Imagine this, we have an environment with a global scope containing just a single object, called codegolf. This object has a single child called stackexchange, which has a property called com.
Accessing this property would look like codegolf.stackexchange.com.

The challenge

The input of your program/function will be a string trying to access a property on the global scope. Whenever this property is found, you shall print/return a truthy value. If the property isn't found, a falsy value shall be printed/returned. The catch: when you try to access a property on a non-existant object, your program should throw any kind of error¹.

To make things a bit easier, you may assume that input will always be [a-z.], it will never be empty, it will never have repeating .'s and it will never start or end with a .. So codegolf. is an invalid input.

Test cases

codegolf.stackexchange.com => 1 // or any other truthy value
codegolf.stackexchange.net => 0 // or any other falsy value
codegolf.stackexchange => 1
codegolf.foo => 0
codegolf => 1
foo => 0
codegolf.com => 0
codegolf.constructor => 0

codegolf.foo.bar => Error (since foo is undefined)
codegolf.stackexchange.com.foo => Error (since com is a value, not an object)
codegolf.stackexchange.com.foo.bar => Error
foo.stackexchange.com => Error
foo.bar => Error
foo.bar.baz => Error

This is , shortest code in bytes wins

¹ if (and only if) your language of choice doesn't support errors at all, you must output something which makes it clear that this is an error. For example, if you use 1 for truthy and 0 for falsy, you may use "e" for an error. Be consistent in your return values and explain the behaviour in your post.

  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ I feel like foo => Error would be more appropriate. \$\endgroup\$ – Magic Octopus Urn Nov 30 '16 at 15:13
  • \$\begingroup\$ request to add codegolf.com to the test cases to rule out codegolf(.stackexchange)?(.com)?$ type checks \$\endgroup\$ – colsw Nov 30 '16 at 15:21
  • \$\begingroup\$ Another missing test case: foo.stackexchange.com \$\endgroup\$ – Jamie Nov 30 '16 at 15:22
  • \$\begingroup\$ @carusocomputing Nope. Think about JavaScript. foo would return undefined, but it wouldn't throw an error. foo.bar would throw an error because foo is not defined. \$\endgroup\$ – mbomb007 Nov 30 '16 at 16:17
  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ @carusocomputing True, but you can't say it's "more appropriate", when it makes sense both ways. codegolf.foo => 0, so foo => 0. \$\endgroup\$ – mbomb007 Nov 30 '16 at 16:52

JavaScript, 135 bytes

v=>(c=(p,i)=>new Proxy({}, {get:(o,q)=>(r=q==p[i]?c(p,i+1):o.$,i==3?r||z:r)}),x=c(["codegolf","stackexchange","com"],0),!!eval("x."+v))

Reworked the first attempt to prevent builtin keys being accessible, at this point its going to be better to use a different approach, but hey!

Returns true for valid, false for missing and errors on error.

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JavaScript (ES6), 87 bytes

Returns false/ true or throws ReferenceError.


let f =

console.log(f('codegolf.stackexchange.com')); // => true
console.log(f('codegolf.stackexchange.net')); // => false
console.log(f('codegolf.stackexchange'));     // => true
console.log(f('codegolf.foo'));               // => false
console.log(f('codegolf'));                   // => true
console.log(f('foo'));                        // => false
console.log(f('codegolf.com'));               // => false

console.log(f('codegolf.foo.bar'));           // => Error

Probabilistic version, 78 bytes (non-competing)

Because all properties are guaranteed to match [a-z], we can give this a try:


Apart from the fact that 587 is a prime and leads to rather short values for the words we are interested in, this is a rather random modulo choice.

