# Find whether a number is happy or not?

A happy number is defined by the following process. Starting with any positive integer, replace the number by the sum of the squares of its digits, and repeat the process until the number equals 1 (where it will stay), or it loops endlessly in a cycle which does not include 1. Those numbers for which this process ends in 1 are happy numbers, while those that do not end in 1 are unhappy numbers (or sad numbers). Given a number print whether it is happy or unhappy.

Sample Inputs
7
4
13

Sample Outputs
Happy
Unhappy
Happy


Note: Your program should not take more than 10 secs for any number below 1,000,000,000.

## Golfscript - 34 chars

~{0\{48-.*+}/}9*1="UnhH"3/="appy"


Basically the same as this and these.

The reason for 9 iterations is described in these comments (this theoretically returns correct values up to about 10^10^10^974 (A001273)).

## Ruby, 77 characters

a=gets.to_i;a=eval"#{a}".gsub /./,'+\&**2'until a<5
puts a<2?:Happy: :Unhappy

• Ok, so I kinda get how this works (Literally taking each number, splitting it and adding the square of each digit), but what's with the stop condition of (a < 5) and using (a < 2) to decide if it's happy or not? I don't question the validity, just the logic. – Mr. Llama Apr 25 '11 at 22:42
• That is the same as a <= 4 and a <= 1. If the cycle has a 1 in it then it is happy, and if it has a 4 in it, then it is not happy. See the wikipedia section about the unhappy cycle. So once the value of a is 4 or less, he checks if a is -- the result of that is your answer. – Casey Apr 25 '11 at 23:57

## C - 115

char b[1<<30];a;main(n){for(scanf("%d",&n);b[n]^=1;n=a)for
(a=0;a+=n%10*(n%10),n/=10;);puts(n-1?"Unhappy":"Happy");}


This uses a 230-byte (1GB) array as a bitmap to keep track of which numbers have been encountered in the cycle. On Linux, this actually works, and efficiently so, provided memory overcommitting is enabled (which it usually is by default). With overcommitting, pages of the array are allocated and zeroed on demand.

Note that compiling this program on Linux uses a gigabyte of RAM.

• Why would you need anywhere close to that amount of memory for this problem? – Peter Olson Apr 25 '11 at 20:32
• @Peter: I suppose the approach is to (naively) catch a cycle for any number in the allowed input range from 1 to 1,000,000,000. But I agree that in light of happy number theory, the only check necessary is if the number 4 is reached, because that's the only cycle that will ever occur. – mellamokb Apr 25 '11 at 20:51
• I'm curious: why does compiling it require so much RAM? – Peter Taylor Apr 25 '11 at 21:22
• Appears to work fine on Windows 7 with MSVC 10. Doesn't consume any notable amount of memory while compiling and only marks the array in the page file (something that sounds way safer than the story you linked about memory overcommitting suggests ;-)). – Joey Apr 25 '11 at 22:11
• I love the naivety of this approach. And the abuse of for loops is beautiful. – dmckee --- ex-moderator kitten Apr 27 '11 at 1:52

f 1="Happy"
f 4="Unhappy"
f n=f$sum[read[c]^2|c<-show n] main=interact$f.read


### Golfscript, 49 43 41 40 39 chars

~{0\10base{.*+}/.4>}do(!"UnhH"3/="appy"


Every happy number converges to 1; every unhappy number converges to a cycle containing 4. Other than exploiting that fact, this is barely golfed at all.

(Thanks to Ventero, from whose Ruby solution I've nicked a trick and saved 6 chars).

eTeX, 153

\let~\def~\E#1{\else{\fi\if1#1H\else Unh\fi appy}\end}~\r#1?{\ifnum#1<5
\E#1\fi~\s#1{0?}}~\s#1{+#1*#1\s}~~{\expandafter\r\the\numexpr}\message{~\noexpand


Called as etex filename.tex 34*23 + 32/2 ? (including the question mark at the end). Spaces in the expression don't matter.

EDIT: I got down to 123, but now the output is dvi (if compiled with etex) or pdf (if compiled with pdfetex). Since TeX is a typesetting language, I guess that's fair.

