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I was answering one challenge here and this task was part of the challenge. I've got a 73 bytes solution in javascript. But I think it is too much for a simple thing.

Challenge

Given as input two integers:

  • N the length of the expected array
  • R the interval's range starting in one: 1..R, not 0..R-1

Output in each run of your program/function one different array of length N with values between 1..R in such a way no one value occurs more than once.

You must use R-value in your code.

Restrictions

You can assume: 2 <= N <= R.

I really would like to see a javascript solution shorter than mine 73 bytes.

But of course, it is open to all languages!

If your language can not return an array, you can print all the numbers ;)

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2  
Another thing: I do not think that you want them to be different with every run, but just uniformly random? (Otherwise it would not work for R=N=1) Then I recommend allowing the ranges 0..R as an alternative as this comes more natural to many languages. – flawr Mar 24 at 16:32
    
I'd recommending including that each permutation be equally likely (assuming perfect randomness), else I can do shuffle(0..N) – Nathan Merrill Mar 24 at 16:33
    
I posted my answer of non-uniform random quality before you made your rule change. – Cᴏɴᴏʀ O'Bʀɪᴇɴ Mar 24 at 16:35
1  
You say a uniformly random solution, but new Date yields non-uniform values. Further, I believe you can golf it to new Date%r+1 ;) – Cᴏɴᴏʀ O'Bʀɪᴇɴ Mar 24 at 16:44
    
Does the output array need to be integers? Seems obvious, but I don't see it explicitly stated – Charlie Wynn Mar 25 at 14:21

24 Answers 24

up vote 15 down vote accepted

Dyalog APL, 1 byte

?

Just a builtin. Try it here.

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3  
With an answer like this, I had to scroll back up to see if you were the OP – lbstr Mar 25 at 22:51
2  
@lbstr Now that you mention it, my identicon is quite similar to OP's. – lirtosiast Mar 25 at 23:25

JavaScript (ES6), 68 66 bytes

n=>r=>G=(s=new Set)=>s.size<n?G(s.add(Math.random()*r+1|0)):[...s]

Called as F(N)(R)(), where F is the function assignment, and N/R are the values.

You asked for shorter than 73 bytes in Js ;)

EDIT: The answer by @C5H8NNaO4 works within the fact that the rules don't specify the values must be uniform across 1..R. Given that, here's a version works in 63 bytes (called as F(R)(N)):

r=>G=(n,s=[])=>n--?G((s[n]=n+1,n),s):s.sort(a=>new Date/a%1-.5)
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Man, this is impressive !! +1 – removed Mar 24 at 21:09
    
@WashingtonGuedes Thanks =) Just shaved off another 2 bytes. – Mwr247 Mar 24 at 21:12

Octave, 22 19 9 bytes

@randperm

randperm(r,n) does exactly what is requested. Note that this does not work (at least not in oldder versions) in Matlab.

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1  
@(n,r)randperm(r,n) – Luis Mendo Mar 24 at 17:33
    
Thank you very much=) – flawr Mar 24 at 19:10
1  
randperm with two inputs does work in recent Matlab versions. There's also randsample, but it takes more bytes, unless you can get rid of the @(...) (I think that's allowed) – Luis Mendo Mar 24 at 19:14
    
Oh I can use @randperm=) – flawr Mar 24 at 19:24

MATL, 2 bytes

Zr

Inputs are: first R, then N.

Try it online!

Explanation

The function Zr takes two inputs (implicitly in this case) and does out a random sampling without replacement. The first input, R, specifies that the population is [1,2,...,R]; and the second input, N, indicates the number of samples to take from the population.

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TI-84 BASIC OS 4.0, 12 bytes

Prompt N,R:randIntNoRep(1,R,N

The TI-84+ CSE (2013) and the CE (2015) are essentially the same limited BASIC dialect as the TI-84+, but there are a few new features. One of them is randIntNoRep's third argument.

