25
\$\begingroup\$

Your task is to build a program that identifies the shape of the input. The shapes to be identified can be any of the following:

Square

To be identified as a square, the source must have lines of all equal length, and the same number of lines as characters per line (newline characters excluded). An optional trailing newline is acceptable.

$_='
$_="
$_"'
;say

Rectangle

To be identified as a rectangle, the source must have lines of all equal length, but the number of lines does not match the number of characters per line (newline characters excluded). An optional trailing newline is acceptable. This can be either horizontal or vertical.

$_=
"no
t a
squ
are
";#

$_="but it
is still a
consistent
shape!";##

Triangle

To be identified as a triangle, the source must either start with one character, and each subsequent line must have one additional character (including the last), or after the first line, each subsequent line should have one character fewer until the last, which has only one.

$
_=
"So
this
"."".
shape;

$_="or
even,
this
way
!!
"

Mess

Anything that doesn't follow a consistent format as per the above, must be identified as a mess.

Rules

  • You may return any four consistent printable values to identify each shape.
  • Your source code must also adhere to one of the above shapes (no, not a mess).
  • A single trailing newline in your source is acceptable.
  • You can assume input does not contain any blank lines (including trailing newlines), is not empty, and does not consist only of newlines.
  • All shapes must have a height and width of >= 2, otherwise this is defined as a mess.
  • Standard loopholes are forbidden.
  • The shortest solution in bytes, in each language, wins.
\$\endgroup\$
  • \$\begingroup\$ "Your source code must also adhere to one of the above shapes" does it mean one liner is just fine? \$\endgroup\$ – tsh Mar 23 '18 at 8:44
  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ @ tsh All shapes must have a height and width of >= 2. \$\endgroup\$ – TFeld Mar 23 '18 at 8:45
  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ The input can be an array? for example, a square ['abc','cfd','fgh']? \$\endgroup\$ – Luis felipe De jesus Munoz Mar 23 '18 at 12:23
  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ @recursive updated, thank you! \$\endgroup\$ – Dom Hastings Mar 23 '18 at 17:02
  • 3
    \$\begingroup\$ You are telling me my source code can't be a mess? why not?!?! \$\endgroup\$ – NH. Mar 23 '18 at 23:31

20 Answers 20

9
\$\begingroup\$

Jelly, 35 bytes

L€ṀR,Ṛ$ċƲȧ3
L€,;¥LE€S+Ç
ỴµZL«L>1ȧÇ 

Try it online!

0 = Mess
1 = Rectangle
2 = Square
3 = Triangle

\$\endgroup\$
  • \$\begingroup\$ Is the space on your last line used by your code? Or is that just padding to meet the "rectangle" criteria? \$\endgroup\$ – BradC Mar 23 '18 at 18:00
  • \$\begingroup\$ @BradC The latter. I should probably add an explanation. \$\endgroup\$ – Erik the Outgolfer Mar 23 '18 at 19:05
7
\$\begingroup\$

Brachylog, 45 bytes

lᵐ{≥₁|≤₁}o{l>1&t>1&}↰₃
lg,?=∧1w|=∧2w|t⟦₁≡?∧3w

Try it online!

Code is a rectangle (despite the way it renders on my screen). Outputs: 1 for square, 2 for rectangle, 3 for triangle, and nothing for mess


Explanation:

lᵐ{≥₁|≤₁}o{l>1&t>1&}↰₃
lg,?=∧1w|=∧2w|t⟦₁≡?∧3w

lᵐ                        Get the length of each string
  {     }                 Verify 
   ≥₁                     The list is non-increasing
     |                    or...
      ≤₁                  The list is non-decreasing
         o                Sort it to be non-decreasing
          {        }      Verify
           l>1            The number of lines is greater than 1
              &           and...
               t>1&       The longest line is longer than 1 character
                    ↰₃    Call the following

lg,?                      Join the number of lines with the line lengths
    =∧1w                  If they are all equal, print 1 (Square)
         |=∧2w            Or if just the line lengths are equal, print 2 (Rectangle)
              |t⟦₁         Or if the range [1, 2, ... <longest line length>]
                  ≡?       Is the list of lengths
                    ∧3w    Print 3 (triangle)
                           Otherwise print nothing (mess)
\$\endgroup\$
7
\$\begingroup\$

Java 10, 231 221 219 217 213 211 207 bytes

s->{var a=s.split("\n");int r=a.length,l=a[0].length(),R=0,i=1,L,D;if(r>1){for(L=a[1].length(),D=L-l;++
i<r;R=L-a[i-1].length()!=D?1:R)L=a[i].length();R=R<1?D==0?r==l?1:2:D>-2&D<2&(l<2|L<2)?3:0:0;}return R;}

Function is a rectangle itself.
1 = Squares; 2 = Rectangles; 3 = Triangles; 0 = Mess.

