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11 added 90 characters in body
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Python 3, 513 512 511 509 499 497 485 465 459 458458 444 bytes

e,j,c=enumerate,len,range
def f(n,p=[],o=97):
    r,l,m=lambda x:min(b,f(n[:i]+n[i+1:],x,o+1),key=j),chr(o),j(p)
    b=[p,l*(sum(n)*2+m)][n>[]]
    for i,a in e(n):
        for h,d in e(p):
            if a<11-j(d):b=r([p[f]+l*a*(f==h)for f in c(m)])
            if(j(d)<10)*all(map(lambda x:j(x)==j(d),for x in p[h:h+a]))and *(a<=m-h):b=r([p[f]+l*(h<=f<h+a)for f in c(m)])
        if a<11:b=r(p+[l*a])
        b=r(p+[l]*a)
    return["\n".join("".join(map(lambda x:x[~u]if~u<j9-u<j(x)else"and ",x[9-u]or" "for x in b))for u in c(-10,0)),b][o>97]

Try it online!Try it online!

Edit: -2 -8 bytes thanks to @Mr. Xcoder Edit: -8 bytes thanks to @notjagan

e,j,c=enumerate,len,range      
         # These built-ins are used a lot
def f(n,p=[],o=97):
         # n is the remaining blocks
         # p is the current stack
         # o is the ASCI code for the next letter to use
    r,l,m=lambda x:min(b,f(n[:i]+n[i+1:],x,o+1),key=j),chr(o),j(p)
         # r is the recursive call, that also selects the smallest stack found
         # l is the letter to use next
         # m is the length of the current stack
    b=[p,l*(sum(n)*2+m)][n>[]]
         # Sets the current best, if there are no remaining blocks, select the found stack, else we set it to be worse than the possible worst case
    for i,a in e(n):
         # Loop through all the remaining blocks
        for h,d in e(p):
         # Loop through all the columns in the current stack
            if a<11-j(d):b=r([p[f]+l*a*(f==h)for f in c(m)])
         # If we can place the current block vertically in the current column, try it
            if (j(d)<10and all(map<10)*all(lambda x:j(x)==j(d),for x in p[h:h+a]))and *(a<=m-h):b=r([p[f]+l*(h<=f<h+a)for f in c(m)])
         # If we can place the current block horizontally starting in the current column, try it
        if a<11:b=r(p+[l*a])
         # If the current block is lower than 10, try place it vertically to the right of the current stack
        b=r(p+[l]*a)
         # Try to place the current horizontally to the right of the current stack
    return["\n".join("".join(map(lambda x:x[~u]if~u<j9-u<j(x)else"and ",x[9-u]or" "for x in b))for u in c(-10,0)),b][o>97]
         # Return the best choice if we aren't in the first call to the function, that is the next letter is a. Else return the found best option formatted as a string

Python 3, 513 512 511 509 499 497 485 465 459 458 bytes

e,j,c=enumerate,len,range
def f(n,p=[],o=97):
    r,l,m=lambda x:min(b,f(n[:i]+n[i+1:],x,o+1),key=j),chr(o),j(p)
    b=[p,l*(sum(n)*2+m)][n>[]]
    for i,a in e(n):
        for h,d in e(p):
            if a<11-j(d):b=r([p[f]+l*a*(f==h)for f in c(m)])
            if(j(d)<10)*all(map(lambda x:j(x)==j(d),p[h:h+a]))and a<=m-h:b=r([p[f]+l*(h<=f<h+a)for f in c(m)])
        if a<11:b=r(p+[l*a])
        b=r(p+[l]*a)
    return["\n".join("".join(map(lambda x:x[~u]if~u<j(x)else" ",b))for u in c(-10,0)),b][o>97]

Try it online!

