# The Programming Language Quiz, Mark II - Cops

A repost of this challenge. Meta discussion. Sandbox post. Body of the question similar to the original

Robber's challenge

This cops and robbers is now (08/03/2018) closed to further competing cop entries, as robbers may no longer be competing to crack answers, but feel free to post new answers.

The Cops challenge was won by Dennis with his brilliant 6 byte Sesos answer

The Robbers challenge was won by totallyhuman, with an astounding 30 cracks!

## The Cops' Challenge

To compete as a cop:

1. Choose a programming language. A valid programming language is one which meets all three of these criteria:

2. Write a full program that outputs the numbers from 1 to 100, inclusive, in ascending order. You can output as decimal integers, as bytecode values (! to represent 33, for instance), or as unary digits (1111 for 4, e.g)1. If using unary, you should use any consistent character for digits, and a different, consistent character as a delimiter. If using integers, you should output with a constant non-digit delimiter between each number. You may also output with leading and trailing characters (such as []) but please be sensible (don't output a thousand bytes of rubbish either side of the count for instance). You must specify your output format in your answer.

You must not assume a REPL environment or existing boilerplate code. Flags may be used, but you must reveal what flags are used in your answer. The program must be in the form of one or more source files (to rule out quirky languages like Folders) and must fit into your answer in full (so it must not be longer than 65,536 characters) - this shouldn't be an issue for any serious submission.

If your code contains bytes outside of printable ASCII + newline, please include a hex dump to make sure your code is actually testable.

The program must terminate within 5 minutes on a typical desktop PC.

That's it. However, as with everything, there is a catch. You should aim to obfuscate your program as much as possible, as the Robbers' task is to guess the language you used. You should also aim to make sure that your program only works in the intended language (although this is likely to be less of a problem than the Foo cracks in the original challenge). The output format must be the same as your intended solution in order to constitute a valid crack.

Once 7 days have passed without anyone discovering any language where your program is a valid crack, you may reveal the language and mark it as safe. Please note, your submission can still be cracked until you reveal the language.

You must not under any circumstances edit the source code of your submission once posted (as this may invalidate a robber's active attempts at cracking your answer). So make sure that you golf it as well as you can (or dare) before posting. If you realise that your answer does not work after posting it, simply delete your answer and post a fixed version if you want to.

The shortest safe submission in bytes wins!

1: If you wish to output in a different way, please ask in the comments

### The Stack Snippet

You can use this stack snippet to browse the answers more easily:

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M80.438,13.03c0,3.59-1.353,6.656-4.072,9.177c-2.712,2.53-5.98,3.796-9.803,3.796c-3.835,0-7.111-1.266-9.854-3.796c-2.738-2.522-4.11-5.587-4.11-9.177c0-3.583,1.372-6.654,4.11-9.207C59.447,1.274,62.729,0,66.563,0c3.822,0,7.091,1.277,9.803,3.823C79.087,6.376,80.438,9.448,80.438,13.03z"/></svg> Click the "Full page" link in the top right for vastly superior experience</div><div class="warn template">&#9888; <a href="https://codegolf.stackexchange.com/a/{id}">This answer</a> by {cop} is not formatted correctly ({reason}).</div><table><thead><tr><th colspan="5"><svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="14" height="14" viewBox="0 0 9 9"><path class="right-arrow" d="M 0 0 L 0 9 L 9 4.5 Z"/><path class="down-arrow" d="M 0 0 L 9 0 L 4.5 9 Z"/></svg> Uncracked answers</th></tr></thead><tbody id="uncracked"><tr><th colspan="3" onclick="showAnswers(answersUncracked, 'uncracked', sortByCop)" class="clickable">Posted by</th><th onclick="showAnswers(answersUncracked, 'uncracked', sortBySize)" class="clickable">Size</th><th onclick="showAnswers(answersUncracked, 'uncracked', sortByTime)" class="clickable">Safe in</th><th>Code</th></tr><tr class="empty inactive"><th colspan="5">There are no uncracked answers</th></tr><tr class="template"><td colspan="3"><a href="https://codegolf.stackexchange.com/a/{cop_id}">{cop_user}</a></td><td>{size} bytes</td><td><span class="countdown" data-target="{safe_on}"></span></td><td><code>{code}</code></td></tr></tbody><thead><tr><th colspan="5"><svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="14" height="14" viewBox="0 0 9 9"><path class="right-arrow" d="M 0 0 L 0 9 L 9 4.5 Z"/><path class="down-arrow" d="M 0 0 L 9 0 L 4.5 9 Z"/></svg> Cracked answers</th></tr></thead><tbody id="cracked"><tr><th onclick="showAnswers(answersCracked, 'cracked', sortByCop)" class="clickable">Posted by</th><th onclick="showAnswers(answersCracked, 'cracked', sortByRobber)" class="clickable">Cracked by</th><th onclick="showAnswers(answersCracked, 'cracked', sortByLanguage)" class="clickable">Language</th><th onclick="showAnswers(answersCracked, 'cracked', sortBySize)" class="clickable">Size</th><th onclick="showAnswers(answersCracked, 'cracked', sortByLiveTime)" class="clickable">Cracked after</th><th>Code</th></tr><tr class="empty inactive"><th colspan="5">There are no cracked answers</th></tr><tr class="template"><td><a href="https://codegolf.stackexchange.com/a/{cop_id}">{cop_user}</a></td><td><a href="https://codegolf.stackexchange.com/a/{robber_id}">{robber_user}</a></td><td>{language}</td><td>{size} bytes</td><td>{cracked_after_str}</td><td><code>{code}</code></td></tr></tbody><thead><tr><th colspan="5"><svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="14" height="14" viewBox="0 0 9 9"><path class="right-arrow" d="M 0 0 L 0 9 L 9 4.5 Z"/><path class="down-arrow" d="M 0 0 L 9 0 L 4.5 9 Z"/></svg> Safe answers</th></tr></thead><tbody id="safe"><tr><th colspan="2" onclick="showAnswers(answersSafe, 'safe', sortByCop)" class="clickable">Posted by</th><th onclick="showAnswers(answersSafe, 'safe', sortByLanguage)" class="clickable">Language</th><th colspan="2" onclick="showAnswers(answersSafe, 'safe', sortBySize)" class="clickable">Size</th><th>Code</th></tr><tr class="empty inactive"><th colspan="5">There are no safe answers</th></tr><tr class="template"><td colspan="2"><a href="https://codegolf.stackexchange.com/a/{cop_id}">{cop_user}</a></td><td>{language}</td><td colspan="2">{size} bytes</td><td><code>{code}</code></td></tr></tbody></table><div id="stats-header"><svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="14" height="14" viewBox="0 0 9 9"><path class="right-arrow" d="M 0 0 L 0 9 L 9 4.5 Z"/><path class="down-arrow" d="M 0 0 L 9 0 L 4.5 9 Z"/></svg> Statistics</div><div id="stats"><div><canvas id="robber-stats"/></div><div><canvas id="answer-stats"/></div></div><small>Snippet made by <a href="https://codegolf.stackexchange.com/u/55934/" target="_blank">NieDzejkob</a>, licensed as <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/" target="_blank">CC 3.0 BY-SA</a>. "Info" icon made by <a href="https://www.flaticon.com/authors/chanut" target="_blank">Chanut</a> from <a href="https://www.flaticon.com/" target="_blank">Flaticon</a>, licensed as <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/" target="_blank">CC 3.0 BY</a>. "Arrow" icons made by <a href="https://codegolf.stackexchange.com/u/12012/" target="_blank">Dennis</a> for <a href="https://tio.run/" target="_blank">Try It Online</a>, licensed as <a href="https://github.com/TryItOnline/tryitonline/blob/master/LICENSE" target="_blank">MIT</a>. Some code shamelessly copy-pasted from <a href="https://stackoverflow.com/a/9609450">this answer</a> on Stack Overflow by <a href="https://stackoverflow.com/u/24950">Robert K</a>, licensed as <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/">CC 3.0 BY-SA</a>. This snippet utilises <a href="http://jquery.com/">jQuery</a> (<a href="https://github.com/jquery/jquery/blob/master/LICENSE.txt">MIT</a>), <a href="http://www.chartjs.org/">chart.js</a> (<a href="https://github.com/chartjs/Chart.js/blob/master/LICENSE.md">MIT</a>) and <a href="https://github.com/chartjs/chartjs-plugin-datalabels/">chartjs-plugin-datalabels</a> (<a href="https://github.com/chartjs/chartjs-plugin-datalabels/blob/master/LICENSE.md">MIT</a>). Color scheme: <a href="http://ethanschoonover.com/solarized">Solarized by Ethan Schoonover</a> (<a href="https://github.com/altercation/solarized/blob/master/LICENSE">MIT</a>).</small>

