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Write a short program, that would generate the longest possible error message, in a standard C++ compiler (gcc, cl.exe, icc, or clang).

The score of each entry is the number of characters in the longest error message the compiler emitted. Types included in your source code and quoted by the compiler are counted as a single character.

Cheating

You can always redefine a template in template in template with long names, but I expect something creative. I tried to prevent some of that by the last rule, but of course the rules can be better, and I'll be glad for improvements.

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17 Answers 17

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Template error messages are fun to decipher. Consider this:

#include <vector>
#include <algorithm>
int main()
{
    int a;
    std::vector< std::vector <int> > v;
    std::vector< std::vector <int> >::const_iterator it = std::find( v.begin(), v.end(), a );
}

Compiling with gcc -c error.cpp (4.6.3) will produce 15786 bytes of output, with a longest line of 330 characters.

In file included from /usr/include/c++/4.6/algorithm:63:0,
                 from error_code.cpp:2:
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_algo.h: In function ‘_RandomAccessIterator std::__find(_RandomAccessIterator, _RandomAccessIterator, const _Tp&, std::random_access_iterator_tag) [with _RandomAccessIterator = __gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator*, std::vector > >, _Tp = int]’:
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_algo.h:4403:45:   instantiated from ‘_IIter std::find(_IIter, _IIter, const _Tp&) [with _IIter = __gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator*, std::vector > >, _Tp = int]’
error_code.cpp:8:89:   instantiated from here
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_algo.h:162:4: error: no match for ‘operator==’ in ‘__first.__gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator::operator* [with _Iterator = std::vector*, _Container = std::vector >, __gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator::reference = std::vector&]() == __val’
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_algo.h:162:4: note: candidates are:
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_pair.h:201:5: note: template bool std::operator==(const std::pair&, const std::pair&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_iterator.h:285:5: note: template bool std::operator==(const std::reverse_iterator&, const std::reverse_iterator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_iterator.h:335:5: note: template bool std::operator==(const std::reverse_iterator&, const std::reverse_iterator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/allocator.h:122:5: note: template bool std::operator==(const std::allocator&, const std::allocator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/allocator.h:127:5: note: template bool std::operator==(const std::allocator&, const std::allocator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_vector.h:1273:5: note: template bool std::operator==(const std::vector&, const std::vector&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/ext/new_allocator.h:123:5: note: template bool __gnu_cxx::operator==(const __gnu_cxx::new_allocator&, const __gnu_cxx::new_allocator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_iterator.h:805:5: note: template bool __gnu_cxx::operator==(const __gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator&, const __gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_iterator.h:799:5: note: template bool __gnu_cxx::operator==(const __gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator&, const __gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_algo.h:4403:45:   instantiated from ‘_IIter std::find(_IIter, _IIter, const _Tp&) [with _IIter = __gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator*, std::vector > >, _Tp = int]’
error_code.cpp:8:89:   instantiated from here
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_algo.h:166:4: error: no match for ‘operator==’ in ‘__first.__gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator::operator* [with _Iterator = std::vector*, _Container = std::vector >, __gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator::reference = std::vector&]() == __val’
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_algo.h:166:4: note: candidates are:
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_pair.h:201:5: note: template bool std::operator==(const std::pair&, const std::pair&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_iterator.h:285:5: note: template bool std::operator==(const std::reverse_iterator&, const std::reverse_iterator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_iterator.h:335:5: note: template bool std::operator==(const std::reverse_iterator&, const std::reverse_iterator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/allocator.h:122:5: note: template bool std::operator==(const std::allocator&, const std::allocator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/allocator.h:127:5: note: template bool std::operator==(const std::allocator&, const std::allocator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_vector.h:1273:5: note: template bool std::operator==(const std::vector&, const std::vector&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/ext/new_allocator.h:123:5: note: template bool __gnu_cxx::operator==(const __gnu_cxx::new_allocator&, const __gnu_cxx::new_allocator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_iterator.h:805:5: note: template bool __gnu_cxx::operator==(const __gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator&, const __gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_iterator.h:799:5: note: template bool __gnu_cxx::operator==(const __gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator&, const __gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_algo.h:170:4: error: no match for ‘operator==’ in ‘__first.__gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator::operator* [with _Iterator = std::vector*, _Container = std::vector >, __gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator::reference = std::vector&]() == __val’
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_algo.h:170:4: note: candidates are:
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_pair.h:201:5: note: template bool std::operator==(const std::pair&, const std::pair&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_iterator.h:285:5: note: template bool std::operator==(const std::reverse_iterator&, const std::reverse_iterator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_iterator.h:335:5: note: template bool std::operator==(const std::reverse_iterator&, const std::reverse_iterator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/allocator.h:122:5: note: template bool std::operator==(const std::allocator&, const std::allocator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/allocator.h:127:5: note: template bool std::operator==(const std::allocator&, const std::allocator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_vector.h:1273:5: note: template bool std::operator==(const std::vector&, const std::vector&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/ext/new_allocator.h:123:5: note: template bool __gnu_cxx::operator==(const __gnu_cxx::new_allocator&, const __gnu_cxx::new_allocator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_iterator.h:805:5: note: template bool __gnu_cxx::operator==(const __gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator&, const __gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_iterator.h:799:5: note: template bool __gnu_cxx::operator==(const __gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator&, const __gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_algo.h:174:4: error: no match for ‘operator==’ in ‘__first.__gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator::operator* [with _Iterator = std::vector*, _Container = std::vector >, __gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator::reference = std::vector&]() == __val’
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_algo.h:174:4: note: candidates are:
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_pair.h:201:5: note: template bool std::operator==(const std::pair&, const std::pair&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_iterator.h:285:5: note: template bool std::operator==(const std::reverse_iterator&, const std::reverse_iterator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_iterator.h:335:5: note: template bool std::operator==(const std::reverse_iterator&, const std::reverse_iterator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/allocator.h:122:5: note: template bool std::operator==(const std::allocator&, const std::allocator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/allocator.h:127:5: note: template bool std::operator==(const std::allocator&, const std::allocator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_vector.h:1273:5: note: template bool std::operator==(const std::vector&, const std::vector&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/ext/new_allocator.h:123:5: note: template bool __gnu_cxx::operator==(const __gnu_cxx::new_allocator&, const __gnu_cxx::new_allocator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_iterator.h:805:5: note: template bool __gnu_cxx::operator==(const __gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator&, const __gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_iterator.h:799:5: note: template bool __gnu_cxx::operator==(const __gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator&, const __gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_algo.h:182:4: error: no match for ‘operator==’ in ‘__first.__gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator::operator* [with _Iterator = std::vector*, _Container = std::vector >, __gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator::reference = std::vector&]() == __val’
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_algo.h:182:4: note: candidates are:
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_pair.h:201:5: note: template bool std::operator==(const std::pair&, const std::pair&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_iterator.h:285:5: note: template bool std::operator==(const std::reverse_iterator&, const std::reverse_iterator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_iterator.h:335:5: note: template bool std::operator==(const std::reverse_iterator&, const std::reverse_iterator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/allocator.h:122:5: note: template bool std::operator==(const std::allocator&, const std::allocator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/allocator.h:127:5: note: template bool std::operator==(const std::allocator&, const std::allocator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_vector.h:1273:5: note: template bool std::operator==(const std::vector&, const std::vector&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/ext/new_allocator.h:123:5: note: template bool __gnu_cxx::operator==(const __gnu_cxx::new_allocator&, const __gnu_cxx::new_allocator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_iterator.h:805:5: note: template bool __gnu_cxx::operator==(const __gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator&, const __gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_iterator.h:799:5: note: template bool __gnu_cxx::operator==(const __gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator&, const __gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_algo.h:186:4: error: no match for ‘operator==’ in ‘__first.__gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator::operator* [with _Iterator = std::vector*, _Container = std::vector >, __gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator::reference = std::vector&]() == __val’
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_algo.h:186:4: note: candidates are:
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_pair.h:201:5: note: template bool std::operator==(const std::pair&, const std::pair&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_iterator.h:285:5: note: template bool std::operator==(const std::reverse_iterator&, const std::reverse_iterator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_iterator.h:335:5: note: template bool std::operator==(const std::reverse_iterator&, const std::reverse_iterator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/allocator.h:122:5: note: template bool std::operator==(const std::allocator&, const std::allocator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/allocator.h:127:5: note: template bool std::operator==(const std::allocator&, const std::allocator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_vector.h:1273:5: note: template bool std::operator==(const std::vector&, const std::vector&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/ext/new_allocator.h:123:5: note: template bool __gnu_cxx::operator==(const __gnu_cxx::new_allocator&, const __gnu_cxx::new_allocator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_iterator.h:805:5: note: template bool __gnu_cxx::operator==(const __gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator&, const __gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_iterator.h:799:5: note: template bool __gnu_cxx::operator==(const __gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator&, const __gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_algo.h:190:4: error: no match for ‘operator==’ in ‘__first.__gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator::operator* [with _Iterator = std::vector*, _Container = std::vector >, __gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator::reference = std::vector&]() == __val’
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_algo.h:190:4: note: candidates are:
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_pair.h:201:5: note: template bool std::operator==(const std::pair&, const std::pair&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_iterator.h:285:5: note: template bool std::operator==(const std::reverse_iterator&, const std::reverse_iterator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_iterator.h:335:5: note: template bool std::operator==(const std::reverse_iterator&, const std::reverse_iterator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/allocator.h:122:5: note: template bool std::operator==(const std::allocator&, const std::allocator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/allocator.h:127:5: note: template bool std::operator==(const std::allocator&, const std::allocator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_vector.h:1273:5: note: template bool std::operator==(const std::vector&, const std::vector&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/ext/new_allocator.h:123:5: note: template bool __gnu_cxx::operator==(const __gnu_cxx::new_allocator&, const __gnu_cxx::new_allocator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_iterator.h:805:5: note: template bool __gnu_cxx::operator==(const __gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator&, const __gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator&)
/usr/include/c++/4.6/bits/stl_iterator.h:799:5: note: template bool __gnu_cxx::operator==(const __gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator&, const __gnu_cxx::__normal_iterator&)

Edit 2016-04-29: gcc 5.3.0 got it a bit better: only 9300 bytes, longest line is 361 characters long...

Edit 2019-04-04: gcc 6.5.0: 11237 bytes, but gives some hints on the error, as in theses lines:

error.cpp:7:92:   required from here
/usr/include/c++/6/bits/predefined_ops.h:199:17: error: no match for ‘operator==’ (operand types are ‘std::vector’ and ‘const int’)
  { return *__it == _M_value; }
           ~~~~~~^~~~~~~~~~~
| improve this answer | |
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143
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19 characters

Create a file a.cpp with this content :

#include __FILE__
p;

Compile as :

g++ a.cpp

and get amazing 21300 lines error messages :

In file included from a.cpp:1:0,
                 from a.cpp:1,
                 from a.cpp:1,
                 from a.cpp:1,

...

... 21280 error lines ...
...

