In the programming language of your choice, take no input and output your programming language's name.

Fair enough, right?


  • You can't use any character that is included in your programming language's name in your code. E.g., if I use Batch, I must not use the chars 'B' 'a' t' 'c' 'h' in my code. Note that this is case sensitive. I can still use the char 'b' because it's different from 'B'.
  • You can have "junk output" before or after the name of the language
  • Version number doesn't count as part of the name of the language. E.g., I can use the number 3 in the code in my answer if it's in Python 3
  • The output of the programming language name is not case sensitive.
  • Brute-forcing all possible letter combinations and hoping you get your language name is forbidden.

Example outputs: (let's say my programming language is called Language) (✔ if valid, else ✖)

  • Language
  • Body language is a type of non-verbal communication in which physical behavior, as opposed to words, is used to express or convey information. Such behavior includes facial expressions, body posture, gestures, eye movement, touch and the use of space.
  • Language 2.0 - © 1078 AD some company
  • foobar

This is thus shortest code wins.

  • 7
    \$\begingroup\$ The rule about case sensitive restrictions is very ambiguous. Which is the correct orthography: BASIC Basic or basic? I'm pretty sure I can find examples for all three. \$\endgroup\$ – Level River St Jan 24 '17 at 23:47
  • 7
    \$\begingroup\$ Obligatory "Just having your code be blank but have a flag like --version isn't allowed"? \$\endgroup\$ – Value Ink Jan 25 '17 at 0:00
  • 88
    \$\begingroup\$ Have case-insensitive output while banning the language name case-sensitively allows boring solutions that just output the language name case-swapped. \$\endgroup\$ – xnor Jan 25 '17 at 0:47
  • 12
    \$\begingroup\$ You made a mistake by allowing users to output junk data. All they have to do is use a language where the compiler include the name whenever there's an error. It's cool but not the challenge I was hoping for \$\endgroup\$ – Lynob Jan 26 '17 at 8:23
  • 3
    \$\begingroup\$ This question really needs to be specified that "Code" must be run. Most languages will show their name in the usage dump if you don't give any code--for instance "Java" or "Groovy" at the command line with no code will display the correct name, however if you pass code (even "empty" code) as in (groovy -e "") you will get an empty response. Same for compile problems, the compiler usage or error output does not mean you wrote a program. \$\endgroup\$ – Bill K Jan 26 '17 at 18:30

131 Answers 131


MathGolf, 10 bytes


Try it online!


ÿ∙╤Æⁿ        Push "∙╤Æⁿ"
     ½       uninterleave, pushing "∙Æ" and "╤ⁿ" to the stack
      ]      wrap stack in array
       $     push ord(a) for each element in the array
        ╦    fetch dictionary words ("Math" and "Golf")
         y   join array without separator to string or number

With dictionary popping using strings, which should be coming in the next version, this will be 1 byte shorter (remove $).

The boring solution (1 byte)


From TIO:

Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "/opt/mathgolf/math_golf.py", line 750, in <module>
    result = evaluate(code_list[:], stdin, Stack([]))
  File "/opt/mathgolf/math_golf.py", line 115, in evaluate
IndexError: pop from empty list

This is implementation dependent, but if you're planning on using MathGolf, you'll probably pull the git repository, which is named mathgolf, meaning that unless the directory is renamed, the error will persist.

  • \$\begingroup\$ More boring 10 bytes alternative (using MathGolf's strength of implicitly joining and printing the stack) which would be 2 bytes shorter once we can remove the $s. :) \$\endgroup\$ – Kevin Cruijssen Aug 12 '19 at 9:42
  • \$\begingroup\$ @KevinCruijssen Haha, of course... didn't even think to test the simpler method. Nice catch. I still have to check how dictionary fetching using strings should work when mapped to lists, but once I have verified that there should be a new version coming to TIO. \$\endgroup\$ – maxb Aug 12 '19 at 9:47

05AB1E, 7 bytes


Try it online.


•₄)í•    # Push compressed integer 5943776
     h   # Convert it to hexadecimal: "5AB1E0"
      Á  # Rotate it once towards the right: "05AB1E"
         # (after which the result is output implicitly)

See this 05AB1E tip of mine (section How to compress large integers?) to understand why •₄)í• is 5943776.


