While I was traveling in the future, I noticed a funny game among kids circa 2275. When they don't want their great-great-great-great-grand parents to understand what they're saying, they use the BIBABOBU speak. Obviously, I couldn't understand anything either with my pre-cyborg era brain and I felt (or technically: I will feel) really silly. So, I'd need a decoder for my next visit.


While it's been deprecated for a long time, ASCII is still commonly used in the pop culture of 2275 and this language is based upon it.

A string is BIBABOBU-encoded that way:

  • Convert all characters to their ASCII codes.
  • Take the 2-digit hexadecimal representation of each code and convert them using the following table:

    0: BI  4: BIDI  8: BADI  C: BODI
    1: BA  5: BIDA  9: BADA  D: BODA
    2: BO  6: BIDO  A: BADO  E: BODO
    3: BU  7: BIDU  B: BADU  F: BODU



However, the corresponding input would be given without any space to mimic the monotonous intonation that kids are using to make this even harder to understand without implants:


Clarifications and rules

  • Remember that I need a decoder, not an encoder.
  • Decoded characters are guaranteed to be in the range [ 32...126 ].
  • The input is guaranteed to contain en even number of BIBABOBU-encoded hexadecimal digits.
  • You may take input in either full lowercase or full uppercase. Mixed cases are not allowed.
  • Because bit flips are quite common during a time travel, this is in order to minimize the risks.

Test cases

NB: Linefeeds are used below for formatting purposes only. You are not supposed to handle them.




Welcome to 2275!


Hello, Time Traveler! You look so funny!


And you don't understand what I'm saying, do you? Ha ha ha!
  • 4
    \$\begingroup\$ @StewieGriffin These damn kids are mischievous... :-/ \$\endgroup\$ – Arnauld Aug 29 '18 at 9:04
  • 12
    \$\begingroup\$ By the way, I find the story really really unlikely! I wouldn't be surprised if it was just a dream you had... might you have a CO leak in your house? \$\endgroup\$ – Stewie Griffin Aug 29 '18 at 9:09
  • 12
    \$\begingroup\$ Ah... That would also explain the ponies riding rainbows in my living room! \$\endgroup\$ – Arnauld Aug 29 '18 at 9:13
  • 9
    \$\begingroup\$ One could argue that golfed code increases the severity of a bit-flip (less redundancy within the code) even if it decreases the frequency of a bit-flip... but whatever :) - Nice challenge! \$\endgroup\$ – JayCe Aug 29 '18 at 12:53
  • 4
    \$\begingroup\$ @JayCe True. I was more thinking along the lines: the smaller the code, the more redundancy you can get by storing multiple copies. \$\endgroup\$ – Arnauld Aug 29 '18 at 13:01

30 Answers 30


05AB1E, 36 35 33 bytes

Saved 1 byte thanks to Mr.Xcoder
Saved 2 bytes thanks to KevinCruijssen


Try it online! or as a Test Suite


ć©¡                                 # extract the head ("B") and split input on it
   ®ì                              # prepend "B" to each
     ®D                            # push 2 copies of "B"
       …IAO©â                      # cartesian product with "IAO"
             'D«                   # append "D" to each
                ‚˜                 # add the leftover "B" to the list
                  ®'U«â            # cartesian product with "IAOU"
                       J           # join each to string
                        sk         # get the index of each word of the input in this list
                          h        # convert each to hex
                           2ôJ     # format as pairs of chars
                              H    # convert to int
                               çJ  # convert from ascii-codes to string
  • \$\begingroup\$ I believe 'B©¡¦®ì®D…IAO©â'D«‚˜®'U«âJskh2ôJHçJ works for 35 bytes. \$\endgroup\$ – Mr. Xcoder Aug 29 '18 at 10:39
  • \$\begingroup\$ @Mr.Xcoder: Ah, of course. Nice reuse of ©. Thanks :) \$\endgroup\$ – Emigna Aug 29 '18 at 10:45
  • \$\begingroup\$ -2 bytes changing the leading 'B to ć and removing the ¦, since the input will always start with a 'B'. \$\endgroup\$ – Kevin Cruijssen Aug 29 '18 at 20:25
  • \$\begingroup\$ @KevinCruijssen: Ooh, good idea. I hadn't considered ć. Thanks! \$\endgroup\$ – Emigna Aug 30 '18 at 6:21
  • 9
    \$\begingroup\$ Now let's get back at those kids and see if they understand that ! \$\endgroup\$ – Aaron Aug 30 '18 at 8:28

Jelly, 26 24 23 22 20 17 15 bytes


Try it online!