In file included from a.cpp:1:0,
                 from a.cpp:1,
                 from a.cpp:1,
                 from a.cpp:1,
                 from a.cpp:1:
a.cpp:2:1: error: ‘p’ does not name a type
In file included from a.cpp:1:0,
                 from a.cpp:1,
                 from a.cpp:1,
                 from a.cpp:1:
a.cpp:2:1: error: ‘p’ does not name a type
In file included from a.cpp:1:0,
                 from a.cpp:1,
                 from a.cpp:1:
a.cpp:2:1: error: ‘p’ does not name a type
In file included from a.cpp:1:0,
                 from a.cpp:1:
a.cpp:2:1: error: ‘p’ does not name a type
In file included from a.cpp:1:0:
a.cpp:2:1: error: ‘p’ does not name a type
a.cpp:2:1: error: ‘p’ does not name a type
| improve this answer | |
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  • 9
    \$\begingroup\$ +1. Judge's favorite. Didn't think about this particular abuse. \$\endgroup\$ – Elazar Leibovich Jun 30 '11 at 17:46
  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ Hm. What about #include __FILE__ and a very long filename..? \$\endgroup\$ – AKX Jul 1 '11 at 16:22
  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ @Rob it includes the same file over and over, and it redefines main every time. \$\endgroup\$ – BЈовић Jan 17 '13 at 17:41
  • 7
    \$\begingroup\$ Upvote because no boring templates there :) \$\endgroup\$ – kiwixz Mar 11 '15 at 14:56
  • 2
    \$\begingroup\$ On my Windows machine, Clang produces even longer output, upwards of 8 MB (!!!) when compiled with clang++ -ferrorlimit=1000 a.cpp. The longest line is 466 characters long. \$\endgroup\$ – bwDraco Oct 8 '16 at 0:18
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98 (necessary) characters:

template<class T>struct W{T v;W(T v):v(v){}};
template<class T>int f(T x){f(W<T>(x));}
main(){f(0);}

Produces the following error output in GCC (4.4.5):

golf.cpp: In function ‘int f(T) [with T = W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<int> > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > >]’:
golf.cpp:2: error: template instantiation depth exceeds maximum of 500 (use -ftemplate-depth-NN to increase the maximum) instantiating ‘struct W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<int> > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > >’
golf.cpp:2:   instantiated from ‘int f(T) [with T = W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<int> > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > >]’
golf.cpp:2:   instantiated from ‘int f(T) [with T = W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<int> > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > >]’

... snip ...

golf.cpp:2:   instantiated from ‘int f(T) [with T = W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<int> > > > > > > > > > > >]’
golf.cpp:2:   instantiated from ‘int f(T) [with T = W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<int> > > > > > > > > > >]’
golf.cpp:2:   instantiated from ‘int f(T) [with T = W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<int> > > > > > > > > >]’
golf.cpp:2:   instantiated from ‘int f(T) [with T = W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<int> > > > > > > > >]’
golf.cpp:2:   instantiated from ‘int f(T) [with T = W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<int> > > > > > > >]’
golf.cpp:2:   instantiated from ‘int f(T) [with T = W<W<W<W<W<W<W<int> > > > > > >]’
golf.cpp:2:   instantiated from ‘int f(T) [with T = W<W<W<W<W<W<int> > > > > >]’
golf.cpp:2:   instantiated from ‘int f(T) [with T = W<W<W<W<W<int> > > > >]’
golf.cpp:2:   instantiated from ‘int f(T) [with T = W<W<W<W<int> > > >]’
golf.cpp:2:   instantiated from ‘int f(T) [with T = W<W<W<int> > >]’
golf.cpp:2:   instantiated from ‘int f(T) [with T = W<W<int> >]’
golf.cpp:2:   instantiated from ‘int f(T) [with T = W<int>]’
golf.cpp:2:   instantiated from ‘int f(T) [with T = int]’
golf.cpp:3:   instantiated from here

golf.cpp:2: error: invalid use of incomplete type ‘struct W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<int> > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > >’
golf.cpp:1: error: declaration of ‘struct W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<W<int> > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > >’

Statistics:

$ g++ golf.cpp 2>&1 | wc -c
537854
$ clang golf.cpp 2>&1 | wc -c
22666
$ g++ -ftemplate-depth-10000 golf.cpp 2>&1 | wc -c # 268+ MB of RAM and almost 15 minutes
200750356

Ungolfed (produces longer output):

template<class T>
struct Wrap {
    T value;
    Wrap(T v) : value(v) {}
};

template<class T>
void func(T x)
{
    func(Wrap<T>(x));
}

int main(void)
{
    func(0);
    return 0;
}

I discovered this when I wanted to see if C++ supports polymorphic recursion (and, as you can clearly see, it doesn't). Here's a trivial example of polymorphic recursion in Haskell:

Prelude> let f :: (Show a) => a -> String; f x = show x ++ " " ++ f [x]
Prelude> f 0
"0 [0] [[0]] [[[0]]] [[[[0]]]] [[[[[0]]]]] [[[[[[0]]]]]] [[[[[[[0]]]]]]] [[[[[[[[0]] ...

Here, this requires Haskell to act like it instantiates Show x, Show [x], Show [[x]], Show [[[x]]], ad infinitum. Haskell does it by turning (Show x) => into an implicit parameter to the function f added by the compiler, something like this:

type Show a = a -> String

showList :: Show a -> [a] -> String
showList show []     = "[]"
showList show (x:xs) = '[' : show x ++ showItems xs where
    showItems []     = "]"
    showItems (x:xs) = ',' : show x ++ showItems xs

f :: Show a -> a -> String
f show x = show x ++ " " ++ f (showList show) [x]

C++ does it by literally trying to construct such instances until the template instantiation depth is exceeded.

| improve this answer | |
\$\endgroup\$
  • 6
    \$\begingroup\$ Inflated to 102 bytes (cl doesn't like implicit int in C++ mode) it generates 14.380.923 bytes of error output after 4½ minutes of CPU time and a peak of about 100 MiB of memory usage. \$\endgroup\$ – Joey Apr 5 '11 at 8:51
  • \$\begingroup\$ Could you explain what have you tried to achieve with polymorphic recursion? Because in an example both in Haskell, and in C++ the process is infinite, only difference is it occurs in run or compile time. \$\endgroup\$ – sukhmel Jun 25 '14 at 19:17
  • \$\begingroup\$ @sukhmel No, because Haskell is lazy, it will compile and run (as demo'd) \$\endgroup\$ – cat Apr 29 '16 at 1:21
  • \$\begingroup\$ @cat I haven't implied it will not run, I pointed out that such a run will never stop, or will it? Althoug I suppose that in what Joey tried to achieve there should have been stop condition in case of specific template, that's why I was wondering for what was the idea behind trying polymorphic recursion. \$\endgroup\$ – sukhmel Apr 29 '16 at 18:45
52
\$\begingroup\$

Based on a message length / code length ratio, this may be the best solution:

Message (81):

code: file not recognized: File truncated  
collect2: ld returned 1 exit status  

81 / 0 = Inf

| improve this answer | |
\$\endgroup\$
  • 16
    \$\begingroup\$ +1 Clever way, best ratio! But not longer message... \$\endgroup\$ – Synxis Nov 26 '12 at 19:47
  • 2
    \$\begingroup\$ The message is actually 81 bytes. Not that it matters, but just an FYI \$\endgroup\$ – caird coinheringaahing Oct 5 '17 at 16:41
43
\$\begingroup\$

279 chars

#define A(s) s##s##s##s##s##s##s##s
#define B(s) A(s##s##s##s##s##s##s##s)
#define C(s) B(s##s##s##s##s##s##s##s)
#define D(s) C(s##s##s##s##s##s##s##s)
#define E(s) D(s##s##s##s##s##s##s##s)
#define F(s) E(s##s##s##s##s##s##s##s)
#define G(s) F(s##s##s##s##s##s##s##s)
a G(foo)

With gcc 4.2.1, generates the error error: expected ‘=’, ‘,’, ‘;’, ‘asm’ or ‘__attribute__’ before ‘foofoo....foofoo’ with 2^21 copies of foo. 6,291,558 bytes in all. It's about as big an identifier as I can get, replacing foo with food generates an ICE.

| improve this answer | |
\$\endgroup\$
  • 26
    \$\begingroup\$ gcc 4.4.5 segfaults. Win! \$\endgroup\$ – Joey Adams Apr 5 '11 at 17:12
  • 8
    \$\begingroup\$ @JoeyAdams: Please report this as a bug than \$\endgroup\$ – the_drow Apr 15 '11 at 12:09
  • 10
    \$\begingroup\$ @the_drow It's a feature. \$\endgroup\$ – Mateen Ulhaq May 5 '11 at 4:50
  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ @muntoo: How come? An ICE is never a good idea. \$\endgroup\$ – the_drow May 5 '11 at 6:42
  • 2
    \$\begingroup\$ A pattern like this will get you further: #define A(s) s##s##s##s #define B(s) A(s) #define C(s) B(B(B(s))) #define D(s) C(C(C(s))) D(foo). This gets me an error message about as long with much less code, and grows much faster with increasing the pattern in any dimension, since we are essentially implementing the Ackermann function. \$\endgroup\$ – David Stone May 31 '18 at 5:05
32
\$\begingroup\$

The following code is based on an actual error I once encountered.

template <int i>
void bar();

template <int i>
void foo()
{
    bar<i>();
    char baz[i];
}

template <int i>
void bar()
{
    foo<i-1>();
}


int main(void)
{
    foo<2000>();

    return 0;
}

(using gcc)

Pretty obvious template recursion, but since I used ftemplate-depth=100000 for this run this doesn't produce an error. The real source of the error messages comes from char baz[i];, which produces an error when i drops to -1.

After about half an hour, I'm sitting on 21,000 compiler errors, 300,000 lines of error messages, and 280 megabytes of RAM used by the compiler. And it's showing no signs of stopping.

EDIT:

One hour later, now at 36,000 compiler errors, 504,000 lines of error messages, and 480 megabytes of RAM... and still going.

EDIT #2:

About half an hour later:

ccplus1.exe has stopped working

Final statistics: 38,876 compiler errors, 544,624 lines of error messages, totaling 48.8 megabytes of data, and 518.9 megabytes of RAM used by the compiler before it crashed.

| improve this answer | |
\$\endgroup\$
  • 5
    \$\begingroup\$ I'm sure none of those error messages even point to the real issue... which is typical of the average STL typo. \$\endgroup\$ – Mark Lakata Mar 21 '14 at 5:24
25
\$\begingroup\$

Similar to VJo:
a.cpp:

int main() { return  
#include "a.cpp"  
#include "a.cpp"  
}

g++ a.cpp

produces a lot of output (at least 2 gigabytes before I killed it)

| improve this answer | |
\$\endgroup\$
23
\$\begingroup\$

28 bytes

Sabotaging the standard library:

#define std +
#include<map>

Using clang on OS X 10.9:

c++ foo.cpp -o foo -ferror-limit=-1
In file included from foo.cpp:2:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/map:422:
/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/__config:347:11: error: expected identifier or '{'
namespace std {
          ^
foo.cpp:1:13: note: expanded from macro 'std'
#define std +
            ^
In file included from foo.cpp:2:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/map:422:
/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/__config:347:11: error: expected external declaration
foo.cpp:1:13: note: expanded from macro 'std'
#define std +
            ^
In file included from foo.cpp:2:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/map:422:
/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/__config:347:15: error: expected unqualified-id
namespace std {
              ^
In file included from foo.cpp:2:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/map:423:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/__tree:15:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/iterator:330:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/type_traits:203:
/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/cstddef:50:1: error: expected identifier or '{'
_LIBCPP_BEGIN_NAMESPACE_STD
^
/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/__config:343:47: note: expanded from macro '_LIBCPP_BEGIN_NAMESPACE_STD'
#define _LIBCPP_BEGIN_NAMESPACE_STD namespace std {inline namespace _LIBCPP_NAMESPACE {
                                              ^
foo.cpp:1:13: note: expanded from macro 'std'
#define std +
            ^
In file included from foo.cpp:2:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/map:423:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/__tree:15:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/iterator:330:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/type_traits:203:
/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/cstddef:50:1: error: expected external declaration
/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/__config:343:47: note: expanded from macro '_LIBCPP_BEGIN_NAMESPACE_STD'
#define _LIBCPP_BEGIN_NAMESPACE_STD namespace std {inline namespace _LIBCPP_NAMESPACE {
                                              ^
foo.cpp:1:13: note: expanded from macro 'std'
#define std +
            ^
In file included from foo.cpp:2:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/map:423:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/__tree:15:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/iterator:330:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/type_traits:203:
/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/cstddef:50:1: error: expected unqualified-id

[[SNIP...]]