Unix shells (bash, sh, zsh, etc) to STDERR, 1 byte

The shells bash, ksh, sh, zsh all output their name to STDERR when you give them an unknown command, e.g.



λ bash<<<1
bash: line 1: 1: command not found

λ zsh<<<1
zsh: command not found: 1

λ ksh<<<1
ksh: line 1: 1: not found

λ sh<<<1
sh: line 1: 1: command not found

λ fish<<<1
fish: Unknown command 1

If the challenge requires output to STDOUT, add 5 bytes 2>&1 to redirect it:

λ bash<<<1 2>&1
bash: line 1: 1: command not found

If the challenge had specified "use a valid program"... zsh, 18 bytes

  • try it online

  • not like this! echo "\x7a\x73\x68", as Gamma pointed out

  • \$\begingroup\$ NB: csh and tcsh don't do this STDERR trick.. \$\endgroup\$ – roblogic Aug 12 '19 at 4:58
  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ You can't use echo, "h" is in zsh. <<<$'\x7a\x73\x68' works for -1 byte though. \$\endgroup\$ – GammaFunction Aug 13 '19 at 3:27
  • \$\begingroup\$ The challenge popped up again on active, so hi again. zsh and bash can use $'\x73'et for stdout. \$\endgroup\$ – GammaFunction Oct 2 '19 at 18:29

Go, 0 bytes

Try it online!

Output: package main: code.go:1:1: expected 'package', found 'EOF'


Whitespace, 94 bytes



Try it online!

                push [0, -2, -4, 11, 14, 0, 15, 4, 3, -14]
lssl            label print
sssttsststl     push 101
tsss            add
tlss            print char
lsll            jmp print

CJam, 8 6 bytes


Try it online!

Old version


Try it online!

"BI`l"    e# Push this string
:)        e# Add 1 to the code point of each char. Implicitly display

QC 16 bytes


&0000 Write hex to memory at address 00 until 000 is reached
51430A0D00 QC with a new line and the terminator at the end
# Print contents of memory until first 00 is reached

05AB1E, 11 bytes


Try it online!


¾              # push counter (initially 0)
 4>            # push 4+1
   '§Å         # push the word "ab"
      X        # push variable X (initially 1)
       69ç     # push char value of 69: "E"
          J    # join as string

Chicken, 1 byte


This could be pretty much any character and it would be the same.

Outputs Error on line 1: expected 'chicken'.

Try it here.


Excel 2010 VBA 113 bytes

I am assuming paragraph spacing is 1 byte. This won't work with earlier versions of Excel. For those who dont have/use Excel, column 14925 is VBA

n = 14925
Do While n > 0
c = ((n - 1) Mod 26)
s = Chr(c + 65) & s
n = (n - c) \ 26
Debug.Print s

Credit where credit is due.

  • \$\begingroup\$ Welcome to PPCG! For further reference, you don't need to CW-ify an answer if you didn't make it. Simply linking to the source works. Also, you should probably post the plain VBA answer separately. \$\endgroup\$ – Rɪᴋᴇʀ Jan 25 '17 at 16:13
  • \$\begingroup\$ @EasterlyIrk Ok, I didn't know if it was necessary or not to CW an answer but I wouldn't feel right if I didnt .. the plain VBA answer I will leave, I made that within the first minute of reading the question and found it uninteresting \$\endgroup\$ – Mr.Burns Jan 25 '17 at 16:18

Juggle, 34 bytes

Golfed: 3<5=a5<1|a"5<2|1|a"a|7""6<1|a"a|5"




Juggle is always read left to right and will never back track. The only arithmetic available is bitwise operations, so I create a base of 3 left-shifted by 5 digits, resulting in a base value of 96. Juggle is also limited to integer literals of 0-9. The rest of it is just pretty much bit math with a as a base, since all the characters start with 11 in the most significant digits. The " outputs that integer as a character with no new line.

Proof of the output, Juggle's on the linked Github.


