# Quickly regrouping lists

Grouping takes a list and splits it into new lists of equal adjacent elements. For example

[1,1,2,1,1] -> [[1,1],[2],[1,1]]


If you then take the length of these groups you get a new list of integers

[1,1,2,1,1] -> [2,1,2]


Your task is to write a program that takes a list of positive integers and find the number of times you can group and length it before the resulting list has a single element. For example the list [1,2,3,3,2,1] can be regrouped 4 times

[1,2,3,3,2,1]
[1,1,2,1,1]
[2,1,2]
[1,1,1]
[3]


This is so answers will be scored in bytes with fewer bytes being better.

# Test cases

[1,2,3,3,2,1] -> 4
[1,2,3,4,5,6,7] -> 2
[1,1,1,1,1,1] -> 1
[2] -> 0
[1,2,4] -> 2
[1,2,2,1,1,2] -> 4
[1,2,2,1,1,2,1,2,2] -> 5
[1] -> 0

• This is basically run-length encoding without storing the values. Feb 23, 2018 at 23:09
• [1] is a valid input and should give 0, correct? Feb 24, 2018 at 1:43
• @ETHproductions Yes, I'll add that because it is a bit of a tricky case. Feb 24, 2018 at 2:11
• The whole task is precisely the definition of runs-resistance. Related OEIS sequence: A318928 - Runs-resistance of binary representation of n May 28, 2020 at 0:39