-14 bytes thanks to @OlivierGrégoire.

Explanation:

Try it online.

s->{                        // Method with String parameter and integer return-type
  var a=s.split("\n");      //  Input split by new-lines
  int r=a.length,           //  Amount of lines
      l=a[0].length(),      //  Length of the first line
      R=0,                  //  Result-integer, initially 0
      i=1,                  //  Index integer, starting at 1
      L,D;                  //  Temp integers
  if(r>1){                  //  If there are at least two lines:
    for(L=a[1].length(),    //   Set `L` to the length of the second line
        D=L-l;              //   And set `D` to the difference between the first two lines
        ++i<r;              //   Loop over the array
        ;                   //     After every iteration:
         R=L-a[i-1].length()//     If the difference between this and the previous line
          !=D?              //     is not equal to the difference of the first two lines:
           1                //      Set `R` to 1
          :                 //     Else:
           R)               //      Leave `R` the same
      L=a[i].length();      //    Set `L` to the length of the current line
  R=R<1?                    //   If `R` is still 0:
     D==0?                  //    And if `D` is also 0:
      r==l?                 //     And the amount of lines and length of each line is equal
       1                    //      It's a square, so set `R` to 1
      :                     //     Else:
       2                    //      It's a rectangle, so set `R` to 2
     :D>-2&D<2&             //    Else-if `D` is either 1 or -1,
      (l<2|L<2)?            //    and either `l` or `L` is 1:
       3                    //     It's a triangle, so set `R` to 3
    :0:0;}                  //   In all other cases it's a mess, so set `R` to 0
  return R;}                //  Return the result `R`
\$\endgroup\$
  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ Fixed for 221 bytes: s->{var a=s.split("\n");int S=a.length,l=a[0].length(),L,D,b=0,i=1;if(S<2)return 0;for(L=a[1].length(),D=L-l; b<1&++i<S;)if((L=a[i].length())-a[i-1].length()!=D)b=1;return b<1?D==0?S==l?1:2:D==-1|D==1?l==1|L==1?3:0:0:0;} (double space after var, line break after D=L-l;. \$\endgroup\$ – Olivier Grégoire Mar 23 '18 at 11:25
  • \$\begingroup\$ @OlivierGrégoire Thanks. And I golfed two more bytes by changing D==-1|D==1 to D>-2|D<2. That one and the l==1|L==1 might be more golfable with some bitwise operations, but that's not really my expertise. \$\endgroup\$ – Kevin Cruijssen Mar 23 '18 at 12:43
  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ 207 bytes: s->{var a=s.split("\n");int r=a.length,l=a[0].length(),L,D,b=0,i=1;if(r>1){for(L=a[1].length(),D=L-l;++ i<r;b=L-a[i-1].length()!=D?1:b)L=a[i].length();b=b<1?D==0?r==l?1:2:D>-2&D<2&(l<2|L<2)?3:0:0;}return b;} (break after D=L-l;++). Still golfable by merging the loop and the statement afterwards in one, but I don't see how right now. \$\endgroup\$ – Olivier Grégoire Mar 23 '18 at 13:02
6
\$\begingroup\$

Python 2, 129 114 109 107 113 bytes

l=map(len,input().split('\n'));m=len(
l);r=range(1,m+1);print[[1],0,r,r[::-
1],[m]*m,0,[max(l)]*m,l].index(l)%7/2

Try it online!


Prints

  • 0 = Mess
  • 1 = Triangle
  • 2 = Square
  • 3 = Rectangle
\$\endgroup\$
  • \$\begingroup\$ @KevinCruijssen Thanks, should be fixed now \$\endgroup\$ – TFeld Mar 23 '18 at 12:11
6
\$\begingroup\$

Jelly, 32 27 bytes

,U⁼€JẸ,E;SƲ$
ZL«L’aL€Ç$æAƝ

Try it online!

Now taking input at a list of lines and switched >1× with ’a and using SƲ after L€ instead of FLƲƊ. These allowed me to condense into two lines and I saved 5 bytes in total. The following values are the same as before.

