You will be given two arrays of floating-point numbers. Your task is to pair the corresponding elements of the two arrays, and get the maximum of each pair. However, if the two corresponding elements are equal, you must take their sum instead.

For example, given the lists [1, 3, 3.2, 2.3] and [3, 1, 3.2, 2.6], you must do the following:

• Pair the elements (or zip): [[1, 3], [3, 1], [3.2, 3.2], [2.3, 2.6]].

• Go through each pair and apply the process above: [3, 3, 6.4, 2.6].

Specs

• The arrays / lists will always have equal length. They may however be empty.

• The numbers they contain will always fit your language's capabilities, as long as you do not abuse that. They may be positive, zero or negative, you must handle all types.

• If it helps you reduce your byte count, you may also take the length of the lists as input.

Test Cases

Array_1, Array_2 -> Output

[], [] -> []
[1, 2, 3], [1, 3, 2] -> [2, 3, 3]
[1, 3, 3.2, 2.3], [3, 1, 3.2, 2.6] -> [3, 3, 6.4, 2.6]
[1,2,3,4,5,5,7,8,9,10], [10,9,8,7,6,5,4,3,2,1] -> [10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 10, 7, 8, 9, 10]
[-3.2, -3.2, -2.4, 7, -10.1], [100, -3.2, 2.4, -7, -10.1] -> [100, -6.4, 2.4, 7, -20.2]

• You say that the numbers will always fit "within your language's" capabilities". As long as you do not "abuse" that. Would only supporting integers in a language that does not have floats be considered an abuse? The question does say floating point but I don't really see a reason why it has to be floats. The same process can be done on integers. I would like to solve this in Brain-Flak but Brain-flak only supports ints. – Wheat Wizard Aug 28 '17 at 17:03
• @WheatWizard I can make an exception for that. Go ahead and post your answer and mention I allowed it to avoid confusion. – user70974 Aug 28 '17 at 18:06

Jelly, 4 bytes

=‘×»


Try it online!

This uses the exact same approach as my APL answer, except Jelly has a builtin for adding one to a number!

• Hate to be a spoilsport, but aren't some of those characters more than one byte each in any sensible encoding? – Cedric Knight Aug 30 '17 at 1:26
• This uses the jelly codepage. – Zacharý Aug 30 '17 at 1:37
• I finally won against competition! – Zacharý Sep 7 '17 at 0:39
• @Zacharý ONE MAN, 4 btytes... THIS SUMMER... You... WILL... BE... JELLY OF HIM... rated J for Jelly. – Magic Octopus Urn Oct 27 '17 at 18:58

Kotlin, 7875716665 59 bytes

It's my first attempt, be cool :D

a.zip(b).map{(a,b)->when{b>a->b;a>b->a;else->a*2}}.toList()


TIO doesn't work with this solution (and i don't know why), source code for testing below

fun main(args: Array<String>) {
bestOfTwo(floatArrayOf(), floatArrayOf()).print()
bestOfTwo(floatArrayOf(0F), floatArrayOf(0F)).print()
bestOfTwo(floatArrayOf(1F,2F,3F), floatArrayOf(1F,3F,2F)).print()
bestOfTwo(floatArrayOf(1F,3F,3.2F,2.3F), floatArrayOf(3F,1F,3.2F,2.6F)).print()
bestOfTwo(floatArrayOf(1F,2F,3F,4F,5F,5F,7F,8F,9F,10F), floatArrayOf(10F,9F,8F,7F,6F,5F,4F,3F,2F,1F)).print()
bestOfTwo(floatArrayOf(-3.2F,-3.2F,-2.4F,7F,-10.1F), floatArrayOf(100F,-3.2F,2.4F,-7F,-10.1F)).print()
}

fun bestOfTwo(a :FloatArray, b :FloatArray): List<Float> =
a.zip(b).map{(a,b)->when{b>a->b;a>b->a;else->a*2}}.toList()