Edit: -2 -8 bytes thanks to @Mr. Xcoder

e,j,c=enumerate,len,range      
         # These built-ins are used a lot
def f(n,p=[],o=97):
         # n is the remaining blocks
         # p is the current stack
         # o is the ASCI code for the next letter to use
    r,l,m=lambda x:min(b,f(n[:i]+n[i+1:],x,o+1),key=j),chr(o),j(p)
         # r is the recursive call, that also selects the smallest stack found
         # l is the letter to use next
         # m is the length of the current stack
    b=[p,l*(sum(n)*2+m)][n>[]]
         # Sets the current best, if there are no remaining blocks, select the found stack, else we set it to be worse than the possible worst case
    for i,a in e(n):
         # Loop through all the remaining blocks
        for h,d in e(p):
         # Loop through all the columns in the current stack
            if a<11-j(d):b=r([p[f]+l*a*(f==h)for f in c(m)])
         # If we can place the current block vertically in the current column, try it
            if j(d)<10and all(map(lambda x:j(x)==j(d),p[h:h+a]))and a<=m-h:b=r([p[f]+l*(h<=f<h+a)for f in c(m)])
         # If we can place the current block horizontally starting in the current column, try it
        if a<11:b=r(p+[l*a])
         # If the current block is lower than 10, try place it vertically to the right of the current stack
        b=r(p+[l]*a)
         # Try to place the current horizontally to the right of the current stack
    return["\n".join("".join(map(lambda x:x[~u]if~u<j(x)else" ",b))for u in c(-10,0)),b][o>97]
         # Return the best choice if we aren't in the first call to the function, that is the next letter is a. Else return the found best option formatted as a string

Python 3, 513 512 511 509 499 497 485 465 459 458 444 bytes

e,j,c=enumerate,len,range
def f(n,p=[],o=97):
    r,l,m=lambda x:min(b,f(n[:i]+n[i+1:],x,o+1),key=j),chr(o),j(p)
    b=[p,l*(sum(n)*2+m)][n>[]]
    for i,a in e(n):
        for h,d in e(p):
            if a<11-j(d):b=r([p[f]+l*a*(f==h)for f in c(m)])
            if(j(d)<10)*all(j(x)==j(d)for x in p[h:h+a])*(a<=m-h):b=r([p[f]+l*(h<=f<h+a)for f in c(m)])
        if a<11:b=r(p+[l*a])
        b=r(p+[l]*a)
    return["\n".join("".join(9-u<j(x)and x[9-u]or" "for x in b)for u in c(10)),b][o>97]

Try it online!

Edit: -2 -8 bytes thanks to @Mr. Xcoder Edit: -8 bytes thanks to @notjagan

e,j,c=enumerate,len,range      
         # These built-ins are used a lot
def f(n,p=[],o=97):
         # n is the remaining blocks
         # p is the current stack
         # o is the ASCI code for the next letter to use
    r,l,m=lambda x:min(b,f(n[:i]+n[i+1:],x,o+1),key=j),chr(o),j(p)
         # r is the recursive call, that also selects the smallest stack found
         # l is the letter to use next
         # m is the length of the current stack
    b=[p,l*(sum(n)*2+m)][n>[]]
         # Sets the current best, if there are no remaining blocks, select the found stack, else we set it to be worse than the possible worst case
    for i,a in e(n):
         # Loop through all the remaining blocks
        for h,d in e(p):
         # Loop through all the columns in the current stack
            if a<11-j(d):b=r([p[f]+l*a*(f==h)for f in c(m)])
         # If we can place the current block vertically in the current column, try it
            if(j(d)<10)*all(j(x)==j(d)for x in p[h:h+a])*(a<=m-h):b=r([p[f]+l*(h<=f<h+a)for f in c(m)])
         # If we can place the current block horizontally starting in the current column, try it
        if a<11:b=r(p+[l*a])
         # If the current block is lower than 10, try place it vertically to the right of the current stack
        b=r(p+[l]*a)
         # Try to place the current horizontally to the right of the current stack
    return["\n".join("".join(9-u<j(x)and x[9-u]or" "for x in b)for u in c(10)),b][o>97]
         # Return the best choice if we aren't in the first call to the function, that is the next letter is a. Else return the found best option formatted as a string
10 [Edit removed during grace period]; added 21 characters in body
source | link