PowerShell, 2 bytes


Sample output:

Name                           Value
----                           -----
$                              $gv
?                              True
^                              $gv
args                           {}
ChocolateyProfile              C:\ProgramData\chocolatey\helpers\chocolateyProfile.psm1
ChocolateyTabSettings          @{AllCommands=False}
ConfirmPreference              High
DebugPreference                SilentlyContinue
Error                          {System.Management.Automation.ParseException: At line:1 char:11...
ErrorActionPreference          Continue
ErrorView                      NormalView
ExecutionContext               System.Management.Automation.EngineIntrinsics
false                          False
FormatEnumerationLimit         4
HOME                           C:\Users\username
Host                           System.Management.Automation.Internal.Host.InternalHost
input                          System.Collections.ArrayList+ArrayListEnumeratorSimple
MaximumAliasCount              4096
MaximumDriveCount              4096
MaximumErrorCount              256
MaximumFunctionCount           4096
MaximumHistoryCount            4096
MaximumVariableCount           4096
MyInvocation                   System.Management.Automation.InvocationInfo
NestedPromptLevel              0
OutputEncoding                 System.Text.ASCIIEncoding
PID                            7912
PROFILE                        \\thing\user$\user_folders\username\My Documents\WindowsPowerShell\Microsoft.PowerShell_profile.ps1
ProgressPreference             Continue
PSBoundParameters              {}
PSCommandPath                  \\thing\user$\user_folders\username\My Documents\WindowsPowerShell\Microsoft.PowerShell_profile.ps1
PSCulture                      en-AU
PSDefaultParameterValues       {}
PSHOME                         C:\Windows\System32\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0
PSScriptRoot                   \\thing\user$\user_folders\username\My Documents\WindowsPowerShell
PSSessionApplicationName       wsman
PSSessionConfigurationName     http://schemas.microsoft.com/powershell/Microsoft.PowerShell
PSSessionOption                System.Management.Automation.Remoting.PSSessionOption
PSUICulture                    en-US
PSVersionTable                 {PSVersion, WSManStackVersion, SerializationVersion, CLRVersion...}
PWD                            C:\Windows\system32
ShellId                        Microsoft.PowerShell
StackTrace                        at CallSite.Target(Closure , CallSite , Object )...
true                           True
VerbosePreference              SilentlyContinue
WarningPreference              Continue
WhatIfPreference               False

This is shorthand for the cmdlet Get-Variable, which displays the name and value of all variables in scope. Among these are a few environment variables which are also regular variables, like $PSHOME and $PROFILE which contains paths for powershell to run in, and where to find the script to run for every new session.


GNU M4, 5 bytes



m4:stdin:1: Warning: excess arguments to builtin `dnl' ignored

GNU M4, 10 bytes, clean output




GNU M4, 40 bytes, clean output, correct case




Forth (gforth), 4 bytes


This word prints the following text (version number may vary):

Gforth 0.7.3, Copyright (C) 1995-2008 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
Gforth comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY; for details type `license'
Type `bye' to exit

Hoon, 13 bytes


Hoon has an atom encoding @uw, which is base-64. This simply casts an @uw literal back to a cord (@t), which is the value 'Hoon'


PHP, 1 byte


This leads to a parse error. Run like this:

php -r '_'
> PHP Parse error:  syntax error, unexpected end of file in Command line code on line 1

Version without resorting to STDERR (8 bytes)

Note: uses IBM-850 encoding


Run like this:

echo '<?=~»À»;' | php 2>/dev/null

This just uses the binary opposite of PHP, and negates it using the ~ operator.


QBIC, 15 6 bytes

The way to do this without errors and with the proper capitalisation costs 15 bytes:


Since QBIC is in all-caps, this code is allowed: it takes the string literal qbic and prints it in uppercase.

An error-output (which feels kinda cheaty to me) is shorter:


In 6 bytes, we can put QBIC encountered error: 9 on the screen, signifying an out-of-bounds error. See here why.

There's also this 6-byter that prints QBIC in lowercase:


That string literal doesn't need a closing backtick, it is auto-closed because of EOF.


dc, 6 bytes


Prints the ASCII values 100 and 99, i.e. dc.


