# !I!n!s!e!r!t! !n!b!e!t!w!e!e!n!

Posted from here.

This challenge is highly "distilled" from this question. Special thanks to @Akababa!

In this task, you should insert an exclamation mark at the start of the string and after every character.

## Rules

• There will always be a non-empty-string input. The input will not contain tabs either. You can assume that the input only contain non-extended ASCII printable characters and newlines.
• The input will not contain trailing newlines as long as your language can't detect a newline.
• This is a contest; the shortest answer should win.

## Examples

• 4 newlines result in 5 newline-delimited exclamation marks. It is very hard to put this as a Markdown text, so this is stated instead.
1 2 3 4 5 6
129591 129012 129127 129582

0


Outputs

!1! !2! !3! !4! !5! !6!
!1!2!9!5!9!1! !1!2!9!0!1!2! !1!2!9!1!2!7! !1!2!9!5!8!2!
!
!0!

asd afjoK ak:e
kPrLd
fOJOE;
KFO
KFkepjgop sgpaoj   faj


Outputs

!a!s!d! !a!f!j!o!K! !a!k!:!e!
!k!P!r!L!d!
! ! ! ! !f!O!J!O!E!;!
! ! ! ! !K!F!O!
!K!F!k!e!p!j!g!o!p! !s!g!p!a!o!j! ! ! !f!a!j!


A base test case with only one character:

a


Outputs

!a!


(Auto-completion! Just kidding, there is no such thing.) Contains exclamation marks:

!!
!!
!!
!!
!!


Outputs:

!!!!!
!!!!!
!!!!!
!!!!!
!!!!!

• very similar question – Giuseppe Aug 18 '19 at 11:06
• I really don't understand the downvote - this is a clear and well written challenge. Re: being a duplicate - it's not (preceding '!' makes for a big difference), and I don't believe anyone has suggested so (no close votes). – Jonathan Allan Aug 18 '19 at 13:45
• if a language can't tell the difference between a\n and a, can we require that there are no trailing newlines? – Giuseppe Aug 18 '19 at 14:29
• Downvotes are inserted between every upvote, just like what the challege describes. – user85052 Aug 18 '19 at 14:34
• Is the case of a single space input " ", is the output supposed to be "!" or "! !" – Kai Aug 19 '19 at 3:52

# Hexagony, 17 bytes

{33...@;",<./{;/>

  { 3 3
. . . @
; " , < .
/ { ; /
> . .


{33 Puts an ! in left memory

;" Prints ! at the start and sets back mem

, Gets the next byte of input, < sends the IP U-R if null (which terminates it with @), D-R else

/{;/ Reflects IP, prints current byte, and sets it to the next line

> Redirects the IP to the start of the loop

Try it online!

# Gema, 11 characters

\A=\!
?=?\!


Unfortunately ! starts a comment in Gema, so must be escaped.

Sample run:

bash-5.0$echo -ne '1 2 3 4 5 6\n129591 129012 129127 129582\n\n0' | gema '\A=\!;?=?\!' !1! !2! !3! !4! !5! !6! !1!2!9!5!9!1! !1!2!9!0!1!2! !1!2!9!1!2!7! !1!2!9!5!8!2! ! !0!  Try it online! # Japt, 4 bytes rP'!  Try it r Replace P all empty strings "" with '! An exclamation mark (If '!' wasn't a special character in Japt I could remove the quote)  • You'd only be able to ditch the ' if the replacement were a number. – Shaggy Aug 31 '19 at 16:05 # Japt, 4 bytes rP'!  Try it # Japt-P, 7 bytes Unfortunately ! is a reserved character, necessitating the quotation marks. ï'! i'!  Try it Not much to explain: ï is Cartesian product and i prepends. # Perl 5 + -p, 11 bytes s/^|.\K/!/g  Try it online! # Pyth, 8 bytes +\!s+R\!  Try it online!  Code | Explanation ----------+------------------------------------- +\!s+R\! | Code +\!s+R\!Q | with implicit variables filled ----------+------------------------------------- R Q | For each d in input, replace d with: +R\! | d+"!" s | Join results on empty string +\! | Add "!" to beginning | Print (implicit)  # C (gcc), 69 62 50 bytes Saved 12 bytes, thanks to ErikF's suggestion: f(char*s){for(printf("!");*s;)printf("%c!",*s++);}  Try it online! • You can use the passed-in pointer to iterate through the string and put the first printf in the for loop to save 12 bytes: Try it online! – ErikF Aug 18 '19 at 23:47 • Great idea! I'll update it – Pandazoic Aug 18 '19 at 23:49 • 46 bytes – ceilingcat Aug 20 '19 at 20:31 • @ceilingcat that is a completely different method. Should be posted as its own answer. – Potato44 Aug 21 '19 at 13:09 # J, 12 bytes '!',,@,.&'!'  Try it online! # Aheui (esotope), 61 bytes 붖다따삭바사빠맣삭붛 밙봆＠뫃선차희져썬뻐  Try it online! Nice small aheui code. # 05AB1E, 6 bytes -1 thanks to Kevin Cruijssen. Takes input as a list of characters. õ.ø'!ý  • Are you a bit rusty golfing in 05AB1E? ;p – Kevin Cruijssen Aug 19 '19 at 7:49 • @KevinCruijssen Perhaps (now that I think about it I kinda am) :(. But I never actually knew how to exploit € so I guess I'm fine. – Mr. Xcoder Aug 19 '19 at 7:52 • Yeah, it's something new this version.. The regular map ε works the same as in the legacy, but the € keeps all values on the stack. So €D would duplicate each character for example, while still keeping a 1D list. Not sure who's idea that was (probably Adnan), but it's useful in some cases. :) In other cases it can be pretty annoying as well, though. – Kevin Cruijssen Aug 19 '19 at 7:55 • @KevinCruijssen Interesting, thanks for the info (ahem ahem I do see it's useful sometimes :P) – Mr. Xcoder Aug 19 '19 at 7:57 • -1 byte for your approach: õ.ø'!ý (surrounding with an empty string before joining). – Kevin Cruijssen Aug 19 '19 at 7:58 # Whitespace, 79 bytes [N S S N _Create_Label_LOOP][S S S N _Push_0][S N S _Duplicate_0][T N T S _Read_STDIN_as_character][T T T _Retrieve_input][S N S _Duplicate_input][S S S T S S T N _Push_9_tab][T S S T _Subtract][N T S S N _If_0_jump_to_Label_END][S S S T S S S S T N _Push_33_!][T N S S _Print_as_character][T N S S _Print_as_character][N S N N _Jump_to_Label_LOOP][N S S S N _Create_Label_END][S S S T S S S S T N _Push_33_!][T N S S _Print_as_character]  Letters S (space), T (tab), and N (new-line) added as highlighting only. [..._some_action] added as explanation only. Since Whitespace inputs one character at a time, the input should contain a trailing tab (\t) so it knows when to stop reading characters and the input is done. Try it online (with raw spaces, tabs and new-lines only). Explanation in pseudo-code: Start LOOP: Character c = STDIN as character If(c == '\t'): Call function END Print '!' Print c Go to next iteration of loop function END: print '!'  # MathGolf, 6 bytes É'!\'!  Try it online! ## Explanation Nothing fancy here, just a loop É for each character do the next 3 operations '! push single character "!" \ swap top elements '! push single character "!"  # Scala, 17 bytes _.replace("","!")  Try it online! -3b thanks to Jo King! Thanks to Dr Y Wit for linking me to the fact that not enforcing typing is allowed, and for the working TIO link. • ah, you're right; fixing this. – V. Courtois Aug 19 '19 at 8:18 • Something like this perhaps? I don't know Scala – Jo King Aug 19 '19 at 8:21 • oh? it looks like it compiles like this. Now I'm really sad we can't do _.replace("","!"). Nice one anyway :) – V. Courtois Aug 19 '19 at 8:23 • Actually, your answer does not fully comply with the rules because it's neither a program nor a function but rather just code snippet. However if you post a function literal s=>s.replace("","!") that would be shorter and more correct. Try it online! – Dr Y Wit Aug 19 '19 at 10:14 • Well, if you declare function val with the type then you can bind a function literal _.replace("","!") to it. Check my TIO link. – Dr Y Wit Aug 19 '19 at 12:19 # Emacs Lisp, 41 bytes (while(or(insert"!")(not(forward-char))))  Assuming input is received as the contents of the current buffer # Python 3, 26 bytes lambda x:x.replace('','!')  Try it online! • This exact answer has already been posted by Waterbyte – squid Aug 20 '19 at 10:06 # PHP, 75 bytes Full program. foreach(file('php://stdin')as$e)echo'!'.implode("!",str_split($e));echo"!";  Try it online! # PHP, 100 bytes foreach(explode("\n",file_get_contents('php://stdin'))as$e)echo'!'.implode("!",str_split($e))."!\n";  Try it online! # PHP, 117 bytes foreach(explode("\n",file_get_contents('php://stdin'))as$e){echo'!';foreach(str_split($e)as$c)echo $c."!";echo "\n";}  Try it online! • Instead of echo'!'.implode("!",str_split($e));echo"!";, you can do echo'!',join("!",str_split($e)),"!";, which should save 7 bytes (read about join() on php.net/manual/en/function.join.php). According to php.net/manual/en/features.commandline.io-streams.php you can just use the constant STDIN (I don't know how if will work). – Ismael Miguel Aug 20 '19 at 10:00 • I did that intentionally , for saving bytes i removed brackets and i want to echo "!" after the foreach loop. – Micio Informatico Aug 20 '19 at 10:07 • Oh, yeah, you're right. I missed that. But if you are reading line by line, you should output the newlines as well, except for the last one. echo doesn't output newlines, so, everything should be in the same line. You can use echo'!',join('!',str_split(file_get_contents('php://stdin'))),'!';, which is only 66 bytes long (or less, if the constant STDIN works) and fixes that. – Ismael Miguel Aug 20 '19 at 10:11 • I mean, echo doesn't automatically outputs newlines at the end, so, if you read line by line, you have to output the newline, if it isn't in the input. – Ismael Miguel Aug 20 '19 at 10:22 • file() returns an array of strings , each string has a newline as last character . @IsmaelMiguel – Micio Informatico Aug 20 '19 at 10:31 # Kotlin, 50 bytes fun f(s:String)=s.map{"!$it"}.joinToString("")+"!"