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1  
Frankly, it's kind of silly that they didn't include that feature from the beginning. – SuperJedi224 Mar 24 at 19:46
    
I immediately thought TI-Basic when I saw this challenge :) – Timtech Mar 24 at 22:31

J, 4 3 bytes

One byte saved thanks to Zgarb! (Crossed out four is still a regular four :D)

1+?

call like N (1+?) R, e.g., 3 (1+?) 10. This uses the "Roll" operator, and does exactly what is described, except under 0...n-1. If we were allowed to do this, then the answer would be 1 byte,

?
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1  
Don't break the link chain, man! – cat Mar 24 at 20:35
    
@tac Ah, gotcah – Cᴏɴᴏʀ O'Bʀɪᴇɴ Mar 24 at 20:47

Pyth, 6 bytes

<.SSQE

Try it here!

Range comes on the first line and the length on the second.

Explanation

<.SSQE    # Q = range, E = length

   SQ     # generate the range 1...Q
 .S       # shuffle the list
<    E    # take the first E elements

Non-competing 5-byte version

The lastest addition to Pyth adds implicit Qs at the end of the program if needed. We can use this here by reversing the input format, so the length comes first and then the range.

<.SSE

Try it here!

Here E is the range, which we turn into a 1-based list with S, shuffle it with .S and take the first Q elements with <. < expects an integer which is implicitly added with a Q.

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Reng v.2.1, 140 103 98 97 bytes

This should work in earlier versions, too.

v      v      $/$'l#y0#z>(:)):(ez+#z zt>a$;!
>i#ci#x>cu1+lxetv    j21\!q   yy#-1y($/^
>n?~v
^oW <

You can try it here! Input is maximum length, such as 10 3.

I am so proud of this, you don't even know. If someone beats me with a Java answer, that will make my day. If I beat a Java answer, consider my day made as well.

I will explain it more later, once I recover. Generally, though:

v         v      $/$r$
>i#bbi1+#x>:u1+lxet

This generates the random numbers. The other part checks if there are duplicates, and, if there are, the process is repeated. Else, the results are printed, with spaces joining the results.

Here are some examples:

long gif

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CJam, 8 bytes

{,:)mr<}

Try it here!

This is an unnamed block which expect the range on top of the stack and the length at the bottom and leaves a list on the stack.

Explanation

,   e# 0-based range
:)  e# inkrement each element of the list so its 1-based
mr  e# shuffle the list
<   e# take the first n elements
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This is one happy program :) – Cᴏɴᴏʀ O'Bʀɪᴇɴ Mar 24 at 20:52
1  
@CᴏɴᴏʀO'Bʀɪᴇɴ I would be happier if CJam had a builtin for 1-based ranges, so I wouldn't need this damm smileyface :P – DenkerAffe Mar 24 at 20:57

Common Lisp, 90

52 for the expression only

(use-package :alexandria)(lambda(R N)(coerce(subseq(shuffle(iota R :start 1))0 N)'vector))

Ungolfed

;; Well known library
(use-package :alexandria)

(lambda(R N)
  (coerce                   ; make a vector from a list 
    (subseq                 ; take the sublist from 0 to N
      (shuffle              ; shuffle a list
        (iota R :start 1))  ; build a list from 1 to R
    0 N)
    'vector))

Like other answers, if I don't count use-package and lambda, the remaining expression is (coerce(subseq(shuffle(iota R :start 1))0 N)'vector), for 52 bytes.

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Ruby, 27 23 bytes

Anonymous function, reasonably short and sweet.

-4 bytes from @manatwork

->n,r{[*1..r].sample n}
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->n,r{[*1..r].sample n} Please use code block markup instead of inline code markup, so scripts like Code Golf UserScript Enhancement Pack can insert the code size beside it. – manatwork Mar 25 at 8:46
    
All right, it's fixed now. – Kevin Lau - not Kenny Mar 25 at 16:55

𝔼𝕊𝕄𝕚𝕟, 10 chars / 13 bytes

Ѩŝ⩤⁽1í)ą-î

Try it here (Firefox only).

Explanation

           // implicit: î=input1, í=input2
  ⩤⁽1í)    // Inclusive range from 1 to í
Ѩŝ         // Shuffle resulting range
       ą-î // Get last îth items
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Bash + coreutils, 16

I think this is self-explanatory:

seq $2|shuf -n$1

Input N and R as command-line parameters.

Or as @rici points out, for the same score:

shuf -n$1 -i1-$2

Ideone.