C++, 84 44 bytes


Thanks to @Clearer for saving a lot of bytes.

  • \$\begingroup\$ This isn't a valid C++ program. Try this instead: #include<cstdio> int main(){char c[]={67,43,43,0};printf(c);} It's shorter and correct C++. \$\endgroup\$ – Clearer Feb 14 '17 at 1:51
  • \$\begingroup\$ @Clearer Yes, that's what I would have done, but like I said, I wanted to completely avoid using the character c, upper or lower case. As this does compile on the MinGW compiler I'm using, and I don't think there is any undefined behaviour, it is valid at least on one implementation. (Which is enough for code golf) \$\endgroup\$ – Steadybox Feb 14 '17 at 14:46
  • \$\begingroup\$ It's not valid just because it compiles on a particular compiler. You're lacking the return type of your main function, which is the only thing that's a problem -- it is a valid C program though. You can shave off a byte by writing uint8_t l[] =..., instead of uint8_t l[4]=... \$\endgroup\$ – Clearer Feb 15 '17 at 12:24
  • \$\begingroup\$ #include<stdio.h> int main(){puts("\103\53\53");} only has the problem that it depends on being able to print ASCII compatible text. It's just 50 bytes long. If you allow c in the program, you can shave it to 49 and be equal to the Java 8 version but include a newline in the output :-) \$\endgroup\$ – Clearer Feb 15 '17 at 12:43
  • \$\begingroup\$ Thanks for the shorter version. I'm still omitting the return type of main, since that is allowed by certain compilers, and in code golf, languages are defined by their implementation: meta.codegolf.stackexchange.com/questions/7832/… \$\endgroup\$ – Steadybox Feb 20 '17 at 11:56

,,,, 6 5 bytes


As short as ","3× and ",,,"!



44         push 44                        [44]
  c        convert 44 to ASCII character  [',']
   3×      repeat ',' 3 times             [',,,']
           implicit output                []

q/kdb+, 6 bytes






.Q.x10 returns a function you could use for some base64 encoding, calling without parameters outputs the function body.


22 bytes gets us a purer answer. Here we cast ("c"$) integers (113 47 107 100 98 43) to ASCII chars:

q)"c"$43+70 4 64 57 55 0

Java 8, 49 41 bytes



Ungolfed, full program:

public class OutputProgrammingLanguageName {

  public static void main(String[] args) {

  private static void f(java.util.function.IntConsumer f) {

This is a simple System.out.println() wrapped in a functional interface to save some bytes, using octal escapes to avoid any of the character literals in "Java". Note that on some JVM implementations, System.out.print() does not necessarily flush output. In that case, the program will try to print but nothing is output before the program ends. Using System.out.println() requires two additional bytes, but guarantees the program actually prints something.

  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ You can change println to print \$\endgroup\$ – FlipTack Jan 25 '17 at 18:15
  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ @FlipTack I have had problems in previous challenges with flushing of stdout, where a program will print nothing and exit. I will take the two byte hit to the score for a guarantee that the program will actually output something. \$\endgroup\$ – user18932 Jan 25 '17 at 18:16
  • \$\begingroup\$ print seems to work fine for me, but nvm \$\endgroup\$ – FlipTack Jan 25 '17 at 18:33
  • \$\begingroup\$ Since you're just printing a String you can use octal escapes instead of unicode escapes. Saves 8 bytes. System.out.println("\112\141\166\141"); \$\endgroup\$ – Poke Jun 29 '17 at 21:03

Noether, 15 bytes


Try it here!


"n"      - Push the string "n"
U        - Convert the string on top of the stack to uppercase
P        - Print the top of the stack
"OETHER" - Push the string "OETHER"
_        - Convert the string on top of the stack to lowercase
P        - Print the top of the stack

Swift, 1 byte



error.swift:1:1: error: unary operator cannot be separated from its operand

error.swift:2:1: error: expected expression


This just has to be run from a source file with the preferred file extension, .swift. The repl reports repl.swift as the source file, so that works too.