fun List<Float>.print() {
this.forEach { print("$it, ") }; println("") }  EDIT: -3 by replace "a+b[i]" by "a*2" -4 by replace "mapIndexed" method by "zip" (Thanks to @AnonymousReality Swift solution) -5 by replace "Math.max" method by when condition -1 by change when condition order -6 by change toFloatArray() by toList() • Welcome to PPCG! Please don't be discouraged by the downvote (it's the result of a slight quirk of the system that happens when a new user's first post is auto-flagged for quality and then they improve said post!!) – Jonathan Allan Aug 28 '17 at 13:23 • The worst "feature" ever...btw don't feel bad about it. – Erik the Outgolfer Aug 28 '17 at 13:26 Python 2, 45 bytes A mix of my initial solution and @ovs'. lambda*a:map(lambda x,y:max(x,y)*-~(x==y),*a)  Try it online! Python 2, 49 bytes lambda x,y:[max(a,b)*-~(a==b)for a,b in zip(x,y)]  Try it online! Python 2, 46 bytes @ovs suggested this method to save 3 bytes. lambda*x:[max(a,b)*-~(a==b)for a,b in zip(*x)]  Try it online! How? First off, we pair the corresponding elements, by using either * or zip(). That allows us to do our further golfing by working either with a map or a list comprehension. The cool trick in this answer is this part: max(x,y)*-~(x==y). How does that work? - Well, as most of you already know, Python auto-converts bool values to integers when they are used in arithmetic operations. Hence, (x==y) gets evaluated as 1, if the condition is met. However, if the two values are not equal, it returns 0 instead. Then, the bitwise operation -~ increments the value returned from the bool by 1, giving us either 2 or 1. max(a,b) gives the maximum value of the pair and * multiplies it by the value returned above (so it gets multiplied by 2 only if they are equal, in which case max() returns the value of both). This is based on the fact that the sum of two equal numbers is in fact either of them doubled, and kind of "abuses" Python's bool class being a subclass of int. • Wow, that was really fast! – user70974 Aug 28 '17 at 12:05 • more straightforward, same number of bytes: lambda*a:map(lambda x,y:(x<=y)*y+(x>=y)*x,*a) – jferard Aug 28 '17 at 20:09 • @jferard I fact, that's already Luis' solution. – Mr. Xcoder Aug 28 '17 at 20:12 • @Mr.Xcoder Oops! I didn't read the whole page... – jferard Aug 28 '17 at 20:18 • Never say "above," as the ordering can change (I don't see your solution above) – Zacharý Aug 28 '17 at 21:53 JavaScript (ES6), 534945 43 bytes a=>b=>a.map((x,y)=>(y=b[y])>x?y:y<x?x:x+y)  • 4 bytes saved by borrowing a trick from Mr. Xcoder. • 2 bytes saved thanks to Arnauld. Try it o.innerText=(f= a=>b=>a.map((x,y)=>(y=b[y])>x?y:y<x?x:x+y) )(i.value=[1,3,3.2,2.3])(j.value=[3,1,3.2,2.6]);oninput=_=>o.innerText=f(i.value.split,.map(eval))(j.value.split,.map(eval)) <input id=i><input id=j><pre id=o> Explanation a=>b=>  Anonymous function taking the 2 arrays as arguments via parameters a and b, in currying syntax (i.e., call with f(a)(b) a.map((x,y)=> )  Map over the first array, passing each element through a function where x is the current element and y is the current index. (y=b[y])  Get the element at index y in the second array and assign that as the new value of y. >x?y  Check if y is greater than x and, if so, return y. :y<x?x  Else, check if y is less than x and, if so, return x :x+y  Else, return the sum of x and y. (Multiplying x or y by 2 would also work here, for the same number of bytes.) • j.value.split,.map(eval) or eval('['+j.value+']')? Also x+y would look neater IMHO. – Neil Aug 28 '17 at 14:56 • @Neil: 1) I find the former easier to type. Also, I have a couple of Snippet templates on one of my machines; it's easier just to tack .map(eval) onto them. 2) Agreed, will edit in momentarily. – Shaggy Aug 28 '17 at 16:13 Haskell, 34 bytes x!y|x>y=x|x<y=y|1<2=x+y zipWith(!)  