Python 3, 513 512 511 509 499 497 485 465 459459 458 bytes

e,j,c=enumerate,len,range
def f(n,p=[],o=97):
    r,l,m=lambda x:min(b,f(n[:i]+n[i+1:],x,o+1),key=j),chr(o),j(p)
    b=[p,l*(sum(n)*2+m)][n>[]]
    for i,a in e(n):
        for h,d in e(p):
            if a<11-j(d):b=r([p[f]+l*a*(f==h)for f in c(m)])
            if(j(d)<10)*all(map(lambda x:j(x)==j(d),p[h:h+a]))and a<=m-h:b=r([p[f]+l*(h<=f<h+a)for f in c(m)])
        if a<11:b=r(p+[l*a])
        b=r(p+[l]*a)
    return["\n".join("".join(map(lambda x:x[u]if u<jx[~u]if~u<j(x)else" ",b))for u in c(9,-110,-10)),b][o>97]

Try it online!Try it online!

e,j,c=enumerate,len,range      
         # These built-ins are used a lot
def f(n,p=[],o=97):
         # n is the remaining blocks
         # p is the current stack
         # o is the ASCI code for the next letter to use
    r,l,m=lambda x:min(b,f(n[:i]+n[i+1:],x,o+1),key=j),chr(o),j(p)
         # r is the recursive call, that also selects the smallest stack found
         # l is the letter to use next
         # m is the length of the current stack
    b=[p,l*(sum(n)*2+m)][n>[]]
         # Sets the current best, if there are no remaining blocks, select the found stack, else we set it to be worse than the possible worst case
    for i,a in e(n):
         # Loop through all the remaining blocks
        for h,d in e(p):
         # Loop through all the columns in the current stack
            if a<11-j(d):b=r([p[f]+l*a*(f==h)for f in c(m)])
         # If we can place the current block vertically in the current column, try it
            if j(d)<10and all(map(lambda x:j(x)==j(d),p[h:h+a]))and a<=m-h:b=r([p[f]+l*(h<=f<h+a)for f in c(m)])
         # If we can place the current block horizontally starting in the current column, try it
        if a<11:b=r(p+[l*a])
         # If the current block is lower than 10, try place it vertically to the right of the current stack
        b=r(p+[l]*a)
         # Try to place the current horizontally to the right of the current stack
    return["\n".join("".join(map(lambda x:x[u]if u<jx[~u]if~u<j(x)else" ",b))for u in c(9,-110,-10)),b][o>97]
         # Return the best choice if we aren't in the first call to the function, that is the next letter is a. Else return the found best option formatted as a string

Python 3, 513 512 511 509 499 497 485 465 459 bytes

e,j,c=enumerate,len,range
def f(n,p=[],o=97):
    r,l,m=lambda x:min(b,f(n[:i]+n[i+1:],x,o+1),key=j),chr(o),j(p)
    b=[p,l*(sum(n)*2+m)][n>[]]
    for i,a in e(n):
        for h,d in e(p):
            if a<11-j(d):b=r([p[f]+l*a*(f==h)for f in c(m)])
            if(j(d)<10)*all(map(lambda x:j(x)==j(d),p[h:h+a]))and a<=m-h:b=r([p[f]+l*(h<=f<h+a)for f in c(m)])
        if a<11:b=r(p+[l*a])
        b=r(p+[l]*a)
    return["\n".join("".join(map(lambda x:x[u]if u<j(x)else" ",b))for u in c(9,-1,-1)),b][o>97]

Try it online!