\def~{\expandafter\r\the\numexpr}\def\r#1?{\ifnum#1<5 \if1#1H\else
Unh\fi appy\end\fi~\s#1{0?}}\def\s#1{+#1*#1\s}~\noexpand


## Python - 81 chars

n=input()
while n>4:n=sum((ord(c)-48)**2for c inn)
print("H","Unh")[n>1]+"appy"


Some inspiration taken from Ventero and Peter Taylor.

• better off doing a int(c) than ord(c)-48.... – st0le Apr 26 '11 at 4:32

## Javascript (949287 86)

do{n=0;for(i in a){n+=a[i]*a[i]|0}a=n+''}while(n>4);alert(['H','Unh'][n>1?1:0]+'appy')


Input is provided by setting a to the number desired.

Credits to mellamokb.

• Save 1 char: n==4?h="Unh":n==1?h="H":a=n+""}alert(h+"appy") – mellamokb Apr 26 '11 at 1:21
• @mella Thanks. I also shaved another char off by changing || to |. – Peter Olson Apr 26 '11 at 1:28
• Save 8 chars: Remove n==4?h.... Change to do...while loop with condition while(n>4). Then use this final statement instead: alert(["H","Unh"][n>1?1:0]+"appy") – mellamokb Apr 26 '11 at 1:43
• @Mella Clever, I like it. – Peter Olson Apr 26 '11 at 2:01
• @Mella n needs to be defined before the while loop, I'm trying to think of how to not repeat n=0; – Peter Olson Apr 26 '11 at 2:08

## Python (98, but too messed up not to share)

f=lambda n:eval({1:'"H"',4:'"Unh"'}.get(n,'f(sum(int(x)**2for x inn))'))
print f(input())+"appy"


Way, way too long to be competitive, but perhaps good for a laugh. It does "lazy" evaluation in Python. Really quite similar to the Haskell entry now that I think about it, just without any of the charm.

## dc - 47 chars

[Unh]?[[I~d*rd0<H+]dsHxd4<h]dshx72so1=oP[appy]p


Brief description:

I~: Get the quotient and remainder when dividing by 10.
d*: Square the remainder.
0<H: If the quotient is greater than 0, repeat recursively.
+: Sum the values when shrinking the recursive stack.

4<h: Repeat the sum-of-squares bit while the value is greater than 4.

## Befunge, 109

Returns correct values for 1<=n<=109-1.

v v              <   @,,,,,"Happy"<      >"yppahnU",,,,,,,@
>&>:25*%:*\25*/:#^_$+++++++++:1-!#^_:4-!#^_10g11p  # J, 56 'Happy'"_('Unhappy'"_)([:$:[:+/*:@:"."0@":)@.(1&<+4&<)


A verb rather than a standalone script since the question is ambiguous.

Usage:

   happy =: 'Happy'"_('Unhappy'"_)([:$:[:+/*:@:"."0@":)@.(1&<+4&<) happy =: 'Happy'"_('Unhappy'"_)([:$:[:+/*:@:"."0@":)@.(1&<+4&<)
happy"0 (7 4 13)
happy"0 (7 4 13)
Happy
Unhappy
Happy


## Scala, 145 chars

def d(n:Int):Int=if(n<10)n*n else d(n%10)+d(n/10)
def h(n:Int):Unit=n match{
case 1=>println("happy")
case 4=>println("unhappy")
case x=>h(d(x))}

• Wouldn't (n*n) be shorter as n*n , or does whitespace not suffice to separate an if-expression from the else? – Peter Taylor Apr 27 '11 at 11:50
• Yes, I did so, Peter. – user unknown Apr 27 '11 at 12:07
• Here is a 126 bytes tail-recursive version, without pattern matching: def h(s: String):String=if(s=="1")"H"else if(s=="4")"Unh"else h(s.map(_.asDigit).map(a=>a*a).sum+"");print(h(readLine)+"appy") – 6infinity8 Oct 21 '17 at 13:56
• @6infinity8: Why don't you post it as a new answer? – user unknown Oct 21 '17 at 19:00
• The initial post is old; I was just trying to improve your solution. – 6infinity8 Oct 21 '17 at 20:38

# J (50)

'appy',~>('Unh';'H'){~=&1$:@.(>&6)@(+/@:*:@:("."0)@":)  I'm sure a more competent J-er than I can make this even shorter. I'm a relative newb. New and improved: ('Unhappy';'Happy'){~=&1$:@.(>&6)@(+/@:*:@:("."0)@":)


