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List the coordinates of 8 squares adjacent to (0, 0) in a 2d grid. Namely,


Order does not matter. The goal is to store the points into a list. Shortest answer wins.

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Formatted exactly like the string in your question, or listed in the native/natural format for your language? –  DigitalTrauma Apr 8 at 16:52
@DigitalTrauma, listed in natural format. –  Karolis Juodelė Apr 8 at 16:53
Can you just clarify if the (0, 0) has to be omitted from the output? –  Gareth Apr 8 at 17:32
@Gareth, yes, it has to be omitted. It would be 9 squares with (0,0), after all. –  Karolis Juodelė Apr 8 at 17:41
@DigitalTrauma, store only. –  Karolis Juodelė Apr 8 at 17:58

32 Answers 32

up vote 15 down vote accepted

J - 12 char

The most natural representation of a list of pairs is a list of boxes containing each pair.

|0 1|1 _1|1 0|1 1|_1 _1|_1 0|_1 1|0 _1|

The magic happens in {, called Catalogue. It is essentially a generalized Cartesian product. The }.4|. part is for removing the 0 0 pair.

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Bash + grep 35

eval echo\ {-1..1},{-1..1}\;|grep 1

I know this doesn't beat the other bash answer but someone had to think of grep

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+1 for a slightly different approach –  DigitalTrauma Apr 8 at 18:26

Ruby 29 28 26


Bonus solution:

Ruby has many nice builtin array operators, but some of them have ridiculously long names.

[*[-1,1,0].repeated_permutation(2)].take 8
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Doesn't this include the 0,0? –  Gareth Apr 8 at 17:27
You don't actually need the square brackets in your first answer. –  histocrat Apr 8 at 17:28
@histocrat thanks! –  daniero Apr 8 at 17:40
@DigitalTrauma :P –  daniero Apr 8 at 20:04
You can go further: (a=-1,1,0).product(a)[0,8] is 26 chars. –  algorithmshark Apr 8 at 20:33

Python 43 32


Inspired by @primo

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I don't think this is 43 bytes anymore :) –  2rs2ts Apr 9 at 17:03
It looks like 43 characters to me - am I missing something? Oh wow, that solution above is sweet. –  isaacg Apr 9 at 18:36
@issacg I had miscounted earlier, my mistake. Nice improvement, though. –  2rs2ts Apr 9 at 18:50
I like it. Nice improvement on my 40. –  primo Apr 20 at 4:47

GolfScript (17 chars)


Since the question calls for the points to be "listed in natural format", this leaves an array on the stack. To pretty-print it, append p, as in the online demo.

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Brainfuck, 1093 characters.


EDIT 209 characters


Original by Benjamin - i gave it another shot as well and got to 209 characters as well.

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Someday, Brainfuck will win a code-golf contest ! –  Mig Apr 10 at 7:17
@Michael : it did, once: codegolf.stackexchange.com/questions/8915/… –  vsz Apr 10 at 12:54
My solution is 5 times more concise :) codegolf.stackexchange.com/a/25666/20279 –  Benjamin Apr 10 at 14:51

Haskell 32


The list is l (L).

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+1 Nice use of pattern matching. –  Kaya Apr 9 at 2:53
You could do _:l=(,)<$>c<*>c to save 6 characters, although it requires import Control.Applicative. –  Karolis Juodelė Apr 9 at 4:45
Yeah, having free import statements would be pretty cool. It'd be interesting to specify free imports on a challenge, and see what sort of different responses you'ld get. –  isaacg Apr 9 at 4:59

Perl, 43 bytes


The result is stored in array @r. Explicitly it can be defined with 58 bytes:

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J, 16 characters



│0 1│1 _1│1 0│1 1│_1 _1│_1 0│_1 1│0 _1│

Pretty ugly - especially dropping the (0, 0). There's probably a better way.