e,j,c=enumerate,len,range      
         # These built-ins are used a lot
def f(n,p=[],o=97):
         # n is the remaining blocks
         # p is the current stack
         # o is the ASCI code for the next letter to use
    r,l,m=lambda x:min(b,f(n[:i]+n[i+1:],x,o+1),key=j),chr(o),j(p)
         # r is the recursive call, that also selects the smallest stack found
         # l is the letter to use next
         # m is the length of the current stack
    b=[p,l*(sum(n)*2+m)][n>[]]
         # Sets the current best, if there are no remaining blocks, select the found stack, else we set it to be worse than the possible worst case
    for i,a in e(n):
         # Loop through all the remaining blocks
        for h,d in e(p):
         # Loop through all the columns in the current stack
            if a<11-j(d):b=r([p[f]+l*a*(f==h)for f in c(m)])
         # If we can place the current block vertically in the current column, try it
            if j(d)<10and all(map(lambda x:j(x)==j(d),p[h:h+a]))and a<=m-h:b=r([p[f]+l*(h<=f<h+a)for f in c(m)])
         # If we can place the current block horizontally starting in the current column, try it
        if a<11:b=r(p+[l*a])
         # If the current block is lower than 10, try place it vertically to the right of the current stack
        b=r(p+[l]*a)
         # Try to place the current horizontally to the right of the current stack
    return["\n".join("".join(map(lambda x:x[u]if u<j(x)else" ",b))for u in c(9,-1,-1)),b][o>97]
         # Return the best choice if we aren't in the first call to the function, that is the next letter is a. Else return the found best option formatted as a string

Python 3, 513 512 511 509 499 497 485 465 459 458 bytes

e,j,c=enumerate,len,range
def f(n,p=[],o=97):
    r,l,m=lambda x:min(b,f(n[:i]+n[i+1:],x,o+1),key=j),chr(o),j(p)
    b=[p,l*(sum(n)*2+m)][n>[]]
    for i,a in e(n):
        for h,d in e(p):
            if a<11-j(d):b=r([p[f]+l*a*(f==h)for f in c(m)])
            if(j(d)<10)*all(map(lambda x:j(x)==j(d),p[h:h+a]))and a<=m-h:b=r([p[f]+l*(h<=f<h+a)for f in c(m)])
        if a<11:b=r(p+[l*a])
        b=r(p+[l]*a)
    return["\n".join("".join(map(lambda x:x[~u]if~u<j(x)else" ",b))for u in c(-10,0)),b][o>97]

Try it online!

e,j,c=enumerate,len,range      
         # These built-ins are used a lot
def f(n,p=[],o=97):
         # n is the remaining blocks
         # p is the current stack
         # o is the ASCI code for the next letter to use
    r,l,m=lambda x:min(b,f(n[:i]+n[i+1:],x,o+1),key=j),chr(o),j(p)
         # r is the recursive call, that also selects the smallest stack found
         # l is the letter to use next
         # m is the length of the current stack
    b=[p,l*(sum(n)*2+m)][n>[]]
         # Sets the current best, if there are no remaining blocks, select the found stack, else we set it to be worse than the possible worst case
    for i,a in e(n):
         # Loop through all the remaining blocks
        for h,d in e(p):
         # Loop through all the columns in the current stack
            if a<11-j(d):b=r([p[f]+l*a*(f==h)for f in c(m)])
         # If we can place the current block vertically in the current column, try it
            if j(d)<10and all(map(lambda x:j(x)==j(d),p[h:h+a]))and a<=m-h:b=r([p[f]+l*(h<=f<h+a)for f in c(m)])
         # If we can place the current block horizontally starting in the current column, try it
        if a<11:b=r(p+[l*a])
         # If the current block is lower than 10, try place it vertically to the right of the current stack
        b=r(p+[l]*a)
         # Try to place the current horizontally to the right of the current stack
    return["\n".join("".join(map(lambda x:x[~u]if~u<j(x)else" ",b))for u in c(-10,0)),b][o>97]
         # Return the best choice if we aren't in the first call to the function, that is the next letter is a. Else return the found best option formatted as a string
9 added 27 characters in body
source | link