_LIBCPP_NEW_DELETE_VIS void* operator new(std::size_t __sz)
                             ^
/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/new:132:43: error: expected parameter declarator
_LIBCPP_NEW_DELETE_VIS void* operator new(std::size_t __sz, const std::nothrow_t&) _NOEXCEPT _NOALIAS;
                                          ^
foo.cpp:1:13: note: expanded from macro 'std'
#define std +
            ^
In file included from foo.cpp:2:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/map:423:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/__tree:16:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/memory:597:
/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/new:132:43: error: expected ')'
foo.cpp:1:13: note: expanded from macro 'std'
#define std +
            ^
/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/new:132:42: note: to match this '('
_LIBCPP_NEW_DELETE_VIS void* operator new(std::size_t __sz, const std::nothrow_t&) _NOEXCEPT _NOALIAS;
                                         ^
/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/new:134:63: error: C++ requires a type specifier for all declarations
_LIBCPP_NEW_DELETE_VIS void  operator delete(void* __p, const std::nothrow_t&) _NOEXCEPT;
                                                        ~~~~~ ^
foo.cpp:1:13: note: expanded from macro 'std'
#define std +
            ^
In file included from foo.cpp:2:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/map:423:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/__tree:16:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/memory:597:
/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/new:134:63: error: expected ')'
foo.cpp:1:13: note: expanded from macro 'std'
#define std +
            ^
/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/new:134:45: note: to match this '('
_LIBCPP_NEW_DELETE_VIS void  operator delete(void* __p, const std::nothrow_t&) _NOEXCEPT;
                                            ^
/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/new:136:45: error: expected parameter declarator
_LIBCPP_NEW_DELETE_VIS void* operator new[](std::size_t __sz)
                                            ^
foo.cpp:1:13: note: expanded from macro 'std'
#define std +
            ^
In file included from foo.cpp:2:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/map:423:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/__tree:16:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/memory:597:
/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/new:136:45: error: expected ')'
foo.cpp:1:13: note: expanded from macro 'std'
#define std +
            ^
/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/new:136:44: note: to match this '('
_LIBCPP_NEW_DELETE_VIS void* operator new[](std::size_t __sz)
                                           ^
/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/new:138:11: error: expected a type
    throw(std::bad_alloc)
          ^
foo.cpp:1:13: note: expanded from macro 'std'
#define std +
            ^
In file included from foo.cpp:2:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/map:423:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/__tree:16:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/memory:597:
/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/new:138:11: error: expected ')'
foo.cpp:1:13: note: expanded from macro 'std'
#define std +
            ^
/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/new:138:10: note: to match this '('
    throw(std::bad_alloc)
         ^
/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/new:136:30: error: 'operator new[]' must have at least one parameter
_LIBCPP_NEW_DELETE_VIS void* operator new[](std::size_t __sz)
                             ^
/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/new:141:45: error: expected parameter declarator
_LIBCPP_NEW_DELETE_VIS void* operator new[](std::size_t __sz, const std::nothrow_t&) _NOEXCEPT _NOALIAS;
                                            ^
foo.cpp:1:13: note: expanded from macro 'std'
#define std +
            ^
In file included from foo.cpp:2:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/map:423:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/__tree:16:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/memory:597:
/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/new:141:45: error: expected ')'
foo.cpp:1:13: note: expanded from macro 'std'
#define std +
            ^
/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/new:141:44: note: to match this '('
_LIBCPP_NEW_DELETE_VIS void* operator new[](std::size_t __sz, const std::nothrow_t&) _NOEXCEPT _NOALIAS;
                                           ^
/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/new:143:65: error: C++ requires a type specifier for all declarations
_LIBCPP_NEW_DELETE_VIS void  operator delete[](void* __p, const std::nothrow_t&) _NOEXCEPT;
                                                          ~~~~~ ^
foo.cpp:1:13: note: expanded from macro 'std'
#define std +
            ^
In file included from foo.cpp:2:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/map:423:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/__tree:16:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/memory:597:
/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/new:143:65: error: expected ')'
foo.cpp:1:13: note: expanded from macro 'std'
#define std +
            ^
/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/new:143:47: note: to match this '('
_LIBCPP_NEW_DELETE_VIS void  operator delete[](void* __p, const std::nothrow_t&) _NOEXCEPT;
                                              ^
/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/new:145:55: error: expected parameter declarator
inline _LIBCPP_INLINE_VISIBILITY void* operator new  (std::size_t, void* __p) _NOEXCEPT {return __p;}
                                                      ^
foo.cpp:1:13: note: expanded from macro 'std'
#define std +
            ^
In file included from foo.cpp:2:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/map:423:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/__tree:16:
In file included from /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/memory:597:
/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/new:145:55: error: expected ')'
foo.cpp:1:13: note: expanded from macro 'std'
#define std +
            ^
/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/new:145:54: note: to match this '('
inline _LIBCPP_INLINE_VISIBILITY void* operator new  (std::size_t, void* __p) _NOEXCEPT {return __p;}
                                                     ^
Stack dump:
0.  Program arguments: /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/clang -cc1 -triple x86_64-apple-macosx10.9.0 -emit-obj -mrelax-all -disable-free -disable-llvm-verifier -main-file-name foo.cpp -mrelocation-model pic -pic-level 2 -mdisable-fp-elim -masm-verbose -munwind-tables -target-cpu core2 -target-linker-version 236.3 -resource-dir /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/clang/5.1 -isysroot /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Platforms/MacOSX.platform/Developer/SDKs/MacOSX10.9.sdk -stdlib=libc++ -fdeprecated-macro -fdebug-compilation-dir /tmp -ferror-limit -1 -fmessage-length 203 -stack-protector 1 -mstackrealign -fblocks -fobjc-runtime=macosx-10.9.0 -fencode-extended-block-signature -fcxx-exceptions -fexceptions -fdiagnostics-show-option -fcolor-diagnostics -vectorize-slp -o /var/folders/gf/l1sssgds0b30z21wn2n4p3rm0000gr/T/foo-19eda8.o -x c++ foo.cpp 
1.  /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/../lib/c++/v1/new:145:89: current parser token '{'
clang: error: unable to execute command: Segmentation fault: 11
clang: error: clang frontend command failed due to signal (use -v to see invocation)
Apple LLVM version 5.1 (clang-503.0.40) (based on LLVM 3.4svn)
Target: x86_64-apple-darwin13.2.0
Thread model: posix
clang: note: diagnostic msg: PLEASE submit a bug report to http://developer.apple.com/bugreporter/ and include the crash backtrace, preprocessed source, and associated run script.
clang: error: unable to execute command: Segmentation fault: 11
clang: note: diagnostic msg: Error generating preprocessed source(s).

456 lines of errors, 50 errors, and a compiler segfault!

Clang version:

Apple LLVM version 5.1 (clang-503.0.40) (based on LLVM 3.4svn)
Target: x86_64-apple-darwin13.2.0
Thread model: posix
| improve this answer | |
\$\endgroup\$
  • 5
    \$\begingroup\$ did you send in a bug report for that segfault? \$\endgroup\$ – tbodt Mar 24 '17 at 3:40
  • \$\begingroup\$ With my current LLVM version (Apple LLVM version 8.0.0 (clang-800.0.42.1)), I no longer get the segfault. Not sure if I should still submit anything - doubtful the LLVM maintainers will care about an old bug. \$\endgroup\$ – nneonneo Mar 24 '17 at 7:04
13
\$\begingroup\$

I stumbled across this by accident:

#include<functional>
#include<algorithm>
#include<array>
#include<stdexcept>


int main(int argc,char** argv){
    std::array<double, 3> arr;

    arr[0] = 0; arr[1] = 1; arr[2] = 1;

    if (std::any_of(arr.begin(), arr.end(),
                    std::bind(std::less_equal<double>(), std::placeholders::_2, 0))){
        throw std::invalid_argument("Geometry with bin width less or equal to zero");
    }
}

On c++x11 it produces 44kb of error messages, in which compiler tries to say: Please define placeholder for first argument if you define it for second.

See it on ideone.

| improve this answer | |
\$\endgroup\$
  • 8
    \$\begingroup\$ I'm terrified of making a typo in a C++ program that uses the STL... \$\endgroup\$ – Mark Lakata Mar 21 '14 at 5:27
  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ +1 for a answer that is an actual real life example. \$\endgroup\$ – Jerry Jeremiah Apr 16 '18 at 23:08
11
\$\begingroup\$

C++

Based on BЈовић's solution:

File: golf.cpp:

#include "golf.cpp"
#include "golf.cpp"

Running this under G++ will not finish, however, I have computed the length of the error it will eventually emit as roughly 85*2^140 terabytes.

| improve this answer | |
\$\endgroup\$
9
\$\begingroup\$

C++11 variadic templates (69 characters)

template<int... p>
void f()
{
    return f<0,p...>();
}

int main() {
    f();
}

Configuring maximum template instantation depth you could set the length of the error. Here is an example using GCC 4.8.1 with default template depth (900):

prog.cpp:4:22: error: template instantiation depth exceeds maximum of 900 (use -ftemplate-depth= to increase the maximum) substituting ‘template void f() [with int ...p = {0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0}]’ return f<0,p...>(); ^ prog.cpp:4:22: recursively required from ‘void f() [with int ...p = {0}]’ prog.cpp:4:22: required from ‘void f() [with int ...p = {}]’ prog.cpp:8:4: required from here

prog.cpp:4:22: error: no matching function for call to ‘f()’ prog.cpp:4:22: note: candidate is: prog.cpp:2:6: note: template void f() void f() ^ prog.cpp:2:6: note: substitution of deduced template arguments resulted in errors seen above prog.cpp:4:22: error: return-statement with a value, in function returning 'void' [-fpermissive] return f<0,p...>(); ^

Also you could add ten more characters and use unsigned integer underflow to increase the length of the error:

template<unsigned int... p>
void f()
{
    return f<0-1,p...>();
}

int main() {
    f();
}

prog.cpp:4:24: error: template instantiation depth exceeds maximum of 900 (use -ftemplate-depth= to increase the maximum) substituting ‘template void f() [with unsigned int ...p = {4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u, 4294967295u}]’ return f<0-1,p...>(); ^ prog.cpp:4:24: recursively required from ‘void f() [with unsigned int ...p = {4294967295u}]’ prog.cpp:4:24:
required from ‘void f() [with unsigned int ...p = {}]’ prog.cpp:8:4:
required from here

prog.cpp:4:24: error: no matching function for call to ‘f()’ prog.cpp:4:24: note: candidate is: prog.cpp:2:6: note: template void f() void f() ^ prog.cpp:2:6: note: substitution of deduced template arguments resulted in errors seen above prog.cpp:4:24: error: return-statement with a value, in function returning 'void' [-fpermissive] return f<0-1,p...>();

                  ^

Here is an example running at ideone.

| improve this answer | |
\$\endgroup\$
8
\$\begingroup\$

82 bytes: This one works similar to Joey Adams' approach, but the error message will grow exponentially with respect to -ftemplate-depth (because std::set<T> is actually std::set<T, std::less<T>, std::allocator<T>>).

For (x = -ftemplate-depth) >= 28, there will be 1460×3x-27 + 269x - 5381 bytes of error messages (compiled by gcc 7.2.0). That is, in default settings (x=900), it will output about 4.9×10419 bytes of error message theoretically.