Newer and even more improved, thanks to ɐɔıʇǝɥʇuʎs:

(UnhappyHappy){~=&1$:@.(>&6)@(+/@:*:@:("."0)@":)  • You can get a character by not splitting out 'appy'. I think you can also remove the parentheses aroundd ("."0) - adverbs bind tighter than conjunctions. – Jesse Millikan Apr 27 '11 at 5:36 • I can't remove the parentheses around ("."0). That produces a rank error, but if I don't split 'Happy' and leave the result boxed, I can save a character. – Gregory Higley Apr 28 '11 at 20:12 • The reason I can't leave out the parentheses around ("."0) is that conjunctions apply to the entire preceding train of verbs to which they're attached, which is not what I want. If I say +/@:("."0)@":, that is very different from +/@:"."0@:, which is actually (+/@:".)"0@:. – Gregory Higley May 1 '11 at 15:55 • A massive necro, but you could save 4 chars by replacing 'Unhappy';'Happy' with UnhappyHappy. – ɐɔıʇǝɥʇuʎs Dec 15 '14 at 7:39 • @ɐɔıʇǝɥʇuʎs That works, but where is it documented that you can skip the quoting of strings with ? – Gregory Higley Dec 15 '14 at 10:50 # Python (91 characters) a=lambda b:b-1and(b-4and a(sum(int(c)**2for c inb))or"Unh")or"H";print a(input())+"appy"  # Common Lisp 138 (format t"~Aappy~%"(do((i(read)(loop for c across(prin1-to-string i)sum(let((y(digit-char-p c)))(* y y)))))((< i 5)(if(= i 1)"H""Unh"))))  More readable: (format t "~Aappy~%" (do ((i (read) (loop for c across (prin1-to-string i) sum (let ((y (digit-char-p c))) (* y y))))) ((< i 5) (if (= i 1) "H" "Unh"))))  Would be shorter to just return "Happy" or "Unhappy" right from the (do), but arguably that wouldn't count as a whole program # K, 43 {{$[4=d:+/a*a:"I"$'$x;unhappy;d]}/x;happy}


# Jelly, 17 bytes (non-competing*)

* Language post-dates challenge

D²SµÐLỊị“¢*X“<@Ḥ»


Try it online!

### How?

D²SµÐLỊị“¢*X“<@Ḥ» - Main link: n
µÐL            - loop while the accumulated unique set of results change:
D                 -   cast to a decimal list
²                -   square (vectorises)
S               -   sum
- (yields the ultimate result, e.g. n=89 yields 58 since it enters the
-  "unhappy circle" at 145, loops around to 58 which would yield 145.)
Ị           - insignificant? (abs(v)<=1 - in this case, 1 for 1, 0 otherwise)
“¢*X“<@Ḥ» - dictionary lookup of ["Happy", "Unhappy"] (the central “ makes a list)
ị          - index into
- implicit print


