# Calculate the lowest number where the sum of the sequence of numbers exceeds a given value

Given you have an infinite sequence of numbers defined as follows:

1: 1 = 1
2: 1 + 2 = 3
3: 1 + 3 = 4
4: 1 + 2 + 4 = 7
5: 1 + 5 = 6
6: 1 + 2 + 3 + 6 = 12
7: 1 + 7 = 8
...


The sequence is the sum of the divisors of n, including 1 and n.

Given a positive integer x as input, calculate the lowest number n which will produce a result greater than x.

Test cases

f(100) = 48, ∑ = 124
f(25000) = 7200, ∑ = 25389
f(5000000) = 1164240, ∑ = 5088960


Expected Output

Your program should return both n and the sum of its divisors, like so:

$./challenge 100 48,124  Rules This is code-golf so the shortest code in bytes, in each language wins. • Is that sequence just the sum of ns divisors? You'll probably want to state that explicitly. – Martin Ender Dec 2 '17 at 18:31 • Also, judging by your "expected output" you want both n and f(n), but you don't say so anywhere in the specification. – Martin Ender Dec 2 '17 at 18:32 • Bonuses are bad, especially when they are vague. I decided to remove it, in order to protect this from being downvoted. – Mr. Xcoder Dec 2 '17 at 18:42 • Could you recheck f(1000) = 48? The divisor sum of 48 is 124 – caird coinheringaahing Dec 2 '17 at 18:49 • It's good to wait at least a week before accepting an answer, otherwise you might discourage new solutions. – Zgarb Dec 3 '17 at 14:31 ## 27 Answers # Brachylog, 9 bytes ∧;S?hf+S>  This program takes input from the "output variable" ., and outputs to the "input variable" ?. Try it online! ## Explanation ∧;S?hf+S> ∧;S There is a pair [N,S] ? which equals the output h such that its first element's f factors' + sum S equals S, > and is greater than the input.  The implicit variable N is enumerated in increasing order, so its lowest legal value is used for the output. # Jelly, 181211 10 bytes 1Æs>¥#ḢṄÆs  Try it online! -1 byte thanks to Mr. Xcoder! ## How it works 1Æs>¥#ḢṄÆs - Main link. Argument: n (integer) 1 ¥# - Find the first n integers where... Æs - the divisor sum > - is greater than the input Ṅ - Print... Ḣ - the first element Æs - then print the divisor sum  • Could you explain why the 1 is necessary and how the ¥ acts? – dylnan Dec 3 '17 at 22:54 • @dylnan The 1 tells # to start counting from 1 and the ¥ takes the previous two links (Æs and >) and applies them as a dyad (i.e. with two arguments), with the left argument being the iteration, and the right argument being the input. – caird coinheringaahing Dec 3 '17 at 23:27 • Oh, that makes sense now. # had been a bit confusing to me before in some cases. – dylnan Dec 4 '17 at 4:45 # Wolfram Language (Mathematica), 53 bytes {#,f@#}&@@Select[Range[x=#]+1,(f=Tr@*Divisors)@#>x&]&  Try it online! Tries all values between 2 and x+1, where x is the input. (The Select returns a list of all values that work, but the function {#,f@#}& takes all of these as inputs, and then ignores all its inputs but the first.) # R, 71 bytes function(x)for(n in 1:x){z=sum(which(n%%1:n==0));if(z>x)return(c(n,z))}  Try it online! • 59 bytes but it will stack overflow for large x. – Giuseppe Dec 3 '17 at 0:17 # Husk, 12 11 bytes §eVḟ>⁰moΣḊN  -1 byte, thanks to @Zgarb! Try it online! • Clever! Weird though how , doesn't work (or inference takes too long?). – ბიმო Dec 2 '17 at 21:28 • It does infer a type, but outputs an infinite list. It may be caused by the overloading of ḟ that takes an integer as the second argument, but that's just a guess. – Zgarb Dec 2 '17 at 21:31 # R, 73 bytes n=scan();while(1){d=(x=1:T)[!T%%x];if(sum(d)>n)break;T=T+1};cat(T,sum(d))  Try it online! Outgolfed by duckmayr. • – duckmayr Dec 2 '17 at 21:07 # Japt, 15 bytes [@<(V=Xâ x}a V]  Try it ## Explanation Implicit input of integer U. [] is our array wrapper. For the first element, @ }a is a function that run continuously until it returns a truthy value, passing itself an incrementing integer (starting at 0) each time, and outputting the final value of that integer. â gets the divisors of the current integer (X), x sums them and that result is assigned to variable V. < checks if U is less than V. The second element in the array is then just V. # Clojure, 127 bytes (defn f[n](reduce +(filter #(zero?(rem n %))(range 1(inc n))))) (defn e[n](loop[i 1 n n](if(>(f i)n){i,(f i)}(recur(inc i)n))))  Try it online! thanks to @steadybox for -4 bytes! • Welcome to the site! – caird coinheringaahing Dec 3 '17 at 15:31 • Some whitespace can be removed to save a few bytes. Try it online! – Steadybox Jan 14 '18 at 23:27 • In this case reduce can be replaced by apply, also the function e could be expressed as an anonymous function via the #(...) syntax, you don't need to name it at Code Golf. #(=(rem n %)0) is shorter than #(zero?(rem n %)). And remember that , is whitespace, and can be removed in this case as it is followed by (, so it will be parsed correctly. – NikoNyrh Jan 17 '18 at 9:34 • @NikoNyrh nice to meet a fellow clojurist, i'll edit this post soon – Alonoaky Jan 17 '18 at 11:30 # Ruby, 58 bytes Full program because I'm not sure if lambdas are allowed. /shrug gets$.+=1until$_.to_i.<v=(1..$.).sum{|n|$.%n<1?n:0} p$.,v