How it works

ṣḢO^1%9%4Ḅḅ⁴b⁹Ọ  Main link. Argument: s (string)

 Ḣ               Head; remove and yield the first character of s.
ṣ                Split s at occurrences of the result ('B').
  O              Ordinal; map "IAOUD" to A1 := [73, 65, 79, 85, 68].
   ^1            Bitwise XOR 1; map A1 to A2 := [72, 64, 78, 84, 69].
     %9          Modulo 9; map A2 to A3 := [0, 1, 6, 3, 6].
       %4        Modulo 4; map A3 to A4 := [0, 1, 2, 3, 2].
                 So far, we've mapped "BX" to [x] and "BXDY" to [x, 2, y],
                 where x/y = 0, 1, 2, 3 when X/Y = I, A, O, U.
         Ḅ       Unbinary; map [x] to x and [x, 2, y] to 4x + 2×2 + y = 4(x + 1) + y.
          ḅ⁴     Convert the resulting array from base 16 to integer.
            b⁹   Convert the resulting integer to base 256.
              Ọ  Unordinal; replace code points with their characters.

Perl 6, 58 bytes

{S:g{(B.[D.]?)**2}=chr :16[$0».&{:2[.ords»³X%87 X%4]}]}

Try it online!

Heavily inspired by Dennis' Jelly solution. Uses a different magic function x³ % 87 % 4 which also maps the ASCII codes of IAOUBD to 012302.

Alternative 75 74 bytes version

-1 byte thanks to Jo King

{pack('H',.trans((<B BID BAD BOD>X~ <I A O U>)=>(^16)».base(16))).decode}

Try it online!

Alternative 85 bytes version

{S:g[....]=chr :4(~$/)*2+|221+^:4(~$/)+^238}o{TR:d/UIAOBD/0123/}o{S:g[B.<![D]>]=0~$/}

Try it online!


Python 2, 100 97 96 95 bytes

-1 byte thanks to ovs
-1 byte thanks to G B

lambda w:''.join(' 1023546798abdcef'[int(c,35)/7%77%18]for c in w.split('B')[1:]).decode("hex")

Try it online!


Perl 5 -p, 67 bytes


Try it online!


05AB1E (legacy), 68 65 60 59 bytes

.•5Ç¿ÆΓ•2ô.•1ÒKá ¸ΓìŸÆt`ô_zTºγ„KRI‰ι놽òι•4ô«I¬©¡®ìkh2ôJHçJ

Input is in lowercase.

-3 bytes implicitly thanks to @Emigna changing 'b¡εg>}s£ to 'b©¡®ì.

Try it online or verify all test cases.

Also, can definitely be golfed with something smarter than the huge compressed strings. Will take another look later on. Shorter answer already provided by @Emigna, so make sure to upvote him!


.•5Ç¿ÆΓ•      # Compressed string "bibabobu"
        2ô    # Split in parts of 2
              #  → ["bi","ba","bo","bu"]
.•1ÒKá ¸ΓìŸÆt`ô_zTºγ„KRI‰ι놽òι•
              # Compressed string "bidibidabidobidubadibadabadobadubodibodabodobodu"
        4ô    # Split in parts of 4
              #  → ["bidi","bida","bido","bidu","badi","bada","bado","badu","bodi","boda","bodo","bodu"]
«             # Merge both lists together
              #  → ["bi","ba","bo","bu","bidi","bida","bido","bidu","badi","bada","bado","badu","bodi","boda","bodo","bodu"]
I¬©¡          # Take the input and split on the head (always 'b')
              #  i.e. "bidibadibidobidabidobodibidobodibidoboduboba"
              #   → ["idi","adi","ido","ida","ido","odi","ido","odi","ido","odu","o","a"]
    ®ì        # And prepend a 'b' to each item again
              #  i.e. ["idi","adi","ido","ida","ido","odi","ido","odi","ido","odu","o","a"] 
              #   → ["bidi","badi","bido","bida","bido","bodi","bido","bodi","bido","bodu","bo","ba"]
k             # Map each item to the index of the first list
              #   i.e. ["bidi","badi","bido","bida","bido","bodi","bido","bodi","bido","bodu","bo","ba"]
              #    → [4,8,6,5,6,12,6,12,6,15,2,1]
 h            # Convert everything to hexadecimal
              #  i.e. [4,8,6,5,6,12,6,12,6,15,2,1]
              #   → ["4","8","6","5","6","C","6","C","6","F","2","1"]
  2ôJ         # Split it in parts of 2 and join them together
              #  i.e. ["4","8","6","5","6","C","6","C","6","F","2","1"]
              #   → ["48","65","6C","6C","6F","21"]
     H        # Convert that from hexadecimal to an integer
              #  i.e. ["48","65","6C","6C","6F","21"] → [72,101,108,108,111,33]
      ç       # And take its ASCII value
              #  i.e. [72,101,108,108,111,33] → ["H","e","l","l","o","!"]
       J      # Then join everything together (and output implicitly)
              #  i.e. ["H","e","l","l","o","!"] → "Hello!"