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Mathematica 23

{{-1, -1}, {-1, 1}, {-1, 0}, {1, -1}, {1, 1}, {1, 0}, {0, -1}, {0, 1}}
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Cheeky. :) Very nice idea! I think precedence rules should allow you to replace Tuples[{...},2] with {...}~Tuples~2 to save another byte. –  Martin Büttner Apr 8 at 18:26
@m.buettner Thanks. That byte is lost afterwards when trying to apply Most[] (or I can't find a way around it). BTW I never saw you around mathematica.stackexchange.com Any particular reason? –  belisarius Apr 8 at 18:31
Can you explain how this works? –  DigitalTrauma Apr 8 at 18:33
Ah, I thought ~..~ had higher precedence than @. I think that means I can save a byte in quite a few of my mathematica-answers :D. No particular reason why I haven't been around mathematica stackexchange, but I haven't used other SE sites other than SO much until recently. And I don't really consider myself an expert in Mathematica to be answering interesting questions. And I also don't use it for more than some casual stuff like here in code golf and the odd physics problem. –  Martin Büttner Apr 8 at 18:34
@DigitalTrauma Tuples[{a,b,c ...}, n] generates all possible lists of length n containing {a,b,c ...} as elements. Then Most[] discards the last one (which is {0,0} ) –  belisarius Apr 8 at 18:35

Mathematica, 44 characters


Well. Generates all 9 coordinates, flattens the list and drops the centre.

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Very nice use of common functions, Outer and Range, but they should not return the point {0,0}. –  David Carraher Apr 8 at 17:32
@m.buettner Good. Thanks. +1 –  DigitalTrauma Apr 8 at 17:38

Python 50:

l=[(a,b)for a in[1,0,-1]for b in[1,0,-1]];l.pop(4)
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Brainfuck, 217 209 characters.

Only a bit worse than Java! 5x less than the other BF solution.

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You mean 1/5th of the other solution :D But i accept your challlenge. Allthough i think i can not get it any smaller than this. –  Rob Quist Apr 11 at 9:09
Hah.. I gave it a shot as well and came to the same amount of characters... Coincidence? –  Rob Quist Apr 11 at 10:28

Bash, 25 characters

Storing the list of coordinates as a bash array a:



$ a=({-1..1},{-1..1});a[4]=
$ echo ${a[@]}
-1,-1 -1,0 -1,1 0,-1 0,1 1,-1 1,0 1,1
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F# - 41 36 bytes

[for i in 0..7->i*2/5-1,(i*5/4)%3-1]
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C++, 60

Let's do this an interesting way. Hint: "2" is ASCII 50.

char x[]="11123332",y[8],i;for(i=8;i--;)y[(i+2)%8]=x[i]-=50;
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Can you do char *x="11123332" to save a char? –  DigitalTrauma Apr 8 at 18:22
or just auto x="11123332" to save another –  Oliver Hallam Apr 8 at 18:36
@DigitalTrauma you can, but only once the array has been declared, otherwise it throws an exception. Eliminating declarations my code becomes char*x="11123332";for(i=8;i--;)y[(i+2)%8]=x[i]-=50; saving 8 bytes. You have to include the type specifier char so it knows what to store in *x. –  steveverrill Apr 8 at 18:42
or char*x="11123332" if you're not so comfortable with auto. –  ace Apr 8 at 18:42
You can save another byte with i=8;while(i--) I believe. Combine with char*x= and you're looking at only 57 bytes. –  corsiKa Apr 9 at 1:44

Python - 57 54 56

r=range(-1,2);list({(i,j) for i in r for j in r}-{(0,0)})

Improved to

r=[-1,0,1];list({(i,j) for i in r for j in r}-{(0,0)})

with storage of the variable

r=[-1,0,1];l=list({(i,j) for i in r for j in r}-{(0,0)})
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r=[-1,0,1] is shorter! –  Roberto Bonvallet Apr 8 at 17:56
You're right- nice one –  willem Apr 8 at 17:58
Um, you need to print it. –  user80551 Apr 8 at 18:04
Only storing is needed according to the instructions, so perhaps its necessary to add l= before list at a price of 2 chars –  willem Apr 8 at 18:05

Perl 6: 27 characters

Most simply:

$/=(-1..1 X -1..1)[^4,5..*]

Get the permutations of -1, 0, and 1 with itself, and hard-code skipping (0, 0). But that's no fun! I prefer things to be more complex: (50 characters)