Try it online!

# Explanation

gets     # read line ($_ is used instead of v= because it cuts a space)$.+=1    # $. is "lines read" variable which starts at 1 because we read 1 line until # repeat as long as the next part is not true$_.to_i  # input, as numeric
.<v=   # is <, but invoked as function to lower operator prescedence
(1..$.) # Range of 1 to n .sum{|n| # .sum maps values into new ones and adds them together$.%n<1?n:0  # Factor -> add to sum, non-factor -> 0
}
p$.,v # output n and sum  • Lambdas are certainly allowed. – Giuseppe Dec 3 '17 at 0:32 ## JavaScript (ES6), 61 58 bytes f=(n,i=1,s=j=0)=>j++<i?f(n,i,i%j?s:s+j):s>n?[i,s]:f(n,++i) <input type=number min=0 oninput=o.textContent=f(this.value)><pre id=o> Edit: Saved 3 bytes thanks to @Arnauld. • I get "Script error." when inputting a value over 545 – StudleyJr Dec 4 '17 at 16:53 • Try using Safari; apparently it supports Tail Call Optimisation. (Or if you can find them, some versions of Chrome enable it via the "Experimental JavaScript features".) – Neil Dec 4 '17 at 16:59 # 05AB1E, 11 bytes >LʒÑO‹}нDÑO  Try it online! Leaves the output on the stack, as allowed per meta consensus. I added ) for the sake of visualization, but the program also implicitly prints the top of the stack. # APL (Dyalog), 32 bytes {⍺<o←+/o/⍨0=⍵|⍨o←⍳⍵:⍵,o⋄⍺∇⍵+1}∘0  Try it online! ⍵o⍺⍵. # SOGL V0.12, 14 bytes 1[:Λ∑:A.>?ao←I  Try it Here! Explanation: 1 push 1 [ while ToS != 0 :Λ get the divisors ∑ sum :A save on variable A without popping .>? ← if greater than the input ao output the variable A ← and stop the program, implicitly outputting ToS - the counter I increment the counter  # C, 79 78 bytes i,n,s;f(x){for(i=n=s=0;x>s;s+=n%++i?0:i)i-n||(++n,i=s=0);printf("%d %d",n,s);}  Try it online! • Suggest i=s=!++n instead of ++n,i=s=0 – ceilingcat Nov 9 '19 at 2:11 # MATL, 12 bytes @Z\sG>~}@6M  Try it online! ### Explanation  % Do...while @ % Push iteration index (1-based) Z\ % Array of divisors s % Sum of array G % Push input >~ % Greater than; logical negate. This is the loop condition } % Finally (execute on loop exit) @ % Push latest iteration index 6M % Push latest sum of divisors again % End (implicit). Run new iteration if top of the stack is true % Display stack (implicit)  # Gaia, 11 bytes dΣ@> ↑#(:dΣ  Try it online! Leaves the output on the stack, as allowed per meta consensus. I added €. for the sake of visualization, but the program also implicitly prints the top of the stack. # Haskell, 59 bytes f x=[(i,s)|i<-[1..],s<-[sum[d|d<-[1..i],imodd<1]],s>x]!!0  -1 byte, thanks to @nimi! Try it online! # Ohm v2, 11 bytes £^DVΣD³>‽;«  Try it online! # Factor, 88 USE: math.primes.factors [ 0 0 [ drop 1 + dup divisors sum pick over > ] loop rot drop ]  Brute-force search. It's a quotation (lambda), call it with x on the stack, leaves n and f(n) on the stack. As a word: : f(n)>x ( x -- n f(n) ) 0 0 [ drop 1 + dup divisors sum pick over > ] loop rot drop ;  # Python 3, 163 bytes def f(x): def d(x):return[i for i in range(1,x+1) if x%i==0] return min(i for i in range(x) if sum(d(i)) >x),sum(d(min(i for i in range(x) if sum(d(i)) >x)))  • Hello and welcome to PPCG; nice first post! From a golfing aspect, you could save some bytes by removing whitespace, using lambda functions, collapsing everything onto one line and not repeating yourself. We also usually link to an online testing environment, like for example TIO (105 bytes, using the techniques described above.) – Jonathan Frech Dec 2 '17 at 23:46 • @JonathanFrech: Excellent comment. Thanks for your patience with noobies in general and noob in particular ;) – Eric Duminil