  • \$\begingroup\$ Isn't S in both Swift and Set? \$\endgroup\$ – boboquack Jan 26 '17 at 2:26
  • \$\begingroup\$ @boboquack Whoooops. I'll have to find another generic type with a short name \$\endgroup\$ – Alexander - Reinstate Monica Jan 26 '17 at 2:27

4, 1 byte


Using this ruby implemtation from the esolangs' page, any program that doesn't matches /^3\.\d*4$/ will print

SyntaxError: Program must begin '3.' and end '4'.

Quetzalcoatl, 0 + 1 for -n flag = 1 byte

<no code>

Ly, 10 bytes


Pretty easy with Ly, due to the short name and little use of letters.



Try it online!


Chip-8, 22 bytes.


I hope this counts. Does not contain bytes corresponding to C, h, i, p, -, or 8 in ASCII.


UPL, 0 bytes

I tried to be funny by finding an unnamed programming language where an empty file produces no output, instead I found this. Trying to compile anything with the Unnamed Programming Language compiler results in:

This is going to be the UPL compiler...

Javascript (in Firefox), 627 bytes

Doesn't use JavaScript's letters upper or lowercase. Only works in Firefox because it uses eb() function as a method of getting a "p". It also needs the popup blocker to be disabled.

f=!1+[];n=1E309+[];h=!0+[];d=(eb+[])[3];o={b:1};g=d+"on"+f[3]+h[0]+h[1]+"u"+d+h[0]+"o"+h[1];q=(/b/[g]+[])[14];l=[][g][g];k=o[g]["key"+f[3]](l(h[1]+"e"+h[0]+"u"+h[1]+"n o"+q+'en("")')());u=k["f"+n[3]+"l"+h[0]+"e"+h[1]](l("b",h[1]+"e"+h[0]+"u"+h[1]+"n 0==b."+n[3]+'ndexOf("on'+n[3]+'n")&&"l"==b[6]'))[0];e=k["f"+n[3]+"l"+h[0]+"e"+h[1]](l("b",h[1]+"e"+h[0]+"u"+h[1]+"n-1!=b."+n[3]+'ndexOf("omm'+u[5]+"nd"+f[3]+'")'))[0][6];m=o[g]["n"+f[1]+"me"][2][h[0]+"oU"+q+q+"e"+h[1]+e+u[5]+f[3]+"e"]();l(h[1]+"e"+h[0]+"u"+h[1]+"n "+d+"on"+f[3]+"ole")().log(m+u[5]+u[4]+u[5]+f[3][h[0]+"oU"+q+q+"e"+h[1]+e+u[5]+f[3]+"e"]()+d+h[1]+n[3]+q+h[0]);

Ungolfed version:

f = !1+[];
n = 1E309+[];
h = !0+[];
d = (eb+[])[3];
o = {b:1};
g = d+"on"+f[3]+h[0]+h[1]+"u"+d+h[0]+"o"+h[1];
q = (/a/[g]+[])[14]
l = [][g][g];
k=o[g]["key"+f[3]](l(h[1]+'e'+h[0]+'u'+h[1]+'n o'+q+'en("")')());
u = k["f"+n[3]+"l"+h[0]+"e"+h[1]](l("b",h[1]+'e'+h[0]+'u'+h[1]+'n 0==b.'+n[3]+'ndexOf("on'+n[3]+'n")&&"l"==b[6]'))[0];

e = k["f"+n[3]+"l"+h[0]+"e"+h[1]](l("b",h[1]+'e'+h[0]+'u'+h[1]+'n-1!=b.'+n[3]+'ndexOf("omm'+u[5]+'nd'+f[3]+'")'))[0][6];
m = o[g]["n"+f[1]+"me"][2][h[0]+"oU"+q+q+"e"+h[1]+e+u[5]+f[3]+"e"]();;
l(h[1]+'e'+h[0]+'u'+h[1]+'n '+d+"on"+f[3]+"ole")().log(m+u[5]+u[4]+u[5]+f[3][h[0]+"oU"+q+q+"e"+h[1]+e+u[5]+f[3]+"e"]()+d+h[1]+n[3]+q+h[0]);
  • \$\begingroup\$ What is eb? I'm using Firefox and it doesn't seem to exist. \$\endgroup\$ – 12Me21 Nov 24 '18 at 15:39

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