Given a date as input in any convenient format, output a calendar with that date as the exact center of a five-week window. The header of the calendar must include the two-letter abbreviations for the days of the week (i.e., Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa). Three-letter or other abbreviations of the days are not allowed.

For example, given April 2 2019 as input, the output should be

Sa Su Mo Tu We Th Fr
16 17 18 19 20 21 22
23 24 25 26 27 28 29
30 31  1  2  3  4  5
 6  7  8  9 10 11 12
13 14 15 16 17 18 19

so that the given date is the exact middle of the calendar.

Given February 19 2020, output

Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa
 2  3  4  5  6  7  8
 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
16 17 18 19 20 21 22
23 24 25 26 27 28 29
 1  2  3  4  5  6  7

For September 14 1752, show the following:

Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su
28 29 30 31  1  2  3
 4  5  6  7  8  9 10
11 12 13 14 15 16 17
18 19 20 21 22 23 24
25 26 27 28 29 30  1

  • Input and output can be given by any convenient method.
  • The input is guaranteed non-empty and valid (i.e., you'll never receive "" or Feb 31 etc.).
  • Assume Gregorian calendar for all dates.
  • Leap years must be accounted for.
  • Input dates will range from Jan 1 1600 to Dec 31 2500.
  • You can print it to STDOUT or return it as a function result.
  • Either a full program or a function are acceptable.
  • Any amount of extraneous whitespace is acceptable, so long as the characters line up appropriately.
  • Leading zeros on the single-digit days are allowed, as are aligning the single-digit days to be left-aligned instead.
  • Standard loopholes are forbidden.
  • This is so all usual golfing rules apply, and the shortest code (in bytes) wins.

14 Answers 14


R, 77 72 bytes


Try it online!

Fixed output to use 2 letter day abbreviations.

-1 byte using strtrim thanks to Aaron Hayman.

Pads date numbers with leading 0s; takes input as a Date, which can be created by using as.Date("YYYY/MM/DD").

Weirdly short for an R answer...


05AB1E, 175 174 172 171 160 bytes


Input in the format [day, month, year]. Output with leading 0s for single-digit days, and lowercase mo through su (+1 byte can be added if titlecase is mandatory).

Try it online or verify all test cases.

Holy shit.. This might be my new record for longest 05AB1E answer, and then I include some very complex challenges I did... >.> EDIT: Hmm ok, almost.. ;p

Important note: 05AB1E doesn't have any builtins for Date objects or calculations. The only builtin regarding dates it has is today's year/month/day/hours/minutes/seconds/microseconds.

So because of that, almost all of the code you see are manual calculations to calculated the previous and next days (including transition over years and keeping in mind the leap years), and calculating the day of the week by using Zeller's congruence.

Huge parts of the code are copied from this earlier 05AB1E answer of mine, which will also be relevant for the explanation below.


We start by going to the first day of the previous month:

¦          # Remove the first item (the days) from the (implicit) input
 W         # Get the minimum (without popping the list itself)
           # (since the year is guaranteed to be above 1599, this is the month)
  Θ        # Check if its exactly 1 (1 if 1, 0 if in the range [2,31])
   1š      # Prepend a 1 as list (so we now have either [1,1] or [1,0]
     -     # Subtract this from the month and year
      1š   # And prepend a 1 for the day
        V  # Pop and store this first day of the previous month in variable `Y`

Then I use that date as start date, and calculate the next 100 days:

тF    # Loop 100 times:
      #  Calculate the next day in line
      #  (see the linked challenge above for a detailed explanation of this)
   Y  #  And leave it on the stack
 })   # After the loop: wrap the entire stack into a list, which contains our 100 days

Then, with the input-date as the middle, I only leave the 17 before and 17 after that input-date from the list:

DJ          # Duplicate the 100 dates, and join the day/month/year together to strings
  IJ        # Push the input, also joined together
    k       # Get the 0-based index of the input in this list
            # (the joins are necessary, because indexing doesn't work for 2D lists)
     18+    # Add 18 to this index (18 instead of 17, because the index is 0-based)
        £   # Only leave the first index+18 items from the 100 dates
     35.£   # Then only leave the last 35 items

Now we have our 35 days. Next step is to calculate the day of the week, and create the header of the output-table:

¬                # Get the first date of the list (without popping the list itself)
 .•4ιõ÷‡o‹ƶ¸•    # Push compressed string "sasumotuwethfr"
             2ô  # Split it into chunks of size 2
s                # Swap to get the first date again
                 # Calculate the day of the week (sa=0; su=1; ...; fr=6)
                 # (see the linked challenge above for a detailed explanation of this)
  ._             # Rotate the list of strings that many times

See this 05AB1E tip of mine (section How to compress strings not part of the dictionary?) to understand why .•4ιõ÷‡o‹ƶ¸• is "sasumotuwethfr".