Note that without the return statement, the error messages will only produced at the end of the compiling. (so in default settings you won't get the messages - you will run out of memory first.)

Warning: Compiling this program will consume lots of memory.

#include<set>
template<class T>T f(T a){return f(std::set<T>());}int main(){f(0);}

Try it online!

| improve this answer | |
\$\endgroup\$
  • \$\begingroup\$ Using map seems strictly more evil, since std::map<T,T> is std::map<T,T,std::less<T>,std::allocator<std::pair<T,T>>> so you get 5-way recursion instead of 3, for only 2 more bytes. \$\endgroup\$ – nneonneo Feb 4 '19 at 2:25
  • \$\begingroup\$ Also, verified on LLVM version 10.0.0 (clang-1000.11.45.5), with no extra flags. Generated 148,379 bytes at -ftemplate-depth=13, 423,572 bytes at -ftemplate-depth=14, and 1,247,322 bytes at -ftemplate-depth=15. map variant generates 13,373,990 bytes at depth 14 and 66,759,871 bytes at depth 15. \$\endgroup\$ – nneonneo Feb 4 '19 at 2:30
  • \$\begingroup\$ Egads, the default on Clang is -ftemplate-depth=1024, which means somewhere north of 10^713 bytes with the map variant. I believe this means you win... \$\endgroup\$ – nneonneo Feb 4 '19 at 2:39
5
\$\begingroup\$

This produces infinite output on GCC 5.2 and Clang 3.6 (on Clang requires -ferror-limit=0, on GCC works with default settings):

#include __FILE__
#include __FILE__
| improve this answer | |
\$\endgroup\$
5
\$\begingroup\$

Forgetting a semi-colon before an include statement

int i
#include <stdio.h>

I made this error in a header file which I had included in throughout most of my project before the standard libraries. It churned for over 10 minutes and generated about 1000 separate error messages.

| improve this answer | |
\$\endgroup\$
2
\$\begingroup\$

A file named a.cpp. Code:

main(){
#include "a.cpp"
#include "a.cpp"
#include "a.cpp"
#include "a.cpp"
#include "a.cpp"
#include "a.cpp"
#include "a.cpp"
#include "a.cpp"
#include "a.cpp"
#include "a.cpp"
#include "a.cpp"
#include "a.cpp"
#include "a.cpp"
#include "a.cpp"
#include "a.cpp"
#include "a.cpp"
#include "a.cpp"
#include "a.cpp"
#include "a.cpp"
#include "a.cpp"
#include "a.cpp"
#include "a.cpp"
#include "a.cpp"
#include "a.cpp"
#include "a.cpp"
#include "a.cpp"
#include "a.cpp"
#include "a.cpp"
#include "a.cpp"
#include "a.cpp"
#include "a.cpp"
#include "a.cpp"
#include "a.cpp"
#include "a.cpp"
#include "a.cpp"
#include "a.cpp"
#include "a.cpp"
#include "a.cpp"
#include "a.cpp"
#include "a.cpp"
#include "a.cpp"
#include "a.cpp"
#include "a.cpp"
#include "a.cpp"
}

This is a fork bomb where n=40.

| improve this answer | |
\$\endgroup\$
0
\$\begingroup\$
  • 50 bytes: Result will be the sum of the length of all the positive numbers with a single error message:

=>

#include<utility>
std::make_index_sequence<-1>::x;
  • 174 bytes: quadratic explosion with multiple error messages:

=>

#include<utility>
template<size_t N, size_t... M>
void a(std::index_sequence<N, M...>) {
  a(std::index_sequence<M...>{});
  static_assert(!N);
}
auto x{a(std::make_index_sequence<C>{})};

compile with

g++ -c truc.cpp -std=c++17 -DC=10 2>&1 > /dev/null | wc -c 

index_sequence seems to bypass the template instantiation depth limit problem

  • for C=10: 8238 chars
  • for C=100: 264288 chars
  • for C=1000: 23118522 chars

errors look like this: the whole 0 ... C-1 number sequence looks like it is printed 4*C times

truc.cpp:7:6: error: « void x » a un type incomplet
 auto x{a(std::make_index_sequence<C>{})};
      ^
truc.cpp: Dans l'instanciation de « void a(std::index_sequence<N, M ...>) [avec long unsigned int N = 1; long unsigned int ...M = {2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14}; std::index_sequence<N, M ...> = std::integer_sequence<long unsigned int, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14>] » :
truc.cpp:4:4:   requis par « void a(std::index_sequence<N, M ...>) [avec long unsigned int N = 0; long unsigned int ...M = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14}; std::index_sequence<N, M ...> = std::integer_sequence<long unsigned int, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14>] »
truc.cpp:7:39:   requis depuis ici
truc.cpp:5:3: error: l'assertion statique a échoué
   static_assert(!N);
   ^~~~~~~~~~~~~
truc.cpp: Dans l'instanciation de « void a(std::index_sequence<N, M ...>) [avec long unsigned int N = 2; long unsigned int ...M = {3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14}; std::index_sequence<N, M ...> = std::integer_sequence<long unsigned int, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14>] » :
truc.cpp:4:4:   requis récursivement par « void a(std::index_sequence<N, M ...>) [avec long unsigned int N = 1; long unsigned int ...M = {2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14}; std::index_sequence<N, M ...> = std::integer_sequence<long unsigned int, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14>] »
truc.cpp:4:4:   requis par « void a(std::index_sequence<N, M ...>) [avec long unsigned int N = 0; long unsigned int ...M = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14}; std::index_sequence<N, M ...> = std::integer_sequence<long unsigned int, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14>] »
truc.cpp:7:39:   requis depuis ici
truc.cpp:5:3: error: l'assertion statique a échoué
truc.cpp: Dans l'instanciation de « void a(std::index_sequence<N, M ...>) [avec long unsigned int N = 3; long unsigned int ...M = {4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14}; std::index_sequence<N, M ...> = std::integer_sequence<long unsigned int, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14>] » :
truc.cpp:4:4:   requis récursivement par « void a(std::index_sequence<N, M ...>) [avec long unsigned int N = 1; long unsigned int ...M = {2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14}; std::index_sequence<N, M ...> = std::integer_sequence<long unsigned int, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14>] »
truc.cpp:4:4:   requis par « void a(std::index_sequence<N, M ...>) [avec long unsigned int N = 0; long unsigned int ...M = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14}; std::index_sequence<N, M ...> = std::integer_sequence<long unsigned int, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14>] »
truc.cpp:7:39:   requis depuis ici
truc.cpp:5:3: error: l'assertion statique a échoué
truc.cpp: Dans l'instanciation de « void a(std::index_sequence<N, M ...>) [avec long unsigned int N = 4; long unsigned int ...M = {5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14}; std::index_sequence<N, M ...> = std::integer_sequence<long unsigned int, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14>] » :
truc.cpp:4:4:   requis récursivement par « void a(std::index_sequence<N, M ...>) [avec long unsigned int N = 1; long unsigned int ...M = {2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14}; std::index_sequence<N, M ...> = std::integer_sequence<long unsigned int, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14>] »
truc.cpp:4:4:   requis par « void a(std::index_sequence<N, M ...>) [avec long unsigned int N = 0; long unsigned int ...M = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14}; std::index_sequence<N, M ...> = std::integer_sequence<long unsigned int, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14>] »
truc.cpp:7:39:   requis depuis ici
truc.cpp:5:3: error: l'assertion statique a échoué
truc.cpp: Dans l'instanciation de « void a(std::index_sequence<N, M ...>) [avec long unsigned int N = 5; long unsigned int ...M = {6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14}; std::index_sequence<N, M ...> = std::integer_sequence<long unsigned int, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14>  » :
truc.cpp:4:4:   requis récursivement par « void a(std::index_sequence<N, M ...>) [avec long unsigned int N = 1; long unsigned int ...M = {2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14}; std::index_sequence<N, M ...> = std::integer_sequence<long unsigned int, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14>] »
truc.cpp:4:4:   requis par « void a(std::index_sequence<N, M ...>) [avec long unsigned int N = 0; long unsigned int ...M = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14}; std::index_sequence<N, M ...> = std::integer_sequence<long unsigned int, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14>] »
truc.cpp:7:39:   requis depuis ici
truc.cpp:5:3: error: l'assertion statique a échoué
truc.cpp: Dans l'instanciation de « void a(std::index_sequence<N, M ...>) [avec long unsigned int N = 6; long unsigned int ...M = {7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14}; std::index_sequence<N, M ...> = std::integer_sequence<long unsigned int, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14>] » :
truc.cpp:4:4:   requis récursivement par « void a(std::index_sequence<N, M ...>) [avec long unsigned int N = 1; long unsigned int ...M = {2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14}; std::index_sequence<N, M ...> = std::integer_sequence<long unsigned int, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14>] »
truc.cpp:4:4:   requis par « void a(std::index_sequence<N, M ...>) [avec long unsigned int N = 0; long unsigned int ...M = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14}; std::index_sequence<N, M ...> = std::integer_sequence<long unsigned int, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14>] »
truc.cpp:7:39:   requis depuis ici
truc.cpp:5:3: error: l'assertion statique a échoué
truc.cpp: Dans l'instanciation de « void a(std::index_sequence<N, M ...>) [avec long unsigned int N = 7; long unsigned int ...M = {8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14}; std::index_sequence<N, M ...> = std::integer_sequence<long unsigned int, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14>] » :
truc.cpp:4:4:   requis récursivement par « void a(std::index_sequence<N, M ...>) [avec long unsigned int N = 1; long unsigned int ...M = {2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14}; std::index_sequence<N, M ...> = std::integer_sequence<long unsigned int, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14>] »
truc.cpp:4:4:   requis par « void a(std::index_sequence<N, M ...>) [avec long unsigned int N = 0; long unsigned int ...M = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14}; std::index_sequence<N, M ...> = std::integer_sequence<long unsigned int, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14>] »
truc.cpp:7:39:   requis depuis ici
truc.cpp:5:3: error: l'assertion statique a échoué
truc.cpp: Dans l'instanciation de « void a(std::index_sequence<N, M ...>) [avec long unsigned int N = 8; long unsigned int ...M = {9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14}; std::index_sequence<N, M ...> = std::integer_sequence<long unsigned int, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14>] » :
truc.cpp:4:4:   requis récursivement par « void a(std::index_sequence<N, M ...>) [avec long unsigned int N = 1; long unsigned int ...M = {2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14}; std::index_sequence<N, M ...> = std::integer_sequence<long unsigned int, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14>] »
truc.cpp:4:4:   requis par « void a(std::index_sequence<N, M ...>) [avec long unsigned int N = 0; long unsigned int ...M = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14}; std::index_sequence<N, M ...> = std::integer_sequence<long unsigned int, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14>] »
truc.cpp:7:39:   requis depuis ici
truc.cpp:5:3: error: l'assertion statique a échoué
truc.cpp: Dans l'instanciation de « void a(std::index_sequence<N, M ...>) [avec long unsigned int N = 9; long unsigned int ...M = {10, 11, 12, 13, 14}; std::index_sequence<N, M ...> = std::integer_sequence<long unsigned int, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14>] » :
truc.cpp:4:4:   requis récursivement par « void a(std::index_sequence<N, M ...>) [avec long unsigned int N = 1; long unsigned int ...M = {2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14}; std::index_sequence<N, M ...> = std::integer_sequence<long unsigned int, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14>] »
truc.cpp:4:4:   requis par « void a(std::index_sequence<N, M ...>) [avec long unsigned int N = 0; long unsigned int ...M = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14}; std::index_sequence<N, M ...> = std::integer_sequence<long unsigned int, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14>] »
truc.cpp:7:39:   requis depuis ici
truc.cpp:5:3: error: l'assertion statique a échoué
truc.cpp: Dans l'instanciation de « void a(std::index_sequence<N, M ...>) [avec long unsigned int N = 10; long unsigned int ...M = {11, 12, 13, 14}; std::index_sequence<N, M ...> = std::integer_sequence<long unsigned int, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14>] » :
truc.cpp:4:4:   requis récursivement par « void a(std::index_sequence<N, M ...>) [avec long unsigned int N = 1; long unsigned int ...M = {2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14}; std::index_sequence<N, M ...> = std::integer_sequence<long unsigned int, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14>] »
truc.cpp:4:4:   requis par « void a(std::index_sequence<N, M ...>) [avec long unsigned int N = 0; long unsigned int ...M = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14}; std::index_sequence<N, M ...> = std::integer_sequence<long unsigned int, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14>] »
truc.cpp:7:39:   requis depuis ici
truc.cpp:5:3: error: l'assertion statique a échoué
truc.cpp: Dans l'instanciation de « void a(std::index_sequence<N, M ...>) [avec long unsigned int N = 11; long unsigned int ...M = {12, 13, 14}; std::index_sequence<N, M ...> = std::integer_sequence<long unsigned int, 11, 12, 13, 14>] » :
truc.cpp:4:4:   requis récursivement par « void a(std::index_sequence<N, M ...>) [avec long unsigned int N = 1; long unsigned int ...M = {2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14}; std::index_sequence<N, M ...> = std::integer_sequence<long unsigned int, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14>] »
truc.cpp:4:4:   requis par « void a(std::index_sequence<N, M ...>) [avec long unsigned int N = 0; long unsigned int ...M = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14}; std::index_sequence<N, M ...> = std::integer_sequence<long unsigned int, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14>] »
truc.cpp:7:39:   requis depuis ici
truc.cpp:5:3: error: l'assertion statique a échoué
truc.cpp: Dans l'instanciation de « void a(std::index_sequence<N, M ...>) [avec long unsigned int N = 12; long unsigned int ...M = {13, 14}; std::index_sequence<N, M ...> = std::integer_sequence<long unsigned int, 12, 13, 14>] » :
truc.cpp:4:4:   requis récursivement par « void a(std::index_sequence<N, M ...>) [avec long unsigned int N = 1; long unsigned int ...M = {2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14}; std::index_sequence<N, M ...> = std::integer_sequence<long unsigned int, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14>] »
truc.cpp:4:4:   requis par « void a(std::index_sequence<N, M ...>) [avec long unsigned int N = 0; long unsigned int ...M = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14}; std::index_sequence<N, M ...> = std::integer_sequence<long unsigned int, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14>] »
truc.cpp:7:39:   requis depuis ici
truc.cpp:5:3: error: l'assertion statique a échoué
truc.cpp: Dans l'instanciation de « void a(std::index_sequence<N, M ...>) [avec long unsigned int N = 13; long unsigned int ...M = {14}; std::index_sequence<N, M ...> = std::integer_sequence<long unsigned int, 13, 14>] » :
truc.cpp:4:4:   requis récursivement par « void a(std::index_sequence<N, M ...>) [avec long unsigned int N = 1; long unsigned int ...M = {2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14}; std::index_sequence<N, M ...> = std::integer_sequence<long unsigned int, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14>] »
truc.cpp:4:4:   requis par « void a(std::index_sequence<N, M ...>) [avec long unsigned int N = 0; long unsigned int ...M = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14}; std::index_sequence<N, M ...> = std::integer_sequence<long unsigned int, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14>] »
truc.cpp:7:39:   requis depuis ici
truc.cpp:5:3: error: l'assertion statique a échoué
truc.cpp: Dans l'instanciation de « void a(std::index_sequence<N, M ...>) [avec long unsigned int N = 14; long unsigned int ...M = {}; std::index_sequence<N, M ...> = std::integer_sequence<long unsigned int, 14>] » :
truc.cpp:4:4:   requis récursivement par « void a(std::index_sequence<N, M ...>) [avec long unsigned int N = 1; long unsigned int ...M = {2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14}; std::index_sequence<N, M ...> = std::integer_sequence<long unsigned int, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14>] »
truc.cpp:4:4:   requis par « void a(std::index_sequence<N, M ...>) [avec long unsigned int N = 0; long unsigned int ...M = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14}; std::index_sequence<N, M ...> = std::integer_sequence<long unsigned int, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14>] »
truc.cpp:7:39:   requis depuis ici
truc.cpp:4:4: error: pas de fonction correspondant à l'appel « a(std::index_sequence<>) »
   a(std::index_sequence<M...>{});
   ~^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
truc.cpp:3:6: note: candidate: template<long unsigned int N, long unsigned int ...M> void a(std::index_sequence<N, M ...>)
 void a(std::index_sequence<N, M...>) {
      ^
truc.cpp:3:6: note:   la déduction/substitution de l'argument du patron a échoué:
truc.cpp:4:4: note:   le candidat attend 2 arguments, 0 fourni(s)
   a(std::index_sequence<M...>{});
   ~^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
truc.cpp:5:3: error: l'assertion statique a échoué
   static_assert(!N);
   ^~~~~~~~~~~~~
[1]    11052 exit 1     g++ -c -O3 truc.cpp -std=c++17 -DC=15