Perl 6, 88 86 84 bytes

{S:g{B(.*?)B(.D.|.)}=chr :16[$/.map:{first :k,~$_,("",|<ID AD OD UD>X~ <I A O U>)}]}

Try it online!


R, 141 135 bytes


Try it online!

Thanks to JayCe for saving 6 bytes!

Using some modular magic is likely to be shorter, but I'm pretty happy with this as a naive first pass.

  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ Nice ! My favorite trick saves 6 bytes - inspired by your comment to an answer of mine the other day. \$\endgroup\$ – JayCe Aug 29 '18 at 19:45
  • \$\begingroup\$ @JayCe very nice and neat! Even using it with the precedence over %*% I see. :-) You can also put `:` as a function argument in case you wanted to use this in tandem with something else! \$\endgroup\$ – Giuseppe Aug 29 '18 at 19:57
  • \$\begingroup\$ That's right - I always tend to forget about the backquotes. \$\endgroup\$ – JayCe Aug 29 '18 at 20:15

Japt, 43 29 28 bytes

Unsurprisingly, a port of Dennis' Jelly solution works out much shorter.

Outputs an array of characters.

Åqbu)®¬®c ^1 %9%4Ãì2Ãò ®ìG d

Try it

Original, 42 bytes

Åqb £`bbidbad¾d`ò3n)ï`ia`q)m¬bXibÃò ®ìG d

Try it


Åqb £`bbidbad¾d`ò3n)ï`ia`q)m¬bXibÃò ®ìG d
Å                                              :Slice off the first character
 qb                                            :Split on "b"
    £                                          :Map
     `bbidbad¾d`                               :  Compressed string "bbidbadbod"
                ò3n)                           :  Partition at every 3rd character from the end (["b","bid","bad","bod"])
                    ï                          :  Cartesian product
                     `ia`                      :   Compressed string "iaou"
                          q                    :   Split
                           )                   :  End Cartesian product
                            m                  :  Map
                             ¬                 :   Join
                              b                :  Index of
                               X               :   Current element
                                ib             :   Prepend "b"
                                  Ã            :End map
                                   ò           :Partition at every second element
                                     ®         :Map
                                      ìG       :  Convert from base-16 digit array to base-10 integer
                                         d     :  Get the character at that codepoint

C (gcc), 181 138 136 bytes

Hopefully there will be a C compiler in the future to compile this! :-)

Thanks to Max Yekhlakov and ceilingcat for the suggestions.


Try it online!

In case the C compiler of the future only understands BIBABOBU-ified ASCII :-)


(Encoder Try it online!)

  • \$\begingroup\$ 179 bytes - Try it online! \$\endgroup\$ – Max Yekhlakov Aug 30 '18 at 10:34
  • \$\begingroup\$ Suggest c=printf(&v),v=0 instead of v=!putchar(v),c=1 \$\endgroup\$ – ceilingcat Oct 19 '18 at 6:44

JavaScript (Node.js), 131 128 bytes


Try it online! Link includes test cases. Alternative version, also 131 bytes:


Try it online! Link includes test cases. Edit: Saves 3 bytes thanks to @Shaggy.