Although it does pass all test cases, it is of course likely to return false-positives.

let f =

console.log(f('codegolf.stackexchange.com')); // => true
console.log(f('codegolf.stackexchange.net')); // => false
console.log(f('codegolf.stackexchange'));     // => true
console.log(f('codegolf.foo'));               // => false
console.log(f('codegolf'));                   // => true
console.log(f('foo'));                        // => false
console.log(f('codegolf.com'));               // => false

console.log(f('codegolf.foo.bar'));           // => Error

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Batch, 269 231 bytes

@echo off
set w=1codegolf
for %%a in (%s:.= %)do call:l %%w
echo %w:~0,1%
if %w:~-1%==. goto g
if not %1==%w% set w=0.&exit/b
set w=1com
if %1==com set w=1.
if %1==codegolf set w=1stackexchange

Takes input on STDIN; throws a syntax error for an invalid property. Works by using w as a state machine. If w ends with a . this means that the next property access is invalid. Edit: Saved 17 bytes by using the syntax error to abort the batch script. Saved 21 bytes by realising that one of my assignments could be unconditional.

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Javascript, 84 82 bytes

Not short enough to win, but since I am a beginner I thought it would be fun to share it. Maybe someone has a suggestion for improvement.


It passes all the tests in the question, returns true for existing value, false for non-existent and it throws an error if you try to get a property of a non-existent or non-object variable. However I now realize that this solution has some issues as well. As pointed out by @Florent in the comments it returns true when string prototype properties such as .toString are called.

Edit: 2 bytes shorter thanks to @MamaFunRoll

Test snippet:

var f =

console.log(f('codegolf.stackexchange.com')) //true
console.log(f('codegolf.stackexchange.net')) //false
console.log(f('codegolf.stackexchange')) //true
console.log(f('codegolf.foo')) //false
console.log(f('codegolf')) //true
console.log(f('foo')) //false
console.log(f('codegolf.com')) //false

console.log(f('codegolf.foo.bar')) // TypeError
console.log(f('codegolf.stackexchange.com.foo')) //ReferenceError
console.log(f('codegolf.stackexchange.com.foo.bar')) //ReferenceError
console.log(f('foo.stackexchange.com')) // TypeError
console.log(f('foo.bar')) // TypeError
console.log(f('foo.bar.baz')) // TypeError

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  • \$\begingroup\$ { "message": "Unable to get property 'bar' of undefined or null reference", "filename": "stacksnippets.net/js", "lineno": 1, "colno": 37 } \$\endgroup\$ – RosLuP Nov 30 '16 at 20:41
  • \$\begingroup\$ @RosLuP I am not sure what you mean by this comment. The function is supposed to throw an error for codegolf.foo.bar \$\endgroup\$ – tjespe Nov 30 '16 at 20:43
  • \$\begingroup\$ than all ok for all you... but for me "throw" error is one error \$\endgroup\$ – RosLuP Nov 30 '16 at 20:50
  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ .split('.') -> split`.` Welcome! \$\endgroup\$ – Mama Fun Roll Dec 1 '16 at 6:57
  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ Does not work. f("codegolf.toString") should return false. f("codegolf.toString.toString") should throw. \$\endgroup\$ – Florent Dec 1 '16 at 8:24

JavaScript, 173 bytes

function d(a){var b="codegolf",u="stackexchange",c=a.split("."),e="e";return c.length==1?c[0]==b:c.length==2?c[0]==b?c[1]==u:e:c.length==3?c[0]==b?c[1]==u?c[2]=="com":e:e:e}

Works with IE 10, so should work on major modern browsers.

Try it here (+ ungolfed)

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  • 2
    \$\begingroup\$ Could be way more golfed: d=(a,b="codegolf",u="stackexchange",c=a.split`.`,e="e")=>c[l="length"]==1?c[0]==b:c[l]==2?c[0]==b?c[1]==u:e:c[l]==3?c[0]==b?c[1]==u?c[2]=="com":e:e:e (149 bytes) \$\endgroup\$ – Florent Nov 30 '16 at 15:28
  • \$\begingroup\$ @Florent I think he's trying to allow it to work on IE10 etc., so no arrow functions or default parameters. \$\endgroup\$ – Conor O'Brien Nov 30 '16 at 16:23
  • \$\begingroup\$ +1 for a great answer, +1 for e="e", but -1 for IE 10. \$\endgroup\$ – NoOneIsHere Nov 30 '16 at 18:59

