Given the high resolution molecular mass of an organic molecule, output the molecule's molecular formula.
The input will be a single number to three decimal places of precision, the relative molecular mass of the molecule.
Here, the molecular mass is defined as the sum of the masses of the atoms in the compound. Since you only are finding the molecular formulae of organic compounds, the atomic masses you need to know are:
- C, Carbon: 12.011
- H, Hydrogen: 1.008
- O, Oxygen: 15.999
- N, Nitrogen: 14.007
Your formula should only ever contain carbon, hydrogen, oxygen or nitrogen.
When writing the formula, it should take the form:
Where the elements must be in that order (
C -> H -> O -> N, so
C2O8N4H6 should be
d are numbers of the preceding element in the molecule (i.e.
C2 means that there are two carbon atoms in the molecule).
d are zero, that element should not be included in the formula (e.g.
C2H6O2N0 should be
C2H6O2). Finally, if
d are one, you should not include the number in the formula (e.g.
C1H4 should be
The input will always be valid (i.e. there will be a molecule with that mass). If the input is ambiguous (multiple molecules have the same mass), you must only output one of the molecules. How you choose this molecule is up to you.
Suppose the input is
180.156, there is only one combination of the elements which can have this molecular mass:
12.011*6 + 1.008*12 + 15.999*6 + 14.007*0 = 180.156
So there are:
- 6 Carbons
- 12 Hydrogens
- 6 Oxygens
- 0 Nitrogens
Therefore, your output should be:
Input -> Output 28.054 -> C2H4 74.079 -> C3H6O2 75.067 -> C2H5O2N 18.015 -> H2O
Shortest code in bytes wins.