  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ Using unescape() is a nice idea. \$\endgroup\$ – Arnauld Aug 29 '18 at 9:43
  • \$\begingroup\$ indexOf -> search to save a byte. \$\endgroup\$ – Shaggy Aug 29 '18 at 12:14
  • \$\begingroup\$ Also, it doesn't look like you need to assign the RegEx to r. \$\endgroup\$ – Shaggy Aug 29 '18 at 12:23
  • \$\begingroup\$ @Shaggy Whoops, that's a left-over from a previous iteration. Thanks! \$\endgroup\$ – Neil Aug 29 '18 at 12:28

Bash + common Linux utilities, 75 bytes

sed $(printf `printf %s s/{B{O,A,I}D,B}{U,O,A,I}/%x/g\;` {15..0})|xxd -r -p

Try it online!


Scala, 305 bytes

Well, I'm pretty sure this can be golfed out. But still, it exists. Takes input lowercase. f prints out the result in stdout.

EDIT: -8 chars thanks to me not being dumb anymore (spaces); -13 chars thanks to crater2150

var k=Seq("bi","ba","bo","bu")
k++=k.init.flatMap(a=>Seq("di","da","do","du").map(a+_))//Putting "bu" here instead of at line 1, and in place of using init, would be interesting... if it did not cause a typing problem
var m=Seq[String]()
def g(a:Seq[String],b:Int)=k.indexOf(a(b)).toHexString
def f(a:String){a.split('b').drop(1).foreach(x=>m:+="b"+x)
var i=0

Try it online!

  • \$\begingroup\$ You can replace dropRight(1) with init, Seq("").drop(1) with Seq[String](), and map(b=>a+b) with map(a+_) \$\endgroup\$ – crater2150 Sep 2 '18 at 9:31
  • \$\begingroup\$ @crater2150 thanks! my compiler did not want map(a+_) to work but I knew I could do that. thanks for other tips! \$\endgroup\$ – V. Courtois Sep 2 '18 at 9:44

Python 2, 142 139 127 118 bytes

lambda s:''.join(chr(16*a+b)for a,b in zip(*[iter(4*F(l[:-2])+F(l[-1])-1for l in s.split('B')[1:])]*2));F=' IAOU'.find

Try it online!


Python 2, 93 bytes

lambda w:''.join('c60238e4d1_b7f95a'[hash(x)%3046%17]for x in w.split('B')[1:]).decode('hex')

Try it online!

  • \$\begingroup\$ I love answers that abuse the hash value of sufficiently small lists \$\endgroup\$ – Lyndon White Aug 30 '18 at 5:55

Ruby, 86 75 bytes


Try it online!


Dyalog APL, 74 72 bytes

Beginner level solution in Dyalog APL (just started learning this a couple of days ago!). Defines a dfn that takes one right argument (the input). 72 characters, 72 bytes when using the dyalog encoding. Based on Emigna's solution in 05AB1E .

{⎕UCS 16⊥¨(1 0⍴⍨≢t)⊂1-⍨(,('B',('B'∘.,'IAO'),¨'D')∘.,'IAOU')⍳t←('B'⍷⍵)⊂⍵}
  • \$\begingroup\$ Welcome to PPCG and to the world of APL golfing. This is amazing after only a couple of days of learning APL. You may enjoy the APL golfing tips. Feel free to participate in The APL Orchard too! \$\endgroup\$ – Adám Sep 3 '18 at 18:14

Jelly, 39 bytes


Try it online!

The technique used is very similar to Emigna's. I will golf this further soon, hopefully.


Brain-Flak, 178 bytes


Try it online!


# Step 1: convert to hex.
# For each pair of letters in the input:


    # Compare first letter to B

    # If not B, pop previous output, multiply by 4, and put on third stack.
    # 4 is added automatically from pushing/popping the difference
    # between the letters B and D.


      # Push second letter in pair to other stack

      # Push 4 and 9

      # Compute 3-((8-(n mod 9)) mod 4)
      # (same as (n-1) mod 9 mod 4)


    # Add result to third stack (either 0 or 4*previous+4)

  # Push onto second stack


# Step 2: Pair up hex digits.
# While digits remain on right stack:

  # Push top of stack + 16*second on stack to left stack


# Switch to left stack for output.

05AB1E, 30 bytes


Port of @Dennis' insane Jelly answer (just with less convenient builtins). So make sure to upvote him!

Try it online or verify all test cases.