and the number sequences are able to go past the default template instantiation depth limit, certainly because it's a builtin:

... requis récursivement par « void a(std::index_sequence<N, M ...>) [avec long unsigned int N = 1; long unsigned int ...M = {2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 127, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143, 144, 145, 146, 147, 148, 149, 150, 151, 152, 153, 154, 155, 156, 157, 158, 159, 160, 161, 162, 163, 164, 165, 166, 167, 168, 169, 170, 171, 172, 173, 174, 175, 176, 177, 178, 179, 180, 181, 182, 183, 184, 185, 186, 187, 188, 189, 190, 191, 192, 193, 194, 195, 196, 197, 198, 199, 200, 201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 207, 208, 209, 210, 211, 212, 213, 214, 215, 216, 217, 218, 219, 220, 221, 222, 223, 224, 225, 226, 227, 228, 229, 230, 231, 232, 233, 234, 235, 236, 237, 238, 239, 240, 241, 242, 243, 244, 245, 246, 247, 248, 249, 250, 251, 252, 253, 254, 255, 256, 257, 258, 259, 260, 261, 262, 263, 264, 265, 266, 267, 268, 269, 270, 271, 272, 273, 274, 275, 276, 277, 278, 279, 280, 281, 282, 283, 284, 285, 286, 287, 288, 289, 290, 291, 292, 293, 294, 295, 296, 297, 298, 299, 300, 301, 302, 303, 304, 305, 306, 307, 308, 309, 310, 311, 312, 313, 314, 315, 316, 317, 318, 319, 320, 321, 322, 323, 324, 325, 326, 327, 328, 329, 330, 331, 332, 333, 334, 335, 336, 337, 338, 339, 340, 341, 342, 343, 344, 345, 346, 347, 348, 349, 350, 351, 352, 353, 354, 355, 356, 357, 358, 359, 360, 361, 362, 363, 364, 365, 366, 367, 368, 369, 370, 371, 372, 373, 374, 375, 376, 377, 378, 379, 380, 381, 382, 383, 384, 385, 386, 387, 388, 389, 390, 391, 392, 393, 394, 395, 396, 397, 398, 399, 400, 401, 402, 403, 404, 405, 406, 407, 408, 409, 410, 411, 412, 413, 414, 415, 416, 417, 418, 419, 420, 421, 422, 423, 424, 425, 426, 427, 428, 429, 430, 431, 432, 433, 434, 435, 436, 437, 438, 439, 440, 441, 442, 443, 444, 445, 446, 447, 448, 449, 450, 451, 452, 453, 454, 455, 456, 457, 458, 459, 460, 461, 462, 463, 464, 465, 466, 467, 468, 469, 470, 471, 472, 473, 474, 475, 476, 477, 478, 479, 480, 481, 482, 483, 484, 485, 486, 487, 488, 489, 490, 491, 492, 493, 494, 495, 496, 497, 498, 499, 500, 501, 502, 503, 504, 505, 506, 507, 508, 509, 510, 511, 512, 513, 514, 515, 516, 517, 518, 519, 520, 521, 522, 523, 524, 525, 526, 527, 528, 529, 530, 531, 532, 533, 534, 535, 536, 537, 538, 539, 540, 541, 542, 543, 544, 545, 546, 547, 548, 549, 550, 551, 552, 553, 554, 555, 556, 557, 558, 559, 560, 561, 562, 563, 564, 565, 566, 567, 568, 569, 570, 571, 572, 573, 574, 575, 576, 577, 578, 579, 580, 581, 582, 583, 584, 585, 586, 587, 588, 589, 590, 591, 592, 593, 594, 595, 596, 597, 598, 599, 600, 601, 602, 603, 604, 605, 606, 607, 608, 609, 610, 611, 612, 613, 614, 615, 616, 617, 618, 619, 620, 621, 622, 623, 624, 625, 626, 627, 628, 629, 630, 631, 632, 633, 634, 635, 636, 637, 638, 639, 640, 641, 642, 643, 644, 645, 646, 647, 648, 649, 650, 651, 652, 653, 654, 655, 656, 657, 658, 659, 660, 661, 662, 663, 664, 665, 666, 667, 668, 669, 670, 671, 672, 673, 674, 675, 676, 677, 678, 679, 680, 681, 682, 683, 684, 685, 686, 687, 688, 689, 690, 691, 692, 693, 694, 695, 696, 697, 698, 699, 700, 701, 702, 703, 704, 705, 706, 707, 708, 709, 710, 711, 712, 713, 714, 715, 716, 717, 718, 719, 720, 721, 722, 723, 724, 725, 726, 727, 728, 729, 730, 731, 732, 733, 734, 735, 736, 737, 738, 739, 740, 741, 742, 743, 744, 745, 746, 747, 748, 749, 750, 751, 752, 753, 754, 755, 756, 757, 758, 759, 760, 761, 762, 763, 764, 765, 766, 767, 768, 769, 770, 771, 772, 773, 774, 775, 776, 777, 778, 779, 780, 781, 782, 783, 784, 785, 786, 787, 788, 789, 790, 791, 792, 793, 794, 795, 796, 797, 798, 799, 800, 801, 802, 803, 804, 805, 806, 807, 808, 809, 810, 811, 812, 813, 814, 815, 816, 817, 818, 819, 820, 821, 822, 823, 824, 825, 826, 827, 828, 829, 830, 831, 832, 833, 834, 835, 836, 837, 838, 839, 840, 841, 842, 843, 844, 845, 846, 847, 848, 849, 850, 851, 852, 853, 854, 855, 856, 857, 858, 859, 860, 861, 862, 863, 864, 865, 866, 867, 868, 869, 870, 871, 872, 873, 874, 875, 876, 877, 878, 879, 880, 881, 882, 883, 884, 885, 886, 887, 888, 889, 890, 891, 892, 893, 894, 895, 896, 897, 898, 899, 900, 901, 902, 903, 904, 905, 906, 907, 908, 909, 910, 911, 912, 913, 914, 915, 916, 917, 918, 919, 920, 921, 922, 923, 924, 925, 926, 927, 928, 929, 930, 931, 932, 933, 934, 935, 936, 937, 938, 939, 940, 941, 942, 943, 944, 945, 946, 947, 948, 949, 950, 951, 952, 953, 954, 955, 956, 957, 958, 959, 960, 961, 962, 963, 964, 965, 966, 967, 968, 969, 970, 971, 972, 973, 974, 975, 976, 977, 978, 979, 980, 981, 982, 983, 984, 985, 986, 987, 988, 989, 990, 991, 992, 993, 994, 995, 996, 997, 998, 999, 1000, 1001, 1002, 1003, 1004, 1005, 1006, 1007, 1008, 1009, 1010, 1011, 1012, 1013, 1014, 1015, 1016, 1017, 1018, 1019, 1020, 1021, 1022, 1023, 1024, 1025, 1026, 1027, 1028, 1029, 1030, 1031, 1032, 1033, 1034, 1035, 1036, 1037, 1038, 1039, 1040, 1041, 1042, 1043, 1044, 1045, 1046, 1047, 1048, 1049, 1050, 1051, 1052, 1053, 1054, 1055, 1056, 1057, 1058, 1059, 1060, 1061, 1062, 1063, 1064, 1065, 1066, 1067, 1068, 1069, 1070, 1071, 1072, 1073, 1074, 1075, 1076, 1077, 1078, 1079, 1080, 1081, 1082, 1083, 1084, 1085, 1086, 1087, 1088, 1089, 1090, 1091, 1092, 1093, 1094, 1095, 1096, 1097, 1098, 1099, 1100, 1101, 1102, 1103, 1104, 1105, 1106, 1107, 1108, 1109, 1110, 1111, 1112, 1113, 1114, 1115, 1116, 1117, 1118, 1119, 1120, 1121, 1122, 1123, 1124, 1125, 1126, 1127, 1128, 1129, 1130, 1131, 1132, 1133, 1134, 1135, 1136, 1137, 1138, 1139, 1140, 1141, 1142, 1143, 1144, 1145, 1146, 1147, 1148, 1149, 1150, 1151, 1152, 1153, 1154, 1155, 1156, 1157, 1158, 1159, 1160, 1161, 1162, 1163, 1164, 1165, 1166, 1167, 1168, 1169, 1170, 1171, 1172, 1173, 1174, 1175, 1176, 1177, 1178, 1179, 1180, 1181, 1182, 1183, 1184, 1185, 1186, 1187, 1188, 1189, 1190, 1191, 1192, 1193, 1194, 1195, 1196, 1197, 1198, 1199, 1200, 1201, 1202, 1203, 1204, 1205, 1206, 1207, 1208, 1209, 1210, 1211, 1212, 1213, 1214, 1215, 1216, 1217, 1218, 1219, 1220, 1221, 1222, 1223, 1224, 1225, 1226, 1227, 1228, 1229, 1230, 1231, 1232, 1233, 1234, 1235, 1236, 1237, 1238, 1239, 1240, 1241, 1242, 1243, 1244, 1245, 1246, 1247, 1248, 1249, 1250, 1251, 1252, 1253, 1254, 1255, 1256, 1257, 1258, 1259, 1260, 1261, 1262, 1263, 1264, 1265, 1266, 1267, 1268, 1269, 1270, 1271, 1272, 1273, 1274, 1275, 1276, 1277, 1278, 1279, 1280, 1281, 1282, 1283, 1284, 1285, 1286, 1287, 1288, 1289, 1290, 1291, 1292, 1293, 1294, 1295, 1296, 1297, 1298, 1299, 1300, 1301, 1302, 1303, 1304, 1305, 1306, 1307, 1308, 1309, 1310, 1311, 1312, 1313, 1314, 1315, 1316, 1317, 1318, 1319, 1320, 1321, 1322, 1323, 1324, 1325, 1326, 1327, 1328, 1329, 1330, 1331, 1332, 1333, 1334, 1335, 1336, 1337, 1338, 1339, 1340, 1341, 1342, 1343, 1344, 1345, 1346, 1347, 1348, 1349, 1350, 1351, 1352, 1353, 1354, 1355, 1356, 1357, 1358, 1359, 1360, 1361, 1362, 1363, 1364, 1365, 1366, 1367, 1368, 1369, 1370, 1371, 1372, 1373, 1374, 1375, 1376, 1377, 1378, 1379, 1380, 1381, 1382, 1383, 1384, 1385, 1386, 1387, 1388, 1389, 1390, 1391, 1392, 1393, 1394, 1395, 1396, 1397, 1398, 1399, 1400, 1401, 1402, 1403, 1404, 1405, 1406, 1407, 1408, 1409, 1410, 1411, 1412, 1413, 1414, 1415, 1416, 1417, 1418, 1419, 1420, 1421, 1422, 1423, 1424, 1425, 1426, 1427, 1428, 1429, 1430, 1431, 1432, 1433, 1434, 1435, 1436, 1437, 1438, 1439, 1440, 1441, 1442, 1443, 1444, 1445, 1446, 1447, 1448, 1449, 1450, 1451, 1452, 1453, 1454, 1455, 1456, 1457, 1458, 1459, 1460, 1461, 1462, 1463, 1464, 1465, 1466, 1467, 1468, 1469, 1470, 1471, 1472, 1473, 1474, 1475, 1476, 1477, 1478, 1479, 1480, 1481, 1482, 1483, 1484, 1485, 1486, 1487, 1488, 1489, 1490, 1491, 1492, 1493, 1494, 1495, 1496, 1497, 1498, 1499}; std::index_sequence<N, M ...