Try it online!

This is my first participation on this site, thought I would try a challenge with my new favourite language.

• 29 bytes with replace and a lambda – squid Sep 11 '19 at 14:59

# Brain-Flak, 54 bytes

(()){({}<>)((((()()()()){}){}){}())<>}<>{({}<>)<>}<>{}


Try it online!

Code:

(())                            push 1, so the loop runs at least one time
{                               while stack 1 isn't empty
({}<>)                      move letter to stack 2
((((()()()()){}){}){}())    push 33 (Exclamation Mark) on stack 2
<>                          return to stack 1 for checking if the end is reached
}
<>{({}<>)<>}                    move everything from stack 2 back to stack 1 (otherwise the text would be reversed)
<>{}                            switch to stack 1 and delete leading 1


# Forth (gforth), 40 39 bytes

: f ." !"bounds do i 1 type ." !"loop ;


Try it online!

### Code Explanation

: f           \ start a new word definition
." !"bounds \ print ! and place the ending address on the stack
do          \ start a counted loop from start-addr to end-addr
i         \ get address of current char
1 type    \ print the char at the given address
." !"     \ print !
loop        \ end the loop
;             \ end the word definition


# VBA, 75 bytes 72 bytes

72 bytes as a sub that outputs to the immediate window (thanks @taylorscott)

Sub s(x):Debug.?"!";:For i=1To Len(x):Debug.?Mid(x,i,1)"!";:Next:End Sub


75 bytes as a function that returns the formatted string.

Function t(x):t="!":For i=1To Len(x):t=t &Mid(x,i,1) &"!":Next:End Function


Which expands to and is readable as

Public Function t(x)
t = "!"
For i = 1 To Len(x)
t = t & Mid(x, i, 1) & "!"
Next
End Function


Test cases

Public Sub test_golf()

x = "1 2 3 4 5 6" & vbCr & "129591 129012 129127 129582" & vbCr & vbCr & "0"
'x = "a"
'x = "!!" & vbCr & "!!" & vbCr & "!!" & vbCr & "!!" & vbCr & "!!"

Debug.Print x
s(x)              ' to call the sub
Debug.Print t(x)  ' to call the function

End Sub

• You can get this down to a 48 byte immediate window function as ?"!";:For i=1To[Len(A1)]:?Mid([A1],i,1)"!";:Next – Taylor Scott Aug 25 '19 at 18:25
• @TaylorScott, I agree that would work in Excel VBA. I was just thinking of a pure VBA solution. – Ben Aug 26 '19 at 0:58
• If you want to keep it as a pure VBA function, you can still get it down a bit by switching it to a sub and printing directly to the console as Sub t(x):Debug.?"!";:For i=1To Len(x):Debug.?Mid(x,i,1)"!";:Next:End Sub or Sub t(x):s="!":For i=1To Len(x):s=s+Mid(x,i,1)+"!":Next:Debug.?s:End Sub – Taylor Scott Sep 11 '19 at 20:48

# PHP (7.4), 31 bytes

Based on Petah's comment.

fn($s)=>preg_replace(__,'!',$s)


Try it online!