Python 3, 513 512 511 509 499 497 485 465465 459 bytes

e,j,c=enumerate,len,range
def f(n,p=[],o=97):
    r,l,m=lambda x:min(b,f(n[:i]+n[i+1:],x,o+1),key=j),chr(o),j(p)
    b=[p,l*(sum(n)*2+m)][n>[]]
    for i,a in e(n):
        for h,d in e(p):
            if a<11-j(d):b=r([p[f]+l*a*(f==h)for f in c(m)])
            if(j(d)<10)*all(map(lambda x:j(x)==j(d),p[h:h+a]))and a<=m-h:b=r([p[f]+l*(h<=f<h+a)for f in c(m)])
        if a<11:b=r(p[:]+[l*a]p+[l*a])
        b=r(p[:]+[l]*ap+[l]*a)
    return["\n".join("".join(map(lambda x:x[u]if u<j(x)else" ",b))for u in c(9,-1,-1)),b][o>97]

Try it online!Try it online!

Edit: -22 -8 bytes thanks to @Mr. Xcoder

e,j,c=enumerate,len,range      
         # These built-ins are used a lot
def f(n,p=[],o=97):
         # n is the remaining blocks
         # p is the current stack
         # o is the ASCI code for the next letter to use
    r,l,m=lambda x:min(b,f(n[:i]+n[i+1:],x,o+1),key=j),chr(o),j(p)
         # r is the recursive call, that also selects the smallest stack found
         # l is the letter to use next
         # m is the length of the current stack
    b=[p,l*(sum(n)*2+m)][n>[]]
         # Sets the current best, if there are no remaining blocks, select the found stack, else we set it to be worse than the possible worst case
    for i,a in e(n):
         # Loop through all the remaining blocks
        for h,d in e(p):
         # Loop through all the columns in the current stack
            if a<11-j(d):b=r([p[f]+l*a*(f==h)for f in c(m)])
         # If we can place the current block vertically in the current column, try it
            if j(d)<10and all(map(lambda x:j(x)==j(d),p[h:h+a]))and a<=m-h:b=r([p[f]+l*(h<=f<h+a)for f in c(m)])
         # If we can place the current block horizontally starting in the current column, try it
        if a<11:b=r(p[:]+[l*a]p+[l*a])
         # If the current block is lower than 10, try place it vertically to the right of the current stack
        b=r(p[:]+[l]*ap+[l]*a)
         # Try to place the current horizontally to the right of the current stack
    return["\n".join("".join(map(lambda x:x[u]if u<j(x)else" ",b))for u in c(9,-1,-1)),b][o>97]
         # Return the best choice if we aren't in the first call to the function, that is the next letter is a. Else return the found best option formatted as a string

Python 3, 513 512 511 509 499 497 485 465 bytes

e,j,c=enumerate,len,range
def f(n,p=[],o=97):
    r,l,m=lambda x:min(b,f(n[:i]+n[i+1:],x,o+1),key=j),chr(o),j(p)
    b=[p,l*(sum(n)*2+m)][n>[]]
    for i,a in e(n):
        for h,d in e(p):
            if a<11-j(d):b=r([p[f]+l*a*(f==h)for f in c(m)])
            if(j(d)<10)*all(map(lambda x:j(x)==j(d),p[h:h+a]))and a<=m-h:b=r([p[f]+l*(h<=f<h+a)for f in c(m)])
        if a<11:b=r(p[:]+[l*a])
        b=r(p[:]+[l]*a)
    return["\n".join("".join(map(lambda x:x[u]if u<j(x)else" ",b))for u in c(9,-1,-1)),b][o>97]

Try it online!