Try it online. • Same byte count: x!y=max x y+sum[x|x==y]. – nimi Aug 28 '17 at 19:46 R, 31 29 bytes function(a,b)pmax(a,b)+a*!a-b  pmax takes the parallel maximum of the two (or more) arrays (recycling the shorter as needed). I was looking at Luis Mendo's comment and obviously I realized the approach could work for R as well. That got me to 30 bytes, but then I started playing around with different ways of getting indices instead to improve my original answer, and stumbled upon !a-b as TRUE where a==b and FALSE otherwise, equivalent to a==b. However, for whatever reason, R doesn't require parentheses around !a-b as it does for a==b, which saved me two bytes. As mentioned by JDL in the comments, this works because ! (negation) has lower precedence than the binary operator - in R, which is strange. Try it online! (new version) Try it online! (original) • It turns out that unary "!" has lower precedence in R than binary "-", which I think is quite unusual (and I hadn't realised until reading this answer!) – JDL Aug 29 '17 at 15:29 • @JDL yeah I almost always have to open up the R Syntax page while golfing in case of weird quirks like this...and also because I can never remember the precedence of : when interacting with arithmetic. – Giuseppe Aug 29 '17 at 15:55 Python 3, 4846 44 bytes -2 bytes thanks to @nwellnhof lambda*a:map(lambda*x:max(x)*2/len({*x}),*a)  Try it online! Dyalog APL, 5 bytes ⌈×1+=  Try it online! How? • ⌈, element-wise maximum of the arguments • ×, element-wise multiply • 1+=, 1 added to the element-wise equality of the arguments This works because if the numbers are unequal, 1+= will be 1, which when multiplied by the maximum, is the maximum. When the numbers are equal, 1+= will return 2, when that is multiplied by the maximum, we get twice the maximum, or the maximum added to itself. Jelly, 6 bytes żSṀE?€  A dyadic link taking a list of numbers on each side and returning the resulting list. Try it online! or see a test-suite*. How? żSṀE?€ - Link: list of numbers L, list of numbers R e.g. [1,3,3.2,2.3], [3,1,3.2,2.6] ż - zip - interleave L & R [[1,3],[3,1],[3.2,3.2],[2.3,2.6]] € - for each pair: ? - { if: E - ...condition: equal 0 0 1 0 S - ...then: sum 6.4 Ṁ - ...else: maximum 3 3 2.6 - } ... -> [3 ,3 ,6.4 ,2.6]  An alternative is this monadic link taking a list of the two lists, also 6 bytes: +»⁼?"/  * I don't think I've ever created a test-suite footer almost three times the byte count of the code before! • Outgolfed!. +1 for the practically verbatim interpretation of the question. – Zacharý Aug 28 '17 at 20:47 • ...and I've been caught out be forgetting that » vectorises before! – Jonathan Allan Aug 28 '17 at 20:55 • What else would it do, take the maximum array in some convoluted way? – Zacharý Aug 28 '17 at 21:13 • No need for any convoluted definitions, Python manages - for example max([1,1,0],[1,0,3]) -> [1,1,0] (not [1,1,3]). – Jonathan Allan Aug 28 '17 at 21:20 • So, basically infinite-base? – Zacharý Aug 28 '17 at 21:21 05AB1E, 5 bytes øεMÃO  Try it online! -1 thanks to Emigna. • Nice idea using γ! – Emigna Aug 28 '17 at 13:20 • @Emigna I really wanted "maximal elements", and {γθ is probably the shortest I can get to for that. – Erik the Outgolfer Aug 28 '17 at 13:21 • How about øεMÃO? – Emigna Aug 28 '17 at 13:23 • @Emigna Cool, thanks! (duh why didn't I think of MÃ) yay got the lead now :p btw øεZÃO would work too – Erik the Outgolfer Aug 28 '17 at 13:23 MATL, 7 bytes X>tG=s*  Input is a two-row matrix, where each row is one of the arrays. Try it online! Explanation X> % Implicit input. Maximum of each column t % Duplicate G % Push input = % Is equal? Element-wise with broadcast. Gives a two-row matrix s % Sum of each column. Gives a row vector containing 1 and 2 * % Multiply, element-wise. Implicit display  Java 8, 806967666564 63 bytes (a,b,l)->{for(;l-->0;)if(a[l]>=b[l])b[l]=a[l]*(a[l]>b[l]?1:2);}  Modifies the second input-array instead or returning a new float-array to save