# Challenge :

Count the number of ones 1 in the binary representation of all number between a range.

# Input :

Two non-decimal positive integers

# Output :

The sum of all the 1s in the range between the two numbers.

# Example :

4 , 7        ---> 8
4  = 100 (adds one)   = 1
5  = 101 (adds two)   = 3
6  = 110 (adds two)   = 5
7  = 111 (adds three) = 8

10 , 20     ---> 27
100 , 200   ---> 419
1 , 3       ---> 4
1 , 2       ---> 2
1000, 2000  ---> 5938


I have only explained the first example otherwise it would have taken up a huge amount of space if I tried to explain for all of them.

# Note :

• Numbers can be apart by over a 1000
• All input will be valid.
• The minimum output will be one.
• You can accept number as an array of two elements.
• You can choose how the numbers are ordered.

# Winning criteria :

This is so shortest code in bytes for each language wins.

• OEIS A000788 Jun 5 '18 at 15:50
• May we take the input as some kind of range type (IntRange in Kotlin, Range in Ruby)? Jun 6 '18 at 4:03
• Fun fact: case 1000 - 2000 yields 5938, but lower the case by 1000, the result also drops by 1000: 0-1000 = 4938. Proof Nov 16 '18 at 13:00

# QBasic, 959383 82 bytes

@DLosc saved me some a lot of bytes!

Saved another byte using this technique!

INPUT a,b
FOR i=a TO b
k=i
FOR j=i TO 0STEP-1
x=k>=2^j
s=s-x
k=k+x*2^j
NEXT j,i
?s


Language of the Month FTW!

Explanation

INPUT a,b           Ask user for lower and upper bound
FOR i=a TO b        Loop through that range
k=i                 we need a copy of i to not break the FOR loop
FOR j=i TO 0STEP-1  We're gonna loop through exponents of 2 from high to low.
Setting the first test up for 4 to 2^4 (etc) we know we're overshooting, but that 's OK
x=k>=2^j            Test if the current power of 2 is equal to or smaller than k
(yields 0 for false and -1 for true)
s=s-x               If k is bigger than 2^j, we found a 1, so add 1 to our running total s
(or sub -1 from the total s...)
k=k+x*2^j           Lower k by that factor of 2 if the test is true, else by 0
NEXT                Test the next exponent of 2
NEXT                process the next number in range
?s                  print the total


Last testcase of 1000 to 2000 actually works, in QBasic 4.5 running on Dosbox: # Pari/GP, 31 bytes

Saved one byte thanks to Mr. Xcoder.

a->b->sum(i=a,b,sumdigits(i,2))


Try it online!

# APL (Dyalog Extended), 6 bytesSBCS

≢⍤⍸⍤⊤…


Try it online!

≢ tally

⍤ of

⍸ where true

⍤ in

⊤ the binary representation of

… the range

• … and it looks cute too
Nov 11 '18 at 16:44

# 6510 machine code, 29 28 bytes

sub routine;
takes input from A (lower bound) and X (upper bound) registers;
returns result in A (MSB) and Y (LSB)

machine code:

85 02 A0 00 84 FC E8 CA
E4 02 30 OD 8A F0 F8 46
90 FB E8 90 F8 E6 FC D0
F4 A5 FC 60


source code:

