# Tips for golfing in Io

What general tips do you have for golfing in Io? I'm looking for ideas that can be applied to code golf problems in general that are at least somewhat specific to Io (e.g. "remove comments" is not an answer). Please post one tip per answer.

# You can stick methods onto the back of most literals

"text" print    # 12 bytes
"text"print     # 11 bytes

12 print        # 8 bytes
12print         # 7 bytes

(0<1,0,1) print # 15 bytes
(0<1,0,1)print  # 14 bytes


## Not everything

0x12print # prints nothing


## You can leave out the else part of the if function

This isn't in the documentation... I initially thought that you have to include the else part, like the elvis operator in other languages; turns out that I can leave out the else part. (Please add this to the tutorial/documentation!)

if("bug"size>2,"True",nil)


So, if you don't want the else part to return anything, you could just do

if("bug"size>2,"True")


## Higher-level function shorthand

This seems like a pretty interesting golfing point. E.g.

list(1,2,3)map(i,i+1)print


However, Io is pretty permissive on not specifying the counter; the map body can be used as a point-free function, as Io tries to fill in the operand of this expression. This can be golfed into

list(1,2,3)map(+1)print