Edit: -2 bytes thanks to @Mr. Xcoder

e,j,c=enumerate,len,range      
         # These built-ins are used a lot
def f(n,p=[],o=97):
         # n is the remaining blocks
         # p is the current stack
         # o is the ASCI code for the next letter to use
    r,l,m=lambda x:min(b,f(n[:i]+n[i+1:],x,o+1),key=j),chr(o),j(p)
         # r is the recursive call, that also selects the smallest stack found
         # l is the letter to use next
         # m is the length of the current stack
    b=[p,l*(sum(n)*2+m)][n>[]]
         # Sets the current best, if there are no remaining blocks, select the found stack, else we set it to be worse than the possible worst case
    for i,a in e(n):
         # Loop through all the remaining blocks
        for h,d in e(p):
         # Loop through all the columns in the current stack
            if a<11-j(d):b=r([p[f]+l*a*(f==h)for f in c(m)])
         # If we can place the current block vertically in the current column, try it
            if j(d)<10and all(map(lambda x:j(x)==j(d),p[h:h+a]))and a<=m-h:b=r([p[f]+l*(h<=f<h+a)for f in c(m)])
         # If we can place the current block horizontally starting in the current column, try it
        if a<11:b=r(p[:]+[l*a])
         # If the current block is lower than 10, try place it vertically to the right of the current stack
        b=r(p[:]+[l]*a)
         # Try to place the current horizontally to the right of the current stack
    return["\n".join("".join(map(lambda x:x[u]if u<j(x)else" ",b))for u in c(9,-1,-1)),b][o>97]
         # Return the best choice if we aren't in the first call to the function, that is the next letter is a. Else return the found best option formatted as a string

Python 3, 513 512 511 509 499 497 485 465 459 bytes

e,j,c=enumerate,len,range
def f(n,p=[],o=97):
    r,l,m=lambda x:min(b,f(n[:i]+n[i+1:],x,o+1),key=j),chr(o),j(p)
    b=[p,l*(sum(n)*2+m)][n>[]]
    for i,a in e(n):
        for h,d in e(p):
            if a<11-j(d):b=r([p[f]+l*a*(f==h)for f in c(m)])
            if(j(d)<10)*all(map(lambda x:j(x)==j(d),p[h:h+a]))and a<=m-h:b=r([p[f]+l*(h<=f<h+a)for f in c(m)])
        if a<11:b=r(p+[l*a])
        b=r(p+[l]*a)
    return["\n".join("".join(map(lambda x:x[u]if u<j(x)else" ",b))for u in c(9,-1,-1)),b][o>97]

Try it online!

Edit: -2 -8 bytes thanks to @Mr. Xcoder

e,j,c=enumerate,len,range      
         # These built-ins are used a lot
def f(n,p=[],o=97):
         # n is the remaining blocks
         # p is the current stack
         # o is the ASCI code for the next letter to use
    r,l,m=lambda x:min(b,f(n[:i]+n[i+1:],x,o+1),key=j),chr(o),j(p)
         # r is the recursive call, that also selects the smallest stack found
         # l is the letter to use next
         # m is the length of the current stack
    b=[p,l*(sum(n)*2+m)][n>[]]
         # Sets the current best, if there are no remaining blocks, select the found stack, else we set it to be worse than the possible worst case
    for i,a in e(n):
         # Loop through all the remaining blocks
        for h,d in e(p):
         # Loop through all the columns in the current stack
            if a<11-j(d):b=r([p[f]+l*a*(f==h)for f in c(m)])
         # If we can place the current block vertically in the current column, try it
            if j(d)<10and all(map(lambda x:j(x)==j(d),p[h:h+a]))and a<=m-h:b=r([p[f]+l*(h<=f<h+a)for f in c(m)])
         # If we can place the current block horizontally starting in the current column, try it
        if a<11:b=r(p+[l*a])
         # If the current block is lower than 10, try place it vertically to the right of the current stack
        b=r(p+[l]*a)
         # Try to place the current horizontally to the right of the current stack
    return["\n".join("".join(map(lambda x:x[u]if u<j(x)else" ",b))for u in c(9,-1,-1)),b][o>97]
         # Return the best choice if we aren't in the first call to the function, that is the next letter is a. Else return the found best option formatted as a string
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