        STA $02 store lower bound in$02
LDY #0      init result to 0 (Y = LSB, $FC=MSB) STY$FC
INX         increment upper bound
LOOP1:  DEX         decrement upper bound
CPX $02 compare to lower bound BMI :FINISH if smaller, return TXA copy X to A LOOP2: BEQ :LOOP1 if 0, next outer loop LSR shift right BCC :LOOP2 if carry is clear, next inner loop INY else increment result BCC :LOOP2 INC$FC
BNE :LOOP2  next inner loop
FINISH: LDA $FC RTS  notes • With only 8 bit input possible, the maximum number of set bits is 1024; so incrementing the MSB (INC$FC) always has a non-zero result; hence BNE :LOOP always branches.
• BEQ following that BNE never branches, even not if the accumulator is zero (so I could actually add two to the BEQ parameter and save one cycle); but that doesn´t matter: LSR will clear the carry and set the zero flag, BCC will hop to LOOP2 and the BEQ to LOOP1.
• I´m not completely sure (it´s been so long I actually coded on the C64), but it may fail if the range is larger than 127: CPX $02 is actually a substraction; if the result is >127, the negative flag may be set, so BMI would end the routine. • I hope I got the branching parameters correct - I assembled the machine code manually. # Japt-x, 8 7 bytes Takes input as an array of 2 integers. rõ ®¤¬x  Try it ## Explanation rõ :Reduce by inclusive range ® :Map ¤ : Convert to binary string ¬ : Split x : Reduce by addition :Implicitly reduce by addition and output  # Japt-x, 108 7 bytes òV ®¤è1  Try it online! • 8 bytes: òV m¤¬è1 Jun 5 '18 at 15:43 # Retina 0.8.2, 43 bytes \d+$*
M!&(?<=^(1+),.*)\1.*
+(1+)\1
$1x 1  Try it online! • 42 bytes – Neil Jun 5 '18 at 23:57 # RProgN 2, 10 bytes R²2Br.0-L  Try it online! # Javascript ES6, 78 bytes With currying syntax x=>y=>[...Array(y-x+1)].map((e,i)=>(i+x).toString2).join.split1.length-1  # Red, 82 bytes func[a b][s: 0 until[n: a until[if n % 2 = 1[s: s + 1]1 > n: n / 2]b < a: a + 1]s]  Try it online! ## F#, 80 bytes let c s e=Seq.sumBy(fun x->seq{for i=0 to 31 do yield x>>>i&&&1}|>Seq.sum){s..e}  Try it online! For each number x in the range, shift the number by i bytes, AND it with 1, and add that to the sum for that number. Finally add all the shifting results for each number and return it. It does the shift 32 times, since the starting and ending numbers are of type int32. # sed 4.2.2, 59 : s/\b(1+) (11\1)/\1 1\1 \2/ t :a s/(1+)\1/\10/ ta s/0| //g  Try it online! Input and output as unary. Input is two space-separated unary integers. The TIO has a footer line to convert to decimal, as a convenience. The 1000, 2000 testcase takes too long - TIO times out after 1 minute. # Tcl, 80 bytes proc P a\ b {while \$a<=$b {incr c [regexp -all 1 [format %b$a]]
incr a}
set c}


Try it online!

# Julia 0.6, 28 bytes

(a,b)->sum(count_ones.(a:b))


Try it online!

If input can be sent in in the form of a range (i.e. c(4:7) instead of c(4,7)), that saves 6 bytes:

# Julia 0.6, 22 bytes

r->sum(count_ones.(r))


Try it online!

## Pyt, 3 bytes

Input is the larger number then the smaller number

ŘĦƩ


Explanation:

      Implicitly get the two numbers x and y (x<y)
Ř     Push [x,x+1,...,y]
Ħ     Get the Hamming weight of each element of the array
Ʃ     Sum the list of Hamming weights
Implicit output


Try it online!

# APL(NARS), 15 chars, 30 bytes

{+/∊(⍵⍴2)⊤⍺..⍵}


test

  f←{+/∊(⍵⍴2)⊤⍺..⍵}
1000 f 2000
5938


This seems ok even in the case 0 f 0 because +/⍬ is 0.

# PHP, 68 bytes

The mapping variant already has been posted (though not yet in it´s mostly golfed version), so here is a looping solution:

for($i=$argv;$i>=$argv;)for($n=$i--;$n;$n>>=1)$s+=$n&1;echo$s;  Run with -nr or try it online. # Perl 5-p, 39 bytes map$\+=(sprintf'%b',$_)=~y/1//,$_..<>}{


Try it online!

# C# (.NET Core) with LINQ, 82 bytes

(a,b)=>{int c=0;for(;a<=b;a++)c+=Convert.ToString(a,2).Count(x=>x=='1');return c;}


Try it online!