import Data.List
f[_]=0
f c=1+f(length<$>group c)  Try it online! # Brachylog, 12 11 bytes ;.{ḅlᵐ}ⁱ⁾Ȯ∧  Try it online! -1 byte thanks to @DLosc. ### Explanation ;.{ }ⁱ⁾ Iterate Output times the following predicate on the input: ḅ Group consecutive equal elements together lᵐ Map length Ȯ∧ The result of this iteration must only have one element  • -1 byte by using Ȯ instead of l1 Apr 4 at 19:59 • Apr 8 at 8:19 • Haha! So the two notifications in my StackExchange inbox right now are someone golfing a solution of mine using a language feature I added after I wrote the solution, and me doing the same to someone else. Apr 8 at 16:33 ## CJam, 18 bytes q~_,{_e0f=}*]:,1#  Try it online! # Japt, 12 bytes ÊÉ©1+ßUò¦ ml  Test it online! ### Explanation  Ê É © 1+ßUò¦ ml Ul -1&&1+ßUò!= ml Ungolfed Implicit: U = input array Ul -1 Take U.length - 1. && If this is non-zero: Uò!= Split U between non-equal elements. ml Take the length of each run of equal elements. ß Run the entire program again on the resulting array. 1+ Add one to the return value.  Recursion is a really non-conventional approach for Japt, but it seems to be 4 bytes shorter than the next alternative... • @Shaggy My 16-byte version with F.a() is still accessible through the revision history. I'd love to see your 14-byter though! Feb 24, 2018 at 2:31 # K (oK), 20 19 bytes Solution: #2_{#:'(&~~':x)_x}\  Try it online! Examples: #2_{#:'(&~~':x)_x}\1 2 3 3 2 1 4 #2_{#:'(&~~':x)_x}\1 2 3 4 5 6 7 2 #2_{#:'(&~~':x)_x}\1 1 1 1 1 1 1 #2_{#:'(&~~':x)_x}\1#2 0 #2_{#:'(&~~':x)_x}\1 2 4 2  Explanation: This one is pretty simple, am wondering if there is an even better approach though... Find the indices where the input differs, split at those indices and then count the length of each sub-list. Iterate until results converge to 1. #2_{#:'(&~~':x)_x}\ / the solution { }\ / scan over lambda until results converge x / implicit input _ / cut at indices ( ) / do this together ~~':x / differ... not (~) match (~) each-previous (':) x) & / indices where true #:' / count (#:) each (') 2_ / drop first two results # / count result  Notes: The following 14 byte solution works for all except a single-item list: #1_(-':&~~':)\  Try it online! # J, 25 23 bytes 1 byte saved thanks to streetster 1 byte saved thanks to FrownyFrog 2#@}.#;.1@(0,2=/\])^:a:  Try it online! Initial solution: _2+[:#(#;.1~1,2~:/\])^:a:  Try it online! ## Explanation  ( )^:a: - repeat until result stops changing, store each iteration ;.1~ - cut the input (args swapped) 1,2~:/\] - where the items are no longer the same # - and take the length of the sublists 2+[:# - finally subtract 2 from the number of steps  • Can you do 'drop two' then 'count' rather than _2+ to save a byte? – mkst Feb 24, 2018 at 10:08 • I think #;.1@(0,2=/\]) saves 1 byte. Feb 24, 2018 at 10:33 • @ FrownyFrog Yes, it does. Thank you! Feb 24, 2018 at 12:09 • @streetster Yes, It helps to save a byte. Thank you! Feb 24, 2018 at 12:14 # Husk, 8 bytes -1 byte thanks to @Zgarb! ←Vε¡(mLg  Try it online! ### Explanation ←Vε¡(mLg) -- example input: [1,2,3,3,2,1] ¡( ) -- repeatedly apply the function & collect results ( g) -- | group: [[1],[2],[3,3],[2],[1]] (mL ) -- | map length: [1,1,2,1,1] -- : [[1,2,3,3,2,1],[1,1,2,1,1],[2,1,2],[1,1,1],[3],[1],[1],... V -- index where ε -- | length is <= 1: [0,0,0,0,1,1... -- : 5 ← -- decrement: 4  • ←Vε is a shorter check for finding the singleton list's index. Feb 24, 2018 at 6:46 ## JavaScript (ES6), 6765 63 bytes f=a=>a[1]?1+f(q=j=i=[],a.map(x=>x^a[++i]?j=!q.push(++j):++j)):0  Oddly enough, JavaScript and Japt seem to have the same shortest algorithm for once... • +a to test if only 1 element? – l4m2 Apr 8 at 8:45 # Stax, 9 bytes ÆÑfá╒]*Ä  Run and debug it online The ascii representation of the same program is this. {D}{|RMHgf%  This uses a stax feature called a generator that produces value according to transformation and filter blocks. { } the filter for the generator D tail of array; this is truthy for length >= 2 { gf generator block - termination condition is when the filter fails |R run-length encode into pairs [element, count] M transpose matrix H last element % length of final generated array  # C (gcc), 108 103 bytes j,k,n;f(A,l)int*A;{for(j=k=n=0;j<l;j++)n=A[j]-A[k]?A[k++]=n,A[k]=A[j],1:n+1;A=l>1?-~f(A,k,A[k++]=n):0;}  Try it online! # Explanation (108 bytes version) j,k,n; // array pos, group pos, group val f(A,l)int*A;{ // function takes array and length for(j=k=n=0;j<l;j++) // initialize, loop through array if(n++, // increase n (*), check if group ended A[j]-A[k]) // group ended A[k++]=--n, // advance group pos, decrease n, counteracting (*) A[k]=A[j], // store new group type n=1; // group is at least one long A=l>1? // check if array length is larger than one -~f(A,k,A[k++]=n) // fix last group length, enter recursion :0;} // array length is less than two, return zero  Try it online! # APL (Dyalog Unicode), 33 24 bytes Saved 9 bytes thanks to @Adám! {1=≢⍵:0⋄1+∇2-/⍸2≠/0,⍵,0}  Try it online! { 1=≢⍵ ⍝If the length (≢) of the input (⍵) is 1 :0 ⍝return 0, as we can't go further ⋄1+ ⍝Otherwise, add 1 to the result of the next call: ∇2-/⍸2≠/0,⍵,0 ⍝Next step 0,⍵,0 ⍝ Put 0s on both sides (1 1 1 2 2 1 -> 0 1 1 1 2 2 1 0) 2≠/ ⍝Pairwise reduce with ≠ ⍝0 1 1 1 2 2 1 0 -> 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 ⍝There is now a 1 wherever a run starts ⍸ ⍝Indices of 1s (indices where runs start) ⍝1 0 0 1 0 1 1 -> 1 4 6 7 2-/ ⍝Pairwise reduce with subtraction (length of each run) ⍝1 4 6 7 -> 3 2 1 ∇ ⍝Call itself with new list } $$$$  • 2f/ can really help here. Spoiler. – Adám Dec 23, 2020 at 0:06 • @Adám Wow, that's a lot shorter! – user Dec 23, 2020 at 14:53 # Vyxal 3L, 3 bytes ᶨ†Ṫ  Try it Online! There is a built-in for "lengths of consecutive groups" so just iterate that until it hits [1], remove the [1] and get the length # CJam, 19 bytes q~{_);}{_e0f=}w],(  Try it online! # CJam, 20 bytes l~{__,(}{ez0=}w;;],  Try it online! # Perl 6, 52 bytes {+($_,*.comb(/(\d+)[" "$0»]*/).map(+*.words)...^1)}  Test it ## Expanded: { # bare block lambda with implicit parameter ｢$_｣