> = std::integer_sequence<long unsigned int, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 127, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143, 144, 145, 146, 147, 148, 149, 150, 151, 152, 153, 154, 155, 156, 157, 158, 159, 160, 161, 162, 163, 164, 165, 166, 167, 168, 169, 170, 171, 172, 173, 174, 175, 176, 177, 178, 179, 180, 181, 182, 183, 184, 185, 186, 187, 188, 189, 190, 191, 192, 193, 194, 195, 196, 197, 198, 199, 200, 201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 207, 208, 209, 210, 211, 212, 213, 214, 215, 216, 217, 218, 219, 220, 221, 222, 223, 224, 225, 226, 227, 228, 229, 230, 231, 232, 233, 234, 235, 236, 237, 238, 239, 240, 241, 242, 243, 244, 245, 246, 247, 248, 249, 250, 251, 252, 253, 254, 255, 256, 257, 258, 259, 260, 261, 262, 263, 264, 265, 266, 267, 268, 269, 270, 271, 272, 273, 274, 275, 276, 277, 278, 279, 280, 281, 282, 283, 284, 285, 286, 287, 288, 289, 290, 291, 292, 293, 294, 295, 296, 297, 298, 299, 300, 301, 302, 303, 304, 305, 306, 307, 308, 309, 310, 311, 312, 313, 314, 315, 316, 317, 318, 319, 320, 321, 322, 323, 324, 325, 326, 327, 328, 329, 330, 331, 332, 333, 334, 335, 336, 337, 338, 339, 340, 341, 342, 343, 344, 345, 346, 347, 348, 349, 350, 351, 352, 353, 354, 355, 356, 357, 358, 359, 360, 361, 362, 363, 364, 365, 366, 367, 368, 369, 370, 371, 372, 373, 374, 375, 376, 377, 378, 379, 380, 381, 382, 383, 384, 385, 386, 387, 388, 389, 390, 391, 392, 393, 394, 395, 396, 397, 398, 399, 400, 401, 402, 403, 404, 405, 406, 407, 408, 409, 410, 411, 412, 413, 414, 415, 416, 417, 418, 419, 420, 421, 422, 423, 424, 425, 426, 427, 428, 429, 430, 431, 432, 433, 434, 435, 436, 437, 438, 439, 440, 441, 442, 443, 444, 445, 446, 447, 448, 449, 450, 451, 452, 453, 454, 455, 456, 457, 458, 459, 460, 461, 462, 463, 464, 465, 466, 467, 468, 469, 470, 471, 472, 473, 474, 475, 476, 477, 478, 479, 480, 481, 482, 483, 484, 485, 486, 487, 488, 489, 490, 491, 492, 493, 494, 495, 496, 497, 498, 499, 500, 501, 502, 503, 504, 505, 506, 507, 508, 509, 510, 511, 512, 513, 514, 515, 516, 517, 518, 519, 520, 521, 522, 523, 524, 525, 526, 527, 528, 529, 530, 531, 532, 533, 534, 535, 536, 537, 538, 539, 540, 541, 542, 543, 544, 545, 546, 547, 548, 549, 550, 551, 552, 553, 554, 555, 556, 557, 558, 559, 560, 561, 562, 563, 564, 565, 566, 567, 568, 569, 570, 571, 572, 573, 574, 575, 576, 577, 578, 579, 580, 581, 582, 583, 584, 585, 586, 587, 588, 589, 590, 591, 592, 593, 594, 595, 596, 597, 598, 599, 600, 601, 602, 603, 604, 605, 606, 607, 608, 609, 610, 611, 612, 613, 614, 615, 616, 617, 618, 619, 620, 621, 622, 623, 624, 625, 626, 627, 628, 629, 630, 631, 632, 633, 634, 635, 636, 637, 638, 639, 640, 641, 642, 643, 644, 645, 646, 647, 648, 649, 650, 651, 652, 653, 654, 655, 656, 657, 658, 659, 660, 661, 662, 663, 664, 665, 666, 667, 668, 669, 670, 671, 672, 673, 674, 675, 676, 677, 678, 679, 680, 681, 682, 683, 684, 685, 686, 687, 688, 689, 690, 691, 692, 693, 694, 695, 696, 697, 698, 699, 700, 701, 702, 703, 704, 705, 706, 707, 708, 709, 710, 711, 712, 713, 714, 715, 716, 717, 718, 719, 720, 721, 722, 723, 724, 725, 726, 727, 728, 729, 730, 731, 732, 733, 734, 735, 736, 737, 738, 739, 740, 741, 742, 743, 744, 745, 746, 747, 748, 749, 750, 751, 752, 753, 754, 755, 756, 757, 758, 759, 760, 761, 762, 763, 764, 765, 766, 767, 768, 769, 770, 771, 772, 773, 774, 775, 776, 777, 778, 779, 780, 781, 782, 783, 784, 785, 786, 787, 788, 789, 790, 791, 792, 793, 794, 795, 796, 797, 798, 799, 800, 801, 802, 803, 804, 805, 806, 807, 808, 809, 810, 811, 812, 813, 814, 815, 816, 817, 818, 819, 820, 821, 822, 823, 824, 825, 826, 827, 828, 829, 830, 831, 832, 833, 834, 835, 836, 837, 838, 839, 840, 841, 842, 843, 844, 845, 846, 847, 848, 849, 850, 851, 852, 853, 854, 855, 856, 857, 858, 859, 860, 861, 862, 863, 864, 865, 866, 867, 868, 869, 870, 871, 872, 873, 874, 875, 876, 877, 878, 879, 880, 881, 882, 883, 884, 885, 886, 887, 888, 889, 890, 891, 892, 893, 894, 895, 896, 897, 898, 899, 900, 901, 902, 903, 904, 905, 906, 907, 908, 909, 910, 911, 912, 913, 914, 915, 916, 917, 918, 919, 920, 921, 922, 923, 924, 925, 926, 927, 928, 929, 930, 931, 932, 933, 934, 935, 936, 937, 938, 939, 940, 941, 942, 943, 944, 945, 946, 947, 948, 949, 950, 951, 952, 953, 954, 955, 956, 957, 958, 959, 960, 961, 962, 963, 964, 965, 966, 967, 968, 969, 970, 971, 972, 973, 974, 975, 976, 977, 978, 979, 980, 981, 982, 983, 984, 985, 986, 987, 988, 989, 990, 991, 992, 993, 994, 995, 996, 997, 998, 999, 1000, 1001, 1002, 1003, 1004, 1005, 1006, 1007, 1008, 1009, 1010, 1011, 1012, 1013, 1014, 1015, 1016, 1017, 1018, 1019, 1020, 1021, 1022, 1023, 1024, 1025, 1026, 1027, 1028, 1029, 1030, 1031, 1032, 1033, 1034, 1035, 1036, 1037, 1038, 1039, 1040, 1041, 1042, 1043, 1044, 1045, 1046, 1047, 1048, 1049, 1050, 1051, 1052, 1053, 1054, 1055, 1056, 1057, 1058, 1059, 1060, 1061, 1062, 1063, 1064, 1065, 1066, 1067, 1068, 1069, 1070, 1071, 1072, 1073, 1074, 1075, 1076, 1077, 1078, 1079, 1080, 1081, 1082, 1083, 1084, 1085, 1086, 1087, 1088, 1089, 1090, 1091, 1092, 1093, 1094, 1095, 1096, 1097, 1098, 1099, 1100, 1101, 1102, 1103, 1104, 1105, 1106, 1107, 1108, 1109, 1110, 1111, 1112, 1113, 1114, 1115, 1116, 1117, 1118, 1119, 1120, 1121, 1122, 1123, 1124, 1125, 1126, 1127, 1128, 1129, 1130, 1131, 1132, 1133, 1134, 1135, 1136, 1137, 1138, 1139, 1140, 1141, 1142, 1143, 1144, 1145, 1146, 1147, 1148, 1149, 1150, 1151, 1152, 1153, 1154, 1155, 1156, 1157, 1158, 1159, 1160, 1161, 1162, 1163, 1164, 1165, 1166, 1167, 1168, 1169, 1170, 1171, 1172, 1173, 1174, 1175, 1176, 1177, 1178, 1179, 1180, 1181, 1182, 1183, 1184, 1185, 1186, 1187, 1188, 1189, 1190, 1191, 1192, 1193, 1194, 1195, 1196, 1197, 1198, 1199, 1200, 1201, 1202, 1203, 1204, 1205, 1206, 1207, 1208, 1209, 1210, 1211, 1212, 1213, 1214, 1215, 1216, 1217, 1218, 1219, 1220, 1221, 1222, 1223, 1224, 1225, 1226, 1227, 1228, 1229, 1230, 1231, 1232, 1233, 1234, 1235, 1236, 1237, 1238, 1239, 1240, 1241, 1242, 1243, 1244, 1245, 1246, 1247, 1248, 1249, 1250, 1251, 1252, 1253, 1254, 1255, 1256, 1257, 1258, 1259, 1260, 1261, 1262, 1263, 1264, 1265, 1266, 1267, 1268, 1269, 1270, 1271, 1272, 1273, 1274, 1275, 1276, 1277, 1278, 1279, 1280, 1281, 1282, 1283, 1284, 1285, 1286, 1287, 1288, 1289, 1290, 1291, 1292, 1293, 1294, 1295, 1296, 1297, 1298, 1299, 1300, 1301, 1302, 1303, 1304, 1305, 1306, 1307, 1308, 1309, 1310, 1311, 1312, 1313, 1314, 1315, 1316, 1317, 1318, 1319, 1320, 1321, 1322, 1323, 1324, 1325, 1326, 1327, 1328, 1329, 1330, 1331, 1332, 1333, 1334, 1335, 1336, 1337, 1338, 1339, 1340, 1341, 1342, 1343, 1344, 1345, 1346, 1347, 1348, 1349, 1350, 1351, 1352, 1353, 1354, 1355, 1356, 1357, 1358, 1359, 1360, 1361, 1362, 1363, 1364, 1365, 1366, 1367, 1368, 1369, 1370, 1371, 1372, 1373, 1374, 1375, 1376, 1377, 1378, 1379, 1380, 1381, 1382, 1383, 1384, 1385, 1386, 1387, 1388, 1389, 1390, 1391, 1392, 1393, 1394, 1395, 1396, 1397, 1398, 1399, 1400, 1401, 1402, 1403, 1404, 1405, 1406, 1407, 1408, 1409, 1410, 1411, 1412, 1413, 1414, 1415, 1416, 1417, 1418, 1419, 1420, 1421, 1422, 1423, 1424, 1425, 1426, 1427, 1428, 1429, 1430, 1431, 1432, 1433, 1434, 1435, 1436, 1437, 1438, 1439, 1440, 1441, 1442, 1443, 1444, 1445, 1446, 1447, 1448, 1449, 1450, 1451, 1452, 1453, 1454, 1455, 1456, 1457, 1458, 1459, 1460, 1461, 1462, 1463, 1464, 1465, 1466, 1467, 1468, 1469, 1470, 1471, 1472, 1473, 1474, 1475, 1476, 1477, 1478, 1479, 1480, 1481, 1482, 1483, 1484, 1485, 1486, 1487, 1488, 1489, 1490, 1491, 1492, 1493, 1494, 1495, 1496, 1497, 1498, 1499>
| improve this answer | |
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This produces 21KB of output for me with GCC 10.1.0:

#include <iostream>
int main() { std::cin >> ""; }

Output:

error.cpp: In function ‘int main()’:
error.cpp:2:23: error: no match for ‘operator>>’ (operand types are ‘std::istream’ {aka ‘std::basic_istream<char>’} and ‘const char [1]’)
    2 | int main() { std::cin >> ""; }
      |              ~~~~~~~~ ^~ ~~
      |                   |      |
      |                   |      const char [1]
      |                   std::istream {aka std::basic_istream<char>}
In file included from /usr/include/c++/10.1.0/iostream:40,
                 from error.cpp:1:
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:168:7: note: candidate: ‘std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::__istream_type& std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::operator>>(bool&) [with _CharT = char; _Traits = std::char_traits<char>; std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::__istream_type = std::basic_istream<char>]’ (near match)
  168 |       operator>>(bool& __n)
      |       ^~~~~~~~
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:168:7: note:   conversion of argument 1 would be ill-formed:
error.cpp:2:26: error: cannot bind non-const lvalue reference of type ‘bool&’ to an rvalue of type ‘bool’
    2 | int main() { std::cin >> ""; }
      |                          ^~
In file included from /usr/include/c++/10.1.0/iostream:40,
                 from error.cpp:1:
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:172:7: note: candidate: ‘std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>& std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::operator>>(short int&) [with _CharT = char; _Traits = std::char_traits<char>]’ (near match)
  172 |       operator>>(short& __n);
      |       ^~~~~~~~
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:172:7: note:   conversion of argument 1 would be ill-formed:
error.cpp:2:26: error: invalid conversion from ‘const char*’ to ‘short int’ [-fpermissive]
    2 | int main() { std::cin >> ""; }
      |                          ^~
      |                          |
      |                          const char*
error.cpp:2:26: error: cannot bind rvalue ‘(short int)((const char*)"")’ to ‘short int&’
In file included from /usr/include/c++/10.1.0/iostream:40,
                 from error.cpp:1:
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:175:7: note: candidate: ‘std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::__istream_type& std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::operator>>(short unsigned int&) [with _CharT = char; _Traits = std::char_traits<char>; std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::__istream_type = std::basic_istream<char>]’ (near match)
  175 |       operator>>(unsigned short& __n)
      |       ^~~~~~~~
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:175:7: note:   conversion of argument 1 would be ill-formed:
error.cpp:2:26: error: invalid conversion from ‘const char*’ to ‘short unsigned int’ [-fpermissive]
    2 | int main() { std::cin >> ""; }
      |                          ^~
      |                          |
      |                          const char*
error.cpp:2:26: error: cannot bind rvalue ‘(short unsigned int)((const char*)"")’ to ‘short unsigned int&’
In file included from /usr/include/c++/10.1.0/iostream:40,
                 from error.cpp:1:
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:179:7: note: candidate: ‘std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>& std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::operator>>(int&) [with _CharT = char; _Traits = std::char_traits<char>]’ (near match)
  179 |       operator>>(int& __n);
      |       ^~~~~~~~
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:179:7: note:   conversion of argument 1 would be ill-formed:
error.cpp:2:26: error: invalid conversion from ‘const char*’ to ‘int’ [-fpermissive]
    2 | int main() { std::cin >> ""; }
      |                          ^~
      |                          |
      |                          const char*
error.cpp:2:26: error: cannot bind rvalue ‘(int)((const char*)"")’ to ‘int&’
In file included from /usr/include/c++/10.1.0/iostream:40,
                 from error.cpp:1:
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:182:7: note: candidate: ‘std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::__istream_type& std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::operator>>(unsigned int&) [with _CharT = char; _Traits = std::char_traits<char>; std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::__istream_type = std::basic_istream<char>]’ (near match)
  182 |       operator>>(unsigned int& __n)
      |       ^~~~~~~~
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:182:7: note:   conversion of argument 1 would be ill-formed:
error.cpp:2:26: error: invalid conversion from ‘const char*’ to ‘unsigned int’ [-fpermissive]
    2 | int main() { std::cin >> ""; }
      |                          ^~
      |                          |
      |                          const char*
error.cpp:2:26: error: cannot bind rvalue ‘(unsigned int)((const char*)"")’ to ‘unsigned int&’
In file included from /usr/include/c++/10.1.0/iostream:40,
                 from error.cpp:1:
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:186:7: note: candidate: ‘std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::__istream_type& std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::operator>>(long int&) [with _CharT = char; _Traits = std::char_traits<char>; std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::__istream_type = std::basic_istream<char>]’ (near match)
  186 |       operator>>(long& __n)
      |       ^~~~~~~~
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:186:7: note:   conversion of argument 1 would be ill-formed:
error.cpp:2:26: error: invalid conversion from ‘const char*’ to ‘long int’ [-fpermissive]
    2 | int main() { std::cin >> ""; }
      |                          ^~
      |                          |
      |                          const char*
error.cpp:2:26: error: cannot bind rvalue ‘(long int)((const char*)"")’ to ‘long int&’
In file included from /usr/include/c++/10.1.0/iostream:40,
                 from error.cpp:1:
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:190:7: note: candidate: ‘std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::__istream_type& std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::operator>>(long unsigned int&) [with _CharT = char; _Traits = std::char_traits<char>; std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::__istream_type = std::basic_istream<char>]’ (near match)
  190 |       operator>>(unsigned long& __n)
      |       ^~~~~~~~
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:190:7: note:   conversion of argument 1 would be ill-formed:
error.cpp:2:26: error: invalid conversion from ‘const char*’ to ‘long unsigned int’ [-fpermissive]
    2 | int main() { std::cin >> ""; }
      |                          ^~
      |                          |
      |                          const char*
error.cpp:2:26: error: cannot bind rvalue ‘(long unsigned int)((const char*)"")’ to ‘long unsigned int&’
In file included from /usr/include/c++/10.1.0/iostream:40,
                 from error.cpp:1:
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:195:7: note: candidate: ‘std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::__istream_type& std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::operator>>(long long int&) [with _CharT = char; _Traits = std::char_traits<char>; std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::__istream_type = std::basic_istream<char>]’ (near match)
  195 |       operator>>(long long& __n)
      |       ^~~~~~~~
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:195:7: note:   conversion of argument 1 would be ill-formed:
error.cpp:2:26: error: invalid conversion from ‘const char*’ to ‘long long int’ [-fpermissive]
    2 | int main() { std::cin >> ""; }
      |                          ^~
      |                          |
      |                          const char*
error.cpp:2:26: error: cannot bind rvalue ‘(long long int)((const char*)"")’ to ‘long long int&’
In file included from /usr/include/c++/10.1.0/iostream:40,
                 from error.cpp:1:
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:199:7: note: candidate: ‘std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::__istream_type& std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::operator>>(long long unsigned int&) [with _CharT = char; _Traits = std::char_traits<char>; std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::__istream_type = std::basic_istream<char>]’ (near match)
  199 |       operator>>(unsigned long long& __n)
      |       ^~~~~~~~
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:199:7: note:   conversion of argument 1 would be ill-formed:
error.cpp:2:26: error: invalid conversion from ‘const char*’ to ‘long long unsigned int’ [-fpermissive]
    2 | int main() { std::cin >> ""; }
      |                          ^~
      |                          |
      |                          const char*
error.cpp:2:26: error: cannot bind rvalue ‘(long long unsigned int)((const char*)"")’ to ‘long long unsigned int&’
In file included from /usr/include/c++/10.1.0/iostream:40,
                 from error.cpp:1:
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:235:7: note: candidate: ‘std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::__istream_type& std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::operator>>(void*&) [with _CharT = char; _Traits = std::char_traits<char>; std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::__istream_type = std::basic_istream<char>]’ (near match)
  235 |       operator>>(void*& __p)
      |       ^~~~~~~~
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:235:7: note:   conversion of argument 1 would be ill-formed:
error.cpp:2:26: error: invalid conversion from ‘const void*’ to ‘void*’ [-fpermissive]
    2 | int main() { std::cin >> ""; }
      |                          ^~
      |                          |
      |                          const void*
error.cpp:2:26: error: cannot bind rvalue ‘(void*)((const void*)((const char*)""))’ to ‘void*&’
In file included from /usr/include/c++/10.1.0/iostream:40,
                 from error.cpp:1:
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:120:7: note: candidate: ‘std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::__istream_type& std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::operator>>(std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::__istream_type& (*)(std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::__istream_type&)) [with _CharT = char; _Traits = std::char_traits<char>; std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::__istream_type = std::basic_istream<char>]’
  120 |       operator>>(__istream_type& (*__pf)(__istream_type&))
      |       ^~~~~~~~
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:120:36: note:   no known conversion for argument 1 from ‘const char [1]’ to ‘std::basic_istream<char>::__istream_type& (*)(std::basic_istream<char>::__istream_type&)’ {aka ‘std::basic_istream<char>& (*)(std::basic_istream<char>&)’}
  120 |       operator>>(__istream_type& (*__pf)(__istream_type&))