# PHP, 52 bytes

function($s){return'!'.join('!',str_split($s)).'!';}


Try it online!

• PHP 7.4 fn($s)=>preg_replace('//', '!',$s); – Petah Aug 20 '19 at 0:06

# Keg, 9 8 bytes

?⑷\!⑸\!^


Using a mapping approach really does help

Try it online!

### 9 bytes

?^(\!')\!


Pretty much a port of the MathGolf submission.

Try it online!

• I think the explicit ? is not needed. – manatwork Aug 20 '19 at 11:06
• No. It isn't. Updated my answer – Lyxal Aug 20 '19 at 11:07

# Pushy, 9 bytes

L:33{;33"


Try it online!

L:   ;        \ len(input) times do:
33          \    Append character 33 (exclamation mark)
{         \    Cyclically shift the string left once
33      \ Append character 33 again
"     \ Print the result


# Javascript (27 bytes)

My first code golf, 27 bytes in Javascript. Could probably shave some more bytes off, but I'm not too sure.

f={x:s=>!\${s.join('!')}!}


Example Usage

console.log(f.x('1 2 3 4 5'.split('')))
// Output: !1! !2! !3! !4! !5!

• Welcome to CCGC! Using the way of defining lambdas that has been kind of standardized on this site, this is 21 bytes: Try it online! (unless the lambda is called recursively, the f= does not need to be counted) – Stephen Dec 25 '19 at 3:58

# 1+, 20 19 bytes

1##11"+""*"**+;,;1#


1+ 19 vs 18 MAWP

Error-terminating because comparison is expensive.

• I think i'm winning for now ;) btw, mawp submissions should be here github.com/8Dion8/8Dion8.github.io/blob/master/scraper/… – Dion Aug 12 '20 at 8:20
• @Dion Yeah, only 1 byte away! I'm creating the 1+ answer list now. – null Aug 12 '20 at 8:32
• I created a python script to gather everything... Maybe you could change it a bit and use it for gathering 1+ answers? If you are interested, ill clean up the code so its understandable xd – Dion Aug 12 '20 at 8:51
• @Dion Apparently your script searches for 1+ with the SE search tool but that will not work well for 1+. Manual 1+ answer list – null Aug 12 '20 at 10:58
• github.com/8Dion8/8Dion8.github.io/blob/master/scraper/… is the current script – Dion Aug 12 '20 at 11:12

# K (ngn/k), 13 12 bytes

-1 byte from @ngn's savings

{x,/y,'x}"!"


Try it online!

Creates a function projection, with x fixed to "!".

• y,'x pair-wise append an exclamation mark to each character in the input
• x,/ flatten the list, using "!" as the seed (to prepend the leading "!")

# Charcoal, 6 bytes

⭆Ｓ⁺!ι!


Try it online! Link is to verbose version of code. Works on empty strings too. Input format is somewhat cumbersome due to Charcoal's lack of EOF. Works by preceding each character with a ! and then suffixing a final ! on the end. Alternative version, also 6 bytes:

⪫!!⪫Ｓ!


Try it online! Link is to verbose version of code. Works by joining the characters on ! and then wrapping them in !!.

# SNOBOL4 (CSNOBOL4), 94 bytes

I	I =INPUT	:F(END)
S	I LEN(1) . X REM . I	:F(O)
O ='!' O X	:(S)
O	OUTPUT =O '!'
O =	:(I)
END


Try it online!

Prints with an additional trailing newline (as SNOBOL always prints a line break). The way input is consumed, there is no way of distinguishing between a final line ending in \n or not.

# Stax, 6 5 bytes

_z'!R


Run and debug it

Replace "" with "!" using regex replacement. I don't exactly understand why this works.

Edit: Found it in the Ecma spec: 15.5.4.10

If there is a match with an emptystring (in other words, if the value of regexp.lastIndex is left unchanged), increment regexp.lastIndex by 1.

Old Stuff:

I would have been able to get to 5 bytes in either of two scenarios.

1. If input was provided in an escaped literal e.g. "line1\nline2". But I opted against that for the sake of "usability".
2. If there was not a bug feature in stax's zip implementation when encountering empty strings/arrays.

# C (gcc), 48 45 bytes

f(char*s){putchar(33);*s&&f(s+write(1,s,1));}


Try it online!

-3 thanks to ceilingcat