$/=map {[.re,.im]},grep *.abs>0,(-1..1 X+ -i,0i,i)
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Python - 37 bytes

a=[(i*2/5-1,-i%3-1)for i in range(8)]

An alternative at 40:


And a 42 that's also interesting:

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APL (13 characters)

1↓,∘.,⍨0 1 ¯1


1↓           ⍝ Drop the first element of
  ,          ⍝ an array that comes from the matrix formed by
   ∘.,⍨      ⍝ concatenating each element with every other element
       0 1 ¯1⍝ in this array [0,1,-1]
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Java 207 204

Way too much, I know, but its the best I could do right now...
I might think of something better...

class A{public static void main(String...a){int[][] l=new int[8][2];for(int x=-1,y,i=0;x<2;x++){for(y=-1;y<2;y++){if(x!=0||y!=0){l[i][0]=x;l[i][1]=y;System.out.print("("+l[i][0]+","+l[i][1]+")");i++;}}}}}


class A {
    public static void main(String...a) {
        int[][] l = new int[8][2];
        for (int x = -1, y, i = 0; x < 2; x++) {
            for (y = -1; y < 2; y++) {
                if (x != 0 || y != 0) {
                    l[i][0] = x;
                    l[i][1] = y;
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main(String[] args) -> main(String...s) Saves 3 characters. –  Averroes Apr 10 at 15:10
@Averroes thanks! edited. –  kukac67 Apr 10 at 15:11
I bet String[]a is better than String...a –  Olathe Jul 6 at 22:20

PYG (27):


Nothing all that special, really.

In regular python:

from itertools import product
for i in product((-1,0,1),repeat=2): print i
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This prints (0, 0). I think this is not supposed to be included –  DigitalTrauma Apr 8 at 17:29
The OP has clarified (0,0) should not be included. Let me know when you fix this and I'll remove my downvote :) –  DigitalTrauma Apr 8 at 17:44
What is this "PYG", you speak of? (Presumably not a Pig Latin program or yet another package manager.) –  Cees Timmerman Apr 11 at 9:25

C, 73

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Mathematica: 41

This works most of the time ;)



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In the first case you can lose another character, by using infix notation for RandomInteger. –  Martin Büttner Apr 11 at 11:17

Matlab: 53

Similar to my other answer:


I couldn't index on the output of unique directly, and I couldn't find a way around that...

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Haskell 97

Too much for Haskell and definitely not as good as the other Haskell answer, but here's a different, albeit sucky, approach:

take 8 (zip (replicate 3 (-1) ++ replicate 3 1 ++ replicate 3 0) (concat (replicate 3 [-1,1,0])))


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Scala, 56


def x=List(-1,0,1);for{i<-x;j<-x;if i!=0|j!=0}yield(i,j)


def x=List(-1,0,1)
  i <- x
  j <- x
  if i!=0 | j!=0
} yield(i,j)
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Perl, 42 characters:


Uses the shell-like glob functionality to generate the list of strings ("-1,-1","-1,0","-1,1","0,-1","0,0","0,1","1,-1","1,0","1,1"), discards strings that don't contain the character "1" (i.e. drop "0,0"), then splits the strings on comma to get the desired data structure.

41 characters:

@r=map[split x],grep/1/,glob"{-1,0,1}x"x2

abuses barewords: the strings are ("-1x-1","-1x0", etc.) and the split is done on the letter x instead.

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Fortran: 101 96

Fortran supports complex variables, so we just store the 8 values as a set of complex numbers and get ourselves a list of tuples.

complex x(8);x=reshape([(1,-1),(1,0),(1,1),(0,1),(-1,1),(-1,0),(-1,-1),(0,-1)],[8]);print*,x;end

Printing this to look nice might be a pain in the butt because printing the real and aimag components adds a lot of bytes. But we can deal with floats.

Old answer:

complex x(8);k=1;do i=-1,1;do j=-1,1;if((j==0).and.(i==0))cycle;x(k)=cmplx(i,j);k=k+1;enddo;enddo;end

This abuses implicit typing (as usual).

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SQL 109 (that far)

create table a(x int);insert into a values(-1),(0),(1);select a.x,b.x y from a,a b where not(a.x=0 and b.x=0)

if you want to retest it, you can prepend drop table if exists a;

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