Dec 3 '17 at 14:04 # Python 3, 100 bytes d=lambda y:sum(i+1for i in range(y)if y%-~i<1) f=lambda x:min((j,d(j))for j in range(x+1)if x<=d(j))  Try it online! Thanks to Jonathan Frech's comment on the previous python 3 attempt, I have just greatly expanded my knowledge of python syntax. I'd never have thought of the -~i for i+1 trick, which saves two characters. However, that answer is 1) not minimal and 2) doesn't work for x=1 (due to an off-by-one error which is easy to make while going for brevity; I suggest everyone else check their answers for this edge case!). Quick explanation: sum(i+1for i in range(y)if y%-~i<1) is equivalent to sum(i for i in range(1,y+1)if y%i<1) but saves two characters. Thanks again to Mr. Frech. d=lambda y:sum(i+1for i in range(y)if y%-~i<1) therefore returns the divisors of y. f=lambda x:min((j,d(j))for j in range(x+1)if x<=d(j)) is where I really did work. Since comparing a tuple works in dictionary order, we can compare j,d(j) as easily as we can compare j, and this lets us not have to find the minimal j, store it in a variable, and /then/ compute the tuple in a separate operation. Also, we have to have the <=, not <, in x<=d(j), because d(1) is 1 so if x is 1 you get nothing. This is also why we need range(x+1) and not range(x). I'd previously had d return the tuple, but then I have to subscript it in f, so that takes three more characters. • Welcome to the site and nice first post. You can get to 98 bytes by removing the f= as anonymous functions are perfectly acceptable here! – caird coinheringaahing Dec 3 '17 at 21:59 • You can't call an anonymous function from another line of code, is the problem -- I have a separate print(f(100)) statement to test that the function works. – Michael Boger Dec 3 '17 at 22:02 • That's not a problem here. It's perfectly acceptable and works to not include the f= in your byte count, and is a good way to golf in Python. Check this for more golfing tips in Python! – caird coinheringaahing Dec 3 '17 at 22:05 • Hm. I can equal, but not better, my submission by appending q=range and replacing range with q in both existing instances. Sadly, this doesn't improve it and since lambda is a keyword I can't use it for that, I'd have to do exec() tricks wasting too many characters. – Michael Boger Dec 4 '17 at 15:32 • @MichaelBoger Well, you can call an anonymous function in Python; lambda expressions do not have to be assigned to a variable. – Jonathan Frech Dec 4 '17 at 16:10 # Python 2, 81 bytes def f(n): a=b=0 while b<n: a+=1;i=b=0 while i<a:i+=1;b+=i*(a%i<1) return a,b  Try it online! • – Jonathan Frech Dec 4 '17 at 16:14 • Replacing the tabs with two spaces makes this work in python 3 at 83 bytes, although to try it I had to put parentheses in the print statement. You can also replace the return statement with a print statement and not need an auxiliary function to print it; the bytes stay the same. – Michael Boger Jul 15 '18 at 7:05 # Java (OpenJDK 8), 91 bytes i->{for(int j=0;j++<i;)for(int k=0,l=0;k++<j;)if((l+=j%k<1?k:0)>i)return k+","+l;return"";}  Try it online! (timeout on third test case) # Perl 5, 60 + 1 (-p) = 61 bytes $"=$_;until($_>$"){$_=$/=0;$\--;$_+=$\%$/?0:$/until++$/>-$\}


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Output format:

sum-n

## Clojure, 102 bytes

#(loop[i 1](let[s(apply +(for[j(range 1(inc i)):when(=(mod i j)0)]j))](if(> s %)[i s](recur(inc i)))))


# PHP, 69 bytes

for(;$argv>=$t;)for($t=$j=++$i;--$j;)$t+=$i%$j?0:$j;echo$i,',',$t;


# Perl 6, 48 bytes

{first :kv,*>$_,map {sum grep$_%%*,1..\$_},0..*}


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