. Yep, I never claimed grammatical correctness :) – Digital Trauma May 18 '16 at 1:01

# C++ (g++)

The file must be saved as 1.pas.

g++: error: 1.pas: Pascal compiler not installed on this system

• Does it still work if the Pascal compiler is installed in the system? – SuperJedi224 Nov 2 '15 at 13:58
• @SuperJedi224 At least installing FreePascal doesn't help. I suppose GNU Pascal might be the right Pascal compiler, but I didn't try. – jimmy23013 Nov 2 '15 at 14:16

# AppleScript

A identifier can’t go after this identifier.

Both A and identifier can be identifiers, so AppleScript says no.

• it should be an identifier... come on.... – cat May 18 '16 at 0:28

# C (gcc)

error.c:1:6: error: expected ‘=’, ‘,’, ‘;’, ‘asm’ or ‘__attribute__’ before ‘.’ token
error.c:1:6: error: expected ‘=’, ‘,’, ‘;’, ‘asm’ or ‘__attribute__’ before ‘.’ token
^
compilation terminated due to -Wfatal-errors.


Compile with gcc -Wfatal-errors error.c.

# CJam 0.6.2

Syntax error:
java.lang.RuntimeException: y not handled


Try it online.

# BBC Basic, 7 bytes (or 0 Bytes)

This is a valid 7 byte entry:

Mistake


This is the error message produced by the interpreter when it is completely unable to make sense of the code.

On the other hand, this is not:

ERROR


This is a valid keyword in BBC Basic which is supposed to deliberately introduce an error of a specified code into the program, but the syntax is wrong (no code is given.) Therefore it returns Syntax error (which in turn returns Mistake when it is run.)

In general the procedure described by Falko in his answer leads to Mistake in BBC basic. There are a few exceptions. anything producing the errorsDATA not LOCAL or ON ERROR not LOCAL leads to the famous zero byte quine: an empty source code produces an empty file.

Given that most error messages in BBC basic are lowercase (and therefore not valid keywords) I am pretty sure that any invalid input will ultimately lead to one of these possibilities.

# CoffeeScript

Fails on first error, so it's fairly easy to do:

E:\foo.coffee:1:3: error: unexpected \
E:\foo.coffee:1:3: error: unexpected \
^


Demo

E:\>coffee -c foo.coffee
E:\foo.coffee:1:3: error: unexpected \
E:\foo.coffee:1:3: error: unexpected \
^

E:\>


# Forth

Try it here

This was surprisingly easy to come up with.

a : error(-13): word not found