+ (              # turn the following into a Numeric (get the count)

$_, # seed the sequence with the input *.comb( # turn into a string, and grab things that match: / # regex ( \d+ ) # a run of digits (number) [ " " # a space # (gets inserted between elements of list when stringified)$0     # another instance of that number
»      # make sure it isn't in the middle of a number

]*       # get as many as possible
/
).map(
+*.words  # turn each into a count of numbers
)

...^        # keep doing that until (and throw away last value)

1           # it gives a value that smart-matches with 1
# (single element list)
)
}


# Perl 5, 535049 45 bytes

Includes +3 for -p

Give the list of numbers as one line on STDIN

#!/usr/bin/perl -p
s%%$\+=1<s:\d+:$.++x($'-$&and$.=1):eg%eg}{  Try it online! # Jelly, 10 bytes ŒgL€$ḊÐ¿L’


Try it online!

• This fails for [1]. You should be able to fix it using two dequeues / pops instead of _2 Feb 24, 2018 at 14:48
• ÐĿ wasn't a good choice in the first place... Replaced it with a while loop. Feb 24, 2018 at 14:55

# Python 2, 84 bytes

f=lambda a:len(a)>1and-~f(eval(''.join('1'+',+'[x==y]for x,y in zip(a,a[1:]))+'1,'))


Try it online!

### How?

f is a recursive function which, if its input, a, has length 2 or more (len(a)>1) returns 1+f(x)* where x is the group lengths of a; while if its input is length 1 or 0 returns False (equal to 0 in Python) - this is because the right hand side of the and does not get evaluated when the left is falsey.

* -~f(x) is -(-1 - f(x)) but can abut the and unlike 1+f(x) or f(x)+1)

The group lengths are calculated by creating code which is then evaluated with eval(...). The code created is something like 1,1,1+1+1,1,1+1,1, which evaluates to a tuple like (1,1,3,1,2,1).

The code is created by zipping through a and a without its head (...for x, y in zip(a,a[1:]) making x and y each of the adjacent pairs in a. If the pair are equal x==y evaluates to True (1) otherwise False (0) - this result is used to index into the string ,+ yielding + and , respectively and each resulting character is preceded by a 1 ('1'+...) - the whole thing then has a final, trailing 1, appended. For example if a were [5,5,2,9,9,9] then the x,y pairs would be (5,5)(5,2)(2,9)(9,9)(9,9) making the equalities 10011 then the characters would be +,,++, which with the preceding 1s becomes 1+1,1,1+1+ and the final trailing 1, making 1+1,1,1+1+1, which evaluates to (2,1,3) as required.

Note that the trailing , ensures that an input with a single group is evaluated as a tuple rather than an integer (i.e. [3,3] -> 1+1, -> (2) rather than [3,3] -> 1+1 -> 2)

# 05AB1E, 9 bytes

[Dg#γ€g]N


Try it online!

Explanation

[Dg#   ]     # loop until the length of the current value is 1
γ        # split into groups of consecutive equal elements
€g      # get length of each
N    # push the iteration variable N


# Ruby, 54 56 55 54 bytes

g=->l,d=0{l[1]?g[l.chunk(&:i).map{|i,j|j.size},d+1]:d}


Try it online!

# SmileBASIC, 110 108 bytes

DEF R L,J
K=LEN(L)FOR I=1TO K
N=POP(L)IF O-N THEN UNSHIFT L,0
INC L[0]O=N
NEXT
IF I<3THEN?J ELSE R L,J+1
END


Call function as R list,0; output is printed to the console.

# Jelly, 6 bytes

ŒɠƬṖṖL


Try it online!