[0.0, 0.0]=Mess
[0.0, 1.5707963267948966]=Rectangle
[0.0, 0.7853981633974483]=Square
[1.5707963267948966, 0.0]=Triangle


ZL«L gets the minimum of height and width and subtracts 1 from it. Ç calls the second link and at the end if the input is a single line the result of Ç gets logical ANDed with the previous number if there is only a single line the output will be [0.0, 0.0].

In the second link: ,U yields a list of line lengths paired with it's reverse. J is range(number of lines) and ⁼€ checks whether each of them are equal to the result of J. (Any) yields 1 if the input is a triangle.

E checks if all line lengths are equal (rectangle/square).

SƲ with a $ to group them into a single monad checks whether the total number of characters is a square number.

So at the end of the second link we have [[a,b],c] where each number is 0 or 1 indicating whether the input is a triangle, rectangular, and has square number of characters respectively.

However a square number of elements doesn't imply the input is a square since an messy input like

a3.
4

has a square number of elements but isn't a square.

This is where æA (arctan2) comes in. 0æA0 == 0æA1 == 0. In other words, if the input has square number of elements but is not a rectangle, then it is not a square. There are certainly more clear ways to do this but what does that matter when we have bytes to think about and we are allowed consistent arbitrary output.

Note I was previously using æA/ instead of æAƝ (and a , instead of a ; in the second link) but the former method distinguishes between triangles that have square number of elements and those that don't but they should obviously be counted as the same thing.

\$\endgroup\$
  • \$\begingroup\$ I was looking at the numbers thinking, they seem vaguely familiar... \$\endgroup\$ – Dom Hastings Mar 23 '18 at 21:21
  • \$\begingroup\$ @DomHastings Haha. I was having trouble distinguishing squares from square-number-of-element messes and arctan2 was exactly what I needed. \$\endgroup\$ – dylnan Mar 23 '18 at 22:29
  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ Funny that I don't think this would be any shorter if there was no source restriction \$\endgroup\$ – dylnan Mar 27 '18 at 17:33
  • \$\begingroup\$ ... Are you sure this is valid? As newline in Jelly is 0x7F, not 0x0A. \$\endgroup\$ – user202729 Apr 2 '18 at 2:16
  • \$\begingroup\$ @DomHastings Is this valid? (see reason above) \$\endgroup\$ – user202729 Apr 2 '18 at 2:16
4
\$\begingroup\$

Java 10, 274 323 298 229 bytes

First triangle submission.

s
->
{  
var 
a=s. 
split 
("\n");
int i,l=
a.length,
c,f=a[0]. 
length(),r=
l<2||f<2&a[1
].length()<2?
0:f==l?7:5;var
b=f==1;for(i=1;
i<l;){c=a[i++]. 
length();r&=c!=f?
4:7;r&=(b&c!=f+1)|
(!b&c!=f-1)?3:7;f=c
;}return r;}        

0 Mess

1 Rectangle

3 Square

4 Triangle

Try it online here.

Edited multiple times to golf it a bit more.

Of course I could save a lot of bytes by turning this into a rectangle as well (281 267 259 200 bytes, see here).

The result of the identification is manipulated using bitwise AND, yielding a bitmask as follows:

1        1      1
triangle square rectangle

Ungolfed version:

s -> {
    var lines = s.split("\n"); // split input into individual lines
    int i, // counter for the for loop
    numLines = lines.length, // number of lines
    current, // length of the current line
    previous = lines[0].length(), // length of the previous line
    result = numLines < 2 // result of the identification process; if there are less than two lines
    || previous < 2 & lines[1].length() < 2 // or the first two lines are both shorter than 2
    ? 0 : previous == numLines ? 7 : 5; // it's a mess, otherwise it might be a square if the length of the first line matches the number of lines
    var ascending = previous == 1; // determines whether a triangle is in ascending or descending order
    for(i = 1; i < numLines; ) { // iterate over all lines
         current = lines[i++].length(); // store the current line's length
        result &= current != previous ? 4 : 7; // check if it's not a rectangle or a square
        result &= (ascending & current != previous+1)|(!ascending & current != previous-1) ? 3 : 7; // if the current line is not one longer (ascending) or shorter (descending) than the previous line, it's not a triangle
        previous = current; // move to the next line
    }
    return result; // return the result
}
\$\endgroup\$
  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ Welcome to PPCG! \$\endgroup\$ – Steadybox Mar 25 '18 at 0:50
  • \$\begingroup\$ Hooray for triangles! Thanks! \$\endgroup\$ – Dom Hastings Mar 25 '18 at 4:55
  • \$\begingroup\$ Hi, welcome to PPCG! Great first answer. I tried making my answer a triangle before as well, but it would cost too many bytes in comparison to rectangle, and some key-words were a bit too long in my initial answer as well. :) Great answer though, +1 from me. And I took the liberty to edit your post to add highlighting to the entire post, so the comments in your ungolfed version are easier to read. Enjoy your stay! \$\endgroup\$ – Kevin Cruijssen Mar 25 '18 at 10:39
  • \$\begingroup\$ @KevinCruijssen Thanks for the upvote and edit, it looks much better now. My answer could be shortened by turning it into a rectangle as well, 281 bytes. But where's the fun in that? \$\endgroup\$ – O.O.Balance Mar 25 '18 at 12:43
3
\$\begingroup\$