Then we create the days to fill the table itself based on our earlier created list of dates. Which we'll merge together with the header. After which we can print the final result:

s           # Swap to get the list of dates again
 €н         # Only leave the first item of each date (the days)
   T‰       # Take the divmod 10 of each
     J      # Join those divmod results together
            # (we now have leading 0s for single-digit days)
      «     # Merge this list together with the header list
       7ô   # Split it into chunks of size 7
         »  # Join each inner list by spaces, and then each string by newlines
            # (and output the result implicitly)
  • 2
    \$\begingroup\$ That's a huge amount of work! \$\endgroup\$
    – Luis Mendo
    Commented Apr 5, 2019 at 10:41
  • 2
    \$\begingroup\$ Yeah, Java beats 05AB1E! :D First time ever, I guess ;-) \$\endgroup\$ Commented Apr 5, 2019 at 10:44
  • \$\begingroup\$ @LuisMendo Most was done last time with the linked challenge, but yes, it was a lot of work.. ;) Explanation has been added btw. \$\endgroup\$ Commented Apr 5, 2019 at 11:00
  • \$\begingroup\$ @OlivierGrégoire Now we're the same bye-count. ;) \$\endgroup\$ Commented Apr 5, 2019 at 11:17
  • \$\begingroup\$ @OlivierGrégoire And now it's lower again, sorry. ;p \$\endgroup\$ Commented Apr 5, 2019 at 12:09

JavaScript (ES6),  141  126 bytes

Saved 15 bytes by borrowing .toUTCString().slice(0,2) from Neil's answer

Takes input as a Date object.

f=(d,n=0)=>n<42?(D=new Date(d-864e5*(24-n)),n<7?D.toUTCString().slice(0,2):(i=D.getDate())>9?i:' '+i)+`

Try it online!

  • \$\begingroup\$ Huh, I could have sworn that my code failed for the third test case when I originally wrote it... well that saves me 52 bytes... \$\endgroup\$
    – Neil
    Commented Apr 6, 2019 at 12:01

JavaScript (Node.js), 205 152 145 bytes

`.replace(g,c=>`${new Date(d-864e5*(24-c-r*7))[+r?`getUTCDate`:`toUTCString`]()}`.slice(0,2).padStart(3)))
<input type=date oninput=o.textContent=f(this.valueAsDate)><pre id=o>

Try it online! Takes input as JavaScript Date object or timestamp. Edit: Saved 1 byte thanks to @EmbodimentofIgnorance, which then allowed me to save a further 7 bytes by adding a trailing newline to the output. Saved 52 bytes when I discovered that I was working around behaviour that was not actually buggy in the first place...

  • \$\begingroup\$ padStart(2) -> padStart(3), remove the space in the join string for -1 byte \$\endgroup\$
    – Gymhgy
    Commented Apr 4, 2019 at 22:37

Perl 6, 87 bytes

{~rotate(<Th Fr Sa Su Mo Tu We>,.day-of-week),|comb 21,($_-17..$_+17)>>.day.fmt('%2d')}

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Takes a Date object, returns a list of lines.


C# (Visual C# Interactive Compiler), 124 120 bytes

n=>{for(int i=0;i<42;)Write($"{(i<7?$"{n.AddDays(i-3):ddd}".Remove(2,1):n.AddDays(i-24).Day+""),3}"+(++i%7<1?"\n":""));}

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Wolfram Language (Mathematica), 123 bytes


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I don't know why Grid doesn't work on TIO but this code outputs this

enter image description here

@DavidC saved 1 byte

  • \$\begingroup\$ Maybe Grid doesn't work because TIO can't center the items like in your picture? \$\endgroup\$ Commented Apr 5, 2019 at 12:27
  • \$\begingroup\$ @AdmBorkBork There is a way to load graphics like this in TIO. Someone had shown me last year I think. But i can't remember how to do it... So if anyone knows, let us know! \$\endgroup\$
    – ZaMoC
    Commented Apr 5, 2019 at 12:36

MATL, 34 33 31 bytes


Try it online!