Ungolfed:

(a, b) => {                     // takes in two integer inputs, separated by a comma
int c = 0;                  // initialize the sum variable
for(; a <= b; a++)          // from a (inclusive) to b (exclusive)
c +=                            // add to c:
Convert.ToString(a, 2)          // convert a to binary
.Count(x => x == '1');      // count the number of ones in the binary form
return c;                   // print c after the loop
}


## Burlesque - 12 bytes

per@b2\['1CN

pe             Parse eval
r@           range
b2         convert to base2
\[       concat
'1CN   count the 1.


Try it online.

# C (GCC), 49 bytes

This function takes lower (a) and upper (b) bounds. Output is either through global c or by return value (if your ABI uses the same register from accumulating and function return).

c;f(a,b){for(c=b-a?f(a+1,b):0;a;a/=2)c+=a&1;a=c;}


Try It Online (output by return value)

## Acknowledgments

• 50 bytes: c;f(a,b){c=b-a?f(a+1,b):0;for(;a;a/=2)c+=a&1;a=c;}
– GPS
Nov 15 '18 at 14:41

# Powershell, 59 58 bytes

param($n,$m)$n..$m|%{for(;$_){$s+=$_-band1;$_=$_-shr1}};$s


Test script:

$f = { param($n,$m)$n..$m|%{for(;$_){$s+=$_-band1;$_=$_-shr1}};$s } @( ,(4,7,8) ,(10,20,27) ,(100,200,419) ,(1,3,4) ,(1,2,2) ,(1000,2000,5938) ) | % {$n,$m,$e=$_$r = &$f$n $m$c = $r -eq$e

"$c :$n , $m --->$e = \$r"
}


Output:

True : 4 , 7 ---> 8 = 8
True : 10 , 20 ---> 27 = 27
True : 100 , 200 ---> 419 = 419
True : 1 , 3 ---> 4 = 4
True : 1 , 2 ---> 2 = 2
True : 1000 , 2000 ---> 5938 = 5938


# x86 machine code, 14 bytes

00000000: 31c0 f30f b8d9 01d8 4139 d17e f5c3       1.......A9.~..


Takes bottom of range in ecx, and top of range in ebx. Returns in eax.

Assembly (NASM syntax):

section .text
global func
func:
;1st arg = ecx, 2nd arg = edx
xor eax, eax			;reset total
loop:
popcnt ebx, ecx		;get number of binary 1's in current number and store in ebx
inc ecx			;increase the current number (ecx) in range
cmp ecx, edx
jle loop		;repeat while current number (ecx) >= range max (edx)
ret				;return the register eax


Try it online!

C code equivalent:

/*
ecx=range_start
edx=range_end
eax=total
ebx=ones_count
*/

int ones_in_range(int range_start, int range_end){
int total = 0;
do {
int ones_count = __builtin_popcount(range_start);
total += ones_count;
range_start++;
} while(range_start <= range_end);
}


# x86-16 machine code, 16 bytes

Binary:

00000000: 33c0 8bd1 d1e2 7301 4075 f93b cbe0 f3c3  3.....s.@u.;....


Listing:

33 C0       XOR  AX, AX         ; clear 1's counter in AX
INTLOOP:
8B D1       MOV  DX, CX         ; current number into DX
BITLOOP:
D1 E2       SHL  DX, 1          ; MSb into CF, ZF = ( DX == 0 )
73 01       JNC  BITZERO        ; if a zero, check ZF
40          INC  AX             ; increment counter
BITZERO:
75 F9       JNZ  BITLOOP        ; if DX > 0 keep looping
3B CB       CMP  CX, BX         ; is CX < BX?
E0 F3       LOOPNZ INTLOOP      ; if not, decrement CX and loop


Callable function, low range number in BX, high number in CX. Result in AX.

Note: There is another IA machine code submission which uses the POPCNT instruction introduced with SSE4 requiring an Intel Core or later architecture. This one will run on any 8086 or later CPU.

Test program: # Wolfram Language (Mathematica), 28 bytes

Tr@DigitCount[Range@##,2,1]&


Try it online!

# Scala, 45 44 bytes

_.to(_)flatMap(_.toBinaryString)count(49==)
`

Try it in Scastie