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1  
or shuf -n$1 -i1-$2 (same length, though). – rici Mar 26 at 3:15
    
@rici very nice. very clean :) – Digital Trauma Mar 26 at 3:51

PowerShell v2+, 30 bytes

param($n,$r)1..$r|Random -c $n

Takes input $n and $r, constructs a range 1..$r, pipes that to Get-Random with a -Count of $n, which will select $n unique elements from the range. Output is left on the pipeline as an implicit array.

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Seriously, 5 bytes

,,R╨J

Try it online!

Explanation:

,,R╨J
,,R    push N, range(1, R+1)
   ╨   push a list containing all N-length permutations of range(1, R+1)
    J  select a random element from the list
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Clojure, 38 bytes

#(take %1(shuffle(map inc(range %2))))

An anonymous function taking N first and R second.

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Perl 6, 32 bytes

{(^$^a).permutations.pick[^$^b]}
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Python 3.5 - 54 53 bytes:

from random import*;lambda a,c:sample(range(1,c+1),a)

This uses the random module's sample() function to return an array with length "a" consisting of random, unique elements in the range 1 => c.

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D, 29 bytes (expression only)

Assuming that std.random and std.range have been imported and that n and r are defined as variables, the program can be solved in the single expression:

iota(1,r).randomCover.take(n)
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ES6, 72

r=>n=>[...Array(-~r).keys()].sort(a=>new Date/a%1-.5).filter(a=>a&&n-->0)

Like in @Mwr247's answer, you can call it with F(R)(N), F being the function expression

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Mathcad, 67 "bytes"

creates a column vector of consecutive integers in range 1..R, joins it to a column vector of length R of (uniform) random numbers, sorts the resulting Rx2 matrix on the random number column, and then extracts the first n numbers from the randomized column of integers.

enter image description here

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Is there a place we can test this? – Cᴏɴᴏʀ O'Bʀɪᴇɴ Mar 24 at 19:45
    
You can download trial versions of Mathcad 15 and Mathcad Prime 3.1 (the successor to Mathcad 15). Both trials run for 30 days, after which M15 stops working, but Prime 3.1 still runs, albeit with reduced functionality (eg, no programming - so the above won't work ... but the for loop can be rewritten to use range variables to create v outside of the augment statement) – Stuart Bruff Mar 25 at 0:04
    
Trial versions are at: Matcad 15 - ptc.com/engineering-math-software/mathcad/free-trial ; Mathcad Prime 3.1 - ptc.com/engineering-math-software/mathcad/free-download – Stuart Bruff Mar 25 at 0:04
    
And how do you count these bytes? – Eᴀsᴛᴇʀʟʏ Iʀᴋ Mar 25 at 15:39
    
By looking at it from a user input perspective and equating one Mathcad input operation (keyboard usually, mouse-click on toolbar if no kbd shortcut) to a character and interpreting this as a byte. csort = 5 bytes as it's typed char-by-char as are other variable/function names. The for operator is a special construct that occupies 11 characters (including 3 blank "placeholders" and 3 spaces) but is entered by ctl-shft-#, hence = 1 byte (similar to tokens in some languages). Typing ' (quote)creates balanced parentheses (usually) so counts as 1 byte. Indexing v = 3 bytes (type v[k). – Stuart Bruff Mar 25 at 16:29

Python, 56 (the obvious way)

lambda N,R:__import__('random').sample(range(1,R+1),k=N)
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from random import*;lambda N,R:sample(range(1,R+1),k=N) is shorter by a byte – Mego Mar 24 at 18:19
    
Huh, I did consider from random import*, must've screwed up the counting. – shooqie Mar 24 at 18:31

Perl 5, 51 43 bytes

sub{@a=1..pop;map{splice@a,rand@a,1}1..pop}

Pretty straightforward anonymous sub that generates an array from 1 to R and then splices N random elements from it to return. Call with ->(N, R).

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TI-84 BASIC, 21 bytes

Prompt R,N:randIntNoRep(1,R→A:N→dim(ʟA:ʟA
share|improve this answer
    
One can no longer use Ans as input as per a recent meta post. – Cᴏɴᴏʀ O'Bʀɪᴇɴ Mar 24 at 19:04
    
@CᴏɴᴏʀO'Bʀɪᴇɴ ...why not? – SuperJedi224 Mar 24 at 19:05
    
That was the consensus on meta. Vote on it if you disagree. – Cᴏɴᴏʀ O'Bʀɪᴇɴ Mar 24 at 19:07

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