YO       % Implicit input. Convert to date number. This is a single number
         % that specifies the date
-17:17   % Push [-17 -16 ... 16 17]
+        % Add to date number, element-wise. This gives a row vector of 35
         % date numbers centered around the input date
t        % Duplicate
7:       % Push [1 2 ... 7]
)        % Index into the 35-element vector. This keeps the first 7 entries
8XO      % Convert to day-of-week in 3 letters. Gives a 3-col char matrix
O3Z(     % Write char 0 (equivalent to space for display purposes) into the
         % 3rd column
!1e      % Tranpose and linearize into a row. This produces a string such as
         % 'Tu We Th Fr Sa Su Mo ', to be used as column headings
w        % Swap. This brings to top the row vector of 35 date numbers
         % computed from the input
7XO      % Convert to day-of-month. Gives a 2-col char matrix
U        % Convert each row to number
7e!      % Reshape into 7-row matrix and transpose
         % Implicit display. This prints the string with the headings and
         % the matrix. The latter has a minimum-one-space separation between
         % columns, so it is aligned with the headings

Java (JDK), 149 bytes

d->{d.add(5,-24);for(int i=0,w;i<42;d.add(5,1))System.out.printf("%c%2s",i%7<1?10:32,i++<7?"SaSuMoTuWeThFr".substring(w=d.get(7)%7*2,w+2):d.get(5));}

Try it online!


  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ 159 bytes \$\endgroup\$ Commented Apr 5, 2019 at 12:49
  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ @KevinCruijssen Wait... what? I congratulate you! I tried to do this, but couldn't find a way to do it, and yet you did it! Very nice :-) \$\endgroup\$ Commented Apr 5, 2019 at 12:55
  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ Maybe you see something more to combine the i and j somehow? Or something shorter for j++%7<1?10:32 with some bitwise magic? But I'll leave that to you. I'm going back to work, lol. ;) \$\endgroup\$ Commented Apr 5, 2019 at 12:59
  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ Ah, of course.. Nice teamwork! ;) PS: Where does the w stand for? Why not h for header? \$\endgroup\$ Commented Apr 5, 2019 at 13:11
  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ @KevinCruijssen w for "day of week". Also, bit twiddling can only lead to (i%7+6)/7*22+10 which is much longer. \$\endgroup\$ Commented Apr 5, 2019 at 13:13

PHP, 197 189 187 bytes

for($d=date_create($argn)->sub($i=new DateInterval(P17D)),$i->d=1;$x++<35;$h.=$x<8?substr($d->format(D),0,2).' ':'',$d->add($i))$o.=str_pad($d->format(j),3,' ',2);echo wordwrap($h.$o,20);

Try it online!

Input is STDIN as a date string. Run with php -nF.

$ echo April 2 2019|php -nF cal.php

Sa Su Mo Tu We Th Fr 
16 17 18 19 20 21 22 
23 24 25 26 27 28 29 
30 31  1  2  3  4  5 
 6  7  8  9 10 11 12 
13 14 15 16 17 18 19 

Verify all test cases

Or 174 bytes with zero-padded single digits.


Excel VBA, 190 159 bytes

Thanks @TaylorScott

Function z(i)
Dim d(5,6)
For x=1To 5
For y=0To 6
Next y,x
End Function

Takes input in the form of a valid date string for Excel VBA (e.g. February 19, 2020; 2/19/2020; 19-Feb-2019), and returns an array with the given calendar centered on it.

  • \$\begingroup\$ You can get this solution down to 159 by removing the whitespace from this solution, Function z(i) Dim d(5,6) v=DateValue(i)-17 For x=1To 5 For y=0To 6 d(0,y)=Left(WeekdayName(Weekday(v+y)),2) d(x,y)=Day(v+y+(x-1)*7) Next y,x z=d() End Function \$\endgroup\$ Commented Apr 15, 2019 at 19:09
  • \$\begingroup\$ @TaylorScott Thanks, was only using the built in editor which autopopulates those spaces. \$\endgroup\$
    – willuwontu
    Commented Apr 15, 2019 at 20:09

Red, 153 131 bytes

func[d][s: d - 24 loop 7[prin[""copy/part system/locale/days/(s/10) 2]s:
s + 1]loop 5[print""loop 7[prin pad/left s/4 3 s: s + 1]]]

Try it online!


T-SQL, 203 bytes

DECLARE @f date='2020-02-19'

,@ char(20)=0,@d char(105)=0SELECT
@=left(format(d,'D'),2)+' '+@,@d=right(d,2)+char(32-n%7/6*19)+@d
FROM(SELECT dateadd(d,number-17,@f)d,number n
FROM spt_values WHERE'P'=type)x ORDER BY-n

The online version is slightly different, this posted version works in MS-SQL Studio Management. It saves 1 bytes compared with the online version, but doesn't give the correct result online

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Python 2, 115 bytes

from datetime import*
for i in range(42):print(d+timedelta(i-24)).strftime('%'+'da'[i<7])[:2]+i%7/6*'\n',

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Not sure if this is allowed... takes input from STDIN in the form date(year, month, day). This can also be represented as __import__('datetime').date(year, month, day). These are really __import__('datetime').date objects.


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