C#, 155 bytes

Wasn't going to be the shortest but thought it would be fun give it a go in C#...

bool f(string s){var a=s.Split('.');int e=0,l=a.Length-1,i=l;for(;0<=i;i--){e+=a[i]!=new[]{"codegolf","stackexchange","com"}[i]?i<l?s[-1]:1:0;}return e<1;}
  • Splits the string and reverse iterates through the result.
  • A non matching element more than 1 iteration deep, errors (throwing an IndexOutOfRangeException by accessing a char at -1 position in the string).
  • Otherwise, returns false if any elements didn't match.

.NET Fiddle

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Ruby, 84 80 bytes

Anonymous function which returns true or false, or divides by zero to raise error:

->s{k=1;s.split(?.).zip(%w[codegolf stackexchange com]){|i,o|1/0if !k;k=i==o};k} 

Try it online

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C, 98 112 113 bytes

f(char*a){char*c="codegolf.stackexchage.com";while(*c&&*c==*a)++a,++c;return strchr(a,46)?*(a=0):!(*a|*c&*c-46);}


          return strchr(a,46)?*(a=0):!(*a|*c&*c-46);


for the below it has to seg fault

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  • \$\begingroup\$ What about the error(s)? f(codegolf.stackexchage.com.foo) should error, not return 0, for example. \$\endgroup\$ – Jonathan Allan Nov 30 '16 at 14:15
  • \$\begingroup\$ i don't fully understand why my C language entry that is less characters than C#,Java,Javascript, python,Bathc,Javascript, has less points (-1) than everyone \$\endgroup\$ – RosLuP Nov 30 '16 at 22:40
  • \$\begingroup\$ Maybe they downvoted before you fixed the codegolf.stackexchange.com.foo error, or they don't realize you fixed it. Edit the header to # C, <strike>98</strike> 112 bytes # to make it clear that you modified it. \$\endgroup\$ – Ray Nov 30 '16 at 23:30
  • \$\begingroup\$ 3 is not an error either, in C it is what is considered a "truthy" value. See this meta post, and this code. \$\endgroup\$ – Jonathan Allan Dec 1 '16 at 0:06
  • \$\begingroup\$ I not use exceptions, in case of error program return 3. Should be -1 but 3 save 1 character \$\endgroup\$ – RosLuP Dec 1 '16 at 4:05

Java, 187 138 bytes

Version 2.0(138 bytes): Idea shamelessly stolen from @Jamie.

l->{for(String []a=l.split,int l=i=a.length-1,e=0;i>=0;e+=a[i]!=new String[]{"codegolf","stackexchange","com"}[i]?i<l?s[-1]:1:0)return e;}

Version 1.0(187 bytes):

l->{String[]a=l.split(".");return a[0].equals("codegolf")?(a.length<2?1:(a[1].equals("stackexchange")?(a.length<3?1:(a[2].equals("com")?1:0)):(a.length<3?0:a[-1]))):(a.length<2?0:a[-1]);}

Explanation of the return part:

return a[0].equals("codegolf")?(a.length<2?1:(a[1].equals("stackexchange")?(a.length<3?1:(a[2].equals("com")?1:0)):(a.length<3?0:a[-1]))):(a.length<2?0:a[-1]);
return                                                                                                                                                        ;
       a[0].equals("codegolf")?                                                                                                          :
                               (a.length<2? :                                                                                           ) (a.length<2? :     )
                                           1 (a[1].equals("stackexchange")?                                       :                    )              0 a[-1]
                                                                           (a.length<3? :                        ) (a.length<3? :     )
                                                                                       1 (a[2].equals("com")? : )              0 a[-1]
                                                                                                             1 0
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