### Formatting

(Feel free to skip this section if you're not planning to participate as a cop)

This is required for new cop answers to make it possible for the snippet above to parse them.

• New answers should include a header like this:

# ???, [N] bytes


where [N] is the size of your code in bytes and ??? should appear literally.

• If the answer is not cracked for 7 days and you want to make your answer safe by revealing the language, simply replace the ??? and add safe to the end, e.g.

# Ruby, [N] bytes, safe


Feel free to have the language name link to a relevant website like an esolangs page or a GitHub repository. The link will then be displayed in the leaderboard.

• If another user successfully cracked your submission, please also add the language, along with a notice like

# Ruby, [N] bytes, [cracked](crack-link) by [user]


where [user] is the name of the user who submitted the first valid crack, and crack-link is a link to the corresponding answer in the Robbers' thread. Please use the short link format you get from the "share" button. Feel free to make the user name a link to their profile page.

If the language used in the crack is different from the one you intended, your answer is still cracked, and you shall follow this format. However, you can mention in the answer that you intended it to be something else. It's your choice on whether you want to reveal the intended answer, or if you want to let Robbers have more fun.

Good luck Cops!

• How not to compete in this challenge. – Magic Octopus Urn Feb 8 '18 at 17:55
• Note that if you're using a language with an interpreter on TIO, all someone has to do to crack your submission is try every language on TIO. – mbomb007 Feb 8 '18 at 23:08
• @mbomb007 Take a look at this comment. Aside from requesting that Robbers don't brute-force, there is nothing more that we can do to prevent this behaviour unfortunately. However, I invite anyone to downvote Robbers using scripts to brute-force submissions as it contradicts the spirit of the challenge. – caird coinheringaahing Feb 8 '18 at 23:16
• If a submission is written in a language (say C), but it only works in a specific compiler (say ELVM 8cc), does the compiler have to have a wikipedia/rosettacode/esolangs page, or is it only required for the language itself? – NieDzejkob Feb 13 '18 at 13:49
• @NieDzejkob I'd say that the compiler has to be on Wikipedia/Rosetta Code/Esolangs or be on TIO. – caird coinheringaahing Feb 13 '18 at 15:45

# Super Stack, 47 bytes, cracked by totallyhuman

1 1 if pop dup output 1 add dup 101 swap sub fi


Let's see if anyone knows this one!

# Pari/GP, 33 bytes, cracked by Mr. Xcoder

print(Vecrev(((x^101-1)/(x-1))'))


A very easy one. I don't expect it to last long.

• – Mr. Xcoder Feb 11 '18 at 8:08
• OK. 27 minutes. – alephalpha Feb 11 '18 at 8:11
• It lasted 27 minutes because I only saw this 25 minutes ago :P – Mr. Xcoder Feb 11 '18 at 8:12

# zsh, 288 bytes, cracked by Conor O'Brien

#echo#:#a:G.Array.Integer#
;: PVar$i: G.Integer :; ;: #FOR#:i=0:!i>a.Length:i+=1 :; ;: :: IO.Out.PrintInt: a.$i :: :;
;: #ENDFOR# :;
#endecho#
#main#:#a:G.Array.Array.Char#
;: PVar$i: G.Integer :; ;: PVar$j: G.Integer :;
:; i=1 ;:
:; j=100 ;:
:; echo {$i..$j} ;:
#endmain#


Probably won't last long, but eh.

# QML, 215 bytes, cracked by totallyhuman

import QtQuick 2.9
import QtQuick.Window 2.2

Window {
visible: true
width: 640
height: 480
title: qsTr("Hello World")

ListView {
anchors.fill: parent
model: 100
delegate: Text { text: index + 1 }
}
}


Outputs 1-100 in text with every number on it's own line. The whole UI is a vertical flickable application.

Well done to @totallyhuman who cracked this.

This is, indeed, QML. The model property usually is connected to a data source providing data for a list (as per doc.qt.io/archives/qt-5.5/qml-qtquick-listview.html#model-prop). However, it can also point to a Javascript array, or, hold a single number. When it's the later, it functions like a "Repeater" and the delegate element is repeated n times.

# Windows Batch file, 320 bytes, cracked by MD XF

set S=1;2;3;4;5;6;7;8;9;10;11;12;13;14;15;16;17;18;19;20;21;22;23;24;25;26;27;28;29;30;31;32;33;34;35;36;37;38;39;40;41;42;43;44;45;46;47;48;49;50;51;52;53;54;55;56;57;58;59;60;61;62;63;64;65;66;67;68;69;70;71;72;73;74;75;76;77;78;79;80;81;82;83;84;85;86;87;88;89;90;91;92;93;94;95;96;97;98;99;100
echo %S:;= & echo %


Output: the numbers 1-100 with each number (in plain text) on it's own line

Well done @md-xf who cracked this. It is a Windows Batch file. The trick was an echo expansion causing the following to be generated:

echo 1
echo 2
echo 3
...


# ExtraC, 68 bytes, cracked by NieDzejkob

for(int i be 1 AND not(i greater 100)AND increment i)do
print(i)
end


# PHP, 133 bytes, cracked by Dennis

Easy one : (numbers are separated by pipe symbol)

for
(
putenv("num=".(int)(bool)NO);
getenv ("num") <= 100;
putenv("num=". (getenv("num") + 1))
)
printf("%d|", getenv("num"));


Catch :

1. No PHP variables in FOR loop

2. Code is made to be C-like syntax

3. Objective-C has macro named NO which is 0.

4. PHP has strange syntax construct "define without define" :
if interpreter finds unqualified token in code - it assumes that this token is an undefined constant and because it's value is unknown - value is taken from token name converted to a string constant. That's why NO get's interpreted as 'NO' and because all non-empty strings in PHP means true when converted to boolean - integer 1 is saved into environment variable in FOR loop initialization part. Fortunately this PHP behavior is now a deprecated feature

5. The only thing which truly reaveals that it is PHP code snippet - string concatenation operator . If PHP would have function strcat() like C does - hiding dot from the reader would make code more inseparable from a C syntax.

# rk-lang, 44 bytes, cracked by Dennis

int $1 while$1 < 100 do
print: ++ \$1
done


Requires the -e flag. Outputs decimals separated by spaces with a trailing space.

# Cubically 6×6×6, 14 bytes, cracked by H.PWiz

[+1[+7]35@]100


Per this meta post, Cubically with the -6 flag counts as a completely different language (Cubically 6x6x6) than with the -5 flag (Cubically 5x5x5), which is again different from the default language (Cubically 3x3x3).

Cubically 6x6x6 does not have its own wrapper on TIO (i.e. there is no tio.run/#cubically-6x6x6), but the language itself is on TIO; it simply requires the -6 flag. I believe this is valid due to the linked meta post and the fact that the language is on TIO, but simply needs more to run than just one of the /srv/wrappers scripts.

Dennis' 8cc answer acts similarly; the language is on TIO, but it requires multiple commands and command-line flags, none of which were specified in the answer.

• I'm watching :) – MickyT Feb 12 '18 at 0:20
• It takes less than 6 seconds to crack once you find the right language. – Steadybox Feb 12 '18 at 4:10
• What's the output format? – Jo King Feb 16 '18 at 0:17
• Cracked. This is Cubically -6 – H.PWiz Feb 18 '18 at 1:58
• This is invalid because you didn't specify the command line flags. (not that it matters now) – a spaghetto Feb 18 '18 at 2:01

# Unfuck, 78 bytes, safe

++++(^~)~(~?!)((>+++++<-))(^)>(^~)~(~?!)((>+++++<-))(^)>(^~)~(~?!)((>+.<-))(^)


# Attache, 15 bytes, cracked by totallyhuman

Print!V[1..100]


I like this language.