      |                  ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:124:7: note: candidate: ‘std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::__istream_type& std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::operator>>(std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::__ios_type& (*)(std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::__ios_type&)) [with _CharT = char; _Traits = std::char_traits<char>; std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::__istream_type = std::basic_istream<char>; std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::__ios_type = std::basic_ios<char>]’
  124 |       operator>>(__ios_type& (*__pf)(__ios_type&))
      |       ^~~~~~~~
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:124:32: note:   no known conversion for argument 1 from ‘const char [1]’ to ‘std::basic_istream<char>::__ios_type& (*)(std::basic_istream<char>::__ios_type&)’ {aka ‘std::basic_ios<char>& (*)(std::basic_ios<char>&)’}
  124 |       operator>>(__ios_type& (*__pf)(__ios_type&))
      |                  ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:131:7: note: candidate: ‘std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::__istream_type& std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::operator>>(std::ios_base& (*)(std::ios_base&)) [with _CharT = char; _Traits = std::char_traits<char>; std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::__istream_type = std::basic_istream<char>]’
  131 |       operator>>(ios_base& (*__pf)(ios_base&))
      |       ^~~~~~~~
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:131:30: note:   no known conversion for argument 1 from ‘const char [1]’ to ‘std::ios_base& (*)(std::ios_base&)’
  131 |       operator>>(ios_base& (*__pf)(ios_base&))
      |                  ~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:214:7: note: candidate: ‘std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::__istream_type& std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::operator>>(float&) [with _CharT = char; _Traits = std::char_traits<char>; std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::__istream_type = std::basic_istream<char>]’
  214 |       operator>>(float& __f)
      |       ^~~~~~~~
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:214:25: note:   no known conversion for argument 1 from ‘const char [1]’ to ‘float&’
  214 |       operator>>(float& __f)
      |                  ~~~~~~~^~~
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:218:7: note: candidate: ‘std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::__istream_type& std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::operator>>(double&) [with _CharT = char; _Traits = std::char_traits<char>; std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::__istream_type = std::basic_istream<char>]’
  218 |       operator>>(double& __f)
      |       ^~~~~~~~
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:218:26: note:   no known conversion for argument 1 from ‘const char [1]’ to ‘double&’
  218 |       operator>>(double& __f)
      |                  ~~~~~~~~^~~
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:222:7: note: candidate: ‘std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::__istream_type& std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::operator>>(long double&) [with _CharT = char; _Traits = std::char_traits<char>; std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::__istream_type = std::basic_istream<char>]’
  222 |       operator>>(long double& __f)
      |       ^~~~~~~~
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:222:31: note:   no known conversion for argument 1 from ‘const char [1]’ to ‘long double&’
  222 |       operator>>(long double& __f)
      |                  ~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:259:7: note: candidate: ‘std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>& std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::operator>>(std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::__streambuf_type*) [with _CharT = char; _Traits = std::char_traits<char>; std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>::__streambuf_type = std::basic_streambuf<char>]’
  259 |       operator>>(__streambuf_type* __sb);
      |       ^~~~~~~~
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:259:36: note:   no known conversion for argument 1 from ‘const char [1]’ to ‘std::basic_istream<char>::__streambuf_type*’ {aka ‘std::basic_streambuf<char>*’}
  259 |       operator>>(__streambuf_type* __sb);
      |                  ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~
In file included from /usr/include/c++/10.1.0/string:56,
                 from /usr/include/c++/10.1.0/bits/locale_classes.h:40,
                 from /usr/include/c++/10.1.0/bits/ios_base.h:41,
                 from /usr/include/c++/10.1.0/ios:42,
                 from /usr/include/c++/10.1.0/ostream:38,
                 from /usr/include/c++/10.1.0/iostream:39,
                 from error.cpp:1:
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/bits/basic_string.tcc:1476:5: note: candidate: ‘template<class _CharT, class _Traits, class _Alloc> std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>& std::operator>>(std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>&, std::__cxx11::basic_string<_CharT, _Traits, _Alloc>&)’
 1476 |     operator>>(basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>& __in,
      |     ^~~~~~~~
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/bits/basic_string.tcc:1476:5: note:   template argument deduction/substitution failed:
error.cpp:2:26: note:   mismatched types ‘std::__cxx11::basic_string<_CharT, _Traits, _Alloc>’ and ‘const char [1]’
    2 | int main() { std::cin >> ""; }
      |                          ^~
In file included from /usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:991,
                 from /usr/include/c++/10.1.0/iostream:40,
                 from error.cpp:1:
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/bits/istream.tcc:931:5: note: candidate: ‘template<class _CharT, class _Traits> std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>& std::operator>>(std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>&, _CharT&)’
  931 |     operator>>(basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>& __in, _CharT& __c)
      |     ^~~~~~~~
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/bits/istream.tcc:931:5: note:   template argument deduction/substitution failed:
error.cpp:2:26: note:   deduced conflicting types for parameter ‘_CharT’ (‘char’ and ‘const char [1]’)
    2 | int main() { std::cin >> ""; }
      |                          ^~
In file included from /usr/include/c++/10.1.0/iostream:40,
                 from error.cpp:1:
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:756:5: note: candidate: ‘template<class _Traits> std::basic_istream<char, _Traits>& std::operator>>(std::basic_istream<char, _Traits>&, unsigned char&)’
  756 |     operator>>(basic_istream<char, _Traits>& __in, unsigned char& __c)
      |     ^~~~~~~~
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:756:5: note:   template argument deduction/substitution failed:
error.cpp:2:26: note:   cannot convert ‘""’ (type ‘const char [1]’) to type ‘unsigned char&’
    2 | int main() { std::cin >> ""; }
      |                          ^~
In file included from /usr/include/c++/10.1.0/iostream:40,
                 from error.cpp:1:
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:761:5: note: candidate: ‘template<class _Traits> std::basic_istream<char, _Traits>& std::operator>>(std::basic_istream<char, _Traits>&, signed char&)’
  761 |     operator>>(basic_istream<char, _Traits>& __in, signed char& __c)
      |     ^~~~~~~~
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:761:5: note:   template argument deduction/substitution failed:
error.cpp:2:26: note:   cannot convert ‘""’ (type ‘const char [1]’) to type ‘signed char&’
    2 | int main() { std::cin >> ""; }
      |                          ^~
In file included from /usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:991,
                 from /usr/include/c++/10.1.0/iostream:40,
                 from error.cpp:1:
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/bits/istream.tcc:963:5: note: candidate: ‘template<class _CharT2, class _Traits2> std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>& std::operator>>(std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>&, _CharT2*)’
  963 |     operator>>(basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits>& __in, _CharT* __s)
      |     ^~~~~~~~
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/bits/istream.tcc:963:5: note:   template argument deduction/substitution failed:
error.cpp:2:26: note:   deduced conflicting types for parameter ‘_CharT2’ (‘char’ and ‘const char’)
    2 | int main() { std::cin >> ""; }
      |                          ^~
In file included from /usr/include/c++/10.1.0/iostream:40,
                 from error.cpp:1:
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:803:5: note: candidate: ‘template<class _Traits> std::basic_istream<char, _Traits>& std::operator>>(std::basic_istream<char, _Traits>&, unsigned char*)’
  803 |     operator>>(basic_istream<char, _Traits>& __in, unsigned char* __s)
      |     ^~~~~~~~
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:803:5: note:   template argument deduction/substitution failed:
error.cpp:2:26: note:   cannot convert ‘""’ (type ‘const char [1]’) to type ‘unsigned char*’
    2 | int main() { std::cin >> ""; }
      |                          ^~
In file included from /usr/include/c++/10.1.0/iostream:40,
                 from error.cpp:1:
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:808:5: note: candidate: ‘template<class _Traits> std::basic_istream<char, _Traits>& std::operator>>(std::basic_istream<char, _Traits>&, signed char*)’
  808 |     operator>>(basic_istream<char, _Traits>& __in, signed char* __s)
      |     ^~~~~~~~
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:808:5: note:   template argument deduction/substitution failed:
error.cpp:2:26: note:   cannot convert ‘""’ (type ‘const char [1]’) to type ‘signed char*’
    2 | int main() { std::cin >> ""; }
      |                          ^~
In file included from /usr/include/c++/10.1.0/iostream:40,
                 from error.cpp:1:
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:980:5: note: candidate: ‘template<class _Istream, class _Tp> typename std::enable_if<std::__and_<std::__not_<std::is_lvalue_reference<_Tp> >, std::__is_convertible_to_basic_istream<_Istream>, std::__is_extractable<typename std::__is_convertible_to_basic_istream<_Tp>::__istream_type, _Tp&&, void> >::value, typename std::__is_convertible_to_basic_istream<_Tp>::__istream_type>::type std::operator>>(_Istream&&, _Tp&&)’
  980 |     operator>>(_Istream&& __is, _Tp&& __x)
      |     ^~~~~~~~
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:980:5: note:   template argument deduction/substitution failed:
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream: In substitution of ‘template<class _Istream, class _Tp> typename std::enable_if<std::__and_<std::__not_<std::is_lvalue_reference<_Tp> >, std::__is_convertible_to_basic_istream<_Istream>, std::__is_extractable<typename std::__is_convertible_to_basic_istream<_Tp>::__istream_type, _Tp&&, void> >::value, typename std::__is_convertible_to_basic_istream<_Tp>::__istream_type>::type std::operator>>(_Istream&&, _Tp&&) [with _Istream = std::basic_istream<char>&; _Tp = const char (&)[1]]’:
error.cpp:2:26:   required from here
/usr/include/c++/10.1.0/istream:980:5: error: no type named ‘type’ in ‘struct std::enable_if<false, std::basic_istream<char>&>’
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