ć¡             # Split the input-string on its first character ('B')
               #   → ["IDA","IDI","IDO","IDA","IDU","U","IDU","IDI"]
  Ç            # Convert each character to it's ordinal value
               #  → [[73,68,65],[73,68,73],[73,68,79],[73,68,65],[73,68,85],85,[73,68,85],[73,68,73]]
   1^          # XOR it by 1
               #  → [[72,69,64],[72,69,72],[72,69,78],[72,69,64],[72,69,84],84,[72,69,84],[72,69,72]]
     9%        # Take modulo-9
               #  → [[0,6,1],[0,6,0],[0,6,6],[0,6,1],[0,6,3],3,[0,6,3],[0,6,0]]
       4%      # Take Modulo-4
               #  → [[0,2,1],[0,2,0],[0,2,2],[0,2,1],[0,2,3],3,[0,2,3],[0,2,0]]
ε         ]    # Now map it to:
 Dg≠i          # If the length is not 1:
               #  i.e. [0,2,1] → 3 → 1 (truthy)
               #  i.e. 3 → 1 → 0 (falsey)
     421øP     # Multiply the first number by 4, second by 2, and third by 1
               #  i.e. [0,2,1] and [4,2,1] → [[0,4],[2,2],[1,1]] → [0,4,1]
           €O  # Then sum every inner list
               #  [[0,4,1],[0,4,0],[0,4,2],[0,4,1],[0,4,3],3,[0,4,3],[0,4,0]]
               #   → [5,4,6,5,7,3,7,4]
žvβ            # Convert this list from base-16 to base-10
               #  → 1415934836
   žzв         # Convert this integer from base-10 to base-256
               #  → [84,101,115,116]
      ç        # Convert this number to ASCII characters
               #  → ["T","e","s","t"]
       J       # Join the characters together (and output implicitly)
               #  → "Test"
  • \$\begingroup\$ Wondered how you snipped 3 off emignas score. Jeebus this is complex +1 for the effort on the port-- never used XOR or that base conversion before! Will keep in mind from now on! \$\endgroup\$ – Magic Octopus Urn Sep 4 '18 at 23:22
  • \$\begingroup\$ @MagicOctopusUrn Yeah, Dennis' answer is something I would have never came up with myself.. And in Jelly this is done way more efficient, since his answer is 15 bytes and mine is 30. Just figured it was worth posting as well however, even though it's a port. I've only used XOR once myself, and Base conversion pretty often. \$\endgroup\$ – Kevin Cruijssen Sep 5 '18 at 9:29

Java (JDK 10), 199 bytes

s->{var z="";for(var x:s.substring(1).split("B")){int d=-1;for(var y:x.split("D"))d=-~d*4+"IAOU".indexOf(y);z+=(char)(d>9?d+55:d+48);}return new String(new java.math.BigInteger(z,16).toByteArray());}

Try it online!


  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ Could you use -~d instead of (d+1)? \$\endgroup\$ – Arnauld Sep 1 '18 at 12:45
  • \$\begingroup\$ Yep, thanks! I had those in my first version, then I toyed with the idea of using chars instead and when I came back to my first version, I totally forgot it again. ;) \$\endgroup\$ – Olivier Grégoire Sep 1 '18 at 13:27

VBA (Excel), with an amazing 322 244 bytes

Yeah, and I LOVE hexadecimal. (There's no sarcasm font yet, so I'm using italics for now) I'll add comments if someone wants, but I think it's self explanatory. Golfing happened.

Sub b(s)
For Each c In Split(Replace(s,"D",""),"B")
If Not IsError(c)Then d=d &c-1:If Len(d)=2Then e=e &Chr("&h"&d):d=""
End Sub

With Comments:

Sub b(s)
  'For each string between B's (Remove the D's first)
  For Each c In Split(Replace(s,"D",""),"B")
    'Get the index of the element in the array (Can cause error if empty)
    c = Application.Match (c,Array("I","A","O","U","II","IA","IO","IU","AI","AA","AO","AU","IO","OA","OO","OU"),0)
    'If c isn't an error
    If Not IsError(c) Then
      'Subtract 1 from c and add to d  --> Array index is 1 based
      d = d & (c-1)
      'If d is 2 characters
      If Len(d)=2 Then
        'Add the char from the hex value of d   --> &h forces Hex
        e = e & Chr("&h" & d)
        'Reset d
        d = ""
      End if
    End if
  'Print the output
  Debug.Print e
End Sub