I assume that Œɠ did not exist when Dennis wrote his solution, and it wouldn't surprise me if this challenge had even inspired him to add it, but it's worth showing that this solution is possible now.

# UiuaSBCS, 15 bytes

↥0-3⧻{⍥(⊜⧻..)∞}


Try it!

↥0-3⧻{⍥(⊜⧻..)∞}­⁡​‎‎⁪⁡⁪⁠⁪⁢⁤⁪‏⁠‎⁪⁡⁪⁠⁪⁢⁡⁡⁪‏‏​⁡⁠⁡‌⁢​‎‎⁪⁡⁪⁠⁪⁣⁡⁪‏⁠‎⁪⁡⁪⁠⁪⁣⁢⁪‏⁠‎⁪⁡⁪⁠⁪⁤⁣⁪‏⁠‎⁪⁡⁪⁠⁪⁤⁤⁪‏‏​⁡⁠⁡‌⁣​‎‎⁪⁡⁪⁠⁪⁤⁢⁪‏‏​⁡⁠⁡‌⁤​‎‎⁪⁡⁪⁠⁪⁣⁣⁪‏⁠‎⁪⁡⁪⁠⁪⁣⁤⁪‏⁠‎⁪⁡⁪⁠⁪⁤⁡⁪‏‏​⁡⁠⁡‌⁢⁡​‎‎⁪⁡⁪⁠⁪⁢⁣⁪‏‏​⁡⁠⁡‌⁢⁢​‎‎⁪⁡⁪⁠⁪⁢⁡⁪‏⁠‎⁪⁡⁪⁠⁪⁢⁢⁪‏‏​⁡⁠⁡‌⁢⁣​‎‎⁪⁡⁪⁠⁪⁣⁪‏⁠‎⁪⁡⁪⁠⁪⁤⁪‏‏​⁡⁠⁡‌⁢⁤​‎‎⁪⁡⁪⁠⁪⁡⁪‏⁠‎⁪⁡⁪⁠⁪⁢⁪‏‏​⁡⁠⁡‌­
{        }  # ‎⁡create box array
⍥(    )∞   # ‎⁢to fixed point
.     # ‎⁣duplicate
⊜⧻.      # ‎⁤lengths of contiguous groups of equal numbers
⧻            # ‎⁢⁡length
-3             # ‎⁢⁢minus three
↥0               # ‎⁢⁣ensure minimum of zero


# Nekomata, 7 bytes

ˡ{ᵗzĉᵐ#


Attempt This Online!

ˡ{ᵗzĉᵐ#
ˡ{          Loop until failure and count the number of iterations
ᵗz            Check that it is not a singleton
ĉ           Split into runs of identical elements
ᵐ#         Length of each run


# Wolfram Language (Mathematica), 30 bytes

-2 bytes thanks to @Martin Ender. -2 bytes thanks to @att.

Using CP-1252 encoding, where ± is one byte.

±{_}=0;±x_:=1+±+Tr/@+1^Split@x


Try it online!

• Defining an operator saves two bytes: ±{_}=0;±x_:=1+±(Length/@Split@x) (assuming WindowsANSI encoding) Feb 24, 2018 at 19:03
• ±+Tr/@+1^Split@x
– att
Apr 8 at 20:20
• (looks like you forgot to update the displayed code)
– att
Apr 9 at 3:38

# Python 2, 85 bytes

from itertools import*
f=lambda a:~-len(a)and-~f([len(list(v))for k,v in groupby(a)])


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f=function(a)"if"(sum(a|1)>1,f(rle(a)$l)+1,0)  Try it online! Recursively take the length of the run length encoding and increment the counter. # Retina 0.8.2, 31 bytes ,.*$&_
}(\b\d+)(,\1)*\b
$#2 _  Try it online! Link includes test cases. Explanation: ,.*$&_


If there is a comma, we're going to make another iteration, so append a count character.

}(\b\d+)(,\1)*\b
\$#2


Replace each run with its decremented length. The above stages repeat until there are no commas left.

_


Count the number of iterations.

# Brain-Flak, 78 bytes

({}<>)<>({()<(<>{}<(())><>){({}[({})]<>){((<{}>))}{}((){})<>}<>{}({}<>)<>>}{})


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# Pyth, 9 bytes

ltt.uhMr8
`

Test suite!