bytes. -11 bytes by taking the length as additional integer-input, which is allowed according to the challenge rules. -5 bytes thanks to @OliverGrégoire (one byte at a time.. xD) -1 byte indirectly thanks to @Shaggy's JS answer, by using a[l]*2 instead of a[l]+b[l]. Explanation: Try it here. (a,b,l)->{ // Method with 2 float-array and integer parameters and no return-type for(;l-->0;) // Loop over the array if(a[l]>=b[l]) // If the current value in a is larger or equal to b: b[l]= // Modify the second input-array: a[l]* // Use a multiplied by: (a[l]>b[l]? // If the current value in a is larger than b: 1 // Multiply by 1 : // Else (a is smaller of equal to b): 2) // Multiply by 2 // End of loop (implicit / single-line body) } // End of method  • "If it helps you reduce your byte count, you may also take the length of the lists as input." It will definitely reduce your byte-count ;) – Olivier Grégoire Aug 28 '17 at 12:18 • Also, 2 bytes shorter: a->b->l->{float A,B;for(;l-->0;b[l]=(A=a[l])<B?B:A>B?A:A+B)B=b[l];} – Olivier Grégoire Aug 28 '17 at 12:25 • And you can save one more byte by putting float A, B in the for initialization. – Olivier Grégoire Aug 28 '17 at 12:28 • Or this: (a,b,l)->{for(;l-->0;)if(a[l]>=b[l])b[l]=a[l]*(a[l]>b[l]?1:2);} (63 bytes) – Olivier Grégoire Aug 28 '17 at 12:44 • @OlivierGrégoire Lol.. with golfing every byte helps, but that doesn't mean you need to golf it one byte at a time. ;p – Kevin Cruijssen Aug 28 '17 at 12:53 Pyth, 11 bytes m*eSdhnd{dC  Try it here! Pyth, 12 bytes m*eSdhqhdedC  Try it here! or m*eSdh!tl{dC  Try it here! • @Jakube That's Erik's solution already, sadly. I wanted to use that too, but I can't now – Mr. Xcoder Aug 29 '17 at 13:56 • Oh, didn't see that one. – Jakube Aug 29 '17 at 13:57 05AB1E, 98 7 bytes Saved a byte as Erik the Outgolfer pointed out that a list of lists is valid input. øεMsËi·  Try it online! Explanation ø # zip the lists ε # apply to each pair M # get max s # swap the top 2 elements on the stack Ëi # if all elements are equal · # double the max  • Wow, that was really fast! – user70974 Aug 28 '17 at 12:05 • You can save a byte by removing the ‚ and inputting as a pair of a list and a list. – Erik the Outgolfer Aug 28 '17 at 13:01 • @EriktheOutgolfer: True. I assumed we weren't allowed to, but I see that the challenge does specify standard I/O rules. Thanks for notifying :) – Emigna Aug 28 '17 at 13:16 • @Emigna Tip: don't make rules out of your mind ;) – Erik the Outgolfer Aug 28 '17 at 13:19 • @EriktheOutgolfer: Yeah I really need to stop doing that. Especially rules which make my programs longer ;) – Emigna Aug 28 '17 at 13:19 Mathematica, 31 bytes MapThread[If[#==#2,2#,Max@##]&]  J, 7 bytes >.+@.=  Try it online! Takes one list as the left argument and the other as the right. Luckily, equality is a rank zero operation. Explanation >.+@.= = Compare equality pairwise @. If equal + Sum >. (Else) take greater value  @. isn't really an if statement, but in this case it functions as one (it indexes into the gerund >.+ based on the result of its right argument and applies that to the input). • Nice job, I know I couldn't do this, even though you have beenoutgolfed by my translation of my APL. >_< – Zacharý Aug 29 '17 at 0:15 • J really shines here – Jonah Aug 29 '17 at 8:50 • @Zacharý rats, well-golfed nonetheless. – cole Aug 29 '17 at 13:49 Ruby, 42 bytes ->a,b{a.zip(b).map{|x,y|[x+y,x,y][x<=>y]}}  Try it online! The spaceship operator is great. TI-Basic, 23 21 bytes Prompt A,B (ʟA=ʟB)ʟA+max(ʟA,ʟB  Too bad lists take up two bytes each... • You can save two bytes by prompting for X and Y, then using ʟX and ʟY to access them, i.e. "Prompt X,Y:ʟX(ʟX=ʟY)+max(ʟ1,ʟ2". – Scott Milner Aug 29 '17 at 21:53 • Also, this is currently invalid, since L1(L1=L2) attempts to get the element of L1 at a list, which throws an error. To fix that, swap the order, i.e. (L1=L2)L1. – Scott Milner Aug 29 '17 at 21:58 • @ScottMilner Thanks for pointing both of those out. – Timtech Aug 29 '17 at 23:04 Octave, 36 Byte @(a,b)a.