I really tried to get this into the VB Immediate Window, but it doesn't seem to work there... that would cut 11 characters I think. I also wanted to put the Match statement into brackets, but that causes a silent error everytime. Help is appreciated :D

  • \$\begingroup\$ Welcome to PPCG! \$\endgroup\$ – Arnauld Sep 3 '18 at 14:35
  • \$\begingroup\$ Thanks! I've been here for a while, just never been able to post anything :) \$\endgroup\$ – seadoggie01 Sep 3 '18 at 15:22
  • \$\begingroup\$ Array("I","A","O","U","II","IA","IO","IU","AI","AA","AO","AU","IO","OA","OO","OU") -> Split("I A O U II IA IO IU AI AA AO AU IO OA OO OU") and Not IsError(c) -> IsError(c)=0 \$\endgroup\$ – Taylor Scott Feb 15 '19 at 19:14

Haxe, 228 bytes

s->{var l=(u,i)->((i=u.charCodeAt(i))&8==8?0:1)|((i>>1)&2),p=s.split("B"),i=-1,q,o;[while((i+=2)<p.length)String.fromCharCode(l(q=p[i+1],o=q.length-1)+((o>1?l(q,0)+1:0)+((l(q=p[i],o=q.length-1)+o*(l(q,0)+1)*2)*4))*4)].join("");}

Not the best, standard library function names are too large :(

Try it online!


Pyth, 35 bytes


Outputs as a list of characters.
Try it here


                          tc-Q\D\B   Get the vowels associated with each digit.
       m            .[N2d            Pad with a quote.
           mx"IAOU"k                 Find each character's position.
        +4i              4           Convert to base 4 and add 4.
      c                           2  Split the result into pairs.
mCid16                               Get the associated ASCII characters.

Charcoal, 36 bytes


Try it online! Link is to verbose version of code. Explanation:


Loop over each input character and switch.


If it's a B then push 0 to the predefined empty list.


If it's a D then pop the last value, increment it, multiply by 4, and push it again.


Otherwise, find the index in the string AOU, increment it, and add to the last value.


Split the list into pairs of values, decode as base 16, convert to ASCII, and implicitly print.


Clean, 145 134 bytes

import StdEnv                   // import things like addition and comparison
?c=(743rem(toInt c))/16         // magical formula that maps ['IAOU'] to [0,1,2,3]
@[_,b,'D',d:t]=[?d+ ?b*4+4: @t] // convert B#D#
@[_,b:t]=[?b: @t]               // convert "B#"
@_=[]                           // handle base case
$[u,v:t]=[u<<4+v: $t]           // turn the digits into 2-digit numbers
$e=e                            // handle base case

toString o$o@                   // convert to string (make numbers (make digits))

Try it online!



PHP, 119 bytes

foreach(explode(B,$argn)as$i=>$m)($v=$v*16+4*strpos(XIAO,$m[-3]?:B)+strpos(IAOU,$m[-1]?:B))?$i&1||print chr($v&=255):0;

assumes uppercase input. Run as pipe with -nR or try it online.

requires PHP 7.1
for older PHP, use substr($m,-3,1) and substr($m,-1) instead of $m[-<x>] (+16 bytes);
for younger PHP, put B, XIAO and IAOU in quotes to avoid warning messages (+10 bytes).


05AB1E, 40 bytes


Try it online!


PHP, 163 bytes

function f($s){$t=[I=>0,A=>1,O=>2,U=>3];for($q=explode(B,$s);$a=&$q[++$i];){$a=($a[1]?($t[$a[0]]+1)*4:0)+$t[$a[2*($a[1]==D)]];$i%2?:print(chr(($q[$i-1]<<4)+$a));}}

Call f(string $s) with the appropriate string of bibabobu-encoded characters, and it will print the decoded string.


Python 3, 199 bytes

import re
lambda s:''.join(eval(re.sub(r'(\d+), (\d+)',r'chr(16*\1+\2)',str(eval(s.replace('I','1').replace('A','2').replace('O','3').replace('U','4').replace('B',',-1+').replace('D','*4+')[1:])))))

Not the shortest but without loops.


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