Write a program to compute the the first N (<= 10^3) digits of e.

Your program should take an integer N as input.













Shortest solution wins!


13 Answers 13


Mathematica (12 bytes)

  • \$\begingroup\$ You can try it online: there is a e-digits command on yubnub.org e.g., yubnub.org/parser/parse?command=e-digits+1000 that uses wolframalpha wolframalpha.com/input/… \$\endgroup\$ – jfs Mar 13 '11 at 10:09
  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ -1 because you do not implement the calculation by your self. \$\endgroup\$ – FUZxxl Mar 14 '11 at 14:13
  • 2
    \$\begingroup\$ @FUZxxl:The author didn't asked for an implementation,only shortest ones is preferred. \$\endgroup\$ – Quixotic Mar 22 '11 at 0:34
  • 7
    \$\begingroup\$ @Quixotic The question does say "compute" not just output. Would you have argued the same thing if the question had said "calculate" instead of "compute"? \$\endgroup\$ – nitro2k01 Feb 2 '14 at 20:44

Python, 69


Computes N+2 iterations of the standard power series for e.


J, 20...ish.

Computational, but... Very inefficient. With n defined (20):

(0 j.<:n)":+/%!i.x:n+9

As a monadic function (32):

ge =. 3 : '(0 j.<:y)":+/%!i.x:y+9'

As a tacit function (33, fixed):

(0 j.<:)":(+/)&:(%&!&i.&x:&(9&+))
  • \$\begingroup\$ This converges very fast (for 100 digits you need "just" 70 terms) so you can drop that +9. \$\endgroup\$ – Eelvex Mar 13 '11 at 10:05
  • \$\begingroup\$ For 1000 digits this: (0 j.<:1000)":+/%!i.x:450 takes just a few seconds. \$\endgroup\$ – Eelvex Mar 13 '11 at 10:09
  • \$\begingroup\$ Would you care to explain your code? \$\endgroup\$ – aaaaaaaaaaaa Mar 13 '11 at 14:49
  • \$\begingroup\$ @Eelvex: But I need extra terms up until N=30 or so. (Any hints on reducing that mess of composes, or is that about right?) \$\endgroup\$ – Jesse Millikan Mar 13 '11 at 18:04
  • \$\begingroup\$ Ah, you're right, that's unfortunate. (That "mess" is shorter than anything else I could come up with - unless, off course, you use a fixed number for i. like: (0 j.<:n)":+/%!i.999x; then tacitly:(+/%!i.999x)":~0 j.<: ) \$\endgroup\$ – Eelvex Mar 13 '11 at 18:20

Python, 67

import decimal as d
print d._One.exp()
  • \$\begingroup\$ Save 3 chars? from decimal import* and remove both d. \$\endgroup\$ – Timtech Feb 2 '14 at 22:16
  • \$\begingroup\$ @Timtech import * won't import _One due to the leading underscore. \$\endgroup\$ – jfs Apr 24 '16 at 10:24
  • \$\begingroup\$ Okay, didn't know that, sorry/ \$\endgroup\$ – Timtech Apr 24 '16 at 13:44

05AB1E, 4 3 2 bytes

Crossed out 4 is still regular 4 ;(

Thanks to @Adnan for a byte.


Uses CP-1252 encoding.


žt - Push input. Pop a, push e to a places (up to 10000).


Remove I, as žt takes input anyway if none is on the stack.

  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ I've marked this as non-competing because 05AB1E was created about 4 and a half years after this challenge was posted. \$\endgroup\$ – Mego May 2 '16 at 7:41
  • \$\begingroup\$ @Mego OK, I'll remember to do that next time. \$\endgroup\$ – George Gibson May 2 '16 at 7:41
  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ Welcome to Programming Puzzles and Code Golf! The ž character is 1 byte in the CP-1252 encoding, so this has a total score of 2 bytes instead of 3 :p. \$\endgroup\$ – Adnan May 2 '16 at 17:46
  • \$\begingroup\$ @Adnan Thanks! Nice language, btw. \$\endgroup\$ – George Gibson May 2 '16 at 17:47
  • \$\begingroup\$ @GeorgeGibson Thank you! :) \$\endgroup\$ – Adnan May 2 '16 at 17:47

Ruby, 68

require 'bigdecimal/math';include BigMath;puts E(gets.to_i).to_s 'F'
  • \$\begingroup\$ it doesn't work on ruby1.8. It produces invalid results on ruby1.9 \$\endgroup\$ – jfs Mar 13 '11 at 9:57
  • \$\begingroup\$ You're right, but it should work in Ruby 1.9. There seems to be something wrong with precision in the E function. \$\endgroup\$ – david4dev Mar 13 '11 at 10:48
  • \$\begingroup\$ Looks fine here, it just adds some imprecise digits. Mayby like this? require'bigdecimal/math';puts BigMath::E(a=gets.to_i).to_s(?F)[0,a+1] \$\endgroup\$ – steenslag Mar 13 '11 at 22:48

GolfScript 43 41

~10\?1:b 461,{)b*:b@+\}460*;*b/`);(;'2.'\

Edit: I might as well replace the 0 with the leftover 1 from initializing b, the resulting difference is far too small to make it to the output.

I left the old version as that is what I have documented below.

~10\?1:b;0 461,{)b*:b@+\}460*;*b/`);(;'2.'\

~10\? Take input and calculate 10^input, leave the result on the stack.
1:b; Store 1 in b.
0 461, Put 0 on the stack, put the array [0 1 ... 459 460] on the stack.
{ }460* Execute function 460 times.
)b*:b Take the last element of the array, multiply it by b, store result in b and leave the result on the stack.
@+\ Switch the 0 (which is only a zero at the first iteration) to the top of the stack, add it to the leftover b value, and switch the result back again.
; Remove the rest of the array (only [0] is left).
The number that was initialized to 0 now hold the value e*460! and b hold 460!
* Multiply 10^input by e*460! (they are at this point the only 2 elements left on the stack).
b/ Divide the result by b.
The stack now hold the value e*10^input which when converted to a string will hold all the decimals, but not the dot.
`);(;'2.'\ A bunch of string operations to fit in the dot.

e*460! is calculated as 1 + 460 + 460*459 + 460*459*458 etc.


bc, 17 chars


J, 17



(":&(x:^1)@*&0j1) 50

Uses built in exponential verb - so, "compute" is on shaky grounds. Basically:

^1 - computes e**1
x: - does extended precision
0jy ": - formats the number to y digit
  • \$\begingroup\$ *&0j1 is simply j. \$\endgroup\$ – FrownyFrog Oct 27 '17 at 0:29

GTB, 14



e - Put e as the last calculated value

S? - Convert e to string _

`A - Input A

S;_,1,A+1 Display the first A digits of e


Mathcad, [tbd] bytes

enter image description here

Uses a spigot algorithm - http://comjnl.oxfordjournals.org/content/11/2/229.full.pdf+html.

Byte count not given as Mathcad byte count equivalence is yet to be determined. However, using a symbol equivalence it is roughly 121 bytes ... and not going to win any brevity prizes no matter how the equivalence is determined.


Mathematica, 7 bytes


My answer is a further golfing of this answer.

Try it online!

For some reason, the output over at TIO looks funny but I tested it on my machine and the code works just fine.


Perl 5 -Mbignum=bexp -p, 12 bytes

$_=bexp 1,$_

Try it online!


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