Javascript 125 bytes

_=>(g=(l=_.split('\n').map(a=>a.length)).
length)<3?0:(r=l.reduce((a,b)=>a==b?a:0))
?r==g?2:1:l.reduce((a,b)=>++a==b?a:0)?3:0

0 = Mess
1 = Rectangle
2 = Square
3 = Triangle

fa=_=>(g=(l=_.split('\n').map(a=>a.length)).length)<3?0:(r=l.reduce((a,b)=>a==b?a:0))?r==g?2:1:l.reduce((a,b)=>++a==b?a:0)?3:0

var square = `asd
asd
asd`

var rectangle = `asd
asd
asd
asd
asd
asd`

var triangle = `asd
asdf
asdfg
asdfgh`

var mess = `asd
dasdasd
sd
dasasd`

console.log(fa(square), fa(rectangle), fa(triangle), fa(mess))

\$\endgroup\$
  • 3
    \$\begingroup\$ The byte count is 125 (including the newlines) \$\endgroup\$ – Herman L Mar 23 '18 at 13:40
  • \$\begingroup\$ Triangle should go to a 1? not a 3456 \$\endgroup\$ – l4m2 Mar 23 '18 at 13:47
  • \$\begingroup\$ @l4m2 what do you mean? \$\endgroup\$ – Luis felipe De jesus Munoz Mar 23 '18 at 13:48
  • 2
    \$\begingroup\$ triangle should always start at 1? \$\endgroup\$ – Luis felipe De jesus Munoz Mar 23 '18 at 13:49
  • 3
    \$\begingroup\$ I think what @l4m2 is pointing out is that a triangle must have only one character on its first or last line, otherwise it's a "mess". \$\endgroup\$ – Shaggy Mar 23 '18 at 13:58
3
\$\begingroup\$

Perl 5 -p, 83 bytes

  • Mess: nothing
  • Square: 0
  • Triangle: 1
  • Rectangle: 2
($z)=grep++$$_{"@+"-$_*~-$.}==$.,0,/$/,-1
}{$.<2or$_=$$z{$z>0||$.}?$z%2:@F>1&&2x!$z

Try it online!

\$\endgroup\$
3
\$\begingroup\$

PHP, 195 205 bytes

<?$a=$argv[1];$r=substr($a,-2,1)=="\n"?strrev($a):$a;foreach(explode("\n",$r)as$l){$s=strlen($l);$x[$s
]=++$i;$m=$i==$s?T:M;}$z=count($x);echo$i*$z>2?$z==1&&key($x)==$i?S:($z==1&&$i>2?R:($i==$z?$m:M)):M;?>

The upside down triangle adds an expensive 56 bytes to this!

Outputs are S,R,T,M

Saved a few bytes thanks to Dom Hastings.

Try it online!

Fixed a few issues now... Test runs produce this.

$_="
$_="
$_""
;say

RESULT:S
=============
$_=
"no
t a
squ
are
";#

RESULT:R
=============
$
_=
"So
this
"."".
shape;

RESULT:T
=============
$_="or
even,
this
way
!!
"

RESULT:T
=============
as
smiley
asd
A

RESULT:M
=============
X

RESULT:M
=============
XX

RESULT:M
=============
cccc
a
aa
cccc

RESULT:M
=============
\$\endgroup\$
  • \$\begingroup\$ Omit ?> should just be fine \$\endgroup\$ – tsh Mar 23 '18 at 10:02
  • \$\begingroup\$ This seems to return T for cccc\na\naa\ncccc Try it online! \$\endgroup\$ – Dom Hastings Mar 23 '18 at 12:44
3
\$\begingroup\$

Perl 6, 81 bytes

{.lines>>.chars.&{($_==.[0],3)[2*(2>.max
)+($_ Z- .skip).&{.[0].abs+.Set*2+^2}]}}

Try it online!

Returns True for square, False for rectangle, 3 for triangle, Nil for mess.

\$\endgroup\$
  • \$\begingroup\$ Very good, would you mind unpacking it a bit, in particular $_ Z- .skip? \$\endgroup\$ – Phil H Mar 24 '18 at 19:03
3
\$\begingroup\$

Stax, 39 bytes

L{%m~;:-c:u{hJchC; 
|mb1=-C;%a\sI^^P}M0

Run and debug online!

Shortest ASCII-only answer so far.

0 - Mess
1 - Rectangle
2 - Square
3 - Triangle

Explanation

The solution makes use of the following fact: If something is explicitly printed in the execution of the program, no implicit output is generated. Otherwise, the top of stack at the end of the execution is implicitly output.

L{%m~;:-c:u{hJchC;|mb1=-C;%a\sI^^P}M0
L                                        Collect all lines in an array
 {%m                                     Convert each line to its length
    ~;                                   Make a copy of the length array, put it on the input stack for later use
      :-                                 Difference between consecutive elements.
                                         If the original array has only one line, this will be an empty array
        c:u                              Are all elements in the array the same?
                                         Empty array returns false
           {                      }M0    If last test result is true, execute block
                                         If the block is not executed, or is cancelled in the middle, implicitly output 0
            hJ                           The first element of the difference array squared (*)
              chC                        Cancel if it is not 0 or 1
                 ;|m1=                   Shortest line length (**) is 1
                      -                  Test whether this is the same as (*)
                                         Includes two cases:
                                             a. (*) is 1, and (**) is 1, in which case it is a triangle
                                             b. (*) is 0, and (**) is not 1, in which case it is a square or a rectangle
                        C                Cancel if last test fails
                         ;%              Number of lines
                           a\            [Nr. of lines, (*)]
                             I           Get the 0-based index of (**) in the array
                                         0-> Square, 1->Triangle -1(not found) -> Rectangle
                              ^^P        Add 2 and print
\$\endgroup\$
3
\$\begingroup\$

Haskell, 113 107 103 101 bytes

((#)=<<k).map k.lines;k=length;1#x=0;l#x|x==[1..l]
  ||x==[l,l-1..1]=3;l#x=k[1|z<-[l,x!!0],all(==z)x]

Try it online!

Returns 0, 1, 2 and 3 for mess, rectangle, square and triangle, respectively.

Edit: -2 bytes thanks to Lynn!

\$\endgroup\$
3
\$\begingroup\$

05AB1E, 35 29 27 bytes

Saved 8 bytes thanks to Magic Octopus Urn

DgV€g©ZU¥ÄP®Y
QP®ËJCXY‚1›P*

Try it online!

0 = Mess
4 = Triangle
1 = Rectangle
3 = Square

\$\endgroup\$
  • \$\begingroup\$ This looks to fail on some messy code: Try it online! \$\endgroup\$ – Dom Hastings Mar 23 '18 at 17:33
  • \$\begingroup\$ @DomHastings: Thanks for catching that. I thought that golf was a bit iffy. Should be okay now. \$\endgroup\$ – Emigna Mar 23 '18 at 18:17
  • \$\begingroup\$ Try it online! - 19 bytes - 1 (Rectangle), 2 (Triangle), 5 (Square) and 0 (Mess) [Using binary numbers]. Possibly not acceptable lol. gs€g©QP®¥ ÄP®1å&®ËJC can add a space char and a C for 21 though. \$\endgroup\$ – Magic Octopus Urn Mar 26 '18 at 14:56
  • \$\begingroup\$ @MagicOctopusUrn: It still needs to check for length/height>=2, but it should still save bytes. Clever trick building the output numbers from binary! \$\endgroup\$ – Emigna Mar 26 '18 at 15:33
  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ @MagicOctopusUrn: I used your delta and binary tricks to save some bytes on my original version. Could probably save a few more rewriting it a bit more. \$\endgroup\$ – Emigna Mar 26 '18 at 15:49
2
\$\begingroup\$

R, 101 bytes

"if"(var(z<-nchar(y<-scan(,"",,,"
","")))==0,"if"(length(y)==z,1,2
),"if"(all(abs(diff(z))==1),3,4))

1=Square
2=Rectangle
3=Triangle
4=Random

Code cannot deal with 'NEGATIVE ACKNOWLEDGE' (U+0015) or the square in the code above. This byte can be switched to something different if the input requires contains this byte.

Try it online!

\$\endgroup\$
  • \$\begingroup\$ maybe you could use readLines() instead of scan()? \$\endgroup\$ – Giuseppe Mar 25 '18 at 16:54
  • \$\begingroup\$ @Giuseppe Can't/too noob to get readLines to work \$\endgroup\$ – Vlo Mar 26 '18 at 5:50
  • \$\begingroup\$ Hmm, looks like you have to specify file("stdin") to get it to read from console (rather than the next lines of code). That means it'll probably be less golfy. ah well. \$\endgroup\$ – Giuseppe Mar 26 '18 at 10:48
2
\$\begingroup\$

Snails, 29 bytes

ada7A
.2,lr
?!(t.
rw~)z
.+~o~

Output key:

  • 0 - Mess
  • 3 - Triangle
  • 6 - Rectangle
  • 7 - Square

It would be 23 bytes without source layout:

zA
.2,dun!(t.rf~)z.+~o~
\$\endgroup\$
  • \$\begingroup\$ I've always been keen to play with this language since reading the question that spawned it! \$\endgroup\$ – Dom Hastings Mar 27 '18 at 12:04
1
\$\begingroup\$

Wolfram Language (Mathematica), 119 bytes

(x=StringLength/@#~StringSplit~"\n")/.{{1}->3,s~(t=Table)~{
s=Tr[1^x]}:>0,x[[1]]~t~s:>1,(r=Range@s)|Reverse@r:>2,_->3}&

Using Replace /. and pattern matching on the character count by line. Replace will kick out the first RHS of a rule that is matched, so the ordering is to test for the 1 character input, then squares, rectangles, triangles, and a fall-through for messes.

square=0,rectangle=1,triangle=2,mess=3

Try it online!

\$\endgroup\$
  • \$\begingroup\$ @DomHastings, it's fixed. \$\endgroup\$ – Kelly Lowder Mar 23 '18 at 16:49
1
\$\begingroup\$

Red, 209 bytes

func[s][c: copy[]foreach a split s"^/"[append c length? a]d: unique c
r: 0 if 1 < l: length? c[if 1 = length? d[r: 2 if(do d)= l[r: 1]]n: 0
v: copy[]loop l[append v n: n + 1]if(v = c)or(v = reverse c)[r: 3]]r]

Try it online!

0 Mess

1 Square

2 Rectangle

3 Triangle

\$\endgroup\$
1
\$\begingroup\$

AWK, 119 bytes

{p=l;l=L[NR]=length($0)
D=d}{d=p-l;x=x?x:NR>2?\
d!=D:0}END{print x==1?\
3:d*d==1?(L[NR]+L[1]==\
NR+1)?2:3:p!=NR}#######

Try it online!

Output:

0 = Square
1 = Rectangle
2 = Triangle
3 = Mess

\$\endgroup\$
1
\$\begingroup\$

Ruby, 115 111 bytes

->s{m=s.split(?\n).map &:size;r=*1..s=m.size;s<2?4:(m|[
]).size<2?m[0]<2?4:s==m[0]?1:2:r==m.reverse||r==m ?3:4}

Try it online!

Anonymous lambda. Outputs:

  1. Square
  2. Rectangle
  3. Triangle
  4. Mess
\$\endgroup\$
  • \$\begingroup\$ This looks to fail on some that should be flagged as mess: Try it online! \$\endgroup\$ – Dom Hastings Mar 23 '18 at 17:33
  • \$\begingroup\$ Ouch, I guess this will have to go as a quick fix. Probably will need to try golfing it a bit more... \$\endgroup\$ – Kirill L. Mar 23 '18 at 18:00
1
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C (gcc), 125 123 bytes

Thanks to ceilingcat for -2 bytes.

f(L,n)int**L;{int i,l,c,F=strlen(*L),s=-F;for(l=i=0;i<n;l=c)c
=strlen(L[i++]),s+=c-l;s=n>1?s||F<2?~abs(s)+n?0:3:n^F?2:1:0;}

Try it online!

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