## Perl 5 - 77 Bytes

{$n=$_*$_ for split//,$u{$n}=$n;exit warn$/.'un'[$n==1].'happy'if$u{$n};redo}


$n is the input value # 05AB1E, 21 bytes 'ŽØs[SnOD5‹#}≠i„unì}™  Explanation: Each number will eventually result in either 1 or 4, so we loop indefinitely, and stop as soon as the number is below 5. 'ŽØ '# Push string "happy" s # Swap to take the (implicit) input [ } # Loop indefinitely S # Convert the integer to a list of digits n # Square each O # Take the sum D5‹# # If this sum is smaller than 5: stop the infinite loop ≠i } # If the result after the loop is NOT 1: „unì # Prepend string "un" to string "happy" ™ # Convert the string to titlecase (and output implicitly)  See this 05AB1E tip of mine (section How to use the dictionary?) to understand why 'ŽØ is "happy". # C++ 135 , 2 Lines #include<iostream> int n,i,j;int main(){for(std::cin>>n;n>1;n=++j&999?n*n+i:0)for(i=0;n/10;n/=10)i+=n%10*(n%10);std::cout<<(n?"H":"Unh")<<"appy";}  This is a modified version of the one I did here: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/3543811/code-golf-happy-primes/3545056#3545056 • What is the &999 do? And how does it work if j is a garbage value? – David says Reinstate Monica Apr 11 '14 at 13:44 • @Dgrin91, I wrote this 3 years ago, so i can't remember exactly how it works. I think the &999 makes the statement if(j==999){n = 0;}else{n=n*n +i;}, j shouldn't be a garbage value, globals are zero initialized. – Scott Logan Apr 14 '14 at 9:18 Yes, this challenge has three years; yes, it already has a winner answer; but since I was bored and done this for another challenge, thought I might put it up here. Surprise surprise, its long - and in... # Java - 280 264 bytes import java.util.*;class H{public static void main(String[]a){int n=Integer.parseInt(new Scanner(System.in).nextLine()),t;while((t=h(n))/10!=0)n=t;System.out.print(t==1?"":"");}static int h(int n){if(n/10==0)return n*n;else return(int)Math.pow(n%10,2)+h(n/10);}}  Ungolfed: import java.util.*; class H { public static void main(String[] a) { int n = Integer.parseInt(new Scanner(System.in).nextLine()), t; while ((t = h(n)) / 10 != 0) { n = t; } System.out.print(t == 1 ? "" : ""); } static int h(int n) { if (n / 10 == 0) { return n * n; } else { return (int) Math.pow(n % 10, 2) + h(n / 10); } } }  # C# 94 bytes int d(int n)=>n<10?n*n:(d(n%10)+d(n/10));string h(int n)=>n==1?"happy":n==4?"unhappy":h(d(n));  For any given number (as int), h() will return the correct value. You can try the code on .NetFiddle. Kudos to user unknown for the original algorithm. ## Clojure, 107 97 bytes Update: Removed unnecessary let binding. #(loop[v %](case v 1"Happy"4"Unhappy"(recur(apply +(for[i(for[c(str v)](-(int c)48))](* i i))))))  Original: #(loop[v %](let[r(apply +(for[i(for[c(str v)](-(int c)48))](* i i)))](case r 1"Happy"4"Unhappy"(recur r))))  First time using a nested for :o # R, 117 91 bytes -16 bytes thanks to Giuseppe a=scan();while(!a%in%c(1,4))a=sum((a%/%10^(0:nchar(a))%%10)^2);if(a-1,'unhappy','happy')  • Use strtoi instead of as.numeric and paste instead of as.character, but there is a shorter approach to get the digits. If you use if(a-1,"unhappy","happy") instead that should save another byte. Finally, you can make this anonymous to shave off a few more bytes. – Giuseppe Oct 19 '17 at 16:40 # Perl 5, 62 + 1 (-p) = 63 bytes $_=eval s/./+$&**2/gr while$_>1&&!$k{$_}++;$_=un x($_>1).happy


Try it online!

# Python 2, 71 bytes

f=lambda n:n>4and f(sum(int(d)**2for d inn))or("H","Unh")[n>1]+"appy"


Try it online!

...or, for the same byte count:

f=lambda n:n>4and f(eval('**2+'.join(n*10)))or("H","Unh")[n>1]+"appy"


Try it online!

# C: 1092 characters

#include <iostream>
using namespace std ;
int main ()
{
int m , a[25] , kan=0 , y , z=0  , n , o=0, s , k=0 , e[25]  ;
do {
m :
for ( int j=1 ; j <10000 ; j++ )
{
n:
for (int i=0 ; j!=0 ; i++ )
{
a[i]=j%10 ;
j/=10 ;
kan++ ;
}
for ( int i=0 ; i<kan ; i++ )
{
y=a[i]*a[i] ;
z+=y ;
}
k+=1 ;
if (z==1)
{
cout<<j<<endl;
o++ ;
}

else
{
for (int f=0 ; f<k ; f++ )
{
e[f]=z ;
}
for ( int f=0 ; f=k-1 ; f++ )
{
for ( int p=f+1 ; p <k-1 ; p++ )
{
if(e[f]=e[p])
goto m ;
else { j=z ; goto n ; }
}
}
}
}
}while(o!=100) ;
return 0 ;
}

• Welcome to Programming Puzzles & Code Golf, @jannat. Please note that code golf is a challenge of writing the shortest code possible. That means, here we write unindented and almost unreadable code and force the limits of the language syntax to shorten our codes as possible. – manatwork Mar 9 '13 at 16:28
• xkcd.com/292 – aditsu quit because SE is EVIL Mar 11 '13 at 18:06