*(a>b)+b.*(b>a)+2.*a.*(a==b)  Pyth, 7 bytes ms.MZdC  Try it here. Python 3, 4946 45 bytes 3 bytes removed thanks to @Mr.Xcoder (splat instead of two arguments), and 1 byte thanks to @ovs (map instead of list comprehension) lambda*x:map(lambda a,b:a*(a>=b)+b*(b>=a),*x)  Try it online! Common Lisp, 60 59 bytes (mapcar(lambda(x y)(*(max x y)(if(= x y)2 1)))(read)(read))  Try it online! -1 byte thanks to @Zacharý! • 59 bytes: (mapcar(lambda(x y)(*(max x y)(if(= x y)2 1)))(read)(read)). – Zacharý Aug 29 '17 at 0:42 • You're welcome, I don't know lisp that well, I just translated my other answers into Lisp which ended up saving a byte. – Zacharý Aug 29 '17 at 8:11 Python with numpy, 28 bytes lambda a,b:a*(a>=b)+b*(b>=a)  Assumes input is given as two numpy arrays. • If we are using numpy then here is my worse solution: lambda a,b:n.fmax(a,b)*((a==b)+1) – Erich Aug 29 '17 at 18:09 • @Erich I like the idea, but to do that I would need to import numpy as n. I get away without it here because it's implicit in the input. – user48543 Aug 29 '17 at 18:22 • I guess i'm a bit shaky on the explicit byte counting, often python answers are simply lambdas, when an actual implementation of an answer would require assigning it to something. for this reason I wonder if it is allowable to get away with an implicit import statement as well? – Erich Aug 29 '17 at 18:32 • @Erich In general, you can only refer to a variable n if you've defined n in your code, so imports must be explicit. By default, we allow functions or full programs as answers, which includes anonymous functions. – user48543 Aug 29 '17 at 18:39 • Well, this only needs input as numpy arrays, rather than importing numpy. But does this even work without using return? – Zacharý Aug 29 '17 at 20:29 C# (.NET Core), using Linq 47+18=65 bytes x=>y=>x.Zip(y,(a,b)=>a>b?a:b>a?b:b+a).ToArray()  Try it online! C# (.NET Core), 82 bytes x=>y=>l=>{for(int i=0;i<l;i++)x[i]=x[i]>y[i]?x[i]:y[i]>x[i]?y[i]:y[i]*2;return x;}  Try it online! • You can drop the LINQ answer by a few bytes by changing namespace System.LINQ to using System.LINQ – jkelm Aug 28 '17 at 18:27 • @jkelm yeah, I've been wondering if the 'using System; is to be included or not like that, I guess not. I'll clean it up – Dennis.Verweij Aug 28 '17 at 19:23 • System.Linq is included in the "Visual C# Interactive Compiler". I am not totally sure about returning Array vs IList vs IEnumerable, but if all are eligible then you can get the byte count to 37 - tio.run/##Sy7WTS7O/… – dana Dec 17 '18 at 4:22 Perl 6, 34 28 bytes {map {.max*2/set$_},[Z] $_}  Try it online! Swift 3, 81 79 Bytes func n(a:[Double],b:[Double]){for(x,y)in zip(a,b){print((x==y) ?x+y:max(x,y))}}  Swift has an interesting property in that an Int isn't directly castable to a Double, so you have to specify any arrays as being arrays of Doubles before passing them to the function. (e.g.) var k:[Double] = [1,2,3,4,5,5,7,8,9,10] Edit: -2 bytes thanks to @EriktheOutgolfer • Do you need spaces around (x,y) and before ?? – Erik the Outgolfer Aug 28 '17 at 13:28 • @EriktheOutgolfer The one before ? is needed because Swift would treat them as optional types instead of ternaries (which they aren't). The others aren't. Apart from that, this can be drastically golfed. – user70974 Aug 28 '17 at 13:31 • @EriktheOutgolfer - TheIOSCoder has already answered you partly, but you're right, you don't need the ones in the for loop, interesting! – AnonymousReality Aug 28 '17 at 13:34 • 73 bytes: func n(a:[Float],b:[Float]){print(zip(a,b).map{$0==$1 ?2*$0:max($0,$1)})} (the float inaccuracies need not to be handled by default) – Mr. Xcoder Aug 28 '17 at 13:38
• Or 74 bytes: func n(a:[Float],b:[Float]){print(zip(a,b).map{($0==$1 ?2:1)*max($0,$1)})} – Mr. Xcoder Aug 28 '17 at 13:40

C, 76 75 bytes

Thanks to @Kevin Cruijssen for saving a byte!

f(a,b,n)float*a,*b;{for(;n--;++a,++b)printf("%f ",*a>*b?*a:*b>*a?*b:*a*2);}


Try it online!

Japt, 13 bytes

íV,È¥Y Ä *XwY


Try it online! with the -Q flag to format the output array.

• Nicely done. I made 2 attempts at this earlier with both coming out at 17 bytes. I'd forgotten í could take a function as a second argument. – Shaggy Aug 28 '17 at 16:39

Rust, 107 97 bytes

|a:V,b:V|a.iter().zip(b).map(|(&x,y)|if x==y{x+y}else{x.max(y)}).collect::<V>();
type V=Vec<f32>;


Try it online!

Saved 8 bytes thanks to @mgc

• I guess you can save 8 bytes by using type inference on the collected Vec and by using the max method of f32s: |a:Vec<f32>,b:Vec<f32>|a.iter().zip(b).map(|(&x,y)|if x==y{x+y}else{x.max(y)}).collect::<Vec<_>>(); – mgc Aug 28 '17 at 22:26
• @mgc Thanks! Type inference was a good idea, but in this case type alias is even shorter. – jferard Aug 29 '17 at 4:41

Swift 4, 41 bytes

{zip($0,$1).map{$0==$1 ?2*$0:max($0,$1)}}  Test cases: let f: ([Float], [Float]) -> [Float] = {zip($0,$1).map{$0==$1 ?2*$0:max($0,$1)}}

let testcases: [(inputA: [Float], inputB: [Float], expected: [Float])] = [
(
inputA: [],
inputB: [],
expected: []
),
(
inputA: [1, 2, 3],
inputB: [1, 3, 2],
expected: [2, 3, 3]
),
(
inputA: [1, 3, 3.2, 2.3],
inputB:  [3, 1, 3.2, 2.6],
expected: [3, 3, 6.4, 2.6]
),
(
inputA: [1,2,3,4,5,5,7,8,9,10],
inputB:  [10,9,8,7,6,5,4,3,2,1],
expected: [10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 10, 7, 8, 9, 10]
),
(
inputA: [-3.2, -3.2, -2.4, 7, -10.1],
inputB:  [100, -3.2, 2.4, -7, -10.1],
expected: [100, -6.4, 2.4, 7, -20.2]
),
]

for (caseNumber, testcase) in testcases.enumerated() {
let actual = f(testcase.inputA, testcase.inputB)
assert(actual == testcase.expected,
"Testcase #\(caseNumber) \((testcase.inputA, testcase.inputB)) failed. Got \(actual), but expected \(testcase.expected)!")
print